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历年托福听力考试2000_01

2000 年 l 月听原文

l. M: I'm really having trouble with this calculus course.

If I can't start doing better soon, I'm Going to have to

drop it.

W: Why don't you get some he1p from the graduate assistance. That's what it is there for.

What does the woman suggest the man do?

2. W: Hey, don't forget to drop that book off at the

library on your way home. .

M: 0h, thanks for reminding me. I am on my way.

What wi1l the man probab1y do next?

3. W:I sure wish I had a metric ruler with me .I need the

measurements in millimeters, not in inches and I’m

tires of converting.

M: Would it make thing go faster if you borrow

mine?

What does the man imply?

4. M: Good news. I'm not going to need surgery after

all .The doctor says l can start working out

again soon. And maybe play soccer again in a few

weeks.

W: That's terrific .let would be great if you could get

back in shape in time for the state tournament.

What does the woman mean?

5. M:I already know what I want to take next semester So

why do I have to make an appointment to see my

advisor? All I need is her signature on my course

sheet.

W: I'm afraid it doesn't work that way. She has to talk

with you to make sure everything is on the right.

track.

What does the woman mean?

6. W: Prof. Smith sire was acting strangely today.

M: I notice that too .She was talking so quietly and then

not giving us any homework. Can you believe that?

What can be inferred about Prof .Smith ?

7. M: It's been pouring for three days now l begin to

wonder if it will ever stop.

W: And tomorrow is going to be my day at the beach.

But if it doesn't clear up by then, I'll just have to

forget about that.,

What does the woman imply?

8. M: What a boring speaker! I could hardly keep from

falling asleep.

W: Oh, I don't know about that. In fact, it's been a

long time since I have heard anyone as good.

What does the woman mean?

9. W: Gee, Tom, I hear that you are working as a house.

painter this summer .It's got to be awfully hot

working up there on a 1adder in the blazing sun

all day..'

M: Well it's hard work, but I get to be outdoors and the

pay decent.

What does the man imply?

l0. W: I've been working on this report all day. And

I've sti1l got 12 pages to write. At this rate, I'll

never get it done by tomorrow.

M: Oh, that's right .You weren't in class today, so you

probably haven't heard that the deadline has been

extended a week.

What does the man imply?

1l. M: Can you believe the way Larry was talking to his

roommate? No wonder they don't get along.

W: Well, maybe Larry was just reacting to something.

his roommate said. There are two sides to every

story you know.

What does the woman mean?

12.M: I just called the travel agent. It's all set. On June

first, I'm hearing for the mountains for an entire.

week.,

W: Have you checked the academic calendar?.

Because my class aren't over till seventh.

What does the woman imply?

l3. M: What sort of grade did you get on your research

paper? I know how hard you worked on it..

W: Yeah, well, I was hoping for something really good.

But the professor said that I made too many broad

claims that weren't supported enough.

What can be inferred about the woman's paper?

14. W: The state ballets is coming to town next weekend,

and I can't find a ticket anywhere.

M: You know, my sister just happens to have one and

she can't go. She's got some sort of conflict in her

schedule.

What does the man imply the woman should do?

l5. M: Have you found out yet what hotel you will be

staying in ? I'm at the Gordon right across the

stress from the conference center.

W: Huh, Lucky you .I'm at the Apple Gates six miles

away.

What does the woman mean?

16. W: Joe, I thought your article on the school newspaper

was right on target. You certainly convinced me

anyway.

M: Thanks Mary .Unfortunately, based on the general

response, you and I are definitely in the minority.

What does the man mean?

l7. W: Why didn't you go to the hockey finals last

weekend? You missed a great game.

M: 0h, come on. You know how sensitive I am to loud

noise.

What can be inferred about the man?.

l8. W: I know I promised to drive you to the airport next

Tuesday. But I am afraid that something has come

up .And they've called a special meeting at work.

M: No big deal. Karen said she was available as a

backup.

What does the man mean?

19. M: My telephone doesn't seem to be working. And

have lots of calls that I have to return this afternoon.

W: Feel free to use mine if you want, I'll be in a

meeting till five.

What does the woman suggest the man do?

20. M:I don't think we have nearly enough information

for our financia1 plan. But it's due tomorrow So I

guess there isn't a lot we can do about it.

W: Guess not. At this point, we will just have to

make do with what we have got.

What will the speakers probably do?

21. W: Ever since your girlfriend moved to Bridgeport,

you are always driving there. How many trips a

week do you make anyway?

M:I have lost count. But I can do it with my eyes

closed.

What does the man mean?

22. M: I've noticed that you spend a lot of time tending to

your garden. Do you think you might like to join

the university gardening club? We meet every

other Tuesday.

W :Oh, thanks for the invitation .But this is how I

relax. I'd rather not make it something formal and

structured.

What does the woman imply?

23. M: Does this music bother your studying, Pam?

W: Actually I'm not studying any more, but I'm trying

to sleep.

What does Pam imply?

24. W: I think we should hold our first committee meeting

in one of the meeting rooms of the library. So far,

there are 8 of us who plan to come.

M: Wow, if it there weren't more than four, I'd say

that we have it over. at my place. But with 8 of us,

I guess I'd have to get along with your suggestion.

What does the man imply?

25. M: I just don't know if you should call everyone to

collect the data or just send out a questionnaire.

But you'd better make a decision soon.

W: I know .There is only one month till the election.

What does the woman mean?

26. W: What's with you? You sure don't 1ook like

yourself

M: Stay away from me, I don't know what I've got.

But whatever it is, you don't want to catch it.

What can be inferred about the man?

27.W: You waited at the Tear’s Cafe yesterday, didn't you?

Was there much of a wait to be seated?

M: Was there? Wish I'd brought a book or something

to occupy my time.

What does the man imply about the Tear’s Cafe?

28. W: I thought there was still time for me to apply for

student loan. But someone just told me that the

closing date was last Wednesday.

M: Are you sure? I thought we still had another month.

Wait, I've got a brochure right here. Yeah,

Wednesday was the opening date.

What does the man imply?

29. M: This casserole really tastes good .I guess that's

because the vegetables in it are fresh instead of

canned,

W: I know. Kind if a rare treat in this cafeteria.

What does the woman mean?

30. W:I don't think I want to live in the dormitory next

year. I need more privacy.

M:I know what you mean. But check out the cost of

renting an apartment first, l wouldn't be surprised

if you changed your mind.

What does the man think the woman will do?

Part B

Questions 3l-34. Listen to a conversation between two

students who meet in front of the library.

M: Hi, Sue. Where have you been?

W: 0h, Hi, Dan, I was just at the library. I have to hand in

my biology paper tomorrow.

M: Tomorrow? 0h, no, I thought it wasn't due till

Monday.

W: 0h, Don't worry, It is due Monday. But I'm going

away for the weekend and won't be back till Monday

night.

M: 0h, where are you going?

W: California .We're having a family reunion. It is my

grandmother's ninetieth birthday. So all the cousins

and aunts and uncles are going .She planned the whole I

thing herself.

M: Wow. That's great .How many people wi1l be there?

W: Around sixty. My family is big and spread up but

we're pretty close .So have you started working on

your biology paper?

M: Yeah. I'm doing it on bees and how they're able to

recognize whether another bee is related to them.

W: How can they tell?

M: They use their sense of smell. The sweat bees guard

their nests this way. If another bee approaches the nest,

the guard determines if the new bee if familiar. If it is,

it's allowed to enter.

W: Interesting. Can other insects do this? Well, the paper

wasps can. Each wasp nest has a special combination

of plant fibers and so the wasps that live there have an

unique smell. Those two are the on1y kinds I've read

about so far.

M: Well, you've still got time .It sounds like that the bees

are picky about who comes to their family reunion.

3 l. what is the relationship between the speakers?

32. Why was the man worried at first?

33. According to the man, how do some bees use their

sense of smell?

34. What will the man probably' do over the weekend?

What does the woman mean?

Questions35-38.Listen to a conversation between two

students.

W: Hi, Jim. What are you doing?

M: Oh Hi, Linda. I'm working on a report on energy

resources for my environmental science class. But I'm

having trouble finding enough information.

W: know we were talking about sources of fuel in my.. l

class today.

M: Yeah?

W: Prof. Collins. He is an authority on energy sources. He

was telling us about a new way of getting fuel oi1 from

coal.

M:I didn't know that was possible.

W: He said something about coal being sit on fire and

blasted with a mixture of steam and oxygen. This

process produces a gas made up of hydrogen and.

carbon, the ...hum, the basic elements of oil.

M: And then they do something to change that gas to oil?

W: Right. First, since coal contains fewer hydrogen atoms

than oil, they have to add some extra hydrogen to the

gas .Then impurities are washed out with methanol, I

think, before this gas is sent onto reactors where it's

changed into oil.

M: Since coal is so plentiful. I guess it won't be long till

this new type of oil will be available all over the

Place, ah ?

W: I doubt it. Prof. Collins said something about the

process not be economically enough to use in this

country .At any rate, you really ought to talk to him.'

He'll be able to help you more than I can and he's got

office hours all afternoon today

M: Thanks. He's over in Anderson Hall, right?

W: right.

35. What are the students mainly discussing?

36. How did the woman learn about the process she

describes?.

37. In the process described by the woman, why is the

coal burned?

38. What does the woman mention as a disadvantage of

the process she describes?

Questions 39-42 Listen to part of a music class. The

professor is discussing a musical theater

production.

It may seem strange that we're discussing music from

a Broadway production in this class, "The

Lion King" especially, since it's based on a popular

Hollywood movie. I mean music performed for

Broadway theater in the heart of New York city surely

would seem to be in the western tradition of

popular music and not have much in common with the

music we have been studying in this course.

such as gamelan music of Indonesia, or Zulu chants of

South Africa, music that developed outside the

western tradition of Europe and America. But in fact,

musicians have a long -standing tradition of

borrowing from one another's cultures. And this

production's director intentionally included both

western and non-western music. That way, some of the

rhythms, instruments, harmonies typical of

non-western music contrast with and complement popu1ar

music more familiar to audiences in North

America and Europe, music like rock, jazz or Broadway

style show tunes. So I want to spend the rest of

this class and most of the next one on the music from the

Show "The Lion King" as a way of

summarizing some of the technical distinctions between

typical western music and the non-western

music that we've been studying. Now the African

influence on the music is clear, the story takes place

in Africa. So the director got a South African composer to

write songs with a distinctly African sound,

And the songs even include words from Africa languages.

But we'll get back to the African influence

Later. First let's turn to the music that was written for the

shadow puppet scenes in "The Lion King",

Music based on the Indonesian music used in the shadow

puppet theater of that region.

39. What is the talk mainly about?

40. What can be inferred about most of the music the

students have studied in the course?

4l. Why were African words included in some songs for

the Broadway version of "The Line King"?

42. What will the professor probably talk about next?

Questions 43-46 Listen to part of a talk in a class on the .

history of science.

In ancient times, many people believed the earth was a

flat disc. Well over 2000 years ago, the

ancient Greek philosophers were able to put forward two

good arguments proving that it was not.

Direct observations of heavenly bodies was the basis of

both these arguments. First, the Greeks knew

that during eclipses of the moon, the earth was between

the sun and the moon, and they saw that during

these eclipses, the earth's shadow on the moon was a1ways..

round. They realized that this could be true

only if the earth was spherical. If the earth were a flat disc.

then its shadow during eclipses would not'

be a perfect circle, it would be stretched out into a long

ellipse. The second argument was based on

what the Greeks saw during their travels. They noticed. l

that the North Star or Polaris, appeared lower in

the sky when they traveled south, in more northerly

regions, the North Star appeared to them to be

much higher in the sky. By the way, it was also from this

difference in the apparent position of the

North Star that the Greeks first calculated the approximate

distance around the circumference of the

Earth, a figure recorded in ancient documents says

400,000 stadia, that's the plural of the word stadium.

Today, it's not known exactly what length one stadium.

represents, but let's say it was about 200 meters.

The length of many athletic stadiums. This would make

the Greek's estimate about twice the figure

accepted today, a very good estimate for those writing so

long before even the first telescope was

invented.

43. What is the talk mainly ab0ut?

44. According to the professor, what were the beliefs of

the Greek philosophers based upon?

45. What does the professor say about ancient Greeks

who traveled south?

46. What does the professor say the term stadium refers

to?

Ouestions47-50. Listen to the beginning of a lecture given.

by a history professor

Good morning, class. Before we begin today I

would like to address an issue that one of you

reminded me of after the last lecture. As you may

recall, last time I mentioned that Robert E. Peary was.

the first person to reach the north Po1e. What l neglected

to mention was the controversy around

Peary's pioneering accomplishment. In l9l0, a

committee of the national geographical society-

examined Comrnodore Peary's claim to have reached the

North Pole on April 6th 1909 and found no

reason to doubt him, This judgement was actually

confirmed by a committee of the Us congress in

l9l l, Nevertheless, Pearl's claim was surround by a

controversy .this was largely due to the

'

competing claim of Doctor Frederic Cook who told the

world he had reached the Pole a four-year

earlier, Over the decades Peary was given the benefit of

the doubt, but critics persisted in raising

questions about his navigation and the distances he

claimed to have covered. So the Navigation

Foundation spent an additional 12 months of exhaustive

examination of documents relating to Peary's

polar expedition. The documents supported Peary's c1aims

about the distances he covered. After also

conducting an extensive computer analysis of photos

taken by Peary at the pole, they concluded that

Pierre and his companions did in fact reach the near

vicinity of the North Pole on April 6th,l909. OK.

today we're going to talk about exploration of the opposite

end of the world. I assume you all read

chapter 3 in our text and are now familiar with the names:

'

Emerson and Scott.

47. Why did the professor mention the controversy

surrounding Peary?

48. Why did Doctor Cook maintain?

49. How did the experts determine that Peary reached the

North Pole?

50. Which topic will most probably be included in the

continuation of today's lecture?
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