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sextet/[seks'tet]/ n. 六重唱, 六重唱曲, 六重奏, 六重唱的演出小组, 曲...

历年托福听力考试2002_01

02年1月 托福听力文字
Never be unduly elated by victory or depressed by defeat.
Part A
1:A: With so little time left to study for the history final. I think we should concentrate on going over our lecture notes.
B: That sounds good. At least we have an idea what Prof. Martin thinks important.
Q: How do the students plan to prepare for the exam?
2:A: Sorry I'm late. There was road construction on highway 9 and traffic was backed up for a miles(排起长龙).
B: Tell me about it. I take that road. And it took me two hours to get home last night.
Q: what does the man mean?
3:A: u said u wanted to borrow my camera for Prof. Wilson's assignment. Well, here it is.
B: I know this is precious to you, and I'll take good care of it. I hate using other people's things, especially expensive equipment like this.
Q: according to the conversation, what will the woman do?
4:A: have you decided what you are going to do over the summer break?
B: well, I've given it some thought, and I'd like to get a job in something related to marketing. But I haven't come up with anything definite yet.
Q: what does the woman mean?
5:A: that chocolate cake looks delicious. Aren’t you going to have some with me?
B: well, that was a huge meal we just had, and I was sort of watching my calorie intake(卡路里摄取), but what the heck(管他的), birthday only comes once a year.
Q: what will the man probably do?
6:A: they say that exercise is good for you, but I don't know. I mean dragging myself out of bed, six-day and everyday to go to the gym is wreaking havoc(大的影响、破坏) on my sleeping schedule.
B: sure, but who says u need to go everyday?
Q: what does the woman imply the man should do?
7:A: are you just about done with the copying machine?
B: pretty much. I just have to make sure the copy is clear
Q: what does the woman mean?
8:A: this prescription is supposed to be effective from pain, but maybe it's too strong for me. I took it when I woke up in pain(痛醒) in the middle of the night, and now I feel nauseous.
B: you should read the label first. It says right here on the bottle to be taken with meals only
Q: what can be inferred about the woman?
9:A: finally here are the notes u lent me from last weeks chemistry class. Sorry I kept them so long
B: hey, don't worry about it. Our final exam's not for another week
Q: what does the woman imply?
10:A: I know this jack is a little old and faded but I got some other things to take care of before the interview
B: if you want my opinion, a new suite should be your top priority
Q: what does the woman imply the man should do?
11:A: wait a minute, are you actually studying on this beautiful Saturday when the work is in due for two weeks
B: have u forgotten I'm going to be gone next weekend
Q: what does the woman imply?
12:A: do you know about the science fiction fair on Saturday?
B: of course, I wouldn't miss it for the world.
Q: what does the woman mean?
13:A: Wanna come with me to the opera tonight? I've got an extra ticket and I think it will take your mind off that math problem that you’ve been sweating over(费力做) for the last two hours.
B: that'll be great but the opera is in what? Italian, right? I think I have a better chance of understanding this math problem.
Q: what does the man imply?
14:A: u saw Kevin's new haircut, didn't you? It's pretty weird, don't you think?
B: I don't know. I mean, I don't think it looks good on u, but on him, well, I think it really complements his features(完善容貌).
Q: what does the woman mean?
15:A: I need u to send this package to the main office so it'll arrive before Wednesday's meeting.
B: is there anyone else who can do it? It's going to take me all afternoon to proofread(校对) this report
Q: what does the man suggest the woman do?
16:A: I can’t find my notes from history class anywhere. They are not on my desk.
B: u may want to check behind it. Sometimes it happens to me, especially when there r a lot of papers and some stuff piled on top of it.
Q: what does the man mean?
17:A: a lot of people are complaining about Prof Baller's lectures. They say he goes over the materials too quickly in class. What do you think?
B: well, I don't have to write as many notes as most students in there. You see, I had similar course at another school. So, maybe I'm not the best person to ask.
Q: what can be inferred about the man?
18:A: can u recommend one of the doctors in the students help center? I've to get a physical exam before they let me play basketball
B: sorry, my hometown is so close so I just drive back there whenever I need to c a doctor
Q: what does the woman mean?
19:A: this reading list professor Red gave us, look at it, 2 solid(密排的) pages a book. Does she really expect us to read them all?
B: just once on the first page, the rest are just stuff she thought we might find interesting
Q: what does the woman mean?
20:A: do you know Sally's new address. She got some mail and I'd like to forward it to her.
B: sorry, we weren't exactly on good terms(和睦) when she left
Q: what does the woman imply?
21:A: the sign says this is reserved parking only and your student parking sticker(停车帖纸) has expired, too.
B: I was just running in to turn in a paper, officer. I haven't been here for more than five minutes.
Q: what can be inferred about the woman?
22:A: I'm pretty excited. The outdoor club is going hiking on Mount Henry Forest this weekend.
B: yes. Finally, I've been looking forward to it all year
Q: what can be inferred about the speakers?
23:A: I've just been told that my part-time job is going to end next month.
B: it's probably for the best. Your skills are sure in demand now. And that job wasn’t exactly what he called interesting.(你的技能很抢手,况且那份工作并没有他说的那么有趣)
Q: what does the man imply?
24:A: the conference on career planning is only a month away, but there are still a few things that our organizing committee needs to work out
B: then it's clear that we'd better meet again and soon. Would u mind setting it out?
Q: what does the woman wants the man to do?
25:A: oh, we had the best tour guide when we were in San Francisco. I recommend him very highly for when u go there next month
B: thanks, but I'll be staying with family and they are taking care of everything
Q: what does the woman imply?
26:A: I heard Jean has tickets to the boys choir(唱诗班,注意读音) that she wants to sell.
B: I'm in luck then. The ticket office sold out tickets yesterday
Q: what will the man probably do?
27:A: so, what did you think of the car? It is in your price range.
B: well, it's a little beat-up(破旧的) and the seats are a little torn, but it certainly drives well and I'm tired of looking.
Q: what will the man probably do next?
28:A: I'm really looking forward to this trip with our geology class. But I'm not certain I have the strength to carry a bag pack up and down the mountain, especially when it's full of tools
B: they are taking two donkeys to carry the tools. We just have to carry our personal items, like clothing and sleeping bags.
Q: what does the man mean?
29:A: 8:45? I guess I'd better get going. When's the next bus out to university?
B: that bus leaves here on the hour(准点,也就是9点).
Q: what does the man mean?
30:A: Mary borrowed my jack again this morning. It's getting so, I almost never get to use it.
B: you gonna put a stop to that. She has plenty of her own things to wear
Q: what does the man suggest the woman do?

Part B
Question 31-34
W: oh, Jack, I'm glad I call u. I want to tell you I have to skip the history study group session tonight.
M: really? That' too bad. Aren’t you feeling well?
W: oh, it's not that. It's going to be a public meeting down the town hall. The state senator from this area is going to be there. She has this meeting three or four times a year to speak with her constituents(支持者).
M: is that what you like to do with your evening, go and listen to a politician's...
W: actually, it's a class assignment. Prof Jackson, he's teaching that political science seminar I'm taking. He told all of us in the seminar to going hear what the senator has to say tonight and also write up a report about the issues people bring up.
M: oh, like medical care, and tax and…?
W: right, and as long as I'm there, I think I'd like to bring up government funding for state universities. The tuition keeps going up and it's getting harder and harder for a lot of students to afford it.
M: tell me about it.
W: anyway, I want to do a really good job on this report. I need to get a letter of recommendation from Prof Jackson for graduate school. So I guess I'd better show up there tonight and c what goes on.
M: yeah, but, what about the history test?
W: well, I’ve already put some time on that this morning. So I think by tomorrow afternoon, I'll be ready. 31:Question: why does the man assume the woman is not feeling well?
32:Q: what is the general purpose of the meeting the woman plans to attend?
33:Q: what does the woman hope to discuss tonight?
34:Q: what does the woman hope Prof Jackson will do for her?

35-39:
A: I just finished reading a book of short story by Hemlen Garlen called Main
Traveled road. I really enjoy it. Have u ever read it?
B: yes, it was a required reading in American literature course i took last year, even though it's fiction, you get a realistic picture of the hard life people had back then on American frontier. I don't think I would have survive 19 century frontier life
A: me neither. Remember that story among the car roads. Garlen gives a vivid description of Julie Peterson, that young Norwegian immigrant girl, she had to work on her family’s farm
B: Ah ha
A: well when Julie feels exhausted, and she is wishing she could escape from her hard labor, she looks over her father working in the next field. And she is inspired to continue her own work
B: i do remember that story. Garlen really captures the spirit of hard work that was so typical of immigrants and pioneers who settled the American Midwest. It's difficult to image that nothing seems to discourage them for long.
A: i wonder how Garlen learn so much about the Midwest. Wasn’t he from Boston?
B: he lived in Boston. In fact, he studied and taught in Boston School of Oritory, but I think he was born in Lawcarbinlen, Wisconsin. He did grow up in Midwest.
A: no wonder his description is so good, I'm going to take this book back to the library now and c what other Garlen's works I can find.

35:Q: what are the man and the woman discussing?
36:Q: what does Hemlen Garlen describe in May Traveled Road?
37:Q: how does Hemlen Garlen characterize pioneer life?
38:Q: why does the man mention Julie Peterson?
39:Q: where's the man going now?

Part C
40-43:
Question 40-43
This is our last meeting before the campers arrived tomorrow. I'll give u the activity schedule later. But, now I want to answer a question one of u asked me yesterday about campers with asthma. Let me explain a little about the disease. First of all, it's chronic and very common. 20 million people in the United States alone have it. It affects the bronchial tubes, that is the airways of the lungs. During normal breathing, air is drawn in through the mouse and nose, and eventually makes this way into the bronchial tubes. The asthma patient's bronchial tubes are very sensitive, and easily irritated by exercises or strength, exposure to allergen(过敏原) or pollution, or breathing in cold air, or cigarettes smoke.
When asthmatic suffers an attack, the airway path was constricted, making it difficult for the person from breathing normally. If a camper in your group has even a mild case of asthma, you would be informed and given further instructions
about what to do in case of an attack. But don't worry. Some of our campers might have a mild case, but they always bring their medicines with them and we never have a problem. Are there any other questions? Ok, let's talk about the schedules for tomorrow.

40:Q: what does the speaker mainly discuss?
41:Q: according to the speaker, what part of asthmatic's body is particularly sensitive?
42: Q: what does the speaker say about the camps who have asthma?
43: Q: why does the speaker mention cigarette smoke?

44-47:
Question 44-47
Today most astronomers accept the notion that groups of stars that make up the universe are all moving farther and farther away from each other. but until very recently this idea of an expanding universe was not a theory most European scholars believed in. Since ancient times and up to about the 17th century most of these scholars thought the size of the universe have remained unchanged since the moment of its creation or perhaps forever, with all the stars remaining more or less in place in relation to each other. but that was challenged in the late 17th century by Izic Newton's idea of gravity as a force of attraction, which contradicted the idea of a university that is static, unchanging. If gravity causes all the stars out there in space to attract each other as Newton said, then they could remain centrally motionless. Sooner or later all the stars will fall in towards each other. well, scientists then propose a new model, taking Newton's theory into account, they didn't want to abandon the idea of motionless stars, but for this model to work, so the stars wouldn’t fall in each other, they had to modify Newton's law of gravity, so they theorize that for distance as large as those between stars, the gravitation force repels rather attracts. As you might guess, this let to some other contradictions. But this is prettily resolved in the past centuries by the currently accepted theory, which says the universe is continuously expanding. You'll be reading all about that as your homework tonight.

44: Q: what does the professor mainly discuss?
45: Q: what did most European scholars believe before 17th century about the size of the universe?
46: Q: what did some scientists try to explain by suggesting that stars repel each other?
47: Q: what will the students read about for homework?

48-50:
Question 48-50
On Monday we talked about insects, and how they gather food. Today I'd like to talk about the common garden spider and how it captures its prey with the round net-like structure it first produced almost 200 million years ago. I mean, of course a spider web. What's interesting is why such a delicate structure isn't ripped apart when a fast-flying insect crashes into it, and compared with the spider, these insects can be huge and really heavy. In fact capturing a large insect in a spider web could be compared to capture an airplane in a fishing net. So, how can the web offset such a shock without breaking? is it just because the silk like thread is made of so strong? well, experts analyze spider webs using a computer program designed when an insect crashed and caught and they found the structure of the web, the way of threads connected together helps balance the strength and tensions caused by the impact and spread them all across the web this saves the web from being destroyed and by the way, suggests some creative new ideas that human might use in designing buildings. The big surprise, though, is the role of air resistance in cushioning(缓冲) the shock of collision. The computer model showed that dragging a tiny
thread from a spider web through the air is a lot like pulling a heavy rope through water. And since air resistance acts on many threads all across the web its amazing effect that multiplies many times. And this definitely helps the web survive the impact
48:Q: what is the talk mainly about?
49: Q :What does the speaker say about some of the insects that spiders capture?
50:Q: according to the speaker, who might benefit from studying spider webs?
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