密码:
注册找密码我的浏览
设首页加收藏加书签 ______

首页每天学英语新概念六级音标词汇语法四级研究生大学高中初中小学少儿演讲有声圣经VOA商务雅思

您所在的位置: 大耳朵首页 > 听力资料 > 在线视听资料 >...> 2021年科学美国人60秒 > 2021科学美国人 7-9月 > 正文

站内搜索:

小提示:学单词背单词请到大耳朵免费在线背单词系统
cliche/['kli:ʃei; kli:'ʃei]/ n. 陈腔滥调, 凸印版 a. 陈腐的...

科学美国人(翻译):COVID第14集拜登的新计划 2021.09.11

Tanya Lewis: Hi, and welcome to COVID, Quickly, a Scientific American podcast series.

Tanya Lewis:嗨,欢迎来到《科学美国人》播客系列COVIDQuickly 。

Josh Fischman: This is your fast-track update on the COVID pandemic. We bring you up to speed on the science behind the most urgent questions about the virus and the disease. We demystify the research and help you understand what it really means.

Josh Fischman:这是您关于 COVID 大流行的快速更新。我们带您快速了解有关病毒和疾病的最紧迫问题背后的科学。我们揭开研究的神秘面纱,帮助您了解它的真正含义。

Lewis: I’m Tanya Lewis.

刘易斯:我是坦尼娅·刘易斯。

Fischman: I’m Josh Fischman.

菲施曼:我是乔什·菲施曼。

Lewis: And we’re Scientific American’s senior health editors. Today we’re going to talk about masks: first, why people resist wearing them despite all the evidence that they work.

刘易斯:我们是《科学美国人》的高级健康编辑。今天我们要谈谈口罩:首先,为什么人们尽管有所有证据表明它们有效,但仍然拒绝戴口罩。

Fischman: Then we’ll explain why the kind of mask you wear matters and how to find a good one ...

Fischman:然后我们会解释为什么你戴的那种面具很重要,以及如何找到一个好的...

Lewis: And President Biden’s latest update.

It’s been baffling to watch how angry some people get about wearing masks. They refuse, and some politicians back them up. It’s a simple piece of fabric or material that stops the spread of COVID. So where does the pushback come from? Josh, you’ve spoken to an expert on mask attitudes. Any explanation?

刘易斯:还有拜登总统的最新消息。

看到有些人对戴口罩感到多么愤怒,真是令人费解。他们拒绝,一些政客支持他们。它是一块简单的织物或材料,可以阻止 COVID 的传播。那么反弹从何而来?乔希,你已经和一位关于口罩态度的专家谈过了。有什么解释吗?

Fischman: Like many strong reactions, mask backlash combines a bunch of different causes and personal values. Emily Mendenhall, a medical anthropologist at Georgetown University, has spent many months talking with antimask people in an Iowa town called Okoboji for her book called Unmasked, which is coming out next year. I talked with her this week about what she’s found out.

Fischman:像许多强烈的反应一样,面具反弹结合了一系列不同的原因和个人价值观。乔治城大学的医学人类学家艾米丽·门登霍尔 (Emily Mendenhall) 花了数月时间与爱荷华州奥科博吉镇的反蒙面人士交谈,她的书名为Unmasked, 该书将于明年出版。这周我和她谈了她的发现。

Okoboji is a small town on a lake in northwestern Iowa. It’s also where Emily grew up, so she knows a lot of people there. She knows steel workers and grocery story managers, and her father is on the city council. The town sits in Clay County, which has about 17,000 residents. But it balloons up to 100,000 during the summer because the lake is a big local vacation spot, and the local economy depends on summer people going to restaurants and amusement parks and marinas.

奥科博吉是爱荷华州西北部湖上的一个小镇。这也是艾米丽长大的地方,所以她在那里认识很多人。她认识钢铁工人和杂货店故事经理,她父亲在市议会任职。该镇位于克莱县,该县约有 17,000 名居民。但在夏季,它会飙升至 100,000 人,因为该湖是当地的一个大型度假胜地,当地经济依赖于夏季人们去餐馆、游乐园和码头。

The need to make money was partly why people resisted activity restrictions, Emily says. And mask wearing got caught up in that. People pushed back when local health agencies wanted to limit occupancy at businesses. That was expressed as “we don’t want government telling us what to do.” The attitude extended to mask mandates. To many people, it was another example of pushy government overreach.

Emily 说,赚钱的需要是人们抵制活动限制的部分原因。戴口罩也陷入了困境。当当地卫生机构想要限制企业的入住率时,人们进行了反击。这被表达为“我们不希望政府告诉我们该做什么。” 这种态度延伸到了掩饰任务。对许多人来说,这是政府咄咄逼人的另一个例子。

Emily says this view is very much a part of a Midwestern value of rugged individualism. You are tough enough to make it on your own, and you pull yourself up by your own bootstraps. It’s a fiction, she says, and ignores the history of agricultural subsidies and other government help that dominates the region. Yet it’s a very powerful fiction that people really believe.

艾米丽说,这种观点很大程度上是中西部粗犷个人主义价值观的一部分。你足够坚强,可以靠自己,靠自己的力量把自己拉起来。她说,这是虚构的,并且忽略了主导该地区的农业补贴和其他政府帮助的历史。然而,这是一个人们真正相信的非常强大的小说。

All of that made for very fertile ground in 2020 when Donald Trump repeatedly said the virus was no big deal. His message was echoed by the Iowa governor. And at the time, there were not many COVID cases in this area. So Trump’s falsehoods really wormed their way into the thinking of many people in Clay County, who felt that since the virus wasn’t a threat, there was little benefit to wearing a mask. They were tough enough to deal with the disease, and government safety measures simply took away their freedoms for no good reason.

所有这些都为 2020 年提供了非常肥沃的土壤,当时唐纳德·特朗普一再表示该病毒没什么大不了的。他的信息得到了爱荷华州州长的回应。而当时,该地区的 COVID 病例并不多。所以特朗普的谎言真的深入到克莱县的许多人的想法中,他们认为既然病毒不是威胁,戴口罩没什么好处。他们足够坚强来应对这种疾病,而政府的安全措施只是无缘无故地剥夺了他们的自由。

Finally, mask rejection is a very public act. In Clay County and Okoboji, it gives people legitimacy among their community, Emily says. It shows your neighbors that you are knowledgeable. You are smart enough not to buy into the line that liberals and scientists and the government are pushing. That public stance increases your standing in the eyes of many people around you.

最后,拒绝戴口罩是一种非常公开的行为。艾米丽说,在克莱县和奥科博吉,它赋予人们在社区中的合法性。它向你的邻居表明你知识渊博。你足够聪明,不会相信自由主义者、科学家和政府正在推动的路线。这种公开的立场会提高你在周围许多人眼中的地位。

Privately, some people told Emily they worried about a child getting sick or their father. But publicly, so many of these different antimask cultural values came together that they became an overwhelming force.

私下里,有些人告诉艾米丽他们担心孩子生病或他们的父亲。但在公开场合,这么多不同的反面具文化价值观汇聚在一起,成为一股压倒性的力量。

Tanya, we often talk about face masks or coverings as if they’re all the same. But you’ve been looking into it, I know, and you’ve found some masks are better than others. Can the public get their hands on—and faces into—the better ones?

Tanya,我们经常谈论口罩或覆盖物,好像它们都是一样的。但是你一直在研究它,我知道,你发现有些面具比其他的更好。公众能否接触并面对更好的人?

Lewis: Yes. The masks that work the best are those that fit well and filter the air you breathe adequately. A type of mask known as a respirator, such as an N95, provides some of the best protection. Early in the COVID pandemic, health agencies, including the CDC and WHO, told the general public not to wear N95s or other medical-grade masks because they were in short supply, and health care workers needed them. But now these masks, as well as similar masks made in China or Korea, are much more widely available. We also know that the virus that causes COVID is spread through aerosols, tiny droplets that float in the air and can get around a loose-fitting cloth or surgical mask.

刘易斯:是的。效果最好的面罩是那些合身并能充分过滤您呼吸的空气的面罩。一种称为呼吸器的面罩,例如 N95,可提供一些最佳保护。在 COVID 大流行初期,包括 CDC 和 WHO 在内的卫生机构告诉公众不要戴 N95 或其他医用口罩,因为它们供不应求,而医护人员需要它们。但现在这些口罩,以及类似的中国或韩国制造的口罩,可以更广泛地买到。我们还知道,导致 COVID 的病毒是通过气溶胶传播的,气溶胶是漂浮在空气中的微小飞沫,可以绕过宽松的布或外科口罩。

I spoke to several experts in aerosol science, including Linsey Marr of Virginia Tech and Kimberly Prather of U.C. San Diego, who say that it’s high time experts start recommending that people wear these high-filtration, better-fitting masks, especially with the extremely transmissible Delta variant circulating and kids going back to school. These masks include N95s, Chinese-made KN95s and Korean-made KF94s. They’re pretty easy to find nowadays online, and many of them are affordable—less than $1 per mask.

我与几位气溶胶科学专家进行了交谈,包括弗吉尼亚理工大学的 Linsey Marr 和加州大学圣地亚哥分校的 Kimberly Prather,他们说现在是专家开始建议人们佩戴这些高过滤、更贴合的口罩的时候了,尤其是具有极强传播性的口罩Delta 变体在流通,孩子们要回学校了。这些口罩包括N95、中国制造的KN95和韩国制造的KF94。现在在网上很容易找到它们,而且其中许多都很实惠——每个口罩不到 1 美元。

I talked to a guy named Aaron Collins, who calls himself the Mask Nerd. He’s a mechanical engineer with a background in aerosol science, and he has converted his home bathroom into a facility where he tests different masks and reviews them on YouTube. He measures three parameters: filtration, fit and comfort—which is especially important. Filtration refers to the amount of particles that get through the mask (or through gaps around the edges). Fit is how well it fits on your face. And he measures comfort in part based on the pressure drop of air entering the mask—basically, how hard it is to breathe.

我和一个叫亚伦柯林斯的人谈过,他自称是面具书呆子。他是一名具有气溶胶科学背景的机械工程师,他已将他的家庭浴室改造成一个设施,在那里他可以测试不同的口罩并在 YouTube 上对其进行评论。他测量三个参数:过滤、合身和舒适——这尤其重要。过滤是指通过掩模(或通过边缘周围的间隙)的颗粒量。合身是指它在您脸上的贴合程度。他衡量舒适度的部分依据是进入面罩的空气压降——基本上是呼吸的困难程度。

On the Mask Nerd’s YouTube channel, you can find videos of his top mask picks, including masks for kids. For N95s, he recommends ones made by well-known brands such as 3M, Moldex, or Honeywell. He also recommends several types of KF94s and KN95s, many of which filter upwards of 98 to 99 percent of particles and are often more comfortable to wear. These fit a lot better than most cloth or surgical masks and are more likely to protect both you and others.

在面具书呆子的 YouTube 频道上,您可以找到他精选的面具的视频,包括儿童面具。对于N95,他推荐3M、Moldex、Honeywell等知名品牌的。他还推荐了几种类型的 KF94 和 KN95,其中许多可以过滤高达 98% 到 99% 的颗粒,而且通常佩戴起来更舒适。它们比大多数布面或外科口罩更合身,并且更有可能保护您和他人。

Counterfeit masks are a concern. But you can find reputable brands through sites like ProjectN95.org. If you can’t access these types of masks, you can still get pretty good protection if you wear a surgical mask with a well-fitting cloth mask over it. But it’s time to ditch those loose bandanas and gaping masks that hang off your nose.

假冒口罩令人担忧。但是您可以通过 ProjectN95.org 等网站找到知名品牌。如果您无法接触到这些类型的口罩,如果您戴上带有合身布口罩的外科口罩,您仍然可以获得很好的保护。但是是时候抛弃那些挂在鼻子上的松散头巾和张开的口罩了。

[CLIP: President Joe Biden: “Good evening, my fellow Americans. Tonight I want to talk to you about where we are in the battle against COVID-19—the progress we’ve made, and the work we have left to do.”]

[剪辑:乔·拜登总统:“晚上好,我的美国同胞。今晚我想和你谈谈我们在与 COVID-19 的斗争中的进展——我们取得的进展,以及我们还有待完成的工作。”]

Fischman: President Joe Biden made tens of millions of jobs contingent on vaccinations this week. In a speech, Biden said he’ll require millions of federal workers to get vaccinated. He also said companies with 100 or more employees will have to give workers the shots or test them weekly. One trick will be enforcement: it’s not clear whether the Labor Department, which is in charge of workplace safety, has a way to make sure companies are really doing this.

菲施曼:乔拜登总统本周根据疫苗接种创造了数千万个工作岗位。拜登在一次演讲中表示,他将要求数百万联邦工作人员接种疫苗。他还表示,拥有 100 名或更多员工的公司将不得不每周给员工注射或测试。一个技巧是执法:目前尚不清楚负责工作场所安全的劳工部是否有办法确保公司真的这样做。

Lewis: He’s also requiring that health care workers at hospitals and other providers that receive federal funding be vaccinated. And that’s not all: he aims to make rapid testing more widely available by enacting the Defense Production Act to make more tests and having Walmart, Amazon and Kroger sell them. And amid the anxiety over schools starting and some elected officials obstructing basic safety measures, he said that the government would compensate any educator who faced retaliation. Biden admitted these measures will take time, but it’s clear his approach is moving from carrots to sticks.

刘易斯:他还要求接受联邦资助的医院和其他提供者的医护人员接种疫苗。这还不是全部:他的目标是通过颁布《国防生产法》来进行更多测试并让沃尔玛、亚马逊和克罗格出售它们,从而使快速测试更广泛地可用。在学校开学和一些民选官员阻挠基本安全措施的焦虑中,他表示政府将补偿任何面临报复的教育者。拜登承认这些措施需要时间,但很明显他的方法正在从胡萝卜转向大棒。

Now you’re up to speed. Thanks for joining us.

现在您可以跟上速度了。感谢您加入我们。

Fischman: Come back in two weeks for the next episode of COVID, Quickly! And check out SciAm.com for updated and in-depth COVID news.

Fischman:两周后回来看下一集的 COVID,快点!并查看 SciAm.com 以获取最新和深入的 COVID 新闻。

您是否对这篇资料想说点什么?欢迎评论或者纠错,或者提交填空题答案! 您也可以立即
共有0人向本资料提供了听力原文,其中被采用了0篇,当前有0篇待审批,有0篇未被采用! 查看明细>>
如果您有更好的听力原文,欢迎提供给大耳朵,如果被采用,您将获得20到100金币的奖励!
2021科学美国人 7-9月
高瞻远瞩
放眼全球
推荐资源
最新社区精华帖子更多>>
  • 走遍美国教学版
    走遍美国教学版
  • 哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
    哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
  • 海绵宝宝 英文版
    海绵宝宝 英文版
  • 风中的女王第1季
    风中的女王第1季
经典学习方法更多>>

听力排行

试题

视听

歌曲

电影

1997年1月四级听力08
00年1月四级听力10
2008年高考英语听力(山东卷)MP3——大耳朵英语免费下载
01年6月四级听力04
02年6月四级听力14-17
02年6月四级听力05
高中英语对话理解
2008年高考英语听力(天津卷)MP3——大耳朵英语免费下载
03年6月四级听力09
英语听力练习CET-4[part0522]
疯狂英语初中单词王 word_i
标准韩语发音入门课程 013
BBC News新闻 20101124
VOA慢速20080616 This is America - THIS IS AMERICA - From Folk Music to Rock, Bob Dylan Has Always Foll
VOA慢速 EXPLORATIONS - Exploring the Art of Glass Through History and Around the World 09-9-16
special20071201 IN THE NEWS
BBC News新闻 20111020
与恐龙同行Walking-With-Dinosaurs-Ep2
新概念英语第一册578h版44-3
VOA慢速 Election 2012: Economy,Immigration and the Role of Government(2012-11-05)
Snoop Dogg -- Sweat
what makes a man
印度大片Krrish歌舞音频欣赏02 Koi Tumsa Nahin
Ariana Grande - Everyday ft. Future
Elfen Lied- Be your girl
Baby girl
Imagine Dragons - It's Time【获MTV最佳电子舞曲录影带大奖】
韩文歌曲 【I don't care】
01 ABC song 字母歌 英文儿歌60首CD音质
欧美乡村歌曲 Take Me Home,Country Road 乡路带我回家
小熊维尼与跳跳虎英文版 第一季 第1集
巴布工程师英文版 第1集 小猫阿皮不见了
小伙伴英语儿歌 第1集 小星星
酷艾英语系列之光棍节
看电影学英语系列之冒牌家庭
海绵宝宝全集 第1集
小马宝莉 第1集
幼儿双语儿歌系列之ABC字母歌
Bingo教你说美语之如何用英语叙旧
Hello Teddy洪恩幼儿英语1
听力资料目录导航
听力测试 英语词汇 英语口语 考试英语 品牌英语 大学教材 其他教材 商务英语 广播英语 儿童英语
历年中考听力
初中中考模拟
历年高考听力
高考听力模拟
历年四级听力
历年六级听力
四级听力模拟
小学  初中
高中  四级
六级  考研
托福  GRE
星火记忆单词
用Mp3背单词
刘毅词汇记忆
情景英语口语
4+1听力口语
出国实用会话
英语口语8000句
新东方900句
美语听力与发音
ABC到流利口语
口译考试
剑桥考试
中高考考试
大学四六级考试
研究生考试
公共英语考试
英语专业考试
新概念 六人行
赖世雄 许国璋
走遍美国 越狱
疯狂英语 沛沛
语法讲座 动感
大山英语 探索
千万别学英语
大学英语听力
大学英语精读
全新版 21世纪
新视野 实用综
大学体验 新编
成人自考 step
Listen this way
广州版小学英语
广州版初中英语
剑桥少儿英语
朗文3L看听学
Goforit新目标
高中英语课本
进阶听说教程
商务英语300句
VOA商务英语
商业英语视频
中级商务英语
初级剑桥证书
新编剑桥英语
剑桥英语精华版
2007年VOA慢速
VOA中级美语
美国习惯用语
VOA流行美语
澳广播英语讲座
在线大学课堂
VOA视频节目
宝宝ABC
棒棒英语
哈哈美语
LittleFox儿歌
英语儿童故事
380英语小故事
1035个英语单词

免责声明:本站只提供资源播放平台,如果站内部分资源侵犯您的权益,请您告知,我们会立即处理。
Copyright © 2021 大耳朵英语  闽ICP备2020022474号-1 | 公网安备 11010802020324号

微信扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
微博扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
QQ扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
0.181744s