密码:
注册找密码我的浏览
设首页加收藏加书签 ______

首页每天学英语新概念六级音标词汇语法四级研究生大学高中初中小学少儿演讲有声圣经VOA商务雅思

您所在的位置: 大耳朵首页 > 听力资料 > 在线视听资料 >...> 2017年VOA慢速英语 > VOA慢速2017年11月 > 正文

站内搜索:

小提示:学单词背单词请到大耳朵免费在线背单词系统
agrestic/[ə'ɡrestik]/ a. 乡土的, 粗俗的...

VOA慢速:朝鲜慢慢打开网络大门 2017.11.20

考考您的听力:每空白处缺一个单词,欢迎提交答案,期待您的参与。

North Korea Slowly Goes Online

Slowly, North Korea is entering the online world.

Thanks to technology, North Korean doctors can talk to through online video conferencing. Speeches given at Kim Il Sung University in Pyongyang, the capital, can be seen at factories. North Koreans send text messages to each other on their smartphones. People are even buying products and doing their banking online.

Yet North Korea is still among the least internet-friendly countries on Earth. For most citizens, having a connection to the World Wide Web is unimaginable. Hardly anyone has a personal computer or an email address that is not shared.

But for Kim Jong Un, the country’s first leader to grow up in the internet age, the idea of a more wired North Korea is also appealing. It comes with the promise of new forms of social and political control, and the possibility of cyber-attacks on the West.

The North Korean government’s solution is a two-level system where the upper class can use the internet more freely while others use a national intranet. The intranet system is cut off from the outside world and closely watched by the government.

Using the intranet in North Korea

Pak Sung Jin is a 30-year-old postgraduate student in chemistry. He goes to the Sci-Tech Complex, on Ssuk Island, to do his school work. The large building, a science and technology center, houses North Korea’s largest e-library. It has more than 3,000 computers where people can do research or study subjects.

Pak has some experience with the internet, but on a supervised, need-only basis. If he needs anything from the World Wide Web, university officials will find it for him.

One recent day, Pak used North Korea’s national intranet called “Kwangmyong.” An official at the Sci-Tech Complex said the intranet has 168 sites. Pak also uses a browser called “Naenara”, which means “my country” in Korean. It is like a version of FireFox, except only North Koreans can use it.

North Korea’s national intranet is unusual, even compared to other countries with internet restrictions. Countries like China and Iran, for example, control what their citizens see online, but through censorship and blocking, not complete separation.

A protected system

Most North Korean computers use the “Red Star” operating system, developed from Linux open-source coding.

Red Star 3.0 has the usual software like the Naenara browser, email, and even “kPhoto”. Many of the programs look like Apple products.

Any attempt to change its operations or remove virus checkers results in the computer restarting. Files downloaded from USBs are marked so that officials can identify criminal activity. This prevents the spread of information from other countries.

Red Star also takes screenshots of what is being shown on computer screens. The images cannot be removed and are only available to trained government officials.

Nat Kretchun is with the U.S. government-financed Open Technology Fund. He says the software in Red Star and the mobile operating systems of phones and tablets show a new way for the North Korean government to control information.

In the past, information in North Korea was mainly controlled through government agents, such as the State Security Ministry’s “thought police.” But in the internet age, North Korean officials have learned to use online devices as another tool for gathering information.

North Korean smartphones

The most common online experience for North Koreans is on a smartphone.

Ten years ago, only a small number of military officials had such devices. Now, the main phone provider says there are 2.5 to 3 million mobile phones in North Korea, a country of 25 million people.

The spread of mobile phones is one of the biggest success stories during the rule of Kim Jong Un. It began in 2008 under former leader Kim Jong Il, and has risen quickly over the past five years.

It is easy for North Koreans to buy telephones, but the phones must be registered and approved. With local phones, North Koreans are able to call, text, play games, go on the national intranet, and use other services.

But they cannot receive or make calls to numbers outside that network. Wi-fi use is also banned for North Koreans.

Foreigners in North Korea must use a different system and cannot make calls to, or receive calls from, local numbers. They can buy local phones if they want, but the apps and normal software will be removed. It will also be coded so that the apps cannot be added later.

Internet access for cyber-attacks

While blocking most North Koreans from the internet, the government gives access to a small group of people, including North Korean leaders and the upper-class.

There is strong evidence that the government gives people involved in cyber-attacks the access they need.

U.S. officials say the North launched the WannaCry attack, which infected hundreds of thousands of computers in May and damaged parts of Britain’s National Health Service.

North Korean hackers have been linked to attacks on the Bangladeshi central bank last year and on South Korean banks going back to 2013. There was also the 2014 hack of Sony Pictures over the release of the “Interview,” a film dealing with a plot to kill Kim Jong Un.

The North Korean government has denied hacking accusations.

Beau Woods of the Cyber Statecraft Initiative at the Atlantic Council warned that a more cyber-active North Korea could be very dangerous.

Eric Talmadge reported this story for the Associated Press. Phil Dierking adapted his report for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

What is internet access like in your country? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

您是否对这篇资料想说点什么?欢迎评论或者纠错,或者提交填空题答案! 您也可以立即
共有0人向本资料提供了听力原文,其中被采用了0篇,当前有0篇待审批,有0篇未被采用! 查看明细>>
如果您有更好的听力原文,欢迎提供给大耳朵,如果被采用,您将获得20到100金币的奖励!
VOA慢速2017年11月
高瞻远瞩
放眼全球
推荐资源
最新社区精华帖子更多>>
  • 走遍美国教学版
    走遍美国教学版
  • 哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
    哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
  • 海绵宝宝 英文版
    海绵宝宝 英文版
  • 风中的女王第1季
    风中的女王第1季
经典学习方法更多>>
听力资料目录导航
听力测试 英语词汇 英语口语 考试英语 品牌英语 大学教材 其他教材 商务英语 广播英语 儿童英语
历年中考听力
初中中考模拟
历年高考听力
高考听力模拟
历年四级听力
历年六级听力
四级听力模拟
小学  初中
高中  四级
六级  考研
托福  GRE
星火记忆单词
用Mp3背单词
刘毅词汇记忆
情景英语口语
4+1听力口语
出国实用会话
英语口语8000句
新东方900句
美语听力与发音
ABC到流利口语
口译考试
剑桥考试
中高考考试
大学四六级考试
研究生考试
公共英语考试
英语专业考试
新概念 六人行
赖世雄 许国璋
走遍美国 越狱
疯狂英语 沛沛
语法讲座 动感
大山英语 探索
千万别学英语
大学英语听力
大学英语精读
全新版 21世纪
新视野 实用综
大学体验 新编
成人自考 step
Listen this way
广州版小学英语
广州版初中英语
剑桥少儿英语
朗文3L看听学
Goforit新目标
高中英语课本
进阶听说教程
商务英语300句
VOA商务英语
商业英语视频
中级商务英语
初级剑桥证书
新编剑桥英语
剑桥英语精华版
2007年VOA慢速
VOA中级美语
美国习惯用语
VOA流行美语
澳广播英语讲座
在线大学课堂
VOA视频节目
宝宝ABC
棒棒英语
哈哈美语
LittleFox儿歌
英语儿童故事
380英语小故事
1035个英语单词

免责声明:本站只提供资源播放平台,如果站内部分资源侵犯您的权益,请您告知,我们会立即处理。
Copyright © 2010-2017 大耳朵英语  京ICP备10010568号 | 京公网安备 11010802020324号

微信扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
微博扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
QQ扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
0.158289s