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2008年英语专业四级考试全真试卷

2008年专四听力答案

PART I DICTATION

Choosing a Career

When students graduate from college, / many of them do not know how they want to spend their working lives, / and they sometimes move from job to job / until they find something that suits them / and of equal importance to which they are suited. Others never find a job in which they are really happy. / They remain all their lives square pegs in round holes. /When we choose our careers, we need to ask ourselves two questions. / First, what do we think we would like to be?/ Second, what kind of people are we? / The idea, for example, of being a painter or a musician may seem very attractive, / but unless we have great talent and are willing to work very hard, / we are certain to fail in these occupations, / and failure will lead to unhappiness in life. /So it is important to assess our suitability for a certain career in job search.



PART Ⅱ LISTENING COMPREHENSION

SECTION A CONVERSATIONS

Questions I to 3 are based on the following conversation.

M: Is that Anne Shaw?

W:Yes, speaking?

M: Hello, it is Eric from London.

W: Hello, Eric. How can I help you?

M;l'm fixing up on next project team meeting, and I just want to check some possible dates with you,

W: Fine, let me just get my diary. Ok, which dates are you looking at?

M: I've spoken to the others, (1) and they prefer either the third week of May or the second week of June.

W: Yeah, (1) both of the weeks are pretty clear at the moment except for the 11th of June.

M: Right, I've got that.

W:So where is the meeting taking place this time?

M: (2)lt was going to be in London. But I spoke to Carlos in Mexico City, and he suggested Chicago. He thinks it will be more convenient for most of the team.

W:(2)He's probably right. It'll certainly be much easier for me as well. Because I can fly from Toronto, and I'm sure you can find a meeting room somewhere near the airport.

M:(2) That's a good idea. I'll check up some hotels in that area and get back to you towards the end of the week.

W: Fine, but I'm not in the office on Friday.

M: Ok, (3) I'll call you later in the afternoon on Thursday.

W:No problem, bye.

Key:1.A 2. D 3.A

Questions 4 to 6 are based on the following conversation.

M: We are having a debate on advertising Thursday evening, and I have to take part.

W: That's interesting. I should like to hear what people think about advertising.

M: What's there to say? We must have advertising, mustn't we?

W:Why?

M: Well, we wouldn't know what there was to buy if we didn't have advertisements.

W: Yes, that's true. Up to a point, advertisements provide information that we need. If someone has produced a new article, naturally, the seller wants to tell us about it.

M:Yes, and the advertisements tell us which product is the best.

W:Do they? I don't think so. (4) Every manufacturer says that his product is the best, or at least tries to give the impression. Only one can be the best, so the others are misleading, aren't they?

M: Well, in a way, I suppose, but we don't have to believe them, do we?

W:Are you saying that advertisements aren't effective? I don't think that intelligent businessmen will spend millions of dollars on advertising if nobody believes the advertisements, do you?

M: Perhaps not, but after all, it's their money that they are spending.

W: (5) Is it? I think not. The cost of advertising is added to the price of the article. You and I and all the other people who buy the article pay for the advertising.

M: Well, I suppose we get something for our money, some information.

W:Yes, (6)but don't forget it is often misleading information, and sometimes harmful.

M: Harmful?

W:What about the advertisements designed to persuade young people to smoke cigarettes? Wouldn't you say they are harmful?

M: You've given me a lot to think about. I'm quite looking forward to the debate now.

Key: 4.D 5.B 6.D

Questions 7 to 10 are based on the following conversation.

W:So Mr. Brown, this is your bed, and as you can see, there are three other beds in the ward. Have you got everything you need?

M: Yes, nurse, I think so. (7) I followed the hospital's advice, and I've only brought a few belongings with me.

W: Good, you can see the reasons why we ask you to do that, (7)the cupboard is really very small.

M:Yes. Nurse, can you tell roe what the visiting hours are?

W:Yes, of course. (8) They are in the afternoon from 2:30 to 4:30 and in the evening from 7:00 to 8:00, but remember that only two people can see you at the same .time.

M:l see. What other rules are there?

W:Yes. We start pretty early. (9) We wake you at 6 o'clock, and breakfast is at 8 o'clock, lunch is at noon, there is tea at 3 :30, and supper is at 6 o'clock.

M:0h, that's very different from what I have been used to. You'd better tell me the rest of the rules here.

W:Yes. Well, you can see the no smoking sign. (9)We don't allow smoking in the wards, and the same goes for alcohol. However, if you do need to smoke, there are special lounges.

M: Oh, I don't smoke, so it doesn't affect me.

W:Good.

Key: 7.A 8.C 9.C 10.A



SECTION B PASSAGES

Questions II to 13 are based on the following passage.

In my opinion, the most important thing when choosing a hotel for an international conference is the meeting room or rooms. (11) For example, you may need a large room where everyone can be together for keynote speeches or presentations, and smaller meeting rooms for informal group discussions. Then, if people are coming from different countries, you need to find out about the rooms for them to stay in. (13) They should be spacious and comfortable, and have facilities for using email and laptops, as people have to keep in touch with their offices or headquarters even when they are away.

(12)My next point is facilities for hotel 'guests, things like a bar, a good quality restaurant, preferably offering local food and fitness and sport centers. These are important, because delegates need to be able to relax after a long day of meet-

ings and get to know each other in informal situations.

Finally, for an international conference where delegates are coming from different countries, it can be very useful to choose a hotel that (13) has good transport connections with the nearest airport and all places of interest. This can save everybody a lot of time.

Key: 11.D 12.B 13.B

Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage.

(17) Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. It's a great pleasure that I welcome you to the new Museum of Industrial and Rural life. (14) The museum provides us with a unique historical record of industrial and agricultural life in the area. Here, you find a wonderful collectiop of industrial and agricultural exhibits. Some of them date back 200 years which reflect the history of our area over the last two centuries. Until recently, the area was mainly agricultural, and the world industries and traditions were all associated with agriculture. The museum's collections bring this heritage back to life, with the fascinating blend of working and static displays. From early times, good communications with the rest of the country have lead to the industrial prosperity for the area. One example of such communications was (15) the Roman Road, Portsmouth Street which passed nearby. Later, canals came to bring new prosperity, and then the railways. Good transport systems encouraged local industries, especially those related to agriculture, and the museum has collections of national significance from many of these.Local people, too, have changed the history, and the museum will introduce you to these and other local celebrities. (16) The displays with all items collected locally show what local life used to be like. Many displays of local items are in context and show, for example printer's and cobbler's workshops. Whatever you are interested, we hope the museum will have something for you.

Key: 14.C 15.A 16.D 17.B



Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage.

Good afternoon, everybody. Thank you very much for inviting me here to talk about safety in dormitory and personal security.

First, a few points to bear in mind. You'll notice the doors of your dorm have two types of locks, a Yale lock and a Chubb lock. Make sure you double (18) lock your door, not just one lock, both of them, however long you are going out for. Make sure when you go out, all the windows are closed. Those of you in the ground and first-floor rooms will notice that you are locking windows, make sure you use them. Lock them every time you go out; (18) lock them at night. If you have got expensive equipmenis in your room, first of all, insure it. So many people lose things and haven't got insurance. Make sure you insure it.

This brings me onto personal security. Wherever possible, avoid working alone late at night, especially girl students. Avoid dark streets, and try to stick to the well-lit streets whenever possible. (19) Also if you know you are going to be up late, make sure you've got enough money for a taxi to get home again, or arrange to stay with friends for the night. It may sound absurd, but don't forget the university actually offers free self-defense classes. I hope it something you'd never have to use, but (20)it certainly was going along to a few self-defense sessions.

Key: 18.D 19.B 20.A





SECTION C NEW BROADCAST

News Item I

The New Year celebration in Thailand was shattered by violence, (21) when 9 bombs exploded across Bangkok around midnight. Three Thai citizens were killed and more than 30 injured. No terrorist group claimed responsibility for the bombings by Tuesday. Some believe the explosions were the work of Muslim separatists. Bombings and shootings occur almost daily in Thailand's three southernmost provinces: Yala, Narathiwat and Purtonia have a dominant Muslim population and have long complained of neglect and discrimination in the largely Buddhist nation. (22) They have asked for independence and a separate Islamic state. Since 2004, the insurgences have carried out numerous attacks in the south, and more than I , 900 people have been killed. The Thai government has been unable to curb the violence, though thousands of troops have been sent to the south.

Key:21.D 22.A



News Item 2

U, S. President George W. Bush will layout his new policy for Iraq Wednesday night in a TV speech. However, some details of the policy have been leaked to the media.

National oil law: a date is to be announced for the release of a national oil law in Iraq. (23) The law will give the Iraqicentral government the power to distribute current and future oil revenues to provinces and regions, based on their population size. The achievement of a fair distribution of oil revenue is seen as a corner stone of Iraqi security.

More troops.-the U. S. now has 132 000 troops in Iraq. The number will temporarily be increased by 20 000. A renewed construction package costing up to I billion U. S. dollars is also to be announced. (24) The money is to help create jobs and boost the Iraqi economy. Young Iraqis are to be encouraged to participate in the country's reconstruction by cleaning the streets and repairing schools.

Key:23.C 24.B



News Item 3

A joint committee will soon seek further cooperation between Egypt and Spain in (25) industry, trade, investment and science and technology. (26) Egyptian economic sources said the two sides will discuss the possibility of setting up a joint business council when the Egyptian-Spanish Higher Committee meets in the first half of September in Madrid, Spain. The business council is aimed at balancing bilateral trade by expanding trade volume.

Key:25.A 26.D



News Item 4

(27) "Japanese teenage women have grown increasinsly violent in the last 20 years. " A criminologist said yesterday." The ratio of women in their teens inflicting bodily injury has risen to more than 20 per 100,000 of the total Japanese population , more than 7 times the level 20 years ago, " said Jinsuki Kajiyama, a professor at Tokyo Institute of Technology." Japanese males have shifted increasingly to aggression previously linked with women, such as bullying others by excluding them from conversation, " he said.

Key:27.C 28. B



News Item 5

Despite reports of intimidation, (28) Zimbabweans swarmed to polling stations on the final day of voting in the most competitive parliamentary election in Zimbabwe's history. On the first day of voting, lines of hundreds of voters sneaked around some of the country's 4,000 polling stations. A total of 120 seats were being contested, and Mugabe appoints another 30 law makers giving him and his party a built-in advantage.

Key: 28. B



News Item 6

"About 40,000 Indian telecom workers called off their work to rule yesterday after reaching an agreement with the government" , officials and union leaders said. The employees of the department of telecommunication services launched their action on Friday (29) in protest against plans to covert the department into a company, and the recent appointment of a nontechnical official as a department head. ( 30 ) Banks, major companies and long-distance customers were hit by the work to rule which involves obeying minor regulations only so as to slow down the workflow.

Key:29.B 30.D
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