口语王·完美背诵 30.Origins of Easter Traditional
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2010-02-26 18:30:14  【打印
Origins of Easter Traditions

  Do you know how the custom of coloring Easter eggs began or how the tradition of the Easter Bunny began?

  1.The egg has always been a symbol of new life. Christians have long used the egg as the symbol of Christ's rebirth.

  2.It is thought the custom of dyeing eggs was brought to Europe during the Middle Ages by the Crusaders, as it was common practice among the Egyptians, Persians, Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans to dye eggs for their spring festivals.

  3.In eastern and central Europe, Easter eggs are taken very seriously. The most elaborate eggs are decorated by the people from Poland and Ukraine.They call them " pysanki" eggs, which means written eggs. Thus began the custom of writing on Easter eggs.

  4.The most elaborate Easter eggs are not even real eggs. A Russian jeweler, Carl Faberge, made his eggs out of gold, silver and jewels. The eggs opened to show tiny figures of people, animals, plants or buildings. The Russian emperor gave these eggs as gifts.

  5.The custom of wearing new clothes on Easter began around 300 A.D., around the time of Constantine, the first Christian emperor. He decreed that members of his court should wear their finest clothes on Easter.

  6.The first Easter baskets were made to look like birds' nests. In early times, people placed their Easter eggs in grass nests to honor the ancient goddess Eostre.

  7.The Easter Bunny is the modern version of a very old Easter symbol. The hare, a larger relative of the rabbit, was an animal sacred to the goddess Eostre.

  8.The custom of the Easter egg hunt, folklore tells us, was started by a German duchess. It was said the brightly decorated eggs were left by the Easter rabbit for the country children, who made a game of finding the eggs.

  你知道复活节彩蛋或复活节兔子的习俗是如何开始的吗?

  1.蛋一向是新生命的象征。长久以来,基督徒都以蛋作为基督复活的象征。

  2.人们认为给蛋染色的习俗是在中世纪由十字军战士传入欧洲的,因为埃及人、波斯人、腓尼基人、希腊人和罗马人惯常为庆祝其春节而将蛋染色。

  3.在东欧和中欧,人们对复活节彩蛋是看得很重的。最精心制作彩蛋的是波兰人和乌克兰人。他们把这种蛋叫做"pysanki",意思是写了字的蛋。于是就开始了在复活节彩蛋上写字的习俗。

  4.最精心制作的复活节彩蛋甚至不是真蛋。一个叫卡尔·费伯奇的俄国珠宝商曾用金、银和珠宝做成彩蛋。打开蛋还可以看到小小的人、动物、植物和房子。俄国皇帝以此作为礼物送人。

  5.在复活节穿新衣服的习俗是在公元后300年左右开始的,大约在第一个基督徒皇帝康斯坦丁的时代。他下令在复活节那天朝臣们都得穿最好的衣服。

  6.第一批复活节篮子做得像鸟窝一样。在早期,人们将复活节彩蛋放在草窝里来膜拜古代女神厄俄斯特。

  7.复活节兔子是非常古老的复活节象征的现代说法。野兔是兔子的大个子亲戚,它是专供厄俄斯特女神用的圣物。

  8.寻找复活节彩蛋的习俗,据民间传说,是由一位德国公爵夫人兴起的。据说,五彩缤纷的彩蛋是复活节兔子为乡村的孩子们留下的。孩子们把找蛋作为一种游戏。