密码:
注册找密码我的浏览
设首页加收藏加书签 ______

首页每天学英语新概念六级音标词汇语法四级研究生大学高中初中小学少儿演讲有声圣经VOA商务雅思

您所在的位置: 大耳朵首页 > 听力资料 > 在线视听资料 >...> 大学英语精读 > 第六册 > 正文

站内搜索:

小提示:学单词背单词请到大耳朵免费在线背单词系统
brigade/[bri'ɡeid]/ n. 旅, 队 ...

大学英语精读第六册07

Unit Seven

Text
It is often said that cats have nine lives, that they are lucky enough to escape from danger again and again. Here is a science fiction tale about how one such lucky escape by a cat led to a discovery that was able to change the course of people's lives. The problems stemming from the discovery also make interesting reading.

ZERITSKY'S LAW

Ann Griffith

Somebody someday will make a study of the influence of animals on history. Among them, Mrs. Graham's cat should certainly be included in any such study. It has now been definitely established that the experiences of this cat led to the idea of quick-frozen people, which, in turn, led to the passage of Zeritsky's Law.
We must go back to the files of the Los Angeles newspapers for 1950 to find the story. In brief, a Mrs. Fred C. Graham missed her pet cat on the same day that she put a good deal of food down in her home deep-freeze unit. She suspected no connection between the two events. The cat was not to be found until six days later, when its owner went to fetch something from the deepfreeze. Much as she loved her pet, we may imagine that she was more horror-than grief-stricken at her discovery. She lifted the little ice-encased body out of the deep--freeze and set it on the floor. Then she managed to run as far as the next door neighbor's house before fainting.
Mrs. Graham became hysterical after she was revived, and it was several hours before she could be quieted enough to persuade anybody that she hadn't made up the whole thing. She prevailed upon her neighbor to go back to the house with her. In front of the deep-freeze they found a small pool of water, and a wet cat, busily licking itself. The neighbor subsequently told reporters that the cat was concentrating its licking on one of its hind legs, where some ice still remained, so that she, for one, believed the story.
A follow-up dispatch, published a week later, reported that the cat was unharmed by the adventure. Further, Mrs. Graham was quoted as saying that the cat had had a large meal just before its disappearance; that as soon after its rescue as it had dried itself off, it took a long nap, precisely as it always did after a meal; and that it was not hungry again until evening. It was clear from the accounts that the life processes had been stopped dead in their tracks, and bad, after defrosting, resumed at exactly the point where they left off.
Perhaps it is unfair to pull all the responsibility on one luckless cat. Had such a thing happened anywhere else in the country, it would have been talked about, believed by a few, disbelieved by most, and forgotten. But it happened in Los Angeles. There, and probably only there, the event was anything but forgotten; the principles it revealed became the basis of a hugely successful business.
How shall we regard the Zeritsky Brothers? As archvillains or pioneers? In support of the latter view, it must be admitted that the spirit of inquiry and the willingness to risk the unknown were indisputably theirs. However, their pioneering -- if we agree to call it that -- was, equally indisputably, bound up with the quest for a fast buck.
Some of their first clients paid as high as $15,000 for the initial freezing, and the exorbitant rate of $1,000 per year as a storage charge. The Zeritsky Brothers owned and managed one of the largest quick-freezing plants in the world, and it was their claim that converting the freezing equipment and storage facilities to accommodate humans was extremely expensive, hence the high rates.
When the early clients who paid these rates were defrosted years later, and found other clients receiving the same services for as little as $3,000, they threatened a row and the Zeritskys made substantial refunds. By that time they could easily afford it, and since any publicity about their enterprise was unwelcome to them, all refunds were made without a whimper. $3,000 became the standard rate, with $100 per year the storage charge, and no charge for defrosting.
The Zeritskys were businessmen, first and last. Anyone who had the fee could put himself away for whatever period of time he wished, and no questions asked, The ironclad rule was that full payment had to be made in advance.
Criminals were the first to apply for quick-freezing, and formed the mainstay of the Zeritskys' business through the years. What more easy than to rob, hide the loot (except for that all-important advance payment), present yourself to the Zeritskys and remain in their admirable chambers for five or ten years, emerge to find the hue and cry long since died down and the crime forgotten, recover your haul and live out your life in luxury?
Due to the shady character of most of their patrons, the Zeritskys kept all records by a system of numbers. Name never appeared on the books, and anonymity was guaranteed.
Law enforcement agents, looking for fugitives from justice, found no way to break down this system, nor any law which they could interpret as making it illegal to quick-freeze. Perhaps the truth is that they did not search too diligently for a law that could be made to apply. As long as the Zeritskys kept things quiet and did not advertise or attract public attention, they could safely continue their bizarre business.
City officials of Los Angeles, and particularly members of the police force, enjoyed a period of unparalleled prosperity. Lawyers and other experts who thought they were on the track of legal means by which to liquidate the Zeritsky empire found themselves suddenly able to buy a ranch or a yacht or both, and retire forever from the arduous task of earning a living.
Even with a goodly part of the population of Los Angeles as permanent pensioners, the Zeritsky fortune grew to incredible proportions. By the time the Zeritsky Brothers died and left the business to their sons, it was a gold mine, and an inexhaustible one at that.
Next to criminals, the majority of people who applied for quick-freezing seem to have been husbands or wives caught in insupportable marital situations. Their experiences were subsequently written up in the confession magazines. It was usually the husband who fled to Los Angeles and incarcerated himself for an appropriate number of years, at the end of which time his unamiable spouse would have died or made other arrangements. If we can believe the magazines, this scheme worked out very well in most cases.
The sins of the fathers may be visited on the sons, but how often we see repeated the old familiar pattern of the sons destroying the lifework of the fathers! The Zeritsky Brothers were fanatically meticulous. They supervised every detail of their operations, and kept their records with an elaborate system of checks and doublechecks. They were shrewd enough to realize that complete dependability was essential to their business. A satisfied Zeritsky client was a silent client. One dissatisfied client would be enough to blow the business apart.
The sons, in their greed, over-expanded to the point where they could not, even among the four of them, personally supervise each and every detail. A fatal mistake was bound to occur sooner or later. When it did, the victim broadcast his grievance to the world.
The story appeared in a national magazine, every copy of which was sold an hour after it appeared on the stands. Under the title They Put the Freeze on Me! John A. Monahan told his tragic tale. At the age of 37, he had fallen desperately in love with a girl of 16. She was immature and frivolous and wanted to "play around" a little more before she settled down.
"She told me," he wrote, "to come back in five years, and that stared me thinking. In five year I'd be 42, and what would a girl of 21 want with a man twice as old as her?"
John Monahan moved in circles where the work of the Zeritskys was well known. Not only did he see an opportunity of being still only 37 when his darling reached 21, but he foresaw a painless way of passing the years which he must endure without her. Accordingly, he presented himself for the deep-freeze, paid his $3000 and the $500 storage charge in advance, and left, he claimed, "written instructions to let me out in five years, so there'd he no mistakes."
Nobody knows how the slip happened, but somehow John A. Monahan, or rather the number assigned to him, was entered on the books for 25 years instead of five years. Upon being defrosted, and discovering that a quarter of a century had elapsed, his rage was awesome. Along with everything else, his love for his sweetheart had been perfectly preserved, but she had given up waiting for him and was a happy mother of two boys and six girls.
Monahan's accusation that the Zeritskys had "ruined his life" may be taken with a grain of salt. He was still a young man, and the rumor that he got a hundred thousand for the magazine rights to his story was true.
As most readers are aware, what has come to be known as "Zeritsky's law" was passed by Congress and signed by the President three days after Monahan's story broke.
Seventy-five years after Mrs. Graham's cat feel into the freezer, it became he law of the land that the mandatory penalty for anyone applying quick-freezing methods to any living thing, human or animal, was death. Also, all quick-frozen people were to be defrosted immediately.
Los Angeles papers reported that beginning on the day Monahan's story appeared, men by the thousands poured into the city. They continued to come, choking every available means of transport, for the next two days -- until, that is, Zerisky's Law went through.
When we consider the date, and remember that due to the gravity of the international situation, a bill had just been passed drafting all men from 16 to 60, we realize why Congress had to act.
The Zeritskys, of course, were among the first to be taken. Because of their experience, they were put in charge of a military warehouse for dehydrated foods, and warned not to get any ideas for a new business.

New Words

connection
n. the state of being connected; relationship
-stricken
(combining form) overwhelmed or afflicted by disease, misfortune, horror, grief, etc.

ice-encased
a. placed or enclosed in or as if in an ice case

hysterical
a. in a state of hysteria; emotionally disturbed 歇斯底里的

lick
vt. pass the tongue over 舔

subsequently
ad. afterward, late

hind
a. back, rear

follow-up
a. of sth. done to continue or reinforce an initial action

dispatch
n. a report sent to a newspaper, etc. by a correspondent

disappearance
n. the act or an example of disappearing

rescue
vt. save from danger

nap
n. a short sleep, usu. at a time other than one's regular sleeping hours

defrost
v. make or become free of ice or frost; thaw

unfair
a. not fair or right; unjust

luckless
a. having or bringing bad luck; unfortunate

archvillain
n. a principal villain; an extremely wicked person

indisputably
ad. beyond doubt; certainly

exorbitant
a. going beyond reasonable limits

storage
n. the act of storing or the condition of being stored

facility
n. (usu. pl.) sth. provided for people to use. 设备,设施

row
n. a noisy quarrel or dispute

substantial
a. large in amount

refund
n. the return of money paid; a repayment 退款;归还

publicity
n. information given out to get public attention 宣传,广告

enterprise
n. an undertaking, esp. one that is difficult or involving risk; a business firm

whimper
n. a weak complaint 牢骚,怨声

fee
n. a charge for a service or a right

ironclad
a. inflexible, rigid

mainstay
a. a main support

loot
n. goods (esp. private property) taken from an enemy in war, or stolen by thieves

admirable
a. worth admiring; arousing wonder and approval

chamber
n. an enclosed space or a private room; a room set aside for a special purpose

hue and cry
the pursuit of a suspected criminal with loud cries in order to raise the alarm; loud public outcry 追捕犯人时的叫喊声;(表示反对的)叫嚷

crime
n. an action or activity that is against the law or a failure to do what the law requires

haul
n. the amount of sth. gained, esp. stolen goods

anonymity
n. the condition of being anonymous 匿名

enforcement
n. the act or process of enforcing; putting into force 实施,执行

enforce vt.

agent
n. representative of a government agency

fugitive
n. a person running away from justice, danger, etc. 逃亡者

illegal
a. against the law

diligently
ad. in a diligent manner; carefully; industriously

bizarre
a. strictly odd or queer in appearance or style; fantastic

unparalleled
a. too great to be equaled 举世无双的

liquidate
vt. terminate the operation of (a commercial firm, etc.) by assessment of liabilities and appropriation of assets for their settlement 清算

yacht
n. a small ship used for pleasure trips

arduous
a. requiring great physical or mental effort; difficult to accomplish

goodly
a. considerable

pensioner
n. a person who receives a regular payment, not wages, from a government, company, or patron

pension
n. a regular payment to a person of a specified sum of money which is not wages

proportion
n. the size or amount of one thing when compared to the size or amount of another; (pl.) size or extent 比率,比例;大小

inexhaustible
a. existing in such large amounts that it can never be finished or used up

insupportable
a. unbearable

marital
a. of or relating to marriage

confession
n. admission (of one's weakness, fault, sin, etc.) 坦白;忏悔

incarcerate
vt. confine or imprison 幽闭;监禁

unamiable
a. ill-natured, ungracious

spouse
n. a wife or husband

scheme
n. a plan for doing sth.

visit
vt. inflict (punishment) for (wrongdoing); avenge 降罪于,惩罚

lifework
n. the work to which one's life is devoted; most important work of one's life

fanatically
ad. excessively

meticulous
n. extremely careful; with great attention to detail

double-check
n. the act of checking again; verifying

shrewd
a. clever in judgment, esp. of what is to one's own advantage

dissatisfy
vt. fail to satisfy; displease

greed
n. a selfish desire to get more and more of sth. 贪婪

greedy a.

expand
v. make or become larger

grievance
n. a complaint or cause for complaint, esp. when one feels one has been unfairly treated

immature
a. not mature; not full-grown

frivolous
a. not serious or sensible in content, attitude or behaviour 不严肃的,轻浮的

foresee
vt. see or realize in advance

slip
n. a usu. slight mistake

elapse
vi. (of time) pass by

awesome
a. inspiring fear or dread

sweetheart
n. a person whom one loves

accusation
n. a statement that one has done sth. wrong

accuse vt.

rumor
n. news or information which is passed from person to person but has not been proven to be true

freezer
n. a large fridge in which supplies of food can be stored at a very low temperature; deep freeze

mandatory
a. required by law; compulsory 依法的;强制性的

choke
vt. block or clog up (a passage, street, etc.)

transport
n. the act of carrying (goods or people) from place to place

Congress
n. the elected law-making body, e.g. of the US 立法机构,如美国国会

warehouse
n. a house or building where merchandise is stored

dehydrate
vt. cause to lose water 使脱水

Phrases & Expressions

in brief
in short; to sum up

as far as
to the distance, point or degree that

for one
as the first of several possible examples

dry off
make or become dry

stop dead in one's tracks
stop very quickly or with great force

be bound up with
be closely connected with or related to

first and last
always and chiefly

put away
put in the right place or out of sight

die down
come slowly to an end; grow slowly less or weaker

on the track of
looking for, trying to find

earn/make a living
support oneself

at that
in addition; also

be caught in
be involved in

to the point where
to the extent that

play around
spend time playing, fooling or joking instead of being serious or working

settle down
marry; begin to live a stable life

take with a grain of salt
accept or believe only in part

go through
be approved or accepted

Proper Names
Zeritsky
齐里斯基

Ann Griffith
安.格里菲斯

Los Angeles
洛杉机

Fred C. Graham
弗雷德.C.格雷厄姆

John A. Monahan
约翰.A. 莫纳汉
您是否对这篇资料想说点什么?欢迎评论或者纠错,或者提交填空题答案! 您也可以立即
共有0人向本资料提供了听力原文,其中被采用了0篇,当前有0篇待审批,有0篇未被采用! 查看明细>>
如果您有更好的听力原文,欢迎提供给大耳朵,如果被采用,您将获得20到100金币的奖励!
第六册
高瞻远瞩
放眼全球
推荐资源
最新社区精华帖子更多>>
  • 走遍美国教学版
    走遍美国教学版
  • 哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
    哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
  • 海绵宝宝 英文版
    海绵宝宝 英文版
  • 风中的女王第1季
    风中的女王第1季
经典学习方法更多>>

听力排行

试题

视听

歌曲

电影

2005年6月六级听力11-20
03年12月六级听力04
1999年1月四级听力18-20
1996年6月六级听力11-14
2003年12月四级听力08
初中英语情景反应
初中英语情景反应
1999年1月四级听力03
大学四级听力模拟五07
2003年北京西城区中考听力15
英语句型学口语 109
03 Christine Daaé《歌剧院的幽灵》MP3音频朗读牛津书虫第1级
04. Ram Dass and the monkey 《小公主》牛津书虫第1级下(MP3+文本)
15篇文章贯通4级词汇Unit06-Part4
朗文3L看听学英语第二册lesson115
新东方美国口语课堂 40
《新概念英语》(美音)II-12
BBC News新闻 20090321
儿童韩文歌曲 太阳升起
VOA常速 红十字会:加沙面临全面人道危机 09-1-7
Anya Shesternina -- Running Late
Something's Got A Hold On Me
Taylor Swift - Our Song
落日之幻影【生命因你而动听】
轻松英语之旅听歌学英语Proud Of You 冯曦妤 挥着翅膀的女孩英文版
SISSEL -- Should It Matter
知行英语歌曲精讲:Some one like you-Sissel Kyrkjebo关于爱情的点点滴滴(听歌学英语 listen and Share)
《用心良苦》英文版
Laura Pausini - Un'emergenza D'amore
2010世界杯主题曲 Shakira - Waka Waka
小熊维尼与跳跳虎英文版 第一季 第1集
巴布工程师英文版 第1集 小猫阿皮不见了
小伙伴英语儿歌 第1集 小星星
酷艾英语系列之光棍节
看电影学英语系列之冒牌家庭
海绵宝宝全集 第1集
小马宝莉 第1集
幼儿双语儿歌系列之ABC字母歌
Bingo教你说美语之如何用英语叙旧
Hello Teddy洪恩幼儿英语1
听力资料目录导航
听力测试 英语词汇 英语口语 考试英语 品牌英语 大学教材 其他教材 商务英语 广播英语 儿童英语
历年中考听力
初中中考模拟
历年高考听力
高考听力模拟
历年四级听力
历年六级听力
四级听力模拟
小学  初中
高中  四级
六级  考研
托福  GRE
星火记忆单词
用Mp3背单词
刘毅词汇记忆
情景英语口语
4+1听力口语
出国实用会话
英语口语8000句
新东方900句
美语听力与发音
ABC到流利口语
口译考试
剑桥考试
中高考考试
大学四六级考试
研究生考试
公共英语考试
英语专业考试
新概念 六人行
赖世雄 许国璋
走遍美国 越狱
疯狂英语 沛沛
语法讲座 动感
大山英语 探索
千万别学英语
大学英语听力
大学英语精读
全新版 21世纪
新视野 实用综
大学体验 新编
成人自考 step
Listen this way
广州版小学英语
广州版初中英语
剑桥少儿英语
朗文3L看听学
Goforit新目标
高中英语课本
进阶听说教程
商务英语300句
VOA商务英语
商业英语视频
中级商务英语
初级剑桥证书
新编剑桥英语
剑桥英语精华版
2007年VOA慢速
VOA中级美语
美国习惯用语
VOA流行美语
澳广播英语讲座
在线大学课堂
VOA视频节目
宝宝ABC
棒棒英语
哈哈美语
LittleFox儿歌
英语儿童故事
380英语小故事
1035个英语单词

免责声明:本站只提供资源播放平台,如果站内部分资源侵犯您的权益,请您告知,我们会立即处理。
Copyright © 2010-2017 大耳朵英语  京ICP备10010568号 | 京公网安备 11010802020324号

微信扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
微博扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
QQ扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
0.734570s