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suffer/['sʌfə]/ vt. 遭受, 经历, 忍受 vi. 受痛苦, 受损害 ...

大学英语四级考试听力突破 Model Test Nine

[00:14.96]Model Test Nine
[00:16.88]Section A
[00:18.83]Directions: In this section,
[00:22.52]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:25.73]and 2 long conversations.
[00:28.81]At the end of each conversation,
[00:31.60]one or more questions will be asked
[00:34.24]about what was said.
[00:36.59]Both the conversation and the questions
[00:39.45]will be spoken only once.
[00:42.54]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:46.79]During the pause,
[00:48.46]you must read the four choices
[00:50.60]marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:55.36]and decide which is the best answer.
[00:58.98]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[01:04.31]with a single line through the centre.
[01:08.19]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations.
[01:12.98]11. W: Professor Smith,
[01:15.26]would you like to come to dinner
[01:17.05]at our dorm tomorrow?
[01:18.83]We're trying to get to know the faculty.
[01:21.29]M: If only you'd asked me earlier,
[01:23.29]I just accepted a speaking engagement.
[01:26.95]Q: What will Professor Smith do tomorrow night?
[01:44.66]12. M: Hi, Jane.
[01:46.90]Shall we run around the sports field or go swimming?
[01:50.62]W: Well, it makes no difference to me.
[01:53.01]Both are good activities.
[01:54.78]Q: What does the woman mean?
[02:11.56]13. W: You know,
[02:13.37]the noise in my neighbor dorm
[02:14.84]has really gotten out of control.
[02:17.58]My roommates and I can rarely
[02:19.42]get to sleep before midnight.
[02:22.09]M: Why not take the problem up
[02:23.75]with the dorm supervisor?
[02:25.86]Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?
[02:43.15]14. M: Jane,
[02:45.68]you're going out with Peter this evening, aren't you?
[02:48.47]What's he like?
[02:49.95]W: Oh, he's warm-hearted and quite fun,
[02:52.38]he is completely a sports lover.
[02:55.78]Q: What does the woman say about Peter?
[03:13.45]15. W: What do you think of the magazine
[03:17.21]I recommended, John?
[03:18.90]M: Well,
[03:19.47]to tell you the truth,
[03:20.34]I had found something more interesting.
[03:23.62]Q: What does the man think of the magazine
[03:25.61]the woman recommended?
[03:42.16]16. W: Oh, this terrible headache.
[03:45.56]Do you have any aspirin?
[03:47.32]I went right past a clinic
[03:48.98]on the way back from the grocery store.
[03:51.41]But I forgot to pick some up.
[03:53.40]M: Sorry, I don't.
[03:54.87]But there's another one just down the street
[03:57.38]that's open 24 hours.
[04:00.24]Q: What does the man imply?
[04:16.78]17. W: Do I have to go to bed now?
[04:20.27]I really want to watch that talk show program
[04:22.83]at ten.
[04:23.89]M: You have to get up early tomorrow
[04:25.74]to take the examination.
[04:27.55]If I were you, I'd videotape it.
[04:31.63]Q: What does man suggest the woman do?
[04:49.12]18. W: I've been waiting all week
[04:52.51]for this music drama-
[04:54.27]the Cats is supposed to be excellent.
[04:56.91]And with our student discount,
[04:58.55]the tickets will be really cheap.
[05:01.15]M: Uh, oh...
[05:02.31]I'm afraid I left my student ID card
[05:05.02]in my other wallet.
[05:07.60]Q: What does the man imply?
[05:24.45]Now you will hear the two long conversations.
[05:28.61]Conversation One
[05:30.48]M: Come on, Sally,
[05:31.63]how are we going to convince everybody
[05:33.55]that I'm the best candidate?
[05:36.21]W: It won't be easy!
[05:37.41]It seems you don't have any supporters.
[05:39.80]M: Thanks a lot!
[05:41.21]W: Oh, just kidding.
[05:42.57]Actually,
[05:43.45]I think once we show everyone
[05:45.42]how well you did as a class monitor
[05:48.01]last semester,
[05:49.40]you're sure to be elected president of Students Union.
[05:52.64]M: Well...what's your strategy?
[05:55.87]W: One thing I was thinking of is
[05:57.62]to hang campaign posters in all the hallways.
[06:00.92]M: But everybody puts up posters.
[06:03.18]We need to do something different.
[06:05.85]W: Let me finish:
[06:07.02]The campus radio station is willing to
[06:09.41]let you have five minutes at 7:00 tomorrow morning
[06:13.05]to outline your plans for the year.
[06:15.99]Lots of students will hear you then.
[06:18.36]M: Great idea! Is that all we should do?
[06:22.14]W: I've also arranged for you to
[06:23.78]give a speech during dinner tomorrow.
[06:26.05]Over 100 students will be there.
[06:29.04]And you can answer questions
[06:30.27]after you finish speaking.
[06:32.35]M: That means
[06:32.91]I'd better come up with a speech tonight.
[06:35.24]How about I show it to you after English class tomorrow?
[06:39.31]W: Fine. I'll see you then.
[06:41.92]M: You're really good at this.
[06:43.60]I'm glad you agreed to help me out.
[06:47.06]Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation
[06:50.81]you have just heard.
[06:53.34]19. What election are the speakers discussing?
[07:12.58]20. What can we learn from the conversation?
[07:31.25]21. What will the man do tonight?
[07:50.19]Conversation Two
[07:51.88]M: Hi, Kate. You look upset. What's up?
[07:55.04]W: Well, I'm trying to figure out
[07:56.47]where all my money has gone.
[07:58.65]M: You've lost your money?
[08:00.07]Did you get stolen?
[08:01.70]W: No, no,
[08:03.15]I seem to have spent all my allowance
[08:05.04]for this month.
[08:06.35]Now I don't even have money to go out and eat.
[08:09.38]M: Hey, I thought you had a good part-time job
[08:12.02]at the supermarket.
[08:13.77]W: I do. I work about 20 hours a week,
[08:16.67]and the pay is not bad, $10 per hour.
[08:19.81]M: Really? So that's what, $200 a week...
[08:23.63]times four weeks... so that's$800 a month.
[08:27.48]That's not a bad income for a student!
[08:29.73]W: I know.
[08:30.46]And my parents send me $250 a month, too. But...
[08:34.71]M: Wow, that's more than $1 000 a month.
[08:38.15]And you can't live on that?
[08:40.11]W: No, I only manage to save about $10 a month.
[08:44.24]M: It sounds like you have a budget problem.
[08:47.18]Simple, either work more or spend less.
[08:50.68]W: I'm definitely not going to work more.
[08:53.10]I'll have no time to study.
[08:54.88]M: So you'd better start spending less.
[08:57.47]Why don't you make a monthly budget?
[08:59.80]W: A budget? Hmm, maybe...
[09:02.70]hey, you major in economics, right?
[09:05.40]M: Uh, yeah, why?
[09:07.71]W: Well, you're the best person to
[09:09.20]help me make a budget!
[09:10.99]M: Um, that really needs a lot of time.
[09:13.54]We need to sit down and talk.
[09:16.98]Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation
[09:20.61]you have just heard.
[09:23.18]22. Why does Kate look upset?
[09:42.28]23. How many dollars altogether does Kate get e
[09:46.61]very month?
[10:02.97]24. What do we know about Kate?
[10:22.21]25. What is the man probably going to do?
[10:41.78]Section B
[10:43.22]Directions: In this section,
[10:46.40]you will hear 3 short passages,
[10:50.01]at the end of each passage,
[10:52.05]you will hear some questions.
[10:54.68]Both the passage and the questions
[10:57.08]will be spoken only once.
[11:00.83]After you hear a question,
[11:03.04]you must choose the best answer
[11:05.31]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
[11:09.94]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[11:13.96]with a single line through the centre.
[11:17.42]Passage One
[11:19.36]From the ancient times,
[11:21.20]marriage has been an important part of man's legal
[11:23.97]and religious systems.
[11:26.04]In addition to the laws governing marriage
[11:28.50]that each nation establishes,
[11:30.66]marriage customs have grown up
[11:32.33]that vary widely from country to country.
[11:35.24]Anthropologists have studied
[11:36.91]and written about the numerous marriage ceremonies
[11:39.38]and customs that exist throughout the world.
[11:42.72]Let's see some of the customs
[11:44.22]and the reasons for their existence in the United States.
[11:48.56]In the United States,
[11:50.32]once meet certain legal age
[11:52.52]and medical requirements,
[11:54.22]people are free to choose their own mates.
[11:56.80]Once a couple has decided to get married,
[11:59.27]the man customarily gives the girl a diamond ring.
[12:02.83]The use of a ring comes from the ancient custom of
[12:05.64]using a ring to seal an important agreement
[12:08.14]that they will be loyal to each other forever.
[12:11.44]When the wedding day is decided upon,
[12:13.60]the girl sends wedding announcements or invitations.
[12:17.17]Friends then send wedding gifts to the girl's home.
[12:20.45]On the wedding day,
[12:21.59]it's supposed to be bad luck for the bride
[12:23.70]and groom to see each other before the wedding.
[12:26.64]Another old tradition
[12:28.07]that many people believe will
[12:29.45]bring good luck to the marriage is
[12:31.39]for the bride to wear "something old,
[12:33.94]something new,
[12:35.10]something borrowed and something blue".
[12:38.03]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage
[12:41.77]you have just heard.
[12:44.33]26. What do we know about marriage
[12:48.23]according to the passage?
[13:04.97]27. Why does a man give a diamond ring to the girl
[13:09.65]when they decide to get married?
[13:26.95]28. What shouldn't a bride do before the wedding?
[13:46.92]Passage Two
[13:48.07]The National Association of Colleges and Employers
[13:51.18]collects information on the college job market.
[13:55.10]NACE's latest survey in March found that
[13:58.50]employers expected to hire 22% fewer graduates
[14:03.27]this year than last year.
[14:05.33]It also showed that just 1/5 of those
[14:08.46]who looked for jobs before graduation
[14:11.37]have got a job by now,
[14:13.61]which is compared to half of students
[14:15.82]who had looked for a job by this time
[14:18.05]two years ago.
[14:20.14]Engineering and Accounting graduates were
[14:22.08]more likely to have started their job hunting
[14:24.70]and to get a job.
[14:26.24]And these two are among the best paid professions
[14:29.44]for people with just a college degree.
[14:32.84]So how can students increase their chances
[14:35.31]for a job?
[14:36.87]Ella at NACE says
[14:39.46]the most effective tool is a school's
[14:41.69]career counseling center.
[14:44.22]Counselors can help students with job applications
[14:47.32]and preparing for interviews.
[14:49.53]They also let students know about
[14:51.57]job openings and events like job recruitment fairs.
[14:55.83]They can also help first-year students decide
[14:58.00]what to study.
[14:59.78]Another way to look for a job is to do an internship.
[15:03.34]This is when a student gets experience
[15:05.45]in a position that may or may not be paid.
[15:08.76]The latest NACE survey found
[15:11.60]that 73% of graduates
[15:14.00]who did get jobs had completed an internship.
[15:17.25]The group reported in March
[15:19.06]that employers expected to increase hourly wage offers
[15:22.45]for college interns by 5% from last year.
[15:26.03]But, because of the economy,
[15:27.67]employers reduced the number of internships
[15:30.07]available by 21%.
[15:33.29]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage
[15:37.16]you have just heard.
[15:39.87]29. What is the speaker mainly talking about?
[16:00.07]30. What can be inferred from NACE's latest survey?
[16:21.17]31. What do we know about an internship
[16:24.88]from the passage?
[16:41.43]Passage Three
[16:42.73]Skin is the largest organ of the body.
[16:46.00]It is the body's first barrier to infection.
[16:49.24]It keeps out many harmful bacteria and other things.
[16:53.28]It also keeps all the things we need in our bodies.
[16:57.26]The skin helps control body temperature.
[17:00.41]Glands(腺体) on the skin release fluid to cool the body
[17:04.18]when it gets too hot.
[17:06.06]When a person gets too cold,
[17:07.62]blood passages in the skin become narrow.
[17:11.05]This helps trap heat inside the body.
[17:14.25]Like other organs of the body,
[17:16.32]skin can also have problems.
[17:18.84]Almost any teenager can tell you
[17:21.21]the most common disorder: acne(粉刺),
[17:23.96]which is connected to hormones
[17:25.73]and how they affect the oil glands of the skin.
[17:28.50]Some people think eating chocolate
[17:30.81]or oily foods causes acne.
[17:33.67]Others blame dirty skin or nervous tension.
[17:37.14]Yet researchers tell us none of these cause acne.
[17:40.93]And skin experts say
[17:43.12]there are simple ways to help prevent acne.
[17:46.44]One is to touch your face as little as possible,
[17:49.98]so as not to add oils or put pressure on the skin.
[17:54.12]Another good idea is to
[17:55.64]avoid the urge to burst pimples(疙瘩).
[17:58.50]This can leave permanent marks on the skin.
[18:01.41]Doctors also say to avoid strong cleaning products,
[18:05.35]and to be gentle as you wash and dry your skin.
[18:09.12]However, there are kinds of skin problems
[18:11.81]which are far more serious than acne.
[18:15.52]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage
[18:19.08]you have just heard.
[18:21.37]32. What message does the speaker want to convey
[18:25.75]at the beginning of the passage?
[18:42.59]33. What causes acne according to researchers?
[19:03.09]34. Which is the right way to prevent acne?
[19:23.32]35. What is probably going to be discussed
[19:26.87]in the following passage?
[19:43.88]Section C
[19:45.37]Directions: In this section,
[19:48.30]you will hear a passage three times.
[19:51.44]When the passage is read for the first time,
[19:54.94]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[19:59.21]When the passage is read for the second time,
[20:02.47]you are required to fill in the blanks
[20:05.48]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words
[20:10.91]you have just heard.
[20:13.52]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46
[20:17.81]you are required to fill in the missing information.
[20:22.45]For these blanks,
[20:24.18]you can either use the exact words
[20:26.82]you have just heard
[20:28.52]or write down the main points
[20:30.91]in your own words.
[20:33.06]Finally,
[20:34.76]when the passage is read for the third time,
[20:38.01]you should check what you have written.
[20:41.23]Now listen to the passage.
[20:44.98]Thirty years ago, anyone blaming loneliness
[20:48.61]for physical illness would have been laughed at.
[20:51.85]But as scientists studied different populations,
[20:55.31]loneliness kept emerging as a risk factor.
[20:58.84]In one study, California researchers followed
[21:02.53]4 700 residents of Alameda County for 10 years,
[21:08.30]starting in 1965.At first, the participants reported
[21:14.69]their key sources of companionship
[21:17.22]and estimated the time they devote to each other.
[21:21.88]During the study, the people
[21:23.94]who reported the least social contact
[21:26.68]died at nearly three times
[21:28.65]the rate of those reporting the most.
[21:31.39]The source of companionship didn't matter,
[21:34.27]but time spent with others was critical.
[21:37.50]Since then, researchers have studied men, women,
[21:41.68]soldiers, and students from countries all over the world.
[21:47.13]And the same pattern keeps emerging.
[21:49.87]Women who say they feel isolated go on to die of cancer
[21:54.47]at several times the expected rate. College students
[21:58.61]who report "strained and cold" relationships
[22:01.58]with their parents suffer extraordinary rates
[22:04.26]of hypertension(高血压) and heart disease decades later.
[22:08.37]Heart-attack survivors who happen to live by themselves
[22:12.22]die at twice the rate of those who live with others
[22:16.45]For those of us who are still healthy,
[22:19.20]the lesson should be obvious.
[22:22.16]It's clear that reaching out to others
[22:24.84]can help out bodies thrive.
[22:27.34]It's equally clear that we're growing more isolated.
[22:31.61]In 1900, only 5 percent of US households
[22:36.74]consisted of one person living alone.
[22:39.69]The proportion reached 13 percent in 1960,
[22:44.07]and it stands at 25 percent today.
[22:53.55]Thirty years ago, anyone blaming loneliness
[22:57.04]for physical illness would have been laughed at.
[23:00.22]But as scientists studied different populations,
[23:03.44]loneliness kept emerging as a risk factor.
[23:07.25]In one study, California researchers followed
[23:10.88]4 700 residents of Alameda County for 10 years,
[23:16.69]starting in 1965.At first, the participants reported
[23:23.14]their key sources of companionship
[23:25.54]and estimated the time they devote to each other.
[23:29.99]During the study, the people
[23:32.29]who reported the least social contact
[23:35.15]died at nearly three times
[23:37.04]the rate of those reporting the most.
[23:39.71]The source of companionship didn't matter,
[23:42.70]but time spent with others was critical.
[23:46.23]Since then, researchers have studied men, women,
[23:49.80]soldiers, and students from countries all over the world.
[23:55.34]And the same pattern keeps emerging.
[23:58.39]Women who say they feel isolated go on to die of cancer
[24:02.78]at several times the expected rate. College students
[24:06.96]who report "strained and cold" relationships
[24:10.00]with their parents suffer extraordinary rates
[24:12.73]of hypertension(高血压) and heart disease decades later.
[24:17.18]Heart-attack survivors who happen to live by themselves
[24:20.74]die at twice the rate of those who live with others
[25:24.81]For those of us who are still healthy,
[25:27.22]the lesson should be obvious.
[25:30.33]It's clear that reaching out to others
[25:32.67]can help out bodies thrive.
[26:35.14]It's equally clear that we're growing more isolated.
[26:38.98]In 1900, only 5 percent of US households
[26:43.84]consisted of one person living alone.
[27:46.69]The proportion reached 13 percent in 1960,
[27:50.79]and it stands at 25 percent today.
[27:58.93]Thirty years ago, anyone blaming loneliness
[28:02.42]for physical illness would have been laughed at.
[28:05.60]But as scientists studied different populations,
[28:09.03]loneliness kept emerging as a risk factor.
[28:12.72]In one study, California researchers followed
[28:16.35]4 700 residents of Alameda County for 10 years,
[28:22.07]starting in 1965.At first, the participants reported
[28:28.54]their key sources of companionship
[28:30.99]and estimated the time they devote to each other.
[28:35.50]During the study, the people
[28:37.81]who reported the least social contact
[28:40.55]died at nearly three times
[28:42.43]the rate of those reporting the most.
[28:45.32]The source of companionship didn't matter,
[28:48.07]but time spent with others was critical.
[28:51.76]Since then, researchers have studied men, women,
[28:55.36]soldiers, and students from countries all over the world.
[29:00.81]And the same pattern keeps emerging.
[29:03.81]Women who say they feel isolated go on to die of cancer
[29:07.99]at several times the expected rate. College students
[29:12.44]who report "strained and cold" relationships
[29:15.43]with their parents suffer extraordinary rates
[29:18.10]of hypertension(高血压) and heart disease decades later.
[29:22.29]Heart-attack survivors who happen to live by themselves
[29:26.30]die at twice the rate of those who live with others
[29:30.25]For those of us who are still healthy,
[29:33.21]the lesson should be obvious.
[29:36.28]It's clear that reaching out to others
[29:38.72]can help out bodies thrive.
[29:41.70]It's equally clear that we're growing more isolated.
[29:45.73]In 1900, only 5 percent of US households
[29:50.47]consisted of one person living alone.
[29:53.69]The proportion reached 13 percent in 1960,
[29:58.06]and it stands at 25 percent today.
[30:05.97]This is the end of listening comprehension.
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