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MODEL TEST 18 星火英语英语6级听力直通249分+MP3(含字幕)

MODEL TEST 18
Section A
Directions: In this section, you will hear
8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.
At the end of each conversation,
one or more questions will be asked
about what was said.
Both the conversation and the questions
will be spoken only once.
After each question there will be a pause.
During the pause, you must read the four choices
marked A), B), C) and D),
and decide which is the best answer.
Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
with a single line through the centre.
Now, let's begin with the eight short conversations.
11. W: Tom said he would come to repair our stereo
if he had time.
M: He often offers his help,
but he never seems to have time.
Q: What does the man imply?
12.M: Miss Wilson,
you asked me to hold that red auto until
you made up your mind whether to buy it.
Well, I've got another customer who wants it,
so it's time for you to fish or cut bait.
W: Hmm, thank you, George.
But I am afraid it's just a little pricey.
If you could give me a discount, I'll take it.
Q: What is the man doing
according to the conversation?
13. M: Hello! I'm a senior student.
Could you tell me whether this reference room
is only for faculty members?
W: No. It's only open to postgraduate,
and undergraduates can come too
if they've got professors written permission.
Q: Can the man study in the reference room?
14. M: I want to borrow the story
"Gone with Wind".
W: Ask Alice. She has almost everything.
Q: What does the woman want the man
to think about Alice?
15.M: I knew you were getting your cast off today,
so I baked you a carrot cake with cream cheese icing.
W: Wow, a carrot cake!
You baked it? So sweet!
I thought you were more into cars.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
16. M: I can't cash your traveler’s check
without some identification like a driver’s license.
W: Since I have just arrived in the United States,
I have only my passport. Will that do?
Q: Why does the woman offer the man her passport?
17. W: Let's talk about the preparations for the party.
M: Right. I think we really need to plan better
and get things done in advance this time.
Still remember what a mess it was at the last party?
Q: What do we know about
the last party from the conversation?
18. M: You'll need 36 credit hours
to get a B.A. degree.
Fifteen must be from the English Department
and fifteen from the Education Department.
For the remaining six credit hours,
you can either write a thesis
or take two more optional courses.
W: Right now, this is very confusing to me,
but I'm know what to do as I learn more about it.
Q: What are they talking about?
Now you will hear the two long conversations.
Conversation One
M: How was your weekend?
W: It was awful.
M: Awful? Really?
But I thought you were supposed
to be going on a trip.
Did it get cancelled?
W: No, unfortunately,
it wouldn’t be better off if it had.
M: What do you mean?
W: Well, five of us were supposed
to go to Chicago in Lisa’s car.
M: Yeah?
W: And we were going to stay
at Sue’s parents’ house, which is in Chicago.
M: Right?
W: So it’s about a four-hour trip,
and we were going to get there on Friday evening,
spend Saturday sightseeing,
and come back last night
so we could go to classes this morning.
M: OK. That sounds like a good plan.
So what went wrong?
W: What didn’t go wrong?
First of all, we were all crammed into Lisa’s tiny car
with all four bags.
M: Sounds pretty uncomfortable.
W: Hold on. I’m just getting started.
Remember how hot it was this weekend?
M: Yeah, It was so bad I had to get out of the library.
I ended up going to the beach both days.
W: Well, we were stuck in Lisa’s car Friday afternoon
and the air conditioner wasn’t working.
M: Why didn’t you open the windows?
W: We did, but the breezes blowing in
weren’t exactly cool.
M: I’ll bet you were glad to get to Chicago.
W: That’s the worst part. We never made it.
Mary started feeling sick from all the heat,
so Lisa tried driving faster to find Mary
something to drink.
To make a long story short,
the car broke down and we were stranded
till this morning in some small town
near the Indiana border.
M: Couldn’t Sue’s parents come pick you up?
W: They were out of town.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation
you have just heard.
19. What was the purpose of the woman’s trip?
20. Why didn’t opening the car’s windows
make the passengers feel comfortable?
21. How does the woman feel about her trip?
Conversation Two
W: What are all those pills you're taking, Ben?
M: Vitamins, Joe.
I'm really into my health these days.
I take a pill for nearly every vitamin my body needs.
I'm insuring myself against vitamin deficiency.
W: I hope you know what you're doing.
Just as vitamin deficiency can make you sick
so can vitamin toxicity.
Vitamins can be very dangerous
if you take them in high quantities.
M: Oh, you mean vitamins A and D.
I've heard about that.
I don't understand, though,
why it's okay to take lots of one vitamin,
but not another.
W: First off, vitamins A and D are the most likely
to make you sick if you take too much of them,
but they aren't the only vitamins that can be dangerous.
All vitamins have the potential to be toxic
if you ingest too much of them.
M: So why A and D are more dangerous?
W: Part of the reason
why A and D put you at higher risk than
Vitamin C and others has to do
with the way vitamins are dissolved.
Vitamin C dissolves in water.
Thus, if you take in excess Vitamin C,
your body flushes it out through urine.
Vitamins A and D dissolve in oils and melted fat.
When you take too much of one of these vitamins,
rather than flushing the excess out,
the body stores the surplus in fat
or in fatty tissues such as the liver and the brain.
M: That sounds scary.
Will I get any disease?
W: Sure. Accumulation of water in the brain,
severe headaches, and birth defects are just
three of the problems toxic levels of Vitamin A can cause.
M: How do I know whether I need them
or not and how many I need?
W: Actually, f you keep a relatively well-balanced diet,
you'll most likely get the vitamins your body needs
without the use of supplements.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation
you have just heard.
22. What is the man doing?
23. Why are vitamins A and D more dangerous than
Vitamin C and others?
24. According to the conversation,
which is Not the consequence of too much Vitamin A?
25. What does the woman suggest the man do?
Section B
Directions: In this section,
you will hear 3 short passages.
At the end of each passage,
you will hear some questions.
Both the passage and the questions
will be spoken only once.
After you hear a question,
you must choose the best answer
from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
with a single line through the centre.
Passage One
For most Americans,
clocks and watches are very important.
They are always aware of them.
In the morning some people have to get up
when it is still dark.
Others sleep through several hours of sunlight.
But both groups wake up
when they hear their alarm clock ring.
While they get dressed and eat breakfast,
they listen to the radio,
and the radio tells them again and again
exactly what time it is.
On the way to work, people look at their watches.
If they think they are going to be late, they hurry.
At work, Americans think it is important
to arrive at meetings on time.
Their lunch breaks are short,
lasting only half an hour or an hour.
Late in the afternoon,
they check their watches often to see
how soon they can go home.
In the evenings, however, Americans are more relaxed.
They try to arrive on time,
but they don't worry
if they are a few minutes late to meet friends
in a restaurant.
Also, people who arrive a few minutes late
to a movie are usually in time
to see the main feature film.
If a party at a friend’s house starts
at 8, some people come an hour later,
but nobody minds.
Americans are used to living by clocks and watches.
It is hard for them to understand
that people in many parts of the world don’t think
that time is so important.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage
you have just heard.
26. What is the main idea of the passage?
27 .What did Americans use to do?
28. According to the passage,
what will people do
when they are a few minutes late to a movie?
Passage Two
In Lebanon, beauty is big business.
If you don't think you look perfect,
you get plastic surgery.
If you can't afford it,
take out a bank loan.
First National Bank launched its plastic surgery loan
two years ago.
The bank's head of marketing said
that even during the current financial crisis clients
are still borrowing for beauty.
The loan from 500 dollars to 5 000 dollars
is still one of the most asked-about loans
of the bank's call center.
He also said a Lebanese can not find a job,
get a partner or a mate if he is not good looking
because Lebanon is a show-off country.
For Lebanese it is not luxury,
it is their top priority.
Plastic surgeon Edouard Abdelnour agrees
that the psychological factor is the key,
especially when times are tough.
After all, it is financially still quite cheap
compared to the other surgery centers in the world.
The all inclusive cost
of a nose job sets you back around $2 000,
breast augmentation around $4 000.
But the global crisis has yet
to hit the average Lebanese hard,
strikes the banking regulation's high liquidity
and reserves and a well-honed national talent
for enduring crisis have so far protected the banking sector.
Abdelnour performs about 20 surgeries a week
and says his practice has seen minimal impact
from the financial crisis.
What is on the increase is combine surgery,
which means you do your breast and your nose at the same time.
Lebanon is a regional hub for
medical tourism especially plastic surgery.
Beirut's hotels, restaurants and clinics
are winding down from a busy summer season,
catering to Lebanese experts and visitors from the oil-rich,
cash-rich gulf countries.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage
you have just heard.
29. What will Lebanese do
when they want plastic surgery but can't afford it?
30. What can we learn from the passage?
31. People from which countries
are most likely to travel to Lebanon for plastic surgery?
Passage Three
The United States owes its high level
of development to many factors.
The land has an abundance of natural resources
and includes some of the best farm land in the world.
In the past 400 years,
people from many countries have settled there,
bringing with them a wealth of knowledge and skills.
But in the last 100 years it has been the workingman
that was the backbone of the nation.
The workingman is found everywhere of course.
From Maine to California he works at a multitude of jobs.
He is at his job, even before sunrise,
in the bitter cold of a Maine winter.
He is still working in the scorching heat of a California summer.
What is the American workingman?
He is a worker in a shoe factory
or a meat packinghouse or a coal mine.
But more than that, he is a husband and a father.
He raises his children to understand
the value of a day’s work.
He raises his children to respect
the usefulness of cooperation.
And he raises his children to help them better themselves.
Frequently his children go to college
and leave the working class.
But seldom do they forget the values
they have learned at home.
The workingman fought hard to achieve what he has.
In the beginning he was little more than a slave.
Long hours working in very dirty surroundings
for almost no pay took a heavy cost of lives.
But the successful organization of trade unions
changed many of the dreadful conditions of his life.
Today the workingman is faced with a new kind of struggle.
Ever advancing technology is taking his job.
It’s very probable that the working man
will be replaced by a machine.
But what he will leave behind will not be forgotten.
He has served his country well.
His country owes him a debt which can never be repaid.
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage
you have just heard.
32. Which was NOT mentioned
as a factor in development of the United States?
33. How long has the workingman
been the backbone of the nation?
34. What is one of the main things
the workingman teaches his children?
35. What changed working conditions for the batter?
Section C
Directions: In this section,
you will hear a passage three times.
When the passage is read for the first time,
you should listen carefully for its general idea.
When the passage is read for the second time,
you are required to fill in the blanks
numbered from 36 to 43
with the exact words you have just heard.
For blanks numbered from 44 to 46
you are required to fill in the missing information.
For these blanks, you can either use
the exact words you have just heard
or write down the main points in your own words.
Finally, when the passage is read for the third time,
you should check what you have written.
Now listen to the passage.
Beauty has always been regarded as something praiseworthy.
Almost everyone thinks attractive people are happier
and healthier, have better marriages
and have more respectable occupations.
Personal consultants give them better advice for finding jobs.
Even judges are softer on attractive defendants.
But in the executive circle, beauty can become a liability.
While attractiveness is a positive factor
for a man on his way up the executive ladder,
it is harmful for a woman.
Handsome male executives were perceived
as having more integrity than plainer men;
effort and ability were thought to account for their success.
Attractive female executives were considered
to have less integrity than unattractive ones;
their success was attributed not to ability
but to such factors as luck.
Interestingly, though, attractive female overnight successes
were attributed more to personal relationships
and less to ability than unattractive overnight successes.
An attractive woman is perceived to be more feminine,
and an attractive man more masculine
than the less attractive one.
Thus, an attractive woman has an advantage
in traditionally female jobs,
but an attractive woman in
a traditionally mascutine position appears
to lack the masculine qualities required.
This is true even in politics.
Anne Bowman, who recently published a study of the effects
of attractiveness of political candidates,
asked 125 undergraduate students
to rank two groups of photographs,
one of men and one of women in order of attractiveness.
The students were told the photographs
were of candidates for political offices.
They were asked to rank them again,
in the order they would vote for them.
The results showed that attractive males
utterly defeated unattractive men,
but the women who had been ranked most attractive
invariably received the fewest votes.
Now the passage will be read again.
Beauty has always been regarded as something praiseworthy.
Almost everyone thinks attractive people are happier
and healthier, have better marriages
and have more respectable occupations.
Personal consultants give them better advice for finding jobs.
Even judges are softer on attractive defendants.
But in the executive circle, beauty can become a liability.
While attractiveness is a positive factor
for a man on his way up the executive ladder,
it is harmful for a woman.
Handsome male executives were perceived
as having more integrity than plainer men;
effort and ability were thought to account for their success.
Attractive female executives were considered
to have less integrity than unattractive ones;
their success was attributed not to ability
but to such factors as luck.
Interestingly, though, attractive female overnight successes
were attributed more to personal relationships
and less to ability than unattractive overnight successes.
An attractive woman is perceived to be more feminine,
and an attractive man more masculine
than the less attractive one.
Thus, an attractive woman has an advantage
in traditionally female jobs,
but an attractive woman in
a traditionally mascutine position appears
to lack the masculine qualities required.
This is true even in politics.
Anne Bowman, who recently published a study of the effects
of attractiveness of political candidates,
asked 125 undergraduate students
to rank two groups of photographs,
one of men and one of women in order of attractiveness.
The students were told the photographs
were of candidates for political offices.
They were asked to rank them again,
in the order they would vote for them.
The results showed that attractive males
utterly defeated unattractive men,
but the women who had been ranked most attractive
invariably received the fewest votes.
Now the passage will be read for the third time.
Beauty has always been regarded as something praiseworthy.
Almost everyone thinks attractive people are happier
and healthier, have better marriages
and have more respectable occupations.
Personal consultants give them better advice for finding jobs.
Even judges are softer on attractive defendants.
But in the executive circle, beauty can become a liability.
While attractiveness is a positive factor
for a man on his way up the executive ladder,
it is harmful for a woman.
Handsome male executives were perceived
as having more integrity than plainer men;
effort and ability were thought to account for their success.
Attractive female executives were considered
to have less integrity than unattractive ones;
their success was attributed not to ability
but to such factors as luck.
Interestingly, though, attractive female overnight successes
were attributed more to personal relationships
and less to ability than unattractive overnight successes.
An attractive woman is perceived to be more feminine,
and an attractive man more masculine
than the less attractive one.
Thus, an attractive woman has an advantage
in traditionally female jobs,
but an attractive woman in
a traditionally mascutine position appears
to lack the masculine qualities required.
This is true even in politics.
Anne Bowman, who recently published a study of the effects
of attractiveness of political candidates,
asked 125 undergraduate students
to rank two groups of photographs,
one of men and one of women in order of attractiveness.
The students were told the photographs
were of candidates for political offices.
They were asked to rank them again,
in the order they would vote for them.
The results showed that attractive males
utterly defeated unattractive men,
but the women who had been ranked most attractive
invariably received the fewest votes.
This is the end of listening comprehension.
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