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0602口译与听力 Unit1配套音频(流畅)

Labour Market

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Lesson One Job Interview

Text

Listen to the telephone conversation and talk about it in pairs.

Operator: Hello,K-Mart.

Sue: Ah hello. I wonder if I could speak to the Personnel Manager, Please?

Operator: Yes, certainly. If you'll hold on a minute I'll put you through.

Sue: Thank you.

Personnel Manager: Hello, John adams speaking.

Sue: Ah good morning, Mr. Adams, er I saw your advertisement in the Saffron Walden Reporter for a hostess and I wondered if you could give me a few more

details about the job.

Personnel Manager: Yes, certainly. Er perhaps I should make it clear from the start it is, it is a part-time job. Er yes, we would need you from ten in

the morning until two in the after noon, roughly.

Sue: Yes,yes, I didn't realize that, actually. It wasn't clear in the advertisement.

Personnel Manager: Aha. Are you, are you still interested?

Sue: Well I am interested, but it would depend to some extent on what the salary is.

Personnel Manager: Yes, well we're offering about 75 a week. Er obviously this may be a little bit more if you have the right qualifications and

experience. Have you in fact had any experience in catering?

Sue: Well, yes, I have. Er, I'm at present working for and have been working for the same firm for about five years, for a small firm of er consultant

engineers and I've been doing work rather similar to the kind of work that I think er is described in the advertisement.

Personnel Manager: Yes, well, I mean we have a fairly small staff here, we're talking about fifteen to twenty people so your duties will be sort of to

prepare and serve the food just al lunchtimes.

Sue: I see. Yes, I'm sure I'd be able to manage that---that wouldn't be a problem.

Personnel Manager: Yes well er that sounds about right. Er perhaps you could come down for an interview some time?

Sue: Yes, yes, when would be suitable for you?

Personnel Manager: Er let me just have a look at my diary. Er yes, perhaps, what about, what about next Wednesday at about 2:30 in the afternoon? Would

that be all right for you?

Sue: Wednesday er 2:30. Yes, that, I think that would be fine, actually. That's OK.

Personnel Manager: Ah good. Yeah, and perhaps you could bring and qualifications you've got so we could have a look at them and er...

Sue: Yes,yes,OK.

Personnel Manager: Could you just tell me who you're working for at the moment?

Sue: I'm working for, er, Bloggses acutally in the High Street.

Personnel Manager: Right, Ok and could I just have your name?

Sue: Yes er my name, my surname is Boardman. That's B-O-A-R-D-M-A-N and my initial is S.

Personnel Manager: Right, OK, S Boardman. OK, Miss Boardman. Well, see you then next Wednesday at 2:30.

Sue: OK. Thanks very much then.

Personnel Manager: Lovely. OK. Bye.

Sue: Bye.

Listening Focus

Listen to the conversation twice and answer the questions.

1. What's the name of the Personnel Manager?

2. Is sue looking for a full-time job or part-time job?

3. What's the salary they offer a week?

4. What are the two thing the manager needs if Sue wants get more?

5. Where is Sue working now?

6. What's the size of K-Mart?

7. What's the time and date they set for the next interview?

8. How do we spell Sue's family name?

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Lesson Two Looking for a Job

MANAGER: Jeff, on your application, you list your current occupation as "musician." You also say that you're a student. Would you mind telling me why

you're applying for an office job?

JEFF: Well, as you probably know, it's pretty hard to make a living as a musician. I mean, most musicians workd at other jobs during the daytime.

MANAGER: I see. But, uh, I'm a little concerned that your music and your college classes may interfere with your responsibilities in the office.

JEFF: Well, it's ture that I work nights a lot, but this job is only in the afternoons, right? And my classes are in the morning. So, I don't think there

will be any problem.

MANAGER: Okay. Uh, let's talk about your experience. I see that you've worked in a doctor's office before. What did you, I mean, what were your

responsibilities there?

JEFF: I had to answer the phones, handle appointments, type letters, and take care of all the billing.

MANAGER:I see. Well,look Jeff, you're obviously qualified for the job. The only thing is, well, you'd be the only man working in an office full of women.

How do you feel about that?

JEFF: I don't think I'd have any problems. I live with two women, my cousin and one of her students.

MANAGER: Well, Okay, Jeff. I think that will be all. You'll be hearing from us in a day or two.

JEFF: Great. Thank you for your time.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Lesson Three Changes in the Job Market

High school and college students in the United States today, as well as others who plan to work in this country, have one important question about their

futures: Will they find a job? There's no easy answer, of course.

But let's look at some of the recent changes in the U.S. job market and see if we can make some predictions for future job hunters.

A good way to begin is to look at the American work force and how it's changing. Clearly, the most important change has been the shift from a

manufacturing economy to a service economy. Let's define both of these terms. First, a service economy is one in which most workers provide services-that

is they do something instead of making something. They don't produce a specific product; they serve sustomers or clients, like your doctor does, or your

hair stylist, or airline piolots, salesclerks, et cetera. Now, in contrast, people who actually produce things---like cars, furniture or clothing---are

part of the manafacturing economy.

So again, the point here is that we have changed from a manufacturing economy to a service economy. The following numbers will show you just how big a

changed this has been. One hundred years ago, 80% of workers produced goods; today only about 20% do. Economists predict that this change is going to

continue in the same direction; in fact, by the year 2020, nine out of ten workers will supply services.

Okay. Let me move on to my next main point. What has caused this change in our economy? First of all, why has the number of manufactureing jobs

decreased? Can anyone guess? Yes. Automation. A lot of work your fathers and grandfathes used to do is now done by machines like computers or

computerized robots. Anything else besides automation? Well, foreign competition is another. Jobs in American automobile and steel manufacturing have

especially decreased because of competition from Western Europe and Asia.

On the other hand, what about service jobs? Why have those increased? Here again we can point to two reasons. Technology is one. Some services exist only

because of advanced technology, like overnight mail delivery and photocopy services. And the other reason... many service jobs have been created becauses

of the changing population. I mean because of the changing needs of the American population. For example, because more and more peoples are living longer and longer, more health-care services are needed. Nursing and other health-related jobs are, in fact, among the fastest growing these days. Also, now that most married women work outside the home, the need for services such as restaurants and day-care centers has increased.

Okay, so now you know where the jobs will be, and let's suppose you've decided to look for a job in a service industry. But wait. Some economists worry

that the service-job explosion may creat several problems. What do you think those problems might be? According to some studies, half of the service jobs

pay low wages. And the pay is low because many of these jobs don't require much education or training. So some economists worry that the standard of

living of may Americans might decrease. So that's the first problem. And also, many of the service workers are part-time or temporary employees, which

means they get no benefits. In other words, many service jobs don't give a worker much security. That's another big problem.

The good news is that some of the fastest growing service jobs are the better paying ones, particularly in the technical and professional fields. But

these jobs, like registered nurses and computer analysts, require a high degree of skill and many years of education. So if your decide to look for a job

in service industry, and you want to be sure you'll make enough money, get the right training and education first. That is really the best way to prepare

for the future job market.
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