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in short/[ɪn-'ʃɔ:t]/ 简而言之 ...

四级考试巅峰训练一本通 Test 10

[00:00.94]Test Ten
[00:02.42]Section A
[00:04.11]1. M: It's such a beautiful day.
[00:07.30]Why not sit out in the backyard for a while and enjoy it?
[00:10.33]W: I'd love to. But there's a lot of laundry to do.
[00:13.44]Q: What will the woman probably do?
[00:31.70]2. W: The seminar originally scheduled for today has been canceled.
[00:36.31]M: Too bad. But it's still on for next week, isn't it?
[00:39.89]Q: What does the man assume about the seminar?
[00:58.41]3. W: Your ox tail soup is delicious.
[01:01.63]Would you give me the recipe?
[01:02.89]M: Certainly. I'm happy you like it.
[01:05.38]Q: How do the man and the woman feel?
[01:23.50]4. W: Dave, look over there,
[01:26.10]there is something in the sky. What is it?
[01:28.57]M: I don't know. It's probably a plane.
[01:31.50]Q: Where does the conversation most likely take place?
[01:50.84]5. W: I was quite surprised when I heard William play the violin.
[01:55.67]From what he said, I thought he was just starting his lessons.
[01:59.24]M: Oh, that's the way he always talks.
[02:01.77]Q: What do we learn about William from this conversation?
[02:20.69]6. W: You can take a seat in the lounge and have a rest.
[02:24.59]M: Thanks, but I'd rather stand.
[02:26.89]Q: What will the man probably do?
[02:44.91]7. M: Mrs. Smith, have you, your husband,
[02:48.26]or any members of your family
[02:49.92]suffered from any form of mental illness?
[02:52.41]W: No, but my father's family has a history of heart problems.
[02:56.67]Q: Who suffers from heart disease?
[03:14.78]8. M: Robert worked as a secretary for three years.
[03:18.67]Then he became a salesman.
[03:20.16]After that he started writing novels.
[03:22.37]W: I know. And he's been doing that ever since.
[03:25.43]Q: What is Robert's occupation now?
[03:43.69]Conversation One
[03:45.62]M: Math Department, Dr. Webster speaking.
[03:47.84]W: Hello, Professor Webster. This is Janet Hill calling.
[03:50.91]I live two doors down from your teaching assistant, Don Williams.
[03:54.63]Don asked me to call you
[03:55.94]because he's lost his voice and can't talk to you himself.
[03:58.85]M: Lost his voice? That's too bad.
[04:00.72]Is there anything I can do for him?
[04:02.54]W: Well, he has a class this afternoon from two thirty to four,
[04:05.95]and he won't be able to make it.
[04:07.67]But he doesn't want to cancel it either.
[04:09.73]M: Does he want me to try to find somebody else to teach it?
[04:12.74]W: No, not exactly.
[04:14.33]What he wants to do is get someone to go in for him
[04:17.36]— just to pass back the midterm exams.
[04:19.85]He's already marked them, and they're on the desk in his office.
[04:22.89]The whole thing wouldn't take more than …
[04:24.62]oh, ten minutes or so.
[04:26.61]M: Two thirty, you say?
[04:28.33]Well, I'm free then, and I was going to be on campus anyway,
[04:31.14]so I could do it for him.
[04:32.42]Where's his class?
[04:33.48]W: Carter Hall, room two fourteen.
[04:35.53]Will you need his office key to get the exams?
[04:37.82]I could bring it to you.
[04:39.13]M: Well, actually, that won't be necessary.
[04:41.31]We have a master key in the Math Department,
[04:43.17]so I can get into his office.
[04:44.79]W: Thank you, Professor Webster.
[04:46.29]M: My pleasure.
[04:47.61]W: Don doesn't have another class to teach until Thursday,
[04:50.43]and hopefully he'll be able to talk by then.
[04:52.79]He'll call you as soon as he can.
[04:54.57]Oh, and … uh … I almost forgot …
[04:57.38]M: Yes?
[04:57.97]W: Could you put the next assignment on the board too?
[05:00.44]They should solve the equations at the end of chapter eight,
[05:03.22]and that's due at the next class.
[05:04.82]M: Okay. No trouble at all.
[05:06.51]Thanks for the news about Don,
[05:07.91]and tell him not to worry about this.
[05:11.55]Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[05:15.87]9. What is Don's problem?
[05:33.60]10. What favor does Don want someone to do for him?
[05:52.24]11. What does Janet offer to do?
[06:10.34]12. What does Janet almost forget to ask Professor Webster to do?
[06:29.95]Conversation Two
[06:31.90]M: Come on, Julie, how're we going to convince everybody
[06:34.47]that I'm the best candidate?
[06:35.87]W: It won't be easy!
[06:37.02]M: Thanks a lot!
[06:37.77]W: Oh, just kidding.
[06:39.17]Actually, I think once we show everyone
[06:41.11]how well you did as junior class treasurer,
[06:43.79]you're sure to be elected president.
[06:45.50]M: Well. What's your strategy?
[06:46.87]W: One thing I was thinking of is to hang campaign posters
[06:49.74]in all the hallways.
[06:51.10]M: But everybody puts up posters.
[06:52.67]We need to do something different.
[06:54.05]W: Let me finish:
[06:55.55]The campus radio station is willing to let you
[06:57.89]have five minutes tomorrow morning at seven
[07:00.13]to outline your plans for the year.
[07:02.30]Lots of students'll hear you then.
[07:04.10]M: Great idea!
[07:05.33]W: I've also arranged for you to give a speech
[07:07.15]during dinner tomorrow.
[07:08.57]Over a hundred students'll be there.
[07:10.57]And you can answer questions after you finish speaking.
[07:13.12]M: That means I'd better come up with a speech pretty quickly.
[07:15.74]How about if I write it tonight
[07:17.08]and show it to you after chemistry class tomorrow?
[07:19.48]W: Fine. I'll see you after class.
[07:21.22]M: You're really good at this.
[07:22.30]I'm glad you agreed to help me out.
[07:25.82]Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[07:30.48]13. What election are the speakers discussing?
[07:49.30]14. What is the relationship between the speakers?
[08:08.02]15. What will the man do tonight?
[08:26.41]Section B
[08:28.39]Passage one
[08:30.29]An elderly woman yesterday
[08:31.88]made a legal claim against a department store
[08:34.35]because it had wrongly accused her of stealing a Christmas card.
[08:38.19]Mrs. White, 72 years old, is claiming $3,000
[08:42.13]for damages from the store
[08:43.41]for wrongful arrest and false imprisonment.
[08:46.37]Mrs. White visited the store while doing Christmas shopping,
[08:49.36]but did not buy anything.
[08:50.91]She was followed through the town by a store manager.
[08:53.82]He had been told that a customer saw her take a card
[08:56.65]and put it in her shopping bag.
[08:58.91]He stopped her at a bookstore as she was reading a book.
[09:02.11]Mrs.White said,
[09:03.23]"This man, a total stranger, suddenly grasped my bag
[09:06.68]and asked if he could look in it ".
[09:08.69]She was taken back to the store and shut in a small room
[09:11.66]in full view of shoppers for 20 minutes until the police arrived.
[09:16.11]At the police station
[09:17.08]she was body searched and nothing was found.
[09:19.73]Her lawyer said that the department store sent an insincere apology
[09:23.83]and they insisted that she may have been stealing.
[09:26.54]The hearing continues today.
[09:30.04]Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[09:34.36]16. What does the story tell us about the old woman?
[09:53.12]17. What was said to have been stolen?
[10:11.94]18. What happened to Mrs. White
[10:14.78]after she was taken back to the store?
[10:31.84]19. What was now the attitude
[10:34.81]of the department store in this legal case?
[10:52.48]Passage Two
[10:54.29]Welcome to the Ambassador Hotel.
[10:56.08]To make your stay as enjoyable as possible,
[10:58.36]we hope you will use our facilities to the fullest.
[11:01.34]Dining Room
[11:02.37]Breakfast is served in the dining room from 8 to 9:30 a.m.
[11:06.21]Alternatively the room staff will bring a breakfast tray
[11:09.31]to your room at any time after 7 a.m.
[11:11.59]In this case,
[11:12.52]please fill out a card and hang it outside your door
[11:14.66]when you go to bed.
[11:16.02]Lunch: 12 to 2:30 p.m.
[11:18.89]Dinner: 7:30 to 9 p.m.
[11:21.68]Room Service
[11:22.76]This operates 24 hours a day; phone the Reception desk,
[11:25.83]and your message will be passed on to the room staff.
[11:28.87]Telephones
[11:29.93]To make a phone call,
[11:30.96]dial 0 for Reception and ask to be connected.
[11:34.34]We apologise for delays in putting calls through
[11:36.60]when the staff are very busy.
[11:38.34]There are also public telephone booths near the Reception desk.
[11:41.54]Early calls should be booked with Reception.
[11:45.66]Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[11:50.24]20. Where would you most likely see this notice?
[12:09.25]21. What should you do if you would not like
[12:12.94]to have your breakfast in the dining room?
[12:29.57]22. What should you do
[12:32.13]if you want to make an early call in your room?
[12:49.55]Passage Three
[12:51.63]Having no language,
[12:52.80]infants cannot be told what they need to learn.
[12:56.02]Yet by the age of three,
[12:57.27]they will have mastered the basic structure of their native language
[13:00.58]and will be well on their way to communicative competence.
[13:05.03]Acquiring their language is a most impressive intellectual feat.
[13:09.02]Students of how children learn language generally agree
[13:12.29]that the most remarkable aspect of this feat
[13:15.21]is the rapid acquisition of grammar.
[13:18.00]Nevertheless, the ability of children to conform to grammatical rules
[13:22.19]is only slightly more wonderful
[13:23.99]than their ability to learn words.
[13:26.38]It has been reckoned
[13:27.69]that the average high school graduate in the United States
[13:30.97]has a reading vocabulary of 80,000 words,
[13:34.24]which includes idiomatic expressions
[13:36.55]and proper names of people and places.
[13:39.52]This vocabulary must have been learned over a period of 16 years.
[13:44.05]From the figures, it can be calculated
[13:46.41]that the average child learns at a rate of about 13 new words per day.
[13:51.17]Clearly, a learning process of great complexity
[13:53.91]goes on at a rapid rate in children.
[13:57.97]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[14:02.85]23. When does an infant have communicative competence?
[14:22.49]24. How many words does an average high school graduate know?
[14:41.86]25. What is the main subject of the passage?
[15:02.70]Section C
[15:04.62]The knowledge of language
[15:05.82]enables one to produce new sentences never spoken before
[15:09.11]and to understand sentences never heard before.
[15:11.65]Chomsky refers to this ability as
[15:14.06]part of the "creative aspect of language use."
[15:17.11]This doesn't mean that every speaker of language
[15:19.30]can create great literature,
[15:21.18]but it does mean that we can
[15:22.72]and often do "create"
[15:24.21]new sentences every time we speak
[15:26.20]and understand new sentences "created" by others.
[15:29.30]Language use is not limited to stimulus.
[15:31.82]If someone steps on our toes
[15:33.08]we will automatically respond with a scream,
[15:35.61]after that we can say "You stupid fellow."
[15:38.56]or any one of an infinite number of sentences,
[15:41.12]because the sentence we produce is not controlled by a stimulus.
[15:44.56]Knowing a language also means knowing
[15:46.36]what sentences are appropriate in various situations;
[15:49.45]saying "The Hamburger costs $2.00."
[15:51.71]after someone has just stepped on your toe
[15:53.72]during a discussion on weather would hardly be appropriate,
[15:56.68]but it would be possible.
[16:01.44]The knowledge of language
[16:02.53]enables one to produce new sentences never spoken before
[16:05.89]and to understand sentences never heard before.
[16:10.42]Chomsky refers to this ability as
[16:12.81]part of the "creative aspect of language use."
[16:17.70]This doesn't mean that every speaker of language
[16:19.96]can create great literature,
[16:22.81]but it does mean that we can
[16:24.30]and often do "create"
[16:25.89]new sentences every time we speak
[16:27.88]and understand new sentences "created" by others.
[16:30.91]Language use is not limited to stimulus.
[16:34.42]If someone steps on our toes
[16:35.76]we will automatically respond with a scream,
[16:40.05]after that we can say "You stupid fellow."
[16:43.01]or any one of an infinite number of sentences,
[17:35.33]because the sentence we produce is not controlled by a stimulus.
[17:38.87]Knowing a language also means knowing
[17:40.59]what sentences are appropriate in various situations;
[18:33.61]saying"The Hamburger costs $2.00."
[18:35.88]after someone has just stepped on your toe
[18:37.76]during a discussion on weather would hardly be appropriate,
[18:40.86]but it would be possible.
[19:32.28]The knowledge of language
[19:33.22]enables one to produce new sentences never spoken before
[19:36.72]and to understand sentences never heard before.
[19:39.25]Chomsky refers to this ability as
[19:41.64]part of the "creative aspect of language use."
[19:44.68]This doesn't mean that every speaker of language
[19:46.89]can create great literature,
[19:48.79]but it does mean that we can
[19:50.27]and often do "create"
[19:51.87]new sentences every time we speak
[19:53.84]and understand new sentences "created" by others.
[19:56.89]Language use is not limited to stimulus.
[19:59.41]If someone steps on our toes
[20:00.71]we will automatically respond with a scream,
[20:03.12]after that we can say "You stupid fellow."
[20:06.16]or any one of an infinite number of sentences,
[20:08.77]because the sentence we produce is not controlled by a stimulus.
[20:12.01]Knowing a language also means knowing
[20:13.96]what sentences are appropriate in various situations;
[20:17.02]saying"The Hamburger costs $2.00."
[20:19.31]after someone has just stepped on your toe
[20:21.12]during a discussion on weather would hardly be appropriate,
[20:24.21]but it would be possible.
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