疯狂英语突破句型2B
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2008-06-10 16:50:14  【打印
感谢大耳朵网友"luckyllj"提供的听力原文

第七章 大战虚拟语气

【wish主观愿望句】

1. I wish... 但愿……

◆ 疯狂讲解

“I wish”后接从句可表示与事实相反或不太可能实现的愿望。如果是对现在的不太可能实现的愿望,用一般过去时;如果是对过去发生的事作出相反的愿望,则用过去完成时。

◆ 疯狂操练

I wish I were 10 years younger.

(但愿我年轻十岁。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: Dad, I need to borrow fifty dollars for a school trip tomorrow.

B: I wish you had told me before.

A: 爸爸,我要借五十美金,我们学校明天有一次旅行,我要去参加。

B: 要是你早告诉我就好了。

【If only主观愿望句】

2. If only... 要是……就好了!

◆ 疯狂讲解

“If only…..” 实际上是一个省略了的虚拟条件句,相当于“If……,that would be better” 之意。

Kim’s Note:

This pattern is an even stronger form of wishing!

这个句型表达的意愿更强烈!

◆ 最常用的三个句子

Top 1: If only I had a better job.

(要是我有份更好的工作就好了。)

Top 2: If only I had followed your advice.

(要是我接受你的建议就好了。)

Top 3: If only today were Sunday.

(要是今天是星期天就好了。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: If only I could speak perfect English!

B: What would you do? Go to America? Get a better job? Find an American boyfriend?

A: 要是我能说一口流利的英语就好了!

B: 你想做什么?去美国?找份好工作?找个美国佬做男朋友?

【It’s time主观意见句】

3. It is (high/about) time... 该……了。

◆ 疯狂讲解

“It is time…..” 后接从句,动词用一般过去时,意为“是做……的时间了”。这样的用法比较婉转。

◆ 疯狂操练

It is high time you started preparing for the final exams.

(你该开始准备期末考试了。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: It is about time you thought about your career.

B: But I haven’t even graduated yet!

A: 你该考虑一下你的前程了。

B: 但我连毕业都还没毕业呢!

【I’d rather主观意愿句】

4. I’d rather... 我宁愿……

◆ 疯狂讲解

“I’d rather” 后面接从句,动词用一般过去时。

◆ 疯狂操练

I’d rather you told me frankly what you think.

(我倒愿意你直截了当地告诉我你的想法。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: I’d rather you came today than tomorrow.

B: I’m afraid I’m too busy today. What about the day after tomorrow?

A: 我倒愿意你今天过来,而不是等明天。

B: 恐怕我今天太忙了。后天怎么样?

【as if/though假设句】

5. as if/though... 好像……

◆ 疯狂讲解

“as if/though” 可以表示虚拟的假设,所以动词用虚拟语气。

◆ 疯狂操练

He looks as if he were younger than his younger brother.

(他看起来比他弟弟还年轻。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: Does your new boss have a lot of energy?

B: He works as though he never knew fatigue. I can’t keep up with him.

A: 你的新上司精力旺盛吗?

B: 他干起活来好像不知道疲劳似的。我赶不上他。

【强制性从句】

6. I insist that... 我坚持……

◆ 疯狂操练

I insist that you go with me.

(我坚持要你跟我一起去。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: I insist that you let me pay for lunch.

B: Absolutely not! I invited you. It’s my treat!

A: 我坚持由我来买单。

B: 绝对不行!是我邀请你的,我请客!

7. I suggest that... 我建议……

◆ 疯狂操练

I suggest that you do nothing about it for the time being.

(我建议你现在暂时什么也别管。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: I suggest that you start learning Crazy English.

B: Do you really think it will help?

A: 我建议你开始学习疯狂英语。

B: 你真的认为有帮助吗?

8. It is required that... 要求……

◆ 疯狂操练

It is required that every student (should) wear a school uniform.

(所有学生都要求穿校服。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: It is required that everyone (should) attend the meeting.

B: Damn it! I wanted to leave early this afternoon.

A: 所有人都被要求参加会议。

B: 气死我了!我想今天下午早点走呢。

9. It is important that... ……很重要。

◆ 疯狂操练

It is important that you (should) form a good habit.

(养成良好的习惯对你很重要。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: What’s the first step in learning English?

B: It is important that you (should) learn pronunciation well.

A: 学习英语的第一步是什么?

B: 学好发音对你来说非常重要。

【感情色彩句】

10. I’m surprised that... 对于……我感到很吃惊。

◆ 疯狂操练

I’m surprised that Kim should have made such great progress in her Chinese in such a short time.

(Kim在这么短的时间内在中文方面取得如此大的进步,真让我感到惊讶。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: Did you hear that Stone got caught cheating on his TOEFL exam?

B: I’m surprised that he should have done such a stupid thing.

A: 你听说石头在托福考试中作弊被抓的事了吗?

B: 我很吃惊,他竟然做出那种蠢事。

11. It is strange that... ……太奇怪了。

◆ 疯狂操练

It is strange that she should know my name.

(她竟然知道我的名字,太奇怪了!)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: It is strange that he should leave the company when he has just got a raise.

B: I know. It makes me think he was a spy for the competition!

A: 他刚刚涨了工资就离开了公司,真是奇怪。

B: 我知道。这让我怀疑他是我们竞争对手派来的间谍!

12. It is a shame that... ……太可惜了。

◆ 疯狂操练

It is a shame that he should have failed the exam.

(他竟没通过考试,太可惜了!)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: It is a shame that we should have lost such an important customer.

B: The boss is going to hit the roof when he finds out!

A: 我们丢失了这么重要的客户,真是太遗憾了!

B: 老板知道后会大发雷霆的!

◆ 疯狂注释

“hit the roof” 是个成语,也可说 “hit the ceiling”,意为 “勃然大怒”。

13. If I were you, I would... 如果我是你,我会……

◆ 疯狂讲解

这是虚拟语气最经典的用法!注意:要用“were”而不是“was” !不要问为什么,有时候语言是不需要理由的!

◆ 疯狂实战

A: If I were you, I wouldn’t worry about it.

B: Thanks for your advice. But I’m still worried!

A:如果我是你的话,就不会担心。

B:谢谢你的建议,但我还是担心!

A: I can’t imagine my girlfriend dating another man when I was on a business trip.

B: If I were you, I would have broken up with her.

A: 我真想不到我的女朋友会在我出差时跟另一个男人约会。

B: 如果我是你的话,我早就跟她吹了。

14. If I did..., I would... 如果我……,我会……

◆ 疯狂操练

If I knew his number, I would phone him.

(如果我知道他的电话号码,我一定会打电话给他。)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: If I had enough money, I would buy a car.

B: Then why don’t you stop talking about it and start saving your money?

A: 如果我有钱的话,我一定会去买部车。

B: 那么为什么不停止讨论,赶快挣钱呢?

15. What would you do if you... 如果你……,你会怎么做。

◆ 疯狂操练

What would you do if you were in his place?

(如果你处在他的位置,你会怎么做?)

◆ 疯狂实战

A: What would you do if you won the lottery?

B: I’d travel around the world with my friends. First class, of course!

A: 如果你中奖了,你会做什么?

B: 我会跟朋友们一起周游世界。当然,我还要坐头等舱!

第四部分

第一章 介绍常见句型

Let me introduce…   我来介绍一下……。

★ Let me introduce myself.

我来介绍一下自己。

★ Let me introduce my friend Shone.

我来介绍一下我朋友斯通。

★ Let me introduce our distinguished guests today.

我来介绍一下我们今天的贵宾。

A: David, let me introduce you to my boss, Mr. Lee.

大卫,我帮你介绍一下,这是我的上司李先生。

B: It’s a pleasure to meet you.

很高兴见到你。

I’d like you to meet…   我想让你……。

A: Sally, I’d like you to meet my friend, Mark.

萨莉,我想让你认识一下我的朋友马克。

B: Hi, Mark, nice to meet you.

嗨,马克,很高兴见到你。

第二章 用于感谢的句型

Thank you for…   谢谢……。

A: Thank you for your invitation.

谢谢你的邀请。

B: Well, thank you for coming.

哦,谢谢你的光临。

A: Thank you for your help.

谢谢你的帮助。

B: It was my pleasure. Anytime.

我很乐意随时效劳。

A: Thank you for your support.

谢谢你的支持。

B: There’s no need to thank me. You earned my support!

没必要感谢我。你值得我支持!

A: Thank you for your offer.

谢谢你的主动帮助。

B: You’re welcome.

不客气。

A: Thank you for saying so.

谢谢你这么说。

B: I mean it, really!

我是真心这么说的,真的!

A: Thank you for everything.

谢谢你为我所做的一切。

B: Don’t mention it. It was nothing, really.

别提了,没什么,真的。

2.I appreciate your…   谢谢……。

I appreciate your help.

谢谢你的帮助。

A: I appreciate your lending me your car.

谢谢你把车借给我。

B: I’m glad I could help.

能帮到你我很高兴。

It’s nice of you to…   你……真是太好了!

It’s nice of you to say so!

你过奖了!

A: It’s very nice of you to show me around the city.

你带我游览整个城市,真是太好了。

B: It’s really my pleasure. I love to show off my hometown.

这真的是我的荣幸。我喜欢带别人参观我的家乡。

4.I’m so (very) grateful…   我太感激……。

I’m very grateful to receive this award for Best Employee of the Year.

荣获“年度最佳员工“称号,我太感激了。

A: I’m so grateful for all that you’ve done for me.

对于你为我所做的一切,我太感激了。

B: Forget it. I just want you to feel welcome here at our company.

不客气。我只是希望你在我们公司觉得受欢迎。

5.I want to express my gratitude to…   我想表达对……的感激。

I want to express my gratitude to all my teachers who taught me everything I know.

我想感激我的老师们,是他们教会了我所知的一切。

I want to express my gratitude to my friends for their support.

我想感激我的朋友们给我的支持。

第三章 用于提供帮助的句型

1.Let me help you…   我来帮你……。

Let me help you move the desk.

我来帮你搬桌子。

A: Let me help you carry the luggage.

我来帮你提行李。

B: No, don’t bother. I have it.

不用,不麻烦你了。我自己提。

2.Would you like me to help you…?   要我帮忙……吗?

Would you like me to help you install the computer?

要我帮忙将这台电脑安装好吗?

A: Would you like me to help you type this document?

要我帮忙录入这份文件吗?

B: That would be great. I’m such a terrible typist!

那太好了。我打字太慢了!

3.Let me know if…   如果……,请让我知道。

Let me know if you change your mind.

如果你改变主意的话,请告诉我。

A: Let me know if you need anything while you’re in Beijing.

在北京时,如果你需要什么的话,请告诉我。

B: Thanks for the offer. I definitely will.

谢谢你的热情,我会的。

4.I’d be happy to…,if you’d like.   如果你愿意,我很高兴……。

I’d be happy to show you around, if you’d like.

如果你愿意,我可以陪你逛逛。

A: I’d be happy to help you with your English, if you’d like.

如果你愿意,我可以教你英语。

B: Do you mean it? That would be wonderful!

你说话当真?那太好了!

5.Please don’t hesitate to…   请随时……。

Please don’t hesitate to call me if you need more information.

如果你还要更多的信息,请随时打电话给我。

A: Please don’t hesitate to ask questions if you don’t understand.

如果你们不懂的话,请随时问我。

B: Thanks for your patience.

谢谢你的耐心。

第四章 用于道歉的句型

1.I’m sorry to…   很抱歉,……。

A: I’m sorry to bother you.

不好意思,我想麻烦你一下。

B: It’s no bother. What can I do for you?

不麻烦。我能为你做什么呢?

A: I’m sorry to ask such a silly question.

问了这么愚蠢的问题,真是不好意思。

B: Don’t be sorry. There are no silly questions when you are learning!

不要不好意思。就学习而言,没有愚蠢的问题。

2.Sorry for…   对不起,……。

Sorry for laughing. I didn’t mean to hurt your feelings.

请原谅我的笑,我不是要故意伤你的感情。

A: Sorry for all the trouble I caused.

请原谅我为你增添这么多麻烦。

B: Don’t worry about it. Everything will work out.

不要担心,一切都会解决的。

3.Please excuse my…   请原谅……。

A: Please excuse my bad breath. I ate a lot of garlic for lunch.

请原谅我嘴巴的气味,中午我吃了好多大蒜。

B: Thanks for warning we. I think I’ll sit over there for the meeting.

谢谢你提醒我。我想我还是坐那边开会吧。

A: Please excuse my carelessness. It won’t happen again.

请原谅我的粗心,下次不会再发生了。

B: It better not! You’ve been warned about this sort of thing before!

最好是不要发生!这样的事情我以前已经警告过你了!

4.I’ve got to apologize for…   我得为……道歉。

A: I’ve got to apologize for starting a rumor about you.

我得为自己传了你的闲话表示歉意。

B: It’s too late to apologize. The damage is done!

现在道歉太晚了,我的名誉已经受损了。

A: I’ve got to apologize for my behavior. I was out of line.

我必须为我的粗鲁举止道歉,我当时太不礼貌了。

B: OK, I forgive you this time. But don’t let it become a habit.

好的,这次我原谅你,但是不要再犯了。

Forgive me for…   请原谅我……。

★ Forgive me for being late.

我迟到了,请原谅。

★ Forgive me for asking such a silly question.

请原谅我问这么愚蠢的问题。

★ Forgive me for being rude the other day.

请原谅我那天的鲁莽。

A: Forgive me for forgetting your name.

对不起,我忘了你的名字。

B: Oh, I’m Kim and I’m sorry, but I forgot your name, too.

哦,我是金姆,嗯……对不起,我也忘了你的名字。

第五章 用于打开话题的句型

Guess…   你猜……。

A: Guess who I saw yesterday.

你猜我昨天碰见了谁?

B: I don’t know, tell me, who?

我不知道,告诉我,是谁?

A: Guess what I bought for you.

你猜我给你买了什么?

B: I don’t want to guess. Just give it to me!

我不想猜。快给我!

You won’t believe…   你肯定不会相信……。

A: You won’t believe how much money I won from the lottery.

你肯定不会相信我买彩票赢了多少钱。

B: Was it enough to lend me some?

够不够借给我一些用?

A: You won’t believe what a silly mistake I made this morning.

你肯定不会相信早上我犯了多么愚蠢的错误。

B: Yes I will. You’re such a silly guy. I won’t be surprised.

不,我相信。对于你这样的蠢货,我不会感到惊讶的。

第六章 表示担忧的句型

I’m afraid….   恐怕……。

★ I’m afraid I must be going now.

恐怕我得走了。

★ I’m afraid you are too late, the plane has already left.

恐怕你已经晚了,飞机已经飞走了。

★ I’m afraid I can’t agree with you.

恐怕我不能同意你的看法。

A: I’m afraid there’s nothing we can do.

恐怕我们无能为力了。

B: Are you sure? There must be something…

你确信吗?肯定有什么办法吧……

One thing I’m concerned about is…   我担心的是……。

One thing I’m concerned about is the environment.

我有点担心的是环境问题。

A: Why did you cancel your trip? I know you were really looking forward to it.

你为什么取消旅行呀?我知道那是你一直盼望的事。

B: One thing I’m concerned about is my heath.

我担心的是我的健康。

I’m afraid I won’t be able to…   恐怕我不能……。

I’m afraid I won’t be able to make it your party.

恐怕我不能去参加你们的聚会。

I’m afraid I won’t be able to finish before next week.

恐怕我无法在下周前完成。

第七章 表示允许与不允许的句型

Am I allowed to…?   我可以……吗?

A: Am I allowed to smoke here?

我可以在这吸烟吗?

B: I’m afraid not.

恐怕不行。

A: Am I allowed to keep the change?

我可以把零头留下吗?

B: Are you crazy? I gave you a hundred-dollar bill to buy a pack of gum!

你神经啊?我给了你100美元去买一包口香糖啊!

Is it OK for me to…?   我可以……吗?

Is it OK for me to bring my wife?

我带我夫人一起来行吗?

A: Is it OK for me to leave early?

我可以早点走吗?

B: No, it’s not OK for you to leave early. What do you think this is, a birthday party or something? We have an office to run here, Mister! You can’t leave until your work is finished! I can’t believe you would even ask such a stupid question!

不,你不能早走。你以为这是生日聚会还是什么?我们是在办公,先生!你必须完成工作才能走。我真想不到你竟能问出这样愚蠢的问题!

Would it be all right with you if I …?   如果我……,你没意见吧?

Would it be all right with you if I finish this tomorrow?

如果我明天完成,可以吗?

A: Would it be all right with you if I quit my job and stayed home to be a housewife?

如果我把工作辞掉呆在家里做个家庭主妇,你同意吗?

B: If that’s what you really want to do, I’ll support you. But I think we’ll need to find a cheaper place to live!

如果你想那么做的话,我会支持你的。但是我想我们得找一个便宜点的房子。

You are not supposed to…   你不能……。

You are not supposed to swim too soon after eating.

吃完饭后,不能马上去游泳。

A: You’re not supposed to park car here. It’s private parking only.

你不能将车停在这里。这是私人停车场。

B: But I’m only going to be five minutes. Give me a break, please.

但我只要停5分钟。行个方便吧,拜托!

I don’t think you are permitted to…   我想你不能……。

I don’t think you are permitted to drive without a license.

我想你没有驾照就不能开车。

A: Can I bring my dog when I come to visit you?

我来你家时可以带我的狗来吗?

B: I don’t think you are permitted to have pets in this building.

我想你不能带宠物进这幢楼。

第八章 表示喜欢与不喜欢的句型

I enjoy…    我热爱……。 / 我喜欢……。

★ I enjoy losing face.

我热爱丢脸。

★ I enjoy trying new things.

我热爱尝试新事物。

★ I enjoy speaking English very much.

我特别喜欢说英语。

A: I enjoy watching TV.

我喜欢看电视。

B: Me too!

我也喜欢看!

I hate…   我讨厌……。

★ I hate being poor.

我讨厌贫穷。

★ I hate my poor English.

我讨厌我的破烂英语。

★ I hate being stood up.

我讨厌有人失约。

A: What kind of person annoys you the most?

你最讨厌什么样的人?

B: I hate gossips.

我讨厌传播流言蜚语的人。/ 我讨厌讲闲话的人。/ 我讨厌长舌的人。

A: I hate waiting in line.

我讨厌排队。

B: I hate waiting in line too, but there is always a line at this bank. There’s nothing we can do about it.

我也讨厌排队,但这家银行总是陫队。我们无能为力。

I don’t really enjoy…   我不怎么喜欢……。

I don’t really enjoy scary movies.

我不怎么喜欢恐怖片。

A: Do you want to go to McDonalds for lunch?

你想去麦当劳吃午饭吗?

B: I don’t really enjoy western food.

我不怎么喜欢西餐。

I’m crazy about…   我着迷于……。/ 我非常喜欢……。

★ I’m crazy about eating.

我特爱吃。

★ I’m crazy about sports.

我特爱运动。

★ I’m crazy about making money.

我特爱赚钱。

A: What do you like to do in your spare time?

空余时间你喜欢干什么?

B: I’m crazy about learning English.

我对学英语很着迷。

C: I’m crazy about surfing the Internet.

我痴迷于网上冲浪。

I’m crazy about Chinese food.

我特爱吃中国菜。

I’m crazy about football.

我特爱看足球。

I’m crazy about American movies.

我特爱看美国大片。

I’m crazy about the Backstreet Boys.

我特爱后街小巷的男孩子。

I don’t like…very much.   我并不怎么喜欢……。

★ I don’t like our new president very much.

我不怎么喜欢我们的新总统。

★ I don’t like English very much.

我不怎么喜欢英语。

★ I don’t’ like my job very much.

我不怎么喜欢我的工作。

A: What’s wrong? You haven’t eaten much.

怎么了?你吃得很少。

B: I don’t like spicy food very much.

我不怎么喜欢吃辣的。

A: I don’t like weather in Beijing very much.

我不太喜欢北京的天气。

B: It does take a while to get used to.

要习惯起来真的要一些时间。

第九章 陈述个人观点

I think…   我认为……。

I think she can help you.

我想她会帮你的。

A: I really think you should study English well in China and then go abroad.

我真的认为你应该先在中国把英语学好,然后再出国。

B: I think you are right.

我想你是对的。

As far as I’m concerned,…   就我而言,……。

A: As far as I’m concerned, Beijing is much better than Guangzhou.

就我而言,北京比广州要好得多。

B: I guess you’re right, if you don’t mind eating jiaozi and Beijing duck every day!

我想你是对的,如果你不介意每天都吃饺子和北京烤鸭的话。

A: What’s your opinion of the woman we interviewed?

你认为我们面试过的那个女的怎么样?

B: As far as I’m concerned, she’s the most qualified for the job.

在我看来,她是最适合这份工作的。

If you ask me,…   如果让我来说,……。

A: If you ask me, we should leave at six o’clock.

如果让我来说,我们得在6点走。

B: Don’t you think that’s a little early?

你不认为那太早了吗?

A: If you ask me, she made a big mistake.

如果让我来说,她犯了个大错误。

B: Everyone thinks so, but no one will tell her!

每个人都这么认为,但没有人告诉她!

In my opinion,…   在我看来,……。

In my opinion, he did the right thing.

在我看来,他那样做是对的。

A: In my opinion, Susan is the prettiest girl in our school.

在我看来,苏珊是我们学校最漂亮的女孩子。

B: You’re not the only one who thinks so.

很多人都这么认为。

第十章 打扰常见句型

Sorry to bother you, but…   对不起,打忧了,……

A: Sorry to bother you, but I need you to sign this.

对不起,打忧了,我想让你在这签个字。

B: Can you wait five minutes? I’m in the middle of something right now.

你能等5分钟吗?我现在正忙着呢。

A: Sorry to bother you, but you are wanted on the phone.

对不起,打忧了,有你的电话。

B: Tell him I’ll be right there.

告诉他我马上过来。

Excuse me for interrupting, but…   请原谅我插嘴,…….。

Excuse me for interrupting, but I have something to add.

请原谅我插嘴,我有点补充。

A: Excuse me for interrupting, but you are missing the point.

请原谅我插嘴,你跑题了。

B: What do you mean?

你这话什么意思。

第十一章 表示询问的句型

Could I possibly ask you to…?   我可以请你……吗?

Could I possibly ask you to meet my sister at the airport?

请你到机场接一下我妹妹,可以吗?

A: Could I possibly ask you to take a picture for us?

请你帮我们拍张照,可以吗?

B: Sure, I’d be glad to.

当然可以,我很乐意效劳。

Do you by any chance know…? 你也许知道……吧?

Do you by any chance know when the president is going to arrive?

你知道总裁什么时候到吗?

A: Do you by any chance know what time the movie begins?

你知道电影什么时候开始吗?

B: I don’t know. Why don’t you ask the girl at the window?

我不知道。为什么不问窗口的那个女孩子呢?

Would you be interested in…?   你会不会对……感兴趣?

Would you be interested in going to the movie with us tonight?

有没有兴趣今晚跟我们一起去看电影?

A: Would you be interested in losing ten pounds in one week?

你有兴趣在一周内减掉10磅吗?

B: Sure, but it sounds too good to be true!

当然有兴趣,但这有点好得令人不敢相信!

Is there any chance you could possibly…?   你有没有可能……?

A: Is there any chance you could possibly work late tonight?

你今晚有没有可能加一加班?

B: Is there any chance I could get paid extra for it?

有没有可能给我额外报酬?

A: Is there any chance you could possibly get a job for me in your company?

有没有可能帮我在你们公司找个工作啊?

B: It’s possible. We do need to hire some people in our marketing department.

有可能。我们市场部确实需要招一些人。

Would it be necessary for me to…?   我必须……吗?

A: Would it be necessary for me to pay all the money before the trip?

我必须在旅行出发前支付全部费用吗?

B: No, you just need do put down a small deposit to hold your reservation.

不用,你只需要交少量押金,以保留你的预订。

A: Would you be necessary for me to relocate?

我必须搬家吗?

B: Yes, but the company would cover all your expenses.

是的,但公司会支付你的全部费用。