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四级考试巅峰训练一本通 Test 1

[00:01.39] Test One
[00:02.76]Section A
[00:04.18]Directions:
[00:05.55]In this section,
[00:06.29]you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.
[00:09.78]At the end of each conversation,
[00:11.16]one or more questions will be asked about what was said.
[00:14.14]Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.
[00:17.72]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:19.80]During the pause,
[00:20.65]you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:24.30]and decide which is the best answer.
[00:26.40]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet
[00:28.62]with a single line through the centre.
[00:31.49]1. M: How much are the tickets?
[00:34.35]W: They're ten dollars each for the general public,
[00:36.75]but student tickets are half price.
[00:39.50]Q: How much will the man pay
[00:42.04]for two general tickets and two student tickets?
[00:59.54]2. W: Do you ever think of changing your major to art?
[01:03.64]M: Ever once in a while.
[01:05.55]Q: What does the man mean?
[01:22.74]3. M: I'll be with you as soon as I give this man his change.
[01:27.22]W: Don't worry about it. I'll have a look at your new books.
[01:30.91]Q: What can you infer from the talk?
[01:48.40]4. M: Susan wants to know if she can go with us to the party.
[01:52.78]W: That's strange.
[01:53.91]This morning she said she wanted to go by herself.
[01:57.44]Q: What does the woman mean?
[02:14.11]5. M: I think I'll have ice cream for dessert,
[02:17.24]what would you like to have?
[02:18.76]W: The chocolate cake looks delicious to me.
[02:21.07]But I'd rather skip my dessert, it would ruin my figure.
[02:25.16]Q: What dessert did the woman order?
[02:42.58]6. M: Hey, I heard you bought a parrot.
[02:45.95]W: That's right. Now if I could get it to talk.
[02:49.44]Q: What does the woman want to do?
[03:06.48]7. M: Your house looks nice. What did you do to it?
[03:10.51]W: I had it painted.
[03:12.21]Q: What did the woman do?
[03:29.06]8. W: Have you bought your plane ticket yet?
[03:32.04]M: Not yet. It costs a lot of money,
[03:33.96]so I've gone to several travel agencies to compare prices.
[03:37.68]Q: What does the man want to do?
[03:55.13]Conversation One
[03:56.95]M: Thanks for stopping by, Ann.
[03:58.65]I'd like to talk to you about a research project
[04:01.07]I thought you might be interested in.
[04:03.27]A friend of mine is working at Yellowstone National Park this summer …
[04:07.07]W: Yellowstone! I've always wanted to spend some time out in Wyoming.
[04:11.83]M: Wait till you hear what the project is …
[04:13.95]She's working with the buffalo population.
[04:16.49]The herds have been increasing in size lately,
[04:19.05]which is good in theory … 
[04:20.43]W: Yeah … but I thought they were in danger of becoming extinct.
[04:24.39]M: Well, apparently, because of all the winter tourists,
[04:27.68]paths are created in the snow.
[04:29.72]More buffalo are surviving the harsh winters
[04:32.09]because the paths make it easier
[04:33.88]for the buffalo to move around and find food.
[04:36.96]But it turns out that some of the herds are infected with a bacteria.
[04:40.48]W: Oh yeah, I heard about that. Bru—
[04:43.95]M: Brucella abortus.
[04:45.63]W: Right. It's been around for quite a while.
[04:48.59]M: Yes, it has. And because the buffalo population is increasing,
[04:52.62]they've been roaming more than usual,
[04:54.44]and the disease has begun to spread
[04:56.19]to the cattle ranches that border the park.
[04:58.45]W: That's bad news!
[04:59.70]Isn't that the disease that causes animals to abort their young?
[05:03.34]M: Yes, and it's caused a lot of controversy.
[05:05.98]Some of the ranchers even want to destroy the buffalo herds.
[05:09.27]W: That's awful! Have they made much progress with the research?
[05:13.52]M: So far, they've been collecting tissue samples from dead buffalo
[05:16.97]to see if the bacteria's present.
[05:19.35]W: I'd really be interested in working on this.
[05:22.16]You know I've been researching diseased animal populations … 
[05:25.59]M: That's why I thought of you …
[05:26.97]I took the liberty of mentioning your name to my friend.
[05:30.27]She's hoping you'll be able to spend the whole summer out there.
[05:33.83]W: Well, I was going to work on my thesis a lot in July,
[05:37.58]but I'm sure my adviser wouldn't want me to pass up this opportunity.
[05:42.78]Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[05:47.27]9. What did the professor want to talk to Ann about?
[06:06.23]10. According to the professor,
[06:08.57]why is the buffalo population increasing?
[06:26.55]11. Why does the professor think Ann
[06:29.80]would be interested in going to Yellowstone?
[06:46.97]12. How will Ann probably spend the summer?
[07:05.71]Conversation Two
[07:07.55]W: Today's guest on "Science Update" is David Brown.
[07:10.89]Dr. Brown, you and your team have found bacteria
[07:13.65]far below the Earth's surface.
[07:16.00]You must be thrilled about your discovery.
[07:18.53]M: Well, yes, it's very exciting.
[07:20.56]For a long time we'd suspected the presence of such organisms,
[07:24.06]but we lacked substantial evidence.
[07:26.50]W: How did you confirm the existence of the bacteria?
[07:29.68]M: Well, technology helped.
[07:31.51]Our drilling techniques have improved significantly,
[07:34.45]and so the risk that surface bacteria could be mistaken
[07:37.75]for those found at much greater depth was reduced.
[07:40.64]With the new techniques,
[07:41.99]we could get much deeper into the Earth.
[07:44.45]W: How far down did you actually get?
[07:46.72]M: In one case, about three kilometers.
[07:49.35]We were surprised, I must tell you,
[07:51.27]that there were organisms that far down.
[07:53.61]W: You know, it sounds like fiction, something like a lost world.
[07:57.45]M: Let's call it a hidden biosphere,
[07:59.80]and it's probably a very extensive one.
[08:02.47]The mass of the living organisms below the surface
[08:05.33]may be equal in size to the mass of the surface bacteria.
[08:09.49]W: Have you found any unique life forms?
[08:12.66]M: Yes. One of the organisms
[08:14.59]is the first anaerobic bacillus ever discovered.
[08:17.83]That means it can live and grow only where there is no oxygen.
[08:22.35]W: Is there any danger of these bacteria infecting people
[08:25.61]when you bring them to the surface?
[08:27.82]M: The bacteria in question were adapted
[08:30.24]to an environment that's hostile and alien to humans.
[08:33.18]Conversely, these anaerobic bacteria
[08:35.60]could not survive in our environment.
[08:37.75]So we really don't need to
[08:39.08]worry about these bacteria causing illness in people.
[08:43.36]Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[08:48.56]13. What is the main topic of the interview?
[09:07.90]14. What aspect of the hidden biosphere does the man discuss?
[09:28.32]15. According to the man,
[09:30.69]why is there no danger of infection by the bacteria?
[09:51.42]Section B
[09:52.83]Directions:
[09:54.24]In this section, you will hear 3 short passages.
[09:57.04]At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions.
[09:59.99]Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.
[10:03.61]After you hear a question,
[10:05.00]you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
[10:10.01]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet
[10:12.48]with a single line through the centre.
[10:15.59]Passage One
[10:17.27]I flew to San Francisco to take care of some business with Mr. Jordan.
[10:21.79]But as soon as I arrived,
[10:23.11]I got sick and couldn't meet with him.
[10:25.57]I had to call our appointment off.
[10:28.18]Then when I felt better,
[10:29.79]I thought about visiting him at his home.
[10:32.55]But he lived too far away.
[10:34.69]I tried to telephone him during office hours,
[10:37.48]but he was busy.
[10:38.88]The receptionist said that Mr. Jordan would call me back,
[10:42.09]but he didn't.
[10:43.35]I gave up trying to make a new appointment
[10:45.83]because it would take more time and effort than I wanted.
[10:49.47]A few days later,
[10:50.68]I saw a man on the street who looked like Mr. Jordon.
[10:53.97]And I called after him. It was someone else.
[10:57.36]When I returned to my hotel that day,
[10:59.70]I found a message which said that Mr. Jordan had gone out of town
[11:03.58]on some sudden unexpected business.
[11:06.57]I was sorry I had missed seeing him.
[11:09.23]But I enjoyed my sightseeing in San Francisco.
[11:13.57]Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[11:19.22]16. Why couldn't the speaker meet with Mr. Jordan
[11:23.28]when she got to San Francisco?
[11:40.37]17. Why did the speaker give up making another appointment?
[12:00.35]18. What do we learn from the story?
[12:18.46]Passage Two
[12:19.89]How long can you expect to live?
[12:22.15]That is to say, what is the average life expectancy for us?
[12:26.40]The average life expectancy varies from country to country,
[12:29.70]but for many countries nowadays,
[12:31.66]the average life expectancy is over 70 years.
[12:34.67]That means that the average person
[12:36.38]will live to be at least 70 years old.
[12:39.11]Actually, in the United States in 1980,
[12:41.93]the average life expectancy was 73.8 years.
[12:45.84]This age, 73.8 years,
[12:48.64]is a little higher than the average life expectancy in 1970.
[12:52.68]In 1970, the average was 70.8 years.
[12:56.33]In fact, if you look at the average life
[12:58.71]expectancy information for this century,
[13:01.47]You'll see that the average gets higher every year.
[13:04.29]For instance, in 1900 it was 47.3,
[13:08.04]and in 1960 the average lifetime was 69.7 years.
[13:12.71]So, you can see that in 80 years the life expectancy
[13:16.04]has risen from 47.3 years to 73.8 years.
[13:20.90]Why does the average life expectancy
[13:22.54]keep getting higher and higher?
[13:24.53]The main reasons are related to health care.
[13:26.85]First, health care, especially general health care
[13:30.29]for young children has improved steadily.
[13:33.27]Second, a large number of drugs
[13:35.30]have been developed in the past 40 or 50 years.
[13:38.40]These powerful drugs can prevent and cure many diseases
[13:41.73]that used to be fatal in the past.
[13:45.18]Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[13:50.14]19. How old can the average person in many countries live nowadays?
[14:10.79]20. What was the average life expectancy in 1970 in the United States?
[14:32.03]21. What is the factor that makes the average life expectancy
[14:37.04]keep getting higher and higher?
[14:54.54]22. What conclusion can you draw
[14:57.49]about the average life expectancy in this century?
[15:15.54]Passage Three
[15:17.07]As an industry, TV provides jobs for hundreds of thousands
[15:20.86]who make TV sets and broadcasting equipment.
[15:24.02]It also provides work for actors, technicians,
[15:27.05]and others who put on programs.
[15:29.46]As an art, television brings the theater
[15:32.05]and other cultural events into the home.
[15:34.92]Its influence on the life of average Americans is incalculable:
[15:39.23]it can influence their thoughts, their likes and dislikes,
[15:42.66]their speech, and even their dress.
[15:45.28]It can also add their store of knowledge.
[15:47.98]Through advertising, television helps businesses
[15:50.76]and manufacturers sell their products to millions of people.
[15:55.47]Television has brought political campaigns
[15:57.88]closer to the voters than in former days.
[16:00.55]Educational TV stations offer teaching in various subjects
[16:04.84]ranging from home nursing to art appreciation.
[16:08.28]Many large schools and universities
[16:10.41]have "closed circuit" television equipment
[16:13.08]that will telecast lectures and demonstrations
[16:16.26]to hundreds of students in different classrooms;
[16:19.30]and the lecture can be put on video tape to be kept for later use.
[16:23.61]Some hospitals use TV to allow medical students
[16:26.86]to get close up views of operations.
[16:30.77]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[16:36.27]23. What is the main feature of TV as an art?
[16:56.24]24. Why can we say TV plays an important part in American life?
[17:17.19]25. Why do some hospitals use TV?
[17:36.78]Section C
[17:38.28]Directions:
[17:39.66]In this section, you will hear a passage three times.
[17:42.61]When the passage is read for the first time,
[17:44.46]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[17:47.12]When the passage is read for the second time,
[17:49.05]you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 26 to 33
[17:52.64]with the exact words you have just heard.
[17:54.98]For blanks numbered from 34 to 36
[17:57.71]you are required to fill in the missing information.
[18:00.26]For these blanks,
[18:01.12]you can either use the exact words you have just heard
[18:03.87]or write down the main points in your own words.
[18:06.41]Finally, when the passage is read for the third time,
[18:09.11]you should check what you have written.
[18:12.54]There are many wedding traditions in the west.
[18:15.17]And some of them date back several hundreds of years
[18:18.01]and most of their origins have their roots
[18:20.31]in ancient superstitious beliefs.
[18:22.51]Placing a silver six pence in the bride's left shoe is a symbol of wealth.
[18:27.30]This is not just to bring the bride financial wealth
[18:29.97]but also a wealth of happiness and joy throughout her married life.
[18:33.70]The custom of the wedding veil
[18:35.24]is thought to predate the wedding dress by centuries.
[18:38.69]One explanation for it
[18:40.29]is that during the times of arranged marriages,
[18:42.63]the bride's face was covered
[18:43.95]until the broom was committed to her at the ceremony
[18:47.06]---- so it would be too late for him to run off
[18:49.03]if he didn't like the look of her!
[18:50.95]It is also thought that the veil was worn to protect the bride
[18:54.21]from evil spirits that would be floating around on her wedding day.
[18:57.58]This is why the veil covers the bride's face throughout the ceremony
[19:00.88]until the minister pronounces the couple man and wife.
[19:03.79]As for carrying the bride over the threshold,
[19:06.70]one explanation for it is related to Roman times
[19:10.14]when it was believed that if the bride stumbled
[19:12.22]when entering the newlywed's home for the first time,
[19:15.07]it would bring bad luck and harm to their marriage.
[19:18.00]So carrying the bride across the threshold
[19:20.22]would prevent this from happening.
[19:23.57]There are many wedding traditions in the west.
[19:26.22]And some of them date back several hundreds of years
[19:30.35]and most of their origins have their roots
[19:33.86]in ancient superstitious beliefs.
[19:37.55]Placing a silver six pence in the bride's left shoe is a symbol of wealth.
[19:44.72]This is not just to bring the bride financial wealth
[19:48.80]but also a wealth of happiness and joy throughout her married life.
[19:54.30]The custom of the wedding veil
[19:55.95]is thought to predate the wedding dress by centuries.
[20:00.76]One explanation for it
[20:02.27]is that during the times of arranged marriages,
[20:04.70]the bride's face was covered
[20:06.02]until the broom was committed to her at the ceremony
[20:58.38]— so it would be too late for him to run off
[21:00.35]if he didn't like the look of her!
[21:02.21]It is also thought that the veil was worn to protect the bride
[21:05.48]from evil spirits that would be floating around on her wedding day.
[21:57.66]This is why the veil covers the bride's face throughout the ceremony
[22:00.92]until the minister pronounces the couple man and wife.
[22:03.90]As for carrying the bride over the threshold,
[22:06.83]one explanation for it is related to Roman times
[22:10.19]when it was believed that if the bride stumbled
[22:12.21]when entering the newlywed's home for the first time,
[22:15.19]it would bring bad luck and harm to their marriage.
[23:10.01]So carrying the bride across the threshold
[23:12.13]would prevent this from happening.
[23:15.39]There are many wedding traditions in the west.
[23:18.09]And some of them date back several hundreds of years
[23:20.97]and most of their origins have their roots
[23:23.19]in ancient superstitious beliefs.
[23:25.72]Placing a silver six pence in the bride's left shoe is a symbol of wealth.
[23:30.54]This is not just to bring the bride financial wealth
[23:33.12]but also a wealth of happiness and joy throughout her married life.
[23:37.11]The custom of the wedding veil
[23:38.65]is thought to predate the wedding dress by centuries.
[23:42.10]One explanation for it
[23:43.63]is that during the times of arranged marriages,
[23:46.06]the bride's face was covered
[23:47.41]until the broom was committed to her at the ceremony
[23:50.41]— so it would be too late for him to run off
[23:52.47]if he didn't like the look of her!
[23:54.31]It is also thought that the veil was worn to protect the bride
[23:57.56]from evil spirits that would be floating around on her wedding day.
[24:00.93]This is why the veil covers the bride's face throughout the ceremony
[24:04.22]until the minister pronounces the couple man and wife.
[24:07.19]As for carrying the bride over the threshold,
[24:10.10]one explanation for it is related to Roman times
[24:13.42]when it was believed that if the bride stumbled
[24:15.70]when entering the newlywed's home for the first time,
[24:18.51]it would bring bad luck and harm to their marriage.
[24:21.45]So carrying the bride across the threshold
[24:23.80]would prevent this from happening.
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