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2016英语六级听力新题型模拟 (第7套) 讲座(3)

Now listen to the following recording and answer questions 23 to 25

23

A.Brains usually contain both male and female traits.

B.All parts of the brain show sex differences.

C.Men and women rarely think in the same way.

D.Men and women have totally different brains.

24

A.The sex.

B.The social status.

C.The characteristics.

D.The income.

25

A.Men and women have different brain structures.

B.Some parts of the human brain show sex differences.

C.Men's and women's brains are distinctly different.

D.Sex has important influences on brain function.

Scientists have long held that there are differences between men's and women's brains. The Tel Aviv team wanted to find out if those differences are significant enough to create two distinctly different types of brain, just as there are distinctly male and female reproductive organs.

"To answer this question, we looked at over 1,400 brains from different samples," said Daphna Joel, who heads the psychobiology program at Tel Aviv University. "In each sample, we determined the regions showing the largest differences, and then we asked whether these differences can make sure the subject is on the female end or on the male end, and what we found is that this is very rare."

(23) The researchers determined that specific parts of the brain do show sex differences, but an individual brain rarely has all "male" or all "female" traits.

So what are the social reflections of the findings? (24) Joel suggests that we should try to move from the language categorizing people according to their sex toward the language treating everyone according to their specific characteristics and interests. "It means that our assumption that people come in two types, male nature and female nature, which has no scientific basis and people are very different from each other," she said.

(25) While most scientists agree that brains contain varying mixtures of male and female traits, many say that prevailing evidence proves that sex has an important influence on brain function.

Mental health experts, for example, argue that exploring biological differences between male and female brains may help answer questions such as why men are more likely than women to develop autism, while women are more likely to suffer from depression. They say more study is needed to determine in what way and to what extent one's sex influences the brain.

23. What does the Tel Aviv team find out?

24. What should be used for categorizing people according to Joel?

25. What does the prevailing evidence prove?

参考答案:

【小题23】A

【小题24】C

【小题24】D

习题解析:

【小题23】听力原文中提到 The researchers determined that specific parts of the brain do show sex differences, but an individual brain rarely has all male or all female traits.由此可知,Tel Aviv 团队的研究人员发现,大脑中的特定区域的确呈现出了性别差异,但是个人的大脑很少只有男性或者女性的特征,由此可知,大脑通常都既包含男性的特征,也包含女性的特征,故选 A。

【小题24】听力原文明确提到 Joel suggests that we should try to move from the language categorizing people according to their sex toward the language treating everyone according to their specific characteristics and interests.所以 Joel 的观点是应该根据人们的性格和兴趣特征来对他们进行分类,故选项 C 为答案。选项 A 在文中也有出现,但应注意选项 A 的观点是演讲者反驳的观点。

【小题25】听力原文中明确提到 many say that prevailing evidence proves that sex has an important influence on brain function,所以,大量的证据表明性别对大功成有重要影响,故选项 D 为答案。听力原文最后提到要确定性别如何影响大脑和影响到什么程度,还需要进行更多研究,由此可排除选项 B 和 C。选项 A 不符合常识,男女大脑结构是相同的。
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