密码:
注册找密码我的浏览
设首页加收藏加书签 ______

首页每天学英语新概念六级音标词汇语法四级研究生大学高中初中小学少儿演讲有声圣经VOA商务雅思

您所在的位置: 大耳朵首页 > 听力资料 > 在线视听资料 >...> 全新版大学英语综合教程 > 第四册 > 正文

站内搜索:

小提示:学单词背单词请到大耳朵免费在线背单词系统
bombardier/[͵bɔmbə'diə]/ n. 投弹手, 炮兵军士...

全新版大学英语综合教程第四册Unit 4A

Is America going to decline like other great nations have before? The author thinks not, arguing that the type of society being created in America is quite unlike any that has gone before it. Read what he has to say and see whether you agree.

America as a Collage
Ryzsard Kapuscinski
1 The mere fact that America still attracts millions of people is evidence that it is not in decline. People aren't attracted to a place of decline. Signs of decline are sure to be found in a place as complex as America: debt, crime, the homeless, drugs, dropouts. But the main characteristic of America, the first and most enduring impression, is dynamism, energy, aggressiveness, forward movement.

2 It is so hard to think of this nation in decline when you know that there are vast regions of the planet which are absolutely paralyzed, incapable of any improvement at all.

3 It is difficult for me to agree with Paul Kennedy's thesis in The Rise and Fall of Great Powers that America must inevitably follow historical precedent. That's the way history used to be -- all powerful nations declined and gave way to other empires. But maybe there is another way to look at what is happening. I have a sense that what is going on here concerns much more than the fate of a nation.

4 It may be that the Euro-centered American nation is declining as it gives way to a new Pacific civilization that will include, but not be limited to, America. Historically speaking, America may not decline, but instead fuse with the Pacific culture to create a kind of vast Pacific collage, a mix of Hispanic and Asian cultures linked through the most modern communication technologies.

5 Traditional history has been a history of nations. But here, for the first time since the Roman Empire, there is the possibility of creating the history of a civilization. Now is the first chance on a new basis with new technologies to create a civilization of unprecedented openness and pluralism. A civilization of the polycentric mind. A civilization that leaves behind forever the ethnocentric, tribal mentality. The mentality of destruction.

6 Los Angeles is a premonition of this new civilization.

7 Linked more to the Third World and Asia than to the Europe of America's racial and cultural roots, Los Angeles and southern California will enter the twenty-first century as a multiracial and multicultural society. This is absolutely new. There is no previous example of a civilization that is being simultaneously created by so many races, nationalities, and cultures. This new type of cultural pluralism is completely unknown in the history of mankind.

8 America is becoming more plural every day because of the unbelievable facility of the new Third World immigrants to put a piece of their original culture inside of American culture. The notion of a "dominant" American culture is changing every moment. It is incredible coming to America to find you are somewhere else -- in Seoul, in Taipei, in Mexico City. You can travel inside this Korean culture right on the streets of Los Angeles. Inhabitants of this vast city become internal tourists in the place of their own residence.

9 There are large communities of Laotians, Vietnamese, Cambodians, Mexicans, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, Iranians, Japanese, Koreans, Armenians, Chinese. We find here Little Taipei, Little Saigon, Little Tokyo, Koreatown, Little Central America, the Iranian neighborhood in Westwood, the Armenian community in Hollywood, and the vast Mexican-American areas of East Los Angeles. Eighty-one languages, few of them European, are spoken in the elementary school system of the city of Los Angeles.

10 This transformation of American culture anticipates the general trend in the composition of mankind. Ninety percent of the immigrants to this city are from the Third World. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, 90 percent of the world's population will be dark-skinned; the white race will be no more than 11 percent of all human beings living on our planet.

11 Something that can only be seen in America: In the landscaped, ultraclean high-technology parks of northern Orange County there is a personal computer company that seven years ago did not exist. There were only strawberry fields where the plant is. Now, there is a $500 million company with factories in Hong Kong and Taiwan as well.

12 The company was founded by three young immigrants -- a Pakistani Muslim and two Chinese from Hong Kong. They only became citizens in 1984. Each individual is now probably worth $30 million.

13 Walking through this company we see only young, dark faces -- Vietnamese, Cambodians, Laotians, Mexicans -- and the most advanced technology. The culture of the work force is a mix of Hispanic-Catholic family values and Asian-Confucian group loyalty. Employment notices are never posted; hiring is done through the network of families that live in southern California. Not infrequently, employees ask to work an extra twenty hours a week to earn enough money to help members of their extended family buy their first home.

14 In Los Angeles, traditional Third World cultures are, for the first time, fusing with the most modern mentalities and technologies.

15 Usually, the contact between developed and underdeveloped worlds has the character of exploitation -- just taking people's labor and resources and giving them nothing. And the border between races has usually been a border of tension, of crisis. Here we see a revolution that is constructive.

16 This Pacific Rim civilization being created is a new relationship between development and underdevelopment. Here, there is openness. There is hope. And a future. There is a multicultural crowd. But it is not fighting. It is cooperating, peacefully competing, building. For the first time in four hundred years of relations between the nonwhite Western world and the white Western world, the general character of the relationship is cooperation and construction, not exploitation, not destruction.

17 Unlike any other place on the planet, Los Angeles shows us the potential of development once the Third World mentality merges with an open sense of possibility, a culture of organization, a Western conception of time.

18 For the destructive, paralyzed world where I have spent most of my life, it is important, simply, that such a possibility as Los Angeles exists.

19 To adjust the concept of time is the most difficult thing. It is a key revolution of development.

20 Western culture is a culture of arithmetical time. Time is organized by the clock. In non-Western culture, time is a measure between events. We arrange a meeting at nine o'clock but the man doesn't show up. We become anxious, offended. He doesn't understand our anxiety because for him, the moment he arrives is the measure of time. He is on time when he arrives.

21 In 1924, the Mexican philosopher José Vasconcelos wrote a book dreaming of the possibility that, in the future, all races on the planet would merge into one type of man. This type of man is being borne in Los Angeles, in the cultural sense if not the anthropological sense. A vast mosaic of different races, cultures, religions, and moral habits are working toward one common aim. From the perspective of a world submerged in religious, ethnic, and racial conflict, this harmonious cooperation is something unbelievable. It is truly striking.

22 What is the common aim that harmonizes competing cultures in one place?

23 It is not only the better living standard. What attracts immigrants to America is the essential characteristic of American culture: the chance to try. There is a combination of two things that are important: culture and space. The culture allows you to try to be somebody -- to find yourself, your place, your status. And there is space not only in a geographical sense, but in the sense of opportunity, of social mobility. In societies that are in crisis and in societies which are stagnant -- or even in those which are stable -- there is no chance to try. You are defined in advance. Destiny has already sentenced you.

24 This is what unites the diverse races and cultures in America. If the immigrant to America at first fails, he always thinks, "I will try again." If he had failed in the old society, he would be discouraged and pessimistic, accepting the place that was given to him. In America, he's thinking, "I will have another chance, I will try again." That keeps him going. He's full of hope.
您是否对这篇资料想说点什么?欢迎评论或者纠错,或者提交填空题答案! 您也可以立即
共有1人向本资料提供了听力原文,其中被采用了1篇,当前有0篇待审批,有0篇未被采用! 查看明细>>
如果您有更好的听力原文,欢迎提供给大耳朵,如果被采用,您将获得20到100金币的奖励!
第四册
高瞻远瞩
放眼全球
推荐资源
最新社区精华帖子更多>>
  • 走遍美国教学版
    走遍美国教学版
  • 哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
    哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
  • 海绵宝宝 英文版
    海绵宝宝 英文版
  • 风中的女王第1季
    风中的女王第1季
经典学习方法更多>>

听力排行

试题

视听

歌曲

电影

初中英语情景反应
初中中考模拟训练五28
2008年贵州省贵阳市中考英语听力真题MP3和试题答案——大耳朵英语免费下载.
1997年6月六级听力08
08年6月四级听力11-14
2008年12月四级听力第26-29题
03 A Popular Pastime of the English People
高考听力模拟4018-20
初中英语情景反应
2005年高考听力模拟2101-03
23 第四周 星期一专题演练
一口气英语第四册4_01
赖世雄语法37
BBC News新闻 20120317
VOA慢速 Health Report - Iron, Vitamin D May Lead to Smarter, Healthier Children (2011-1-5)
07.02.03 参加旅游团
现代大学英语精读第三册 10b
43 Going to the Hospital
VOA慢速20080504 PEOPLE IN AMERICA - Barbara McClintock, 1902-1992_ She Made Important Discoveries Abou
VOA慢速 Economics Report - Basel Plan Aims to Force Banks to Increase Capital (2010-9-17)
Stevie Hoang -- Show You Off
Rihanna - Nobody's Business (feat. Chris Brown)
《Chinese》Lily Allen
《柠檬树》英文版lemon tree
04 When There Was Me and You [Live]
《你怎么舍得我难过》英文版
威力无限【炮弹专家】
Hit by a feeling
Katy Perry - Not Like The Movies 适合当铃声的英文歌曲精选
Ele -- Your Love Lifts Me
小熊维尼与跳跳虎英文版 第一季 第1集
巴布工程师英文版 第1集 小猫阿皮不见了
小伙伴英语儿歌 第1集 小星星
酷艾英语系列之光棍节
看电影学英语系列之冒牌家庭
海绵宝宝全集 第1集
小马宝莉 第1集
幼儿双语儿歌系列之ABC字母歌
Bingo教你说美语之如何用英语叙旧
Hello Teddy洪恩幼儿英语1
听力资料目录导航
听力测试 英语词汇 英语口语 考试英语 品牌英语 大学教材 其他教材 商务英语 广播英语 儿童英语
历年中考听力
初中中考模拟
历年高考听力
高考听力模拟
历年四级听力
历年六级听力
四级听力模拟
小学  初中
高中  四级
六级  考研
托福  GRE
星火记忆单词
用Mp3背单词
刘毅词汇记忆
情景英语口语
4+1听力口语
出国实用会话
英语口语8000句
新东方900句
美语听力与发音
ABC到流利口语
口译考试
剑桥考试
中高考考试
大学四六级考试
研究生考试
公共英语考试
英语专业考试
新概念 六人行
赖世雄 许国璋
走遍美国 越狱
疯狂英语 沛沛
语法讲座 动感
大山英语 探索
千万别学英语
大学英语听力
大学英语精读
全新版 21世纪
新视野 实用综
大学体验 新编
成人自考 step
Listen this way
广州版小学英语
广州版初中英语
剑桥少儿英语
朗文3L看听学
Goforit新目标
高中英语课本
进阶听说教程
商务英语300句
VOA商务英语
商业英语视频
中级商务英语
初级剑桥证书
新编剑桥英语
剑桥英语精华版
2007年VOA慢速
VOA中级美语
美国习惯用语
VOA流行美语
澳广播英语讲座
在线大学课堂
VOA视频节目
宝宝ABC
棒棒英语
哈哈美语
LittleFox儿歌
英语儿童故事
380英语小故事
1035个英语单词

免责声明:本站只提供资源播放平台,如果站内部分资源侵犯您的权益,请您告知,我们会立即处理。
Copyright © 2010-2017 大耳朵英语  京ICP备10010568号 | 京公网安备 11010802020324号

微信扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
微博扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
QQ扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
0.507010s