赵丽考研词汇(四)
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2007-12-08 11:27:02  【打印
1995 Passage 1

重点词汇:

know of 知道。I don't know him, but I know of him.我不认识他,但听说过他。

live up to 做到;不辜负。

subtly (精细地;微妙地),形容词形式为subtle。Men always want to be a women's first love; women have a more subtle instinct; what they like is to be a man's last romance.男人总想成为女人的第一个恋人,女人则具有更微妙的本能,她希望成为男人追求的最后一个对象。

1995 Passage 2

重点词汇:

external  (外部的),反义词为internal(内部的)。Everybody acts not only under external compulsion but also in accordance with inner necessity.每个人的行动都不仅处于外部的推动,也同样依据内在的需要。

signpost (路标)←sign+post。

landmark  (界标)←land+mark。

obstacle  (障碍)即ob+st+acle,ob-前缀“阻碍”,st词根=stand,-acle后缀表物,“站在那里阻碍的东西”→障碍。Victory is not the end but a phase to the end. It is no more than the removal of obstacles.胜利不是目的而是达到目的的一个阶段。它不过是对障碍的消除。obstacles — things a person sees when they take their mind off their goal 障碍——当一个人的大脑脱离自己的目标时所看到的东西。

curiosity (好奇心;古玩)即curios+ity,curios(=curious)好奇的,-ity名词后缀,“引起好奇的东西”→古玩。参curiously,2001年Passage 5。Curiosity is a scholar's virtue.好奇心是学者的美德。curiosity — ①the key to creativity ②a willing, a proud, an eager confession of ignorance ③the first step to betrayal 好奇心——①打开创造力的钥匙 ②心甘情愿地、自豪地、急切地承认自己的无知 ③背叛的第一步。

1995 Passage 3

重点词汇:

subconsciously  (下意识地)←sub下+conscious有意识的+ly。

stockpile  (v.n.积蓄,贮存)←stock存储+pile堆积。

expertise (专门知识)←expert专家+ise后缀,“专家所掌握的东西”。

participant  (参与者)即parti+cip+ant,parti(=part),cip(=cap)抓,-ant后缀表人,“抓取部分东西的人”→参与分享的人→参与者。参participation(参加;分享),2001年Passage 1。

facilitate  (使便利)即fac+il(e)+itate,fac=fic词根“做”(参artificial←art+i+fic+ial,2002年Text 2),-ile后缀“易于……的”,-itate动词后缀,“使易于做的”→使便利。名词形式为facility(熟练);facilities(设施;便利条件)。It would facilitate matters if you were more co-operative.如果你再合作一点的话,事情就变得更容易了。It is not helps, but obstacles, not facilities, but difficulties, that make men.成就人的不是帮助而是障碍,不是便利而是困难。

breakdown  (n.崩溃;故障)←break+down。a nervous breakdown 神经衰弱。

dominant (支配的,占优势的)←domin+ant,domin词根“支配”,-ant后缀。参predominance(优势),2000年Passage 1。

1995 Passage 4

重点词汇:

inherent  (固有的;天生的)即in+her(e)+ent,in-在里面,here词根“黏着”=stick,-ent形容词后缀,“黏着在里面的”→固有的。同根词:adhere(v.黏附;坚持)←ad(=to)+here;coherent(黏着的)←co(=together)+her(e)+ent。I am not in the least disturbed when people regard my legs intently. I know they are doing so in pursuance of their inherent artistic instinct.当人们目不转睛地盯着我的双腿时,我丝毫不觉得不安。我明白他们这样做是出于天生的艺术直觉。←这是一位舞蹈家MM说的。

profound  (深刻的;渊博的)即pro+found,pro-向前,found词根“基底”(如foundation→found+ation→基础),“向前直探到底的”→渊博的。The opposite of a correct statement is a false statement. But the opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth.一种正确说法的对立物是一种错误的说法。一种深刻的真理的对立物则很可能是另一种深刻的真理。

soak up 吸收。

marathon  (马拉松)用谐音记。这种全长421954米的长跑比赛,是对运动员体力与意志力的考验。

rejoice  (使欣喜)即re+joice,re-反复,joice=joy,“使反复高兴”→使欣喜。Why is it that we rejoice at a birth and grieve at a funeral? Is it because we are not the person concerned?为什么我们在有人出生时高兴,在有人入葬时悲伤?是否由于自己不是当事者?

disproportionate  (不成比例的)即dis+proportion+ate,dis-否定前缀,proportion比例,-ate此处为形容词后缀。Literature happens to be the only occupation in which wages are not given in proportion to the goodness of the work done.文学碰巧是唯一的这么一种职业,其报酬与所做工作的优异不成比例。

preoccupation  (全神贯注)即pre+occup(y)+ation,pre-在前,occupy占据,-ation名词后缀,“在别的事物前占据注意力”→全神贯注。

consideration  (考虑;体谅;需考虑的事)←consider考虑+ation;

considerate  (考虑周到的;体谅的)←consider+ate。Labor is the superior of capital, and deserves much the higher consideration.劳动高于资本,理应得到多得多的报酬。A child that lives with sharing learns to be considerate.同意分享的孩子知道为人着想。

1995 Passage 5

重点词汇:

subsequent  (随后的)←sub+sequ+ent,sub-在下,sequ(=follow)词根“跟随”,-ent形容词后缀。Be sure not to tell a first falsehood, and you needn't fear being detected in any subsequent ones.千万别说第一个谎话,这样就不用害怕在随后的谎话中被人发现。

duration  (持久;持续时间)即dur+ation,dur词根“持续”,-ation名词后缀。同根词:durable(持久的)←dur+able可……的;endurance(持久力;忍耐力)←en使……+dur+ance。It is not the strength but the duration of great sentiment that makes great men.造就伟人的不是力量,而是伟大情操的持久。

contemporary  (当代的;同时代的;同时代的人)←con+tempor+ary,con-一起,tempor看作temper(性情),-ary后缀,“性情相同的(人)就是同时代的(人)”。Most contemporary books give the impression of having been manufactured in a day, out of books read the day before.大部分当代书籍给人的印象,是花一天工夫用前一天读过的书加工而成的。I don't go along with all this talk of a generation gap. We're all contemporaries. There's only a difference in memories, that's all.我对代沟这种说法完全不能苟同。我们都是同时代的人,只是记忆有所不同,仅此而已。

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