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clabber/['klæbə]/ n. 酸牛奶 vt. (使)凝结, (使)变酸 vi. (使...

2008年6月21日六级英语考试听力

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause.During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C), ang D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

注意: 此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答

11. A) The man might be able to play in the World Cup.

B) The man’s football career seems to be at an end.

C) The man was operated on a few weeks ago.

D) The man is a fan of world-famous football players.

12. A) Work out a plan to tighten his budget

B) Find out the opening hours of the cafeteria.

C) Apply for a senior position in the restaurant.

D) Solve his problem by doing a part-time job.

13. A) A financial burden. C) A real nuisance.

B) A good companion D) A well-trained pet.

14. A) The errors will be corrected soon. C) The computing system is too complex.

B) The woman was mistaken herself. D) He has called the woman several times.

15. A) He needs help to retrieve his files. C) He needs some time to polish his paper.

B) He has to type his paper once more. D) He will be away for a two-week conference.

16. A) They might have to change their plan.

B) He has got everything set for their trip.

C) He has a heavier workload than the woman.

D) They could stay in the mountains until June 8.

17. A) They have wait a month to apply for a student loan.

B) They can find the application forms in the brochure.

C) They are not eligible for a student loan.

D) They are not late for a loan application.

18. A) New laws are yet to be made to reduce pollutant release.

B) Pollution has attracted little attention from the public.

C) The quality of air will surely change for the better.

D) It’ll take years to bring air pollution under control.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) Enormous size of its stores. C) Its appealing surroundings.

B) Numerous varieties of food. D) Its rich and colorful history.

20. A) An ancient building. C) An Egyptian museum.

B) A world of antiques. D) An Egyptian Memorial.

21. A) Its power bill reaches $9 million a year.

B) It sells thousands of light bulbs a day.

C) It supplies power to a nearby town.

D) It generates 70% of the electricity it uses.

22. A) 11,500 C) 250,000

B) 30,000 D) 300,000

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) Transferring to another department. C) Thinking about doing a different job.

B) Studying accounting at a university D) Making preparation for her wedding.

24. A) She has finally got a promotion and a pay raise.

B) She has got a satisfactory job in another company.

C) She could at last leave the accounting department.

D) She managed to keep her position in the company.

25. A) He and Andrea have proved to be a perfect match.

B) He changed his mind about marriage unexpectedly.

C) He declared that he would remain single all his life.

D) He would marry Andrea even without meeting her.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some question. Both the passage and the question will be spoken only once.. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

Passage One

Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26.A) They are motorcycles designated for water sports.

B) They are speedy boats restricted in narrow waterways.

C) They are becoming an efficient form of water transportation.

D) They are getting more popular as a means or water recreation.

27.A) Waterscooter operators’ lack of experience.

B) Vacationers’ disregard of water safety rules.

C) Overloading of small boats and other craft.

D) Carelessness of people boating along the shore.

28.A) They scare whales to death. C) They discharge toxic emissions.

B)They produce too much noise. D) They endanger lots of water life.

29.A) Expand operating areas. C) Limit the use of waterscooters.

B) Restrict operating hours. D) Enforce necessary regulations.

Passage Two

Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

30.A) They are stable. C) They are strained.

C) They are close. D) They are changing.

31.A) They are fully occupied with their own business.

B) Not many of them stay in the same place for long.

C) Not many of them can win trust from their neighbors.

D) They attach less importance to interpersonal relations.

32.A) Count on each other for help. C) Keep a friendly distance.

B) Give each other a cold shoulder. D) Build a fence between them.

Passage Three

Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

33.A) It may produce an increasing number of idle youngsters.

B) It may affect the quality of higher education in America.

C) It may cause many schools to go out of operation.

D) It may lead to a lack of properly educated workers.

34.A)It is less serious in cities than in rural areas.

B)It affects both junior and senior high schools.

C)It results from a worsening economic climate.

D)It is a new challenge facing American educators.

35. A)Allowing them to choose their favorite teachers.

B)Creating a more relaxed learning environment.

C)Rewarding excellent academic performance.

D)Helping them to develop better study habits.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blank numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own word. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

Compound Dictation

I'm interested in the criminal justice system of our country. It seems to me that something has to be done if we are to survive as a country. I certainly don't know what the answers to our problems are. Things certainly get complicated in a hurry when you get into them. But I wonder if something couldn't be done to deal with some of these problems.

One thing I'm concerned about is our practice of putting offenders in jail who haven't harmed anyone. Why not work out some system whereby they can pay back the debts they owe society instead of incurring another debt by going to prison, and of course, coming under the influence of hardened criminals? I'm also concerned about the short prison sentences people are serving for serious crimes. Of course, one alternative to this is to restore capital punishment, but I'm not sure I would be for that. I'm not sure it's right to take an eye for eye.

答案:

11. D) The man is a fan of world-famous football players.

12. D) Solve his problem by doing a part-time job.

13. C) A real nuisance.

14. A) The errors will be corrected soon.

15. B) He has to type his paper once more.

16. A) They might have to change their plan.

17. D) They are not late for a loan application.

18. C) The quality of air will surely change for the better.

19. B) Numerous varieties of food.

20. B) A world of antiques.

21. D) It generates 70% of the electricity it uses.

22. B) 30,000

23. C) Thinking about doing a different job.

24. A) She has finally got a promotion and a pay raise.

25. B) He changed his mind about marriage unexpectedly.

Section B

Passage 1

26. D) They are getting more popular as a means of water recreation.

27. A) Water scooter operators lack of experience.

28. B) They produce too much noise.

29. D) Enforce necessary regulations.

Passage 2

30. D) They are changing.

31. B) Not many of them stay in the same place for long.

32. C) Keep a friendly distance.

Passage 3

33. D) It may lead to a lack of properly educated workers.

34. B) It affects both junior and senior high schools.

35. C) Rewarding excellent academic performance.

Section C

36. survive

37. complicated

38. offenders

39. whereby

40. incurring

41. influence

42. serving

43. restore

44. The alternative to capital punishment is longer sentences. But they would certainly cost the tax payers much money.

45. that does not mean that person isn't guilty of the crime, or that he shouldn't pay society the debt he owes.

46. a large part of it in prison for acts that he committed while not in full control of his mind.

Section A

11.

M: Good news! I’m not going to have surgery after all. The doctor says I can start working out again soon, and maybe play football like before in a few weeks.

W: That’s terrific! It will be great if you can get back in shape in time for the World Cup.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

12.

M: I really need to make some extra money. You know, I’ve practically spent my entire budget for the semester.

W: Why not check out the new cafeteria at the Market Street. I think there’s still a few opening suitable for seniors like you.

Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?

13.

M: I hear John left his cat in your care while he’s on vacation abroad. How are you getting along with it?

W: Well, it never comes when I call it. It spills its food and sheds all over the place. I can’t wait till John gets back.

Q: How does the woman find the cat?

14.

W: Hello, Professor White, I got my grade in the mail this morning, but I think there might be a mistake in my mark.

M: Yeah. I’ve got several calls just like yours. There must be a problem with a computing system. It should be straightened out in a couple of hours.

Q: What does the man mean?

15.

M: Professor Johnson, last night when I was putting the finishing touches on my paper a computer failure completely wiped up my files. Do you think I could have another day to retype it?

W: I’m sorry, Rod. I’m leaving for a conference tomorrow, and I’ll be away two weeks. I suppose you could send me an e-copy.

Q: Why does the man say he can’t submit his assignment on time?

16.

W: I just called the travel agency. It’s all set. On June 1s we are heading for the mountains and will be camping there for a whole week.

M: Have you checked the academic calendar? My classes aren’t over until the 8th.

Q: What does the man imply?

17.

W: I thought there was still time for me to apply for a student loan. But someone just told me that the closing date was last Tuesday.

M: Are you sure? I thought we still had another month. Wait, I’ve got a brochure right here. Last Tuesday was the opening date.

Q: What does the man imply?

18.

W: Look at all the pollutants going into the air from those factories. Do you think they’ll ever get that under control?

M: Now with the new laws in effect, and social awareness increasing, we are sure to turn things around.

Q: What does the man mean?

Conversation one

W: Tell me, Peter, what makes Harrods so famous?

M: Well, it’s the biggest department store in the UK. And its food hall and the Egyptian hall are very famous. People come to Harrods just to see them.

W: What is special about the food hall?

M: It sells many different kinds of food. For example, it has 250 kinds of cheese from all over the world and more than 180 kinds of bread. Customers also love all the different kinds of chocolate. They buy 100 tons every year.

W: That’s amazing! And why is the Egyptian hall so famous?

M: Well, when people see it, they feel they are in another world. It looks like an Egyptian building from 4000 years ago. And it sells beautiful objects. They are not 4000 years old, of course.

W: Is it true that Harrods produces its own electricity?

M: Yes, it does. 70%, enough for a small town. To light the outside of the building, we use 11500 light bulbs.

W: Really? Tell me, how many customers do you have on an average day? And how much do they spend?

M: About 30000 people come on an average day. But during the sales, the number increases to 300000 customers a day. How much do they spend? Well, on average, customers spend about 1.5 million pounds a day. The record for one day is 9 million pounds,

W: 9 million pounds in one day?

M: Yes, on the first day of the January sales.

W: Harrods says it sells everything to everybody, everywhere. Is that really true?

M: Oh, yes, of course! Absolutely everything!

19. What is the food hall of Harrods noted for?

20. What does the Egyptian hall seem like to the customers?

21. What may customers find surprising about Harrods?

22. About how many customers come to Harrods on an average day?

Conversation two

W: Hi, Kevin.

M: Hi, Laura. Long time no see. What’ve you been up to lately?

W: Not much, I can assure you. And you?

M: Much the same, except I do have some big news.

W: Come on! This suspense is killing me.

M: No, really. What’ve you been doing these past few weeks? The last time I saw you, you were looking for a new job.

W: Well, That’s not exactly true. I was thinking about changing jobs. Luckily, they offered me a new position in the accounting department.

M: A step up in the big business world.

W: I wouldn’t exaggerate, but I’m pleased. I had been hoping to get a promotion for a while. So when it finally came through I was relieved. Actually that’s why I was looking for a new job. I just didn’t want to work there any more. They weren’t going to recognize my efforts.

M: Right. Sometimes you can do your best and it seems like the others don’t know you exist. I hope the money is better?

W: I got a reasonable raise. Now, enough about me. I’m dying to hear your news.

M: I’m getting married.

W: No! You said you never get married.

M: That was then, and this is now. You’ve got to meet Andria. She’s great!

W: This is all news to me. I didn’t even know you were dating.

M: We weren’t. We’ve just been dating for two weeks now.

W: And you’re getting married?

M: I know I can’t help it. I just know she’s the one.

W: Well, congratulations! That’s fantastic!

M: Thanks. I’m glad to hear you feel that way.

23. What was the woman doing when the man last saw her?

24. Why does the woman say she was relieved?

25. Why is the woman surprised at the man’s news?

Section B

Passage 1

Water scooters are water vehicles that look very much like motor cycles. Nowadays speedy, colorful water scooters are gaining in popularity. They can travel anywhere a small boat can and typically popular with young people. The rising popularity of the craft has raised the question of water scooter regulation. In this case, the argument for strict regulation is compelling. Water scooters are a particularly deadly form of water recreation. For example, two women were vacationing in Long Boat Key. While they were floating on a rubber boat along the shore, a water scooter crashed into them and killed them. Also, water scooter operators have been killed or seriously injured in collisions with other water craft. Others have been straddled at the sea when the scooters either failed or sank far from shore. Many water scooter operators are inexperienced and ignorant of navigational rules which increases the potential for accidents. The increasing popularity of the scooter has aggravated the problem providing more water vehicles to compete for the same space. Crowded water ways are simply an open invitation to disaster. In addition to the inherent operational hazards of water scooters, they’re proving to be an environmental nonsense. Beach residents complained of the noise of the scooters. The pacific whale foundation on the west coast expressed concern that the scooters are frightening away and endanger species of whale that migrates to Hawaii for breeding. Regulations such as minimum operating age, restricted operating areas and compulsory classes in water safety are essential. Without such regulations, tragedies involve water scooters are sure to multiply which makes many beaches unsafe for recreation.

26 What does the speaker say about water scooters?

27 What is mentioned as one of the causes of water accidents?

28 In what way are water scooters said to be an environmental nonsense?

29 What does the speaker propose to ensure the safety of beaches for recreation?

Passage 2

It seems to me that neighbors are going out of style in America. The friend next door from whom you borrowed four eggs or a ladder has moved and the people in there now are strangers. Some of the traditional stories of neighborliness are impractical or silly. And it may be just as well that our relations with our neighbors are changing. The saying in the Bible “Love Thy Neighbor” was probably a poor translation of what must have originally been – Respect Thy Neighbor. Love cant’ be called up on order. Fewer than half the people in the United States live in the same house they lived in five years ago. So there’s no reason to love the people who live next door to you just because they happen to wander into a real estate office that listed the place next door to yours. The only thing neighbors have in common, to begin with, is proximity. And unless something more develops, that isn’t reason enough to be best friends. It sometimes happens naturally, but the chances are very small that your neighbors will be your choice of friends or that you’ll be theirs, either. The best relationship with neighbors is one of friendly distance. You say hello, you small talk if you see them in the yard. You discuss problems as they arise. And you help each other in an emergency. The driveway, or the fence between you, is not really a cold shoulder but a clear boundary - we all like clearly defined boundaries for ourselves.

30 What does the speaker say about the relations among neighbors nowadays?

31 Why does the speaker say it may be difficult for people to love their neighbors?

32 What should neighbors do in the speaker’s opinion?

Passage Three

Articles in magazines and newspapers and special reports on radio, and television reflect the concern of many Americans about the increasing drop-out rate in our junior and senior high schools. Coupled with this fact is the warning that soon we will no longer have a work force to fill the many jobs that require properly educated personnel. The high student dropout rate is not a recent development. Ten years ago, many urban schools were reporting dropout rates between 35% and 50%. Some administrators maintain that dropouts remain the single greatest problem in their schools. Consequently, much effort has been spent on identifying students with problems in order to give them more attention before become failures. Since the dropout problem doesn’t start in senior high school, special programs in junior high school focus on students who show promise, but have a record of truancy. That’s staying away from school without permission. Under the guidance of counselors, these students are placed in classes with teachers who have had success in working with similar young people. Strategies to motivate students in high school, include rewarding academic excellence by designating scholars of the month, or by issuing articles of clothing such as school letter jackets formally given only to athletes.. No one working with these students claims to know how to keep all students in school. Counselors, teachers and administrators are in the frontlines of what seems at times to be a losing battle. Actually, this problem should be everyone’s concern since uneducated, unemployed citizens affect us all

33 Why are Americans concerned about the increasing drop-out rate in school?

34 What do we learn about the student drop-out problem in America?

35 What is mentioned as one of the strategies used to motivate students?

Section C

I’m interested in the criminal justice system of our country. It seems to me that something has to be done if we are to survive as a country. I certainly don’t know what the answers to our problems are. Things certainly get complicated in a hurry when you get into them. But I wonder if something couldn’t be done to deal with some of these problems. One thing I’m concerned about is our practice of putting offenders in jail who haven’t harmed anyone. Why not work out some system whereby they can pay back the debts they owe society instead of incurring another debt by going to prison and of course coming out the influence of hardened criminals. I’m also concerned about the short prison sentences people are serving for serious crimes. Of course one alternative to this is to restore capital punishment. But I’m not sure I would be for that. I’m not sure it’s right to take an eye for an eye. The alternative to capital punishment is longer sentences but they would certainly cost the tax-payers much money.

I also think we must do something about the insanity plea. In my opinion, anyone who takes another person’s life intentionally is insane. However that does not mean that the person isn’t guilty of the crime or that he shouldn’t pay society the debt he owes. It said of course that a person may have to spend the rest of his life or a large part of it in prison for acts that he committed while not in full control of his mind.
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