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科学美国人(翻译):国家公园自然漫步第3集:刘易斯和克拉克·特罗德在哪里 2021.4.2

Welcome to Scientific American’s National Park Nature Walks. I'm your host and guide Jacob Job. 

Today, we make our way to the coast.

欢迎来到《科学美国人》的国家公园自然步道。我是您的房东,并指导雅各布·乔布(Jacob Job)。 

今天,我们踏上了通往海岸的道路。

 

For the better part of a decade, I've explored national parks and other protected areas across the country and world, developing a deep respect and appreciation for them. I’m also a conservationist and ecologist, and so I’ve spent a lot of time *alone*, recording the sounds of the species and places I encounter. I want to connect you to these places as well. 

在过去的十年中,我探索了国家公园以及全国乃至世界各地的其他保护区,并对它们产生了深深的敬意和赞赏。我也是一名保护主义者和生态学家,所以我花了很多时间*独自**,记录我遇到的物种和地方的声音。我也想将您连接到这些地方。 

In this podcast, I'll share those sounds with you, along with some interpretation of who's making them and what they mean so you're better equipped to take advantage of your next visit to one of our parks. 

在此播客中,我将与您分享这些声音,以及对声音的制造者及其含义的一些解释,以便您更好地利用下一次访问我们公园的机会。 

National Park Nature Walks is an immersive listening experience that recreates what it's like to be there with me. To maximize your experience, slip on a pair of headphones and find a quiet, cozy space to unwind and relax in.

国家公园自然步道是一种身临其境的聆听体验,重现了与我在一起的感觉。为了最大程度地提高您的体验,请戴上一副耳机,找到一个安静舒适的空间来放松身心。

In today's episode, it's April and we're headed to the Pacific Northwest at the mouth of the Columbia River, near Astoria, Oregon. Here, we'll visit Cape Disappointment State Park, one of the last stops on the Lewis and Clark National Historical Trail. Cape Disappointment is also near where Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery ended their historic 18 month, 4100 mile journey from the mouth of the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean. We'll start our journey at dawn sitting next to the mighty Pacific Ocean before making our way inland across coastal dunes, salt marshes, high-forested bluffs, and finally, ending the day surround by old-growth forest and a deafening chorus of frogs. The sounds we'll hear today are some of the same sounds the Corps of Discovery heard here over 200 years ago. Let's go for a walk.    

今天的节目是四月,我们将前往俄勒冈州阿斯托里亚附近哥伦比亚河口的西北太平洋地区。在这里,我们将参观Cape Cape Disappointment国家公园,这是Lewis和Clark国家历史步道的最后一站。令人失望的海角(Cape Disappointment)也在附近,路易斯和克拉克(Lewis)和克拉克(Clark)和发现军团(Discovery Corps)结束了他们从密苏里河口到太平洋的历时18个月(4100英里)的旅程。我们将在黎明时分坐在强大的太平洋旁,开始旅程,然后进入内陆,穿越沿海沙丘,盐沼,高森林茂盛的悬崖,最后,结束这一天,周围是古老的森林和震耳欲聋的青蛙合唱。今天我们会听到的声音与200多年前的探索军在这里听到的声音有些相似。让我们出去走走。

We're sitting at the very end of the near mile long jetty at Cape Disappintment State Park in Washington state. The jetty funnels the northern shore of the Columbia River out into the Pacific Ocean. 

我们正坐在华盛顿州岬角失落州立公园近一英里长的码头尽头。 码头将哥伦比亚河的北岸漏入太平洋。 

 

The park marks the most westerly point on Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery's historical trip from St. Louis to the Pacific Ocean.Behind us are sand dunes, salt marshes, and great cliffs of old growth forest. These are the last landscapes that the Corps would have crossed before reaching the end of their westward journey.  

该公园标志着刘易斯和克拉克以及探索团从圣路易斯到太平洋的历史之旅中最西风的地点。

在我们后面的是沙丘,盐沼和古老的生长森林的绝壁。这些是军团向西行进之前所要穿越的最后一道风景。

 

Setting out on his own for the last bit of the journey, it's very likely that Captain Meriwether Lewis sat on the point like we are now and starred out into the great ocean. Let's take a few minutes to reflect on the feelings he must have felt in that moment.

旅程的最后一部分是他自己出发的,梅里韦瑟·刘易斯上尉很可能像我们现在这样坐在那里,出演了大洋。让我们花一些时间来思考一下他在那一刻必须感受到的感受。    

Let's head inland to explore some of the other landscapes, sounds, and species the Corps of Discovery would have encountered back in 1805.We're now sitting on one of the oceanside sand dunes. Dunes like this protect the ecosystems further inland from the onslaught of the ocean's waves and tides.

让我们前往内陆探索发现军团在1805年会遇到的其他景观,声音和物种。

我们现在坐在海边的沙丘之一上。这样的沙丘可以保护生态系统免受内陆海浪和潮汐的冲击。

 

Listen to the dune grass crackle and hiss in the wind. The roar of the ocean continues, although more distant and less detailed. This will be a sound we'll experience in each of our stops today.

听风中沙丘草的crack啪声和嘶嘶声。 

海洋的咆哮仍在继续,尽管距离越来越远,细节也越来越少。这将是我们今天在每个站点中都会经历的声音。

 

Here's our first bird species of the day. A White-crowned Sparrow. They look like little referees with their alternating black-and-white striped heads.It's hard to believe, but these birds live on these dunes year round, battling the elements and surf.

这是我们今天的第一个鸟类。白冠麻雀。 他们看起来像小裁判,有着交替的黑白条纹的头。很难相信,但是这些鸟全年都在这些沙丘上生活,与元素和海浪作斗争。

 

A Caspian Tern is hovering on the winds above us. They kind of look like gulls, except much more sleek. They have large, bright orange beaks, a black helmet of feathers, and sharp, swept-back wings.They nest in colonies of hundreds and thousands on beaches and off-shore islands along the coast.

里海燕鸥盘旋在我们上方的风中。它们看起来更像海鸥,但更加光滑。它们有明亮的橙色大喙,黑色的羽毛头盔和后掠的锋利翅膀。它们在沿海的海滩和近海岛屿上成千上万的殖民地中筑巢。

 

The White-crowned Sparrow moved further down the dune.Let's get out of the wind and head inland towards the salt marshes.  We're about a quarter mile from the coast in a coastal saltmarsh. These unique ecosystems are full of life and provide our first real wave of bird song.

白冠的麻雀向沙丘下移。

让我们从风中驶向内陆,走向盐沼。
      
我们位于沿海盐沼的海岸约四分之一英里。这些独特的生态系统充满生命,并提供了我们的第一波真正的鸟鸣声。

 

True to its name, we have a Marsh wren singing. Marsh Wrens can be near impossible to see, but you can still enjoy their conspicuous songs. Like other wren species, their songs have so much energy and are especially bubbly.

诚如其名,我们有沼泽sh歌声。Marsh Wrens几乎看不到,但您仍然可以欣赏他们的醒目歌曲。像其他w类一样,他们的歌曲能量十足,而且特别起泡。

Our wren just flew away with something in his mouth. Let's just a closer look to see what he's up to. 

Hear that? You can hear him weaving his nest while singing. What a treat!

Let's climb this big bluff behind us and get up into the coastal forest.

我们的w只是带着嘴里的东西飞走了。让我们仔细看看他在做什么。 

听说?您可以在唱歌时听到他编织巢穴。太好了!

让我们爬到我们身后的悬崖上,爬上沿海森林。

 

We're about 200ft above the coast now and the view is incredible. Nothing but ocean behind us and mature, old growth coastal forest in front of us. 

The hillside acts like an ampitheatre and funnels the sounds of the ocean right up to us.

Hear that? That harsh cry? It's a Peregrine falcon. 

我们现在位于海岸上方200英尺处,景色令人难以置信。我们身后只有海洋,而前方却是成熟的,老龄化的沿海森林。 

山坡的行为就像一个露天剧场,并把海洋的声音传到我们身上。

听说?那个刺耳的哭声?这是一只游eg。 

 

They use these high cliffs to hunt birds down below along the beach. Birds like ducks, shorebirds, gulls, and even the terns we saw earlier.

I hear a really cool bird I want to introduce to you. Let's go over the hill and down into the forest.

Hear that jumble of fast notes that seems to kind of go on forever?      

This song is from a Pacific Wren. It might be the smallest bird species here, but it packs a mighty song.

他们利用这些高高的悬崖沿海滩猎杀鸟类。鸟类像鸭子,水鸟,海鸥,甚至我们之前见过的燕鸥。

我听到一只很酷的鸟儿想向您介绍。让我们越过山坡进入森林。

听到那似乎永远持续的快音杂乱无章的声音吗?      

这首歌来自太平洋W。它可能是这里最小的鸟类,但它包装着一首威武的歌。

 

Pacific Wrens creep along the ground and under logs and upturned tree roots like little avian rodents. Your best chance of seeing them is when they're perched out in the open singing like this one is. 

I hear a really cool species I want to introduce to you. Let's head down below to check it out.

We're sitting on the edge of a freshwater marsh under a canopy of old-growth Sitka Spruce and Western Hemlocks. And we're listening to the repititive song of a Northern Saw-whet Owl. This section of forest is this male's territory and he wants other males to know it.

太平洋W沿着地面爬行,在原木和下垂的树根下蠕动,就像小小的啮齿动物一样。看到它们的最佳机会是当他们像这样在露天唱歌中栖息时。 

我听到一个很酷的物种想介绍给您。让我们低头查看一下。

我们正坐在生长着锡特卡云杉和西部铁杉的树冠下的淡水沼泽的边缘。我们正在听一首北锯齿猫头鹰的响亮歌曲。这片森林是该雄性的领土,他希望其他雄性都知道。

 

The high-pitched laughing calls we're hearing are from a Bald Eagle. 

Listen to the Pacific Treefrogs! So many calling from the marsh.

Huh! A Pileated Woodpecker just called from the tree above us. If you remember from Sequoia NP, they are our largest woodpecker species.

Hear our Marsh Wren down below?

And there's our Saw-whet owl again.

Here's comes the Bald Eagle. Maybe it'll fly over us!

I have an idea. Let's sneak out into the middle of those frogs and see what it sounds like to be surrounded by them.

What a cool experience! It's fun thinking that Lewis and Clark heard these same sounds over 200 years ago. It's almost like we got to be a part of the Corps of Discovery for a day. 

I hope you had fun today. Thank you for joining me. I'll see you on our next National Park Nature walk.

我们听到的尖刻的笑声来自白头鹰。 

听太平洋树蛙!如此多的呼唤来自沼泽。

!一只啄木鸟啄木鸟刚从我们上方的树上呼唤。如果您还记得红杉NP,它们是我们最大的啄木鸟物种。

听到下面的沼泽W吗?

再有我们的锯齿猫头鹰。

秃鹰来了。也许它将飞过我们!

我有个主意。让我们潜入这些青蛙的中间,看看被它们包围的感觉。

多么酷的体验!有趣的是,刘易斯和克拉克在200多年前听到了同样的声音。几乎就像我们要成为探索军团的一部分一样。 

我希望你今天玩得开心。谢谢你加入我。我将在我们的下一个国家公园自然漫步中见。

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