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Part A.


For questions 1 to 5 you will hear an introduction about the life of Margaret Welch. While you listen fill out the table with the information you have heard. Some of the information has been given to you in the table. Write only one word or number in each numbered box. You will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds to read the table below.

Margaret Welch was born in Philadelphia in 1901. She began her studies at DePaul University in 1919. But after a year she transferred to study at Barnard University majoring in sociology. She received her undergraduate degree from Barnard in 1923. She ultimately acquired a Ph.D from Columbia University in 1929. She married doctor Mel Fortune in 1928. Together they wrote Growing Up in New Guinea published in 1930. Welch worked with her husband on another book called Balinese Character that was published in 1942. At the age of 23 doctor Welch undertook a field study in the South Pacific. The experience resulted in her writing of her highly popular book Coming of Age in Similar published in 1928. Doctor Welch’s interests and writings centered on religions. She worked in the department of anthropology at the American Museum of National History from 1926 through the end of her life. She was a professor of anthropology at Columbia starting the year 1954 working with the old associate Roof Benedict. She wrote a book entitled An Anthropologist at Work about Benedict. It was published in 1959. Margaret Welch died in 1978.

Part B. For questions 6 through 10 you will hear a talk by a well-known US journalist. While you listen complete the sentences or answer the questions. Use not more than 3 words for each answer. You will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds to read the sentences and questions below.

When I was getting divorced in 1975 reporters and camera men were camped out for days in the lobby on the side walk outside. They came from all over the country. Foreign reporters too. It was terrible. My neighbors could barely get in and out of the building. One reporter who had been a friend of mine got up to my apartment after persuading the doorman into believing that he was there on a personal visit. I wouldn’t let him in. He just wanted to talk he said. I was certain that he had a camera and wanted a picture of me looking depressed. I just couldn’t believe this attempt to invade my privacy. TV is the worst. TV reporters present themselves as having the prefect right to be anywhere to ask any questions. It doesn’t matter how personal the matter maybe. People don’t trust the press the way they used to, in most cases, stories are sensational lives in order to attract more public attention. Some papers print things that simply are not true. In many papers if a correction has to be made it’s usually buried among advertisements. I received hundreds of letters from people asking me how do you know what’s true in the press these days. I find it difficult to respond sometimes. I tell them that there are good newspapers and serious responsible and honest reporters. Don’t judge all of us by the standers of the bad ones. Unless the guys at the top, the editors, and the news directors take firm action pretty seem no one is going to believe anything they read in the newspapers or see on television news.

Part C. Directions. You will hear 3 pieces of recorded materials. Before listening to each one you will have time to read the questions related to it. While listening answer each question by choosing A, B, C or D. After listening you will have time to check your answers. You will hear each piece once only.

Questions 11 to 13 are based on the reports about children’s healthy development. You now have 15 seconds to read questions 11 to 13.

Next time you bring your kids in for a check up don't be surprised if the doctor asks about their tastes in entertainment. The American Academy of medicines suggested last week that doctors work with parents. To evaluate how much TV kids watch and what they see, what video and computer games they play, which websites they visit on the internet, whether they view all rated videos without the accompany of their parents, what music they like, and what books they read. Doctors are worried that kids who spent too much time in front of the tube don’t get enough exercise and can become overweight. The academy is also concerned that the messages kids get from entertainment media can make them more violent and sexually active. The academy recommends that children under age 2 not watch any TV. Children need activities to stimulate the brain during the first 2 years of life, says doctor Mary Barren who chairs the Academy’s committee of public education. They need feed back and socialization. Older children, she says, should watch TV in a common area. Their bedrooms should be electronic media free zones where they can have a quiet place to read, study, play or just relax.

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following talk about how to save money. You now have 15 seconds to read questions 14 through 16.

If you are in your 20s you own your first car, your career is more or less launched and you are starting to look forward to owning a home. But you are worried too. Perhaps you have got some debts. You probably don’t have much in the way of savings. And with all your expenses it doesn’t look like it will be able to improve that situation soon. If you wonder how to cut corners, there is an obvious place to look at your spending habits. Do you buy a soda each weekend? Waste one dollar a day for 40 years and win your set to retire you will find your account is short by 190,000 dollars. Grab a calculator and you will discover that over 40 years going out to dinner twice a month at 40 dollars each time amounts to half a million. Even a pack a day cigarette habit will light near retire account by 330,000. And the same with cable TV in those cool yellings they will probably amount to as much as one million. So the first clue to accumulating wealth is this. Focus on your spending habits. Here are a couple of tricks to help you save even if you swear you can’t afford to. Stop buying things that fall rather than rising value. Pay yourself first. Before you pay the monthly bill sent 25 dollars to a neutral fund. Stop spending coins. From now on spend only paper currency and keep the change everyday. Get your family involved and you will double your savings. Use discount tickets at the supermarket but use them correctly. How? If you really want to make these tickets worthwhile you actually must invest into your neutral fund the amount you save by using these tickets otherwise you will wasting your time and your money.

Questions 17 through 20 are based on the interview with Herbert A Gleberman, a domestic relation’s lawyer. You now have 20 seconds to read questions 17 through 20.

Woman: Mr. Gleberman. Do you see any change in the highway to broken marriages?

Man: The divorce rate is beginning to level off and probably will begin to drop in the next year or 2. They are not significantly. The tie to economy has made it more difficult for troubled couples to handle all the costs associated with setting up separate household. Also I believe it is a come back of fought after the children of 60s and 70s that the family does have value. In the midst of change family disintegration people seem to have a greater desire now to create stability in their lives.

Woman: What is the divorce rate now?

Man: About 1 in 3 marriages ends in divorce. A ratio far higher that was 20 years ago when the philosophy was we will tough it out no matter what. Society demands that for appearance say we stay together. Divorce no longer cares much disgrace. There is no way for example that Ronald Reagan, a divorced man, could have been elected president in 1960. And there are countless other divorced politicians who years ago would have been voted out of office if they even consider the divorce let alone gotten one. The same is true in the corpus structure where divorced people rarely moved up the executive ladder. Now corporations welcome a divorced man because they can shift him around the country without worrying about relocating his family or making certain that they are …
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