高考英语词汇大串讲
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2008-02-12 09:09:18  【打印
高考英语词汇大串讲

高考英语词汇大串讲

an art. 一(个 ,件……)

1. 用于辅音音素起首的词前: an old man, an honest boy, an hour, an honor...

2). 用于辅音音素起首的词前:a pen, a university, a useful book...

ability n. 1. special natural power to do sth. well 才能;才干

2. power or skill to do, to think, to act etc. 能力

able adj. having enough power or skill to do sth. 能够;有能力的

unable adj. not able 不能够

disable v. make unable to use one's body properly 使丧失能力,使残废

the disabled 残疾人(pl.)

aborigine n. (of people) having lived in a place from the earliest times 土著;土人

about adv. 大约;到处,四处

prep. 在各处,四处;关于

be about to 即将

above prep. 在……上面

adv. 在上面

adj. 上面的

below (注意 over 意为正上方,其反义词为 under)

above all 首先

abroad adv. to or in another country 到国外,在国外

home and abroad 国内外

go abroad 去国外

absence n. being away 不在;缺席

presence 出席

absent adj. not present 不在的;缺席的

absent-minded adj. 心不在焉的

present 出席的

accent n. particular way of speaking 口音

accept v. receive sth. offered willingly (乐意地)接收;收下,相信

receive 收到

accept 收下

acceptable adj. 可接受的;值得接受的

refuse v. 拒绝

accident n. sth. usu.unpleseant that happens unexpectedly 意外 (事故; 祸事)

accident 通常指“不幸的”意外事故,如车祸,摔伤,砸伤等,多指无意或偶然造成的。

incident 通常指大事件中较小的事件,小插曲或人生中所碰到的虽小但留下较深印象的平凡事件。它还用来指政治上具有一定影响的事态,如战争、,叛乱等。

by accident 偶然;碰巧

according

according to prep. from what is said or written 根据;按照

ache vi. & n. having a continuous dull pain 持续地隐隐作痛(不指一时的刺痛)常与表示身体某些部分的词连用。如:

headache, toothache, stomachache...

achieve v. 1). finish successfully 完成,实现 2).get by effort 获得;达到

achievement n. 成就,成绩

achieve 指经过努力而获得动力或达到某种目的

gain 指经过努力而奋斗而,获得某种利益,如处世经验

get 常用词,指以某种方法或手段得到某种东西,这东西可能是他需要或企图获得的,也许不是。

across prep. & adv. from one side to the other 穿过,由这边到另一边;横过

cross v. 穿过; 横过

act v. do sth. 做;行动

v. perform in a play or film 演出;扮演角色

n. something that one has done 行为;动作,举动

law 法案;条例;法例

action n. 行动

actor n. 男演员

actress n. 女演员

act as 充当;担任

act...out 比划着表演

active adj. always ready to do things 积极的;主动的,活跃的

take an active part in 积极参加

be active in 热心于

actual adj. real 真实的,实际的

actually adv. in fact 实际上;事实上

real, true 与 actual的区别:

real 真的,真正的,指客观上存在,并非想象和虚拟,与“无”相对,反义词为 unreal

true 真实的,强调事实的实际情况相符,与“假”相对,反义词为 false

actual 真的,强调事实上已经发生或存在,而不是理论上可发生或存在

AD ( in the year ) since the birth of Christ 公元;纪元

BC before Christ 公元前

ad = advertisement n. 广告

add v. put with something else 增加;添加;补充说

add...to... 往……加……

add up to 加起来总共是

address n. where a person lives 住址

n. 演讲

v. 对……发表演讲;称呼

admire v. to regard with pleasure and respect 钦佩;羡慕

admire 后接名词或动名词;不接that引导的从句

admiration n. 赞美;羡慕

admirer n. 羡慕者;钦佩者(男)

admiringly adv. 钦佩地

admit v.(admitted, admitting) 1).let in 许可;允许……进入

2). agree to the truth of ( usu. sth. bad ) 承认;供认

advance v. & n. 1). to put or move forward 前进;向前

2). to offer; suggest 提出

n. 1. forward moment 前进

2. a development, improvement 进展、进步

advanced adj. 先进的

advantage n. 优势;便利

adventure n. exciting and perhaps dangerous experience 历险;奇遇

adventurer n. 冒险家

advice n. opinion given to someone about what to do 忠告;劝告; 意见

advise v. 劝告

persuade v. 说服

aeroplane n. = plane 飞机

affair n. event 事件;事情

foreign affairs 国家事务

love affairs 桃色事件

accident 指不幸的意外事故,如:车祸;摔伤,多指无意或偶然的。

incident 指小插曲,多指政治上具有影响有事件,如叛乱,事变等。

event 大事

affect v. influence 影响

afford v. 1). be able to pay for 买得起

2). be able to risk 负担得起;足以

注意: afford 前常用can, can’t, be able to等;后面常接名词或不定式

afraid adj. 1). frightened 害怕;担心,畏惧

2). sorry for sth. that has happened or is likely to happen 很抱歉;恐怕,我想

be afraid of sth. 害怕(会做)

be afraid to do sth. 不敢(去做)

Africa n. a continent 非洲

African adj. 非洲人的 n. 非洲人

after prep. adv. & conj. later than 在……之后;由于;尽管;寻找

after all 毕竟;终究

afternoon n. after midday 下午,午后

afterwards adv. after that 以后,后来

again adv. once more 再一次

again and again 再三地,反复地(= time and again)

once again 再一次

against prep.1). in opposition to 反对

2). touching 靠着;绮着

3). having...as a background 以……为背景

age n. 1). length of time someone has lived 年龄;寿命

2). period of history 时代;世纪

3). a long time 长时间

at the age of 在……岁的时候月

ago adv. back in time from now

ago 表示从现在算起的若干时间以前,谓语动词常用一般过去时

before 表示从过去某时算起的若干时间以前,谓语动词常用过去完成时

agree v. 1). say yes 同意;赞同

2). match 与……一致

agree with 表示同意某人的意见,想法,分析,解释等,还可表示 “与……一致”;适合(气候,食物等)”,常用 agree with sb.

agree to 表示“同意某项建议,计划,办法等”

agree on 表示 “就……取得一致意见”后常接表示具体协议的文件,计划,行动等。句中主语通常包括当事双方。

agreement n. 协议;同意

agriculture n. farming 农业

agricultural adj. 农业的

ahead adv. in front 在前,向前

ahead of 提前

aid v.& n. help 援助,帮助

first aid 急救

aim v.& . n. 1). intend 旨在;目的在于

2). point toward 瞄准(常与 at 连用)

n. 1. The at of directing a weapon 瞄准

2. the desired result of one'e efforts 目标、目的

air n. mixture of gases that we breathe 空气;气氛

v. let in air 使……通风

by air 乘飞机(by plane)

in the air 在空中

on the air (用无线电,电视)播送

aircraft n. plane 航空器(单复数同形)

airline n. business that carries passengers and goods by air 航空公司;航空系统

airliner n. 大型客机

airport n. a place where aircraft regularly land or take off 航空港

alive adj. living 活着

dead 死去

alive 常作表语,作定语时须放在被修饰的词的后面

living 强调的是“健在”,“尚在人间”这一现在情况;alive 只用来说明生死之间的“界线”

all pron. adj. & adv. the whole of ; every one of 全部,所有(的)

1. 可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词,而复数视主语而定

2. all 修饰名词时,名词前须加定冠词 the 或形容词性物主代词my, his, her等

3. whole 不能修饰物质名词或专有名词,不说 the whole water,但可以说the whole of the water

all right 好,行 all the time 一直

all the same 仍然 all one’s life 一生

all over the world 全世界 not at all 一点也不

allow v. to let (someone) do something; let (something) be done 允许

let 指不反对和不阻止,后接不带to的不定式作宾补

allow 指听任或默认某人去做某事

permit 表示正式地许可,会比较积极地同意某人去做某事

promise 表示答应许诺,表示主语许诺要去做某事

almost adv. very nearly 差不多;几乎

almost 与 nearly 的主要区别:

修饰 no, none, never, any 以及 no, 和 any 的合成词时,一般用 almost

alone adj. & adv. without others 单独;独自; only 仅仅;只有

alone 作形容词,只用作表语,强调客观上的单独,不指心理上的寂寞

lonely 寂寞的,偏僻的

along prep. toward the end of 沿着……

adv. forward; on 向前,往前;with others 共同

aloud adv. in a voice that can be heard 高声

read aloud 朗读

think aloud 自言自语把心里想的说出来

aloud 表示出声,并非很大声

loud 响亮地;大声地

loudly 含有“喧闹”的意思

already adv. by or before a stated time 已经

already 常用于肯定句

yet 常用于否定句和疑问句

still 表示仍然,仍旧,可以用于肯定句,否定句或疑问句

also too, as well 也;并且

also 用于肯定句,通常位于 be 动词,助动词或情态动词之后,行为动词之前

too 用于肯定句,比 also 通俗,可放在句中,也可入在句末

either 用于否定句,只放在句末

as well 放在句末

although conj. & though 虽然,尽管

though 更常用,两者可兼用;though 可放在句尾; although 不可放在句尾

altogether adv. completely 全部一起,总共

always adv. at all times 总是;for ever 永远

always 总是,含“毫无意外”之意

often 指“经常性”的动作

usually 侧重已形成“习惯”的角度;说明动作

amazing adj. surprising 令人惊奇的

America n. 美国;美洲

American adj. 美国的;美洲的 n. 美国人;美洲人

among prep. in the middle of 在……之中

among 应是三者或三者以上

between 常指两者之间;还可作副词用,表示 “在……其间”

ancestor n. forefather 祖先

ancient adj. 古代的

and conj. as well as 和;又

and so on 等等

anger n. fierce displeasure 恼火;气愤

angry adj. 愤怒的;生气的

be angry ( mad) with sb. 生某人的气

be angry at ( about ) sth. 为某事生气

animal n. a living creature ( not a plant ) 动物;畜牲般的人

announce v. make known publicly

announcement n. 通告,通知

announce 与 declare的区别:

announce 指正式“公布”,“宣布”,侧重预告人们关心或感兴趣的事情,尤指新闻

declare 正式向公众宣布,侧重“当众”发表,多用于宣战、议和、宣判等

another pron. an additional one 另一个

another 用于三个或以上中的一个

the other 指两个中余下的那一个(注:the other 还可修饰复数名词)

one after another 一个接一个

answer v & n. reply to 回答,答案

answer 及物动词

reply 不及物动词vi.,后接 to,为书面用语

an answering machine 留言机

answer for 对……负有责任,受到惩罚

ant n. a small insect living on the ground in well -ordered group and famous for hard work

Antarctica n. & adj. the most southern part of the world 南极洲

anxious adj. troubled 忧虑的;担心的

eager 渴望的

be anxious about 为……不安

be anxious for 1).为……担心 2).很想要某样东西 = be anxious to do

any[ ] pron. & adv. one; every 任何;任何人,一些。一般用于否定句和疑问句,表示“任何数量”,可修饰可数或不可数名词,用于肯定句表示“任何一个”。

anybody; anyone 任何人

anything 任何事

anyhow ( anyway ) 无论如何

anywhere 任何地方

anytime 无论何时

apart from besides 除了

apologize v. say sorry 道歉

apologize to sb. for sth. 因某事向某人道歉

make an apology to sb. for sth. 因某人向某人道歉

a letter of apology 道歉信

appear vi. be seen 出现; seem 似乎

appearance n. 出现

appearances n. 外表

disappear vi.消失

apple n. a hard round fruit with juicy flesh and usu. a red green or yellow skin 苹果

the apple of someone's eye 掌上明珠

application n. request 申请;申请书

apply for 申请

apply to 适用于

appreciate v. enjoy 欣喜;be thankful for 感激(后接名词或动名词)

April n. the fourth month of the year 四月

April fool 在愚人节(4月1日)早上受骗的人

area n. a particular space 区域;范围

argue v. provide reasons for or against 辩论;争论

argument n. 争论

argue with sb. about ( on, over ) sth. 就某事与某人争论

argue for 主张

argue against 据理反对

arm n. either of the 2 upper limbs of a human being 胳膊;手臂

arm in arm 挽臂

take sth.(sb.) in one's arms 抱

take up arms 拿起武器

armchair n. 扶手椅

army n. a large body of people armed and trained for war 军队

around prep & adv. in every direction; surround 到处,四周;大约

round 为 adj. adv. n. & v.

around 只有 prep. 或 adv.

arrive vi. reach a place

arrive at 到达(小地点)

arrive in 到达(大地点)

arrival n. 到达

art n. the making or expression of what is beautiful e.g. in music, literature, or painting 艺术;艺术品;技巧

artist 艺术家(尤指画家)

as conj. adv. & prep. in the same degree 和一样;由于;作为

as a matter of fact 事实上

as...as 象……一样

not as...as 不象

as a result 结果

as a rule 通常

as usual 照常

as well 也

as well as 和

serve as 用作

such as 象……那样

the same as 象……那样

ashamed adj. feeling shame, guilt or sorrow 感到羞愧;内疚; 悔恨

Asia n. 亚洲

Asian adj. 亚洲的 n. 亚洲人

ask v. request 问,请求,要求;邀请

ask for sth. 要求得到

ask sb. for sth. 请某人给某物

asleep adj. sleeping

fast (sound) asleep 熟睡

assistant n. person who helps 助手;助理

astonish vt. produce surprise or wonder 使吃惊(astonish 语气比surprise重)

astonished at (by) 对……感到吃惊

astonishing adj. 惊人的

astonishment n. 惊讶

at prep. showing where 在(小地点);在(某一时间);对(与动作的目标连用)

at the beginning of 开始

at last 最后

at least 至少

at most 最多

at first 起初

at table 进餐时

at a distance 在稍远处

at all 全然;完全不;究竟

at large 逍遥法外

at once 立刻

at present 现在

at sea 航行中;茫然

at the bottom of 在……底部

at the end of 在……的结尾

at the foot of 在……脚下

at the same time 同时

at high speed 高速地

athlete n. person who is skilled in running and jumping, etc.田径运动员

attack v.& n.1). bring violence 进攻

2). speak or write strongly against 用言语或文字攻击

3). harm; damage 伤害

attempt v.& n. try 试图;尝试(比 try 更正式;try 更常用)

attend v. 1). be present at 参加

2). pay attention to 注意

3). look after 照料

attend 指参加会议,听报告,典礼,仪式,上学等(attend to服务)

join 指加入某团体,如参军,入团等

join in 指参加比赛的活动

take part in 指参加群众性活动、运动、劳动等(在活动中发挥作用)

attention n. careful thought 注意,关心

pay attention to (接名词或动名词)

attitude n. way of feeling and behaving 态看法

attract vt. draw towards 吸引

attractive adj. 妩媚动人的;英俊的

August n. the 8th month of the year 8月

aunt n. sister of one's father or mother; or wife of uncle 姑;姨,婶,伯母,舅母

auntie = aunt

uncle 叔,伯,舅,姑父,姨父

Australia n. 澳大利亚

Australian adj. 澳大利亚的 n. 澳大利亚人

autumn n. the season after summer 秋天;秋

fall 秋天(美语)

avenue n. street 大街(多指林荫大道)

average n. amount by adding together and then divided by the number 平均;平均数

on average 按平均数计算

awake adj. not asleep 醒着的,知道的

v. (awoke; awoken) wake 唤醒

away adv. to or at another place 离开;不在;在别处

be away from 远离……

go/run away 走/跑开

right away 立刻

far away 遥远

B

baby n. very young child( animal ) 婴儿;幼畜;雏鸟

baby-sitter n. 临时保姆

back n. the part of one's body opposite the chest 背部;背后;后部

At the back of the house there is a kitchen garden.

adv. in or into an earlier place 回原处,在原处

Now you can go back to your seat, Tom.

v. move backwards 向后退

Attention, please. This car is backing up.

bad adj.(worse, worst) unpleasant 坏的;讨厌的;质量低劣的

badly adv. (worse, worst)严重地,非常,很差

bag n. soft container that opens at the top 袋子

handbag 手提袋

schoolbag 书包

baggage n. luggage 行李(不可数名词)

baggage Am.E

luggage Br.E

bake v. cook in an oven 烘;烤

baker n. 面包师

bakery n. 面包店

balance n. & v. keep steady 平衡

n. a machine for weighing 天平

  n. sum needed for making the accounts equal 结余

ball n. 1. round object used in games 球;球状体

2. formal dancing (正规的)大型舞会

basketball 篮球

football 足球

volleyball 排球

baseball 棒球

handball 手球

balloon n. (usu. rubber)bag filled with gas or air so that it can float 气球

bamboo n. a tropical plant of the grass family 竹子

ban vt. & n. forbid esp. by law (尤指法律)禁止

banana n. long yellow tropical fruit 香蕉

bank n.1. place where money is kept and paid 银行

2. land beside a river or lake 岸;堤

bar n. 1. long narrow piece of solid material 条状物;棒;杆

2. place where alcoholic drinks are sold 酒吧

bare-footed adj. & adv. without shoes on the feet 赤脚的; 赤脚地

bargain v. talk about the conditions of a sale 讨价还价

n. something sold cheap 廉价买到的物品

base n. 1. origin from which something develops 基础

2. centre from which something is controlled 根据地

base n. 指有形的基础

basis n. 常指无形的基础

basic adj. 基础的;基本的

basin n. round container for liquids; bowl 水盆;脸盆

n. are of country shaped like this 盆地

basket n. light woven container 筐;篮

basketball 篮球

bath n. 1. act of washing the whole body at one time 洗澡

2. container in which one sits to wash the whole body 浴盆; or: bathtub 浴缸;浴池

have(take) a bath 洗澡;冲凉

bathe vi.洗澡 vt. 给……洗澡 n. 海(河,湖)水浴

bathing suit n. piece of clothing worn when swimming游泳衣

battle n. a fight between enemies 战斗;战役 vi. fight 战斗

campaign 指大的战役

battle 指中等战斗或战役

fight 指小的战斗

in battle 在战斗中

battlefield 战场,激烈争执所在

bay n. wide opening along a coast 海湾

bC n. before Christ 公元前

AD 公元

be v.(am, is, are, was, were, being, been) 是,成为

beach n. a shore of a sea, lake or a river 海(湖、河)滩

beach 多指海滨浴场

shore 大自然的海(河、湖)岸

seaside 海边,尤指渡假之处

bean n. seed of any of various plants esp. used for food 豆,豆类

green beans 青豆

peas 碗豆

soybean 黄豆

mung bean 绿豆

bean curd 豆腐

bear n. large heavy furry animal 熊

vt. 1. suffer or accept 忍受

2. give birth to 出生 (多用被动态)

I was born in London in 1980.

bear … in mind 牢记

beard n. hair on the face below the mouth (下巴上)胡须

moustache 嘴唇上的胡子 whisker 腮须

beat v.(beat, beaten) 1. hit many times 打

2. punish by hitting 欧打

3. hit regularly 规律性的拍击;(心)跳动;

4. defeat 打败

beat .. to death 打死

beauty n. 1. quality of being beautiful 美丽

2. someone(usu. female) or something beautiful 美人;美的事物

beautiful adj. 美丽的

pretty adj. 美丽的, 漂亮的

handsome adj. 英俊的

beautiful 和 pretty 多指女性的美,handsome 多指男子的英俊,亦可指物,意为美、雅、壮观等

  What a handsome old building it is!

He earned quite a handsome salary for his work.

because conj. for the reason that 由于;因为;(接从句)

because of 由于;因为(接名词、代词或短语)

become v.(became; become) come to be 变得;成为

bed n. furniture to sleep on 床

go to bed 上床睡觉(go to sleep = fall asleep入睡)

make the bed 整理床铺

bedclothes 床上用品

bedroom 卧室

beer n. a type of bitter alcoholic drink made of grain 啤酒(一般为不可数名词,但表示“份”,“杯”时为可数名词)

beef n. the meat of farm cattle 牛肉

been. stinging insect that makes honey 蜜蜂

beehive 蜂箱

before prep. adv. & conj. in front of 在前面;earlier in time than 在……前

before long 不久后 : long before …很久以前

Work hard and before long you will catch up with your classmates.

The house had been built there long before I was born.

beforehand adv. 预先

beg v. to ask humbly for (food, money..) 乞丐;乞求;恳求

beg one's pardon 请原谅

beggar n. 乞丐

begin v. (began, begun, beginning) start 开始

begin with 从……开始

at the beginning of 在……开始时

behind prep. & adv. at the back of 在……之后

behind 多指位置之后,不说 behind six o'clock

fall behind 落在后面

being n. a living thing 生物;人

a human being 一个人

come into being 产生

believe[ ] v. consider … to be true 相信,认为

belief n. 信仰;信条

believe 相信……说的话

believe in 信任(某人) ( =trust )

John didn’t believe me. = John thought what I said was untrue.

We all believe in you. Just go ahead. = We all think we can rely on you.

bell n. metal object that makes a ringing sound 钟;铃

ring a bell 打铃

belong v. be the property of 属于

belong to 属于;是……的成员

below prep. & adv. lower than 在下面

below 指位置低于某物,但不一定在其正下方,反义词为 above

under 指在某物的正下方,反义词为 over

belt n. band 带;传送带;腰带

bench n. long seat 长凳

bend v.(bent, bent) move into a curve 使弯曲;弯曲;俯身 (down, over, forward, back)

bent adj. 弯曲的

beside prep. next to 在……旁边

besides prep. as well as 除了……以外 adv. in addition 而且

besides 指“除……外”(还有; including)

except 指“除……外”(不再有; exluding)

We have to study biology, chemistry and geography besides Chinese, English and mathematics. (We have to study six subjects in all.)

We have to go to school every day except on Sunday. (We have to go to school six days a week; Sunday is not a day for school.)

best adj. adv. & n. most skillful (moral, quality..) 最好 (是 good 或 well 的最高级)

do one's best 尽最大努力

all the best 一切顺利

best-seller n. (a book) that sells in very large numbers 畅销书

better adj. & adv. (good 或 well 的比较级)更好的(地)

had better (do) 最好(做)( 后接动词原形 )

between prep. & adv. in or into a space, or a period of time 在(两者之间)

between 用于两者之间; 亦可用于两者以上的之间,但各个为独立的,between 应与 and 连用,不与 or 连用; among 用于三者或三者以上

There is no secret between you and me.

The Danube (多瑙河) runs between many countries.

beyond prep. & adv. out of reach of 超出;在……那边;在远处

bicycle n. 2 wheeled vehicle 自行车 = bike

big adj. large 大的,大块头的 small 小

big 指体积或面积的大,也指人块头大或大人物

large 常指体积和容积的大,通常不指人

great 伟大,巨大,指长度高度的大;常修饰抽象事物

bill n. 1. list of things that must be paid for 帐单;清单

2. piece of paper money 纸币;钞票

3. plan for a future law 结案;议案

billion num.(美,法)十亿;(英,德)百亿

biology n. scientific study of living things 生物学

bird n. a creature with wings and feathers 鸟

birth n. being born 出生

birthday 生日

birthplace 出生地

give birth to 分娩

biscuit n. flat thin dry cake 饼干

bison n. large wild cow-like animal 北美野牛

bit n. small piece 小块

a bit(of) 有点

bit by bit 一点一点地

not a bit = not at all 一点也不

not a little = very; quite 很,非常

After work I was not a bit tired, so I went swimming with Dick.

After swimming I was not a little tired, so I went to bed without dinner.

bite (bit, bitten) v. & n. cut with the teeth 咬

bitter adj. not sweet 苦的;痛苦的,伤心的

sweet 甜

black adj. & n. of the color of night 黑色

blackboard 黑板

blame v. consider responsible for something bad 责怪

blame sb. for sth. 为某事责怪某人

blame sth. on sb. 把某事归咎于某人

be to blame 某人有过失

blanket n. thick bed covering 毯子,厚的覆盖物

carpet 地毯

bleed (bled, bled) vi. lose blood 流血

blood n. 血

bless v. to ask God's favor for 保佑;祝福

blind adj. unable to see

be blind in 瞎了

be blind to ……对……视而不见

The old horse was blind in the right eye.

One is often blind to one’s own mistakes. So we must help each other.

block n. solid piece of material 大块;街区

v. prevent movement 阻塞;阻挡

blouse n. women's shirt 女装短上衣;女衬衫

blow v. (blew, blown) send out air 吹风,吹气

n. hard stroke with the hand or a weapon 打击

blow away 刮走

blue adj. & n. of the color of the clear sky 天蓝色的,

adj. improper 色情的 blue films 色情电影

board n. flat piece of wood 木板

on board 在船上(汽车,飞机)上

boat n. small ship 小船

vi. row a boat 划船

boat 小船

canoe 独木舟

motorboat 机动船

ship 大船

warship 战舰

body n. person or animal's whole physical structure 身体; 尸体

body language 体态语

body-building 健身

boil v. come to the temperature on which a liquid changes to gas 煮沸

boiling water 沸腾的水

boiled water 煮开过的水

bomb n. container filled with explosives 炸弹

v. to attack with bombs 爆炸

bone n. hard parts of the body 骨头

book n. sheets of paper fastened to be read 书

v. reserve 订后;订票

bookmark n. 书签

bookstore n. 书店(美)

bookshop n. 书店(英)

bore vt. make (sb.) tired or uninterested 使……厌倦

born (bear的过去分词) 出生

be born 出生于

borrow v. 1. receive something lent 借(进);借入

2. copy 采用

borrow 借入

lend 借出

boss n. Employer; someone senior in rank 老板;雇主;上司

botany n. scientific study of plants 植物学

both pron. this one and that one 两人才是,双方

both.. and 两个都

both 两者都

either 两者中任何一个

neither 两者中一个也不

all 两者以上都

  none 两者以上一个也不

bottle n. narrow-necked container for liquids 瓶子

bottom n. the lowest part 底;底部

at the bottom of 在……底部

top 上部

bowl n. deep, round container 碗

bowling n. 保龄球

box n. stiff container 盆,箱子

v. fight with fists 拳击;打耳光

boxing n. 拳击

boy n. young male person 男孩;男仆

girl 女孩

boyfriend 男朋友

boy students 男生

an office boy 勤杂工

brain n. n. mind 脑; 智力 (brains)

brake v. & n. stop a vehicle 刹车

branch n. division; part 分部; 支流;部门;树枝

brave adj. fearless 勇敢的

bravely adv. 勇敢地

bravery n. 勇敢

coward adj. 胆小的

bread n. food made of baked flour dough 面包

bread and butter 涂黄油的面包

break v.(broke, broken) separate suddenly into parts 打碎;打破

break away from 脱离;放弃

break into 闯入(接宾语)

break in 闯入(in为副词)

break off 打断;折断

break out 突然发生

break the rule 违规

break up 分解

breakfast n. first meal of the day 早餐

breath n. air taken into or out of lungs 呼吸;气息

hold one's breath 屏住呼吸

out of breath 上气不接下气

breathe vi. 呼吸;呼入

breathe in 呼入

breathe out 呼出

brick n. baked clay for building 砖

tile 瓦

bridge n. structure carrying a road, railway etc. over a river 桥

brief adj. short 简短

brief 指简洁

short 指时间、空间和物体的短

bright adj. clever; shining 聪明的,明亮的

bring v.(brought, brought) carry back 带来

bring (back) 带来

take (away) 带走

fetch go and bring 去拿(回)

carry 不说明方向( carry away; carry back; carry to..)

bring down 使倒下;击落

bring in 引进

bring on 使前进

bring up 抚养;培养

Britain n. the whole of England, Scotland and Wales 英国,不列颠

British adj. 英国的;英国人的

broad adj. wide 宽的

broad 指幅面的宽广( broad ocean (shoulders; chest..)

wide 指一边到另一边的距离 wide eyes (mouth, river..)

broadcast (broadcast, broadcast) v. & n. send out by radio 广播

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)

broom n. sweeping brush 扫帚

v. make clean with this 扫

brother n. male relative with the same parents 兄或弟,会友,教友

brother-in –law 姐夫,妹夫

browse v. read without clear purpose 浏览

brown adj. color of coffee 棕色;咖啡色

brush n. instrument for sweeping, painting etc. 刷子,毛笔

v. 1. clean with a brush 刷

2. touch or move slightly 掠过

bucket open liquid container 水桶,吊桶

bug n. any insect 小虫;迷

bug 爬虫或飞虫

worm 蠕虫

build (built, built) vt. put up 建造;建设

building n. 建筑物

builder n. 建设者

bull n. male of cattle 公牛

bull 公牛;斗牛

cow 母牛;奶牛

ox (en) 公牛

buffalo 水牛

cattle 牛群

beef 牛肉

bullet n. a shot fired from a gun 子弹

a bullet-proof car 防弹车

burden n. & v. heavy load 重负,负重

be burdened with 负……重

burn v. & n. be on fire 燃烧;烧伤

burn away 烧掉

burn down 烧成平地

burst v. break suddenly; go off 爆炸

burst into 闯入

burst out 突然开始

burst into laughter/tears

bury vt. put into a grave 埋藏

bus n. large passenger vehicle 公共汽车

bush n. low woody plant 灌木

business n. trade 生意;matter 事情

get down to business 言归正传

on business 因公(外出)

go to London on business

busy adj. not free 忙;没空

be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

be busy with 忙于某事

free 有空的;自由的

but conj. instead 但是 except 除了

do nothing(anything) but (do) 后面接不带“to”的动词不定式

butcher n. person who kills animals for food, or sells meat 屠夫; 肉商

butter n. yellow fat from cream 黄油;奶油

button n. small round object passed through hole to fasten a garment纽扣;按钮

v. fasten with a button 按钮

buy v. get by paying money 买;购买

buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb.

buyer n. 购买者

sell 卖

by prep. 1. by way of 经;由……;被 2. near; past 在旁边

by bus (plane, train , ship, air..) 乘公共汽车(飞机,火车,船)

by accident 意外地 = by chance

by force 用武力

by heart 牢记

by mistake 弄错

by now 现在

by sea 由海路

by the way 顺便说

by then 到那时

bye-bye inter. goodbye 再见

C = centigrade[‘senti reid] adj. & n. in or of the temperature scale that has 100 degree between the freezing-point and the boiling-point of water 摄氏温度计(的)

CAAC (Civil Aviation Administration of China中国民航的缩写) 中国民航

cabbage n. a kind of vegetable 卷心菜;洋白菜

cafe n. a place where the public may buy and drink coffee 咖啡馆;餐馆

cage n. a place in which birds or animals can be kept 笼;鸟笼

vt. put or keep(sb./ sth.)in a cage 将(某人/物)关入笼中

cake n. a kind of sweet food made from eggs, butter and flour and baked in an oven.蛋糕;糕;饼

call v. & n. a shout; cry; conversation over the telephone 称呼;取名;呼唤;叫喊;叫;喊;(一次)电话;通话

call at (a place), pay a short visit to some place访问(某地)

call back, ring back 回电话

call for, go to fetch sb./ sth.; demand. 去取(某物);去接(某人);要求;号召;约请

Call in ask sb. to stay together 召来;召集

call on (a person) pay a short visit to sb.拜访;访问

calm adj. quiet, not worried; 平静的;镇静的;沉着的

v. make or become calm 镇定;使镇定

calorie n. unit of heat & energy卡(热量单位)

camera n. a machine which takes photographs照相机;摄相机

in camera不公开地;私下

camp v. & n. a place where people live in a tent 野营;宿营;营

go camping 去野营

a summer camp 夏令营

can v. aux. be able to; know how to 能够;可以;可能;会。

can not be too careful 怎么小心也不过分

be able to 与can

can 没有将来式和完成式。Be able to 有各种时态。

could 和 was able to/ were able to 都可以表过去的“一般能力”。表过去具体的能力要用was/were able to。不过否定式couldn’t 也可表具体的能力。

n. 罐头;金属容器

Canada n. a country with the second largest area in the world加拿大

Canadian n native of Canada加拿大人

cancer n. diseased growth in the body, often causing death. 癌症

candle n. a thing we burn to give light蜡烛

cap n. a small round hat 帽子;(管,瓶等的)盖

capital n. a chief city of a country for the national government首都;省会;large letters大写字母;money for the production of more wealth资本;资方

captain n. leader or chief commander陆军上尉;海军上校;船长;(足球队等)队长

car n. a carriage or a passenger motorcar小汽车

card n. a small, thick piece of paper for writing, or printing on, used for written messages, invitations, announcements, names and addresses, greetings, etc. 卡片,名片

cardigan n. knitted colorless woolen jacket that buttons up the front, made

with sleeves 开襟绒线衫

care n. & v. think sth. is important; mind 小心;谨慎;注意;关心;介意

take care of, look after 照料;照顾

care for, like, want 喜欢;想要

careful adj. taking care, cautious谨慎的;小心的;仔细的

careless adj. not taking care, thoughtless粗心的;漫不经心的

carelessly adv. thoughtlessly粗心地

carol n. a song of joy or praise颂歌;欢乐之歌

carpet n. thick woolen covering地毯;毛毯

carriage n. a vehicle with four wheels四轮马车;cart(火车)客车厢

carrot n. a plant with root used as a vegetable胡萝卜

carry v. take up sth. and move it from one place to another运送;搬运;携带

carry off, snatch夺走

carry on, go on继续下去

carry out, perform, conduct, put into practice进行;开展;执行(计划,命令); 实现

cart n. a vehicle pulled by a horse(三轮货车)马车;火车;小推车

v. carry (sth.) in a cart用大车拉(某物)

cartoon n. drawing deeding with curate动画片

cartoon-maker n. person who makes cartoons

carve v form, produce, by cutting刻,雕刻

case n. box, bag, covering, container盒;袋;套;箱 circumstances or special conditions relating to a person or thing状况,情况

in that case , if that happens, has happened, should happen若是那样的话

cash n. [u] money in coins or notes钱;现款;现金

castle n. large building fortified against attack城堡

cast v. throw (sth.), esp, deliberately or with force扔;投;掷;抛

castor n. a kind of plant蓖麻

cat n. small, domesticated fur-covered animal猫

catch v. caught[ ], caught[ ] stop (sth. that is in motion) eg. by getting hold of it with the hands, by holding out sth. into which it may come接住、捉住

be in time for 赶上

become infected with染患

catch fire begin to burn着火

catch up with (a) come up to sb. who is going in the same direction; overtake赶上某人

(b) do all the work that has not yet been done赶工

cattle n. pl. oxen(bulls, bullocks, cows) 牛的总称

cause v. be the cause of: make happen引起;使产生;使发生

n. that which produces an effect; thing, event, person, etc, that makes sth. happen原因;起因

cave n hollow place in the hill山洞

ceiling n. under surface or inside overhead lining of a room天花板、平顶

celebrate v. do sth. to show that a day or an event is important庆祝

cent n. the 100th part of a dollar 一分钱

centimeter n. the 100th part of a metre公分;厘米

centre n. (center Am.E) middle part or point 中心;中央;中心点

central adj. of, at, from, or near the centre中央的,中心的

century n. 100 years百年

certain adj (a)(predic, only) settled; of which there is no doubt确定的;无疑的

(b) (predic, only) convinced; having no doubt; confident一定的

(c) (attrib, only) not named, stated, or described, although it is possible to do so未指明的、未说明的;某种

certainly adv. without doubt 无疑地、确定地

chain n. number of rings or links passing through one another to make a line 链;fetters of this kind锁链

in chains kept as a prisoner上着镣铐;在囚禁中

chair n. separate movable seat for one person椅子

chairman n. person presiding at a meeting主席;议长;会长

chalk n. a material similar in texture, made into crayons for drawing粉笔

chance n. the way things happen机会

change v. take or put in place of改变、更换 give and receive兑换

n. changed condition变化 money in smaller units零钱

change…for 用……换……

change…into make or become different把……变成

change one’s mind come to a new idea 改变主意

channel n. passage along which a liquid may flow水渠

chapter n. division of a book篇、章

character n. 1. person in a novel, play人物;角色(小说、戏剧等);

2. letter, sign, market etc used in a system of writing or printing 字体

charge v. ask as a price(for); ask in payment索价、要价

n. price asked for goods or services费用

in charge of be responsible for负责管理

chartv. make a chart of 制图

n. map used by sailors, showing the coasts, depth of the sea, position of rocks, lighthouses 航海图 sheet of paper with information图表

chat n. & v. chafe as friendly talk about unimportant things聊天、闲谈

cheap adj. low in price; costing little money便宜、贱

cheaply adv. 廉价地

check v. examine in order to learn whether sth. is correct检查、核对

n. examination to make certain of accuracy检查、核对;

check支票; bikini a restaurant饭馆等的帐单

check out pay one’s bill结帐;查明

cheek n. side of the face below the eye面颊

cheer v. give shouts of joy欢呼;喝彩

cheese n. solid food made from milk curds 乳酪、干酪

chemical n. substance obtained by chemistry 化学物;

adj. of, made by, chemistry化学的

chemical rain 酸雨

chemist n. person who prepares medical goods:药剂师;

person who is expert in chemistry化学家

chemistry n. branch of science that deals with how substances are made up how they combine, how they act under different conditions化学

cheque n. (Br.E) written order to a bank to pay money支票

chest n. large, strong box with a lid for storing箱子、盒子

chew v. work about between the teeth in order to crush咀嚼

chicken n. young bird, young hen幼鸟、小母鸡;its flesh as food鸡肉

chief adj. principal: 主要的; most important: 重要的; n leader or ruler首领

child n. pl. children boy or girl, son or daughter儿童、孩子

childhood n. state of being a child:幼年;

time during which one is a child童年

chime n. (series of notes sounded by a ) tuned set of bells乐器、钟等奏出的谐和的乐声

chimney n. structure through which smoke from a fire is carried away through the wall or root of a building 烟筒、烟囱

China n. 中国

China Radio International中国国际广播电台

Chinese n. a native of China 中国人

the language used by the people of China汉语

adj. of or from China, its people or language中国人,汉语的

chocolate n. substance made from the crushed seeds of the caco tree巧克力;

sweet substance made by mixing the powder with sugar巧克力糖

choice n. act of choosing 选择、挑选

choose v. (chose; chosen) pick out from a greater number选择;挑选

Christmas n. yearly celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ圣诞节

Church n. building to public Christian worship教室

service in such a building教会

cigarette n.shredded tobacco rolled in thin paper for smoking香烟、纸烟

cinema n. theatre in which films are shown电影院

circle n. every point on which is the same distance from the centre圆; sth. round like a circle圈;

number of persons bound together by having the same or similar interests集团

citizen n. person who lives in a town, or a city or a country市民

city n. large and important town 城市

civil adj. of or relating to the citizens of a country公民的、国内的

claim vt. state or declare(sth.) at a fact声称、断言

clap v. strike the palms of the hands together loudly拍手;鼓掌

class n. group of persons taught together; their course of teaching班、级、课

classmate n. present or past member of the same class同班同学

clean adj. free from dirty干净;清洁

v. make clean弄干净;擦干净

clear adj. easy to see through明亮的;easily heard清晰的;free from doubt or difficulty清楚

clear away take away, get rid of 把……清除掉

clear up put in order; make tidy 清理;整理

become clear(天气)放晴

clerk n. person employed in a blank, office, shop书记员;办事员;职员

clever adj. quick in learning and understanding things 聪明;伶俐的

climb v. go or get up la tree, wall, rope, mountain, et( )or down 爬、攀登

n. 攀登

clock n. instrument for measuring and showing the time时钟

clinic n. part of hospital where medical advice and treatment are given诊所

close v. shut关;闭

cloth n. material made by wearing布、布料

clothing n. clothes(总称)衣服

cloud n. visible water vapour floating above the earth 云

club n. society of persons who subscribe money to provide themselves with sport, social entertainment, etc俱乐部;社团

coal n. black mineral that burns and supplies heat, and from which coal-gas is made煤

coast n. land bordering the sea海岸、海滨

coastline n. shoreline海岸线

coat n. outer garment外套、上衣

cock n. male bird of the domestic or farmyard fowl雄鸡、公鸡

coin n. metal money硬币

cold adj. of low temperature, esp. when compared with the human body寒冷的

n. relative absence of heat; low temperature寒冷

take / catch cold illness of the nose or throat 感冒、伤风

collar n. part of garment that fits round the neck; turned-over neckband of a shirt, dress, etc衣领

collect v. bring or gather together, get from a number of persons or places 收集;搜集;聚集

collection n. group of objects that have been collected收藏品

college n. school for higher or professional education:(综合大学中)学院;高等专科学校

colo(u)r n. sensation produced on the eye by rays of decomposed light颜色;色彩

comb v. use a comb on the hair梳(头发)

come off become detached from脱离,离开

come on follow跟随

come out appear; become visible出来 be published出版、发行

come to amount to共计;达到

come true prove to be变为现实;实现

comedy n. branch of drama that deals with everyday life and humorous event喜剧

comfort n. state of being free from suffering, anxiety, pain, etc舒服、舒适;help or kindness to sb. who is suffering安慰

v. give comfort to安慰

comfortable adj. giving comfort to the body; having or providing comfort舒服的

ant. uncomfortable

comment n. opinion given briefly in speech or writhing about sth.评论

common adj. coming from all or nearly all members of a group or society 共同的; usual and ordinary 普通的

in common for or by all of a group 共同、共用

communicate v. pass on; share or exchange; be connected传送;交换;互通

communism n. social system in which property is owned by thecommunity and used for the good of all its members共产主义的

communist n. believer in; supporter of: 共产主义者;

adj. of communist共产主义的

companion n. person who goes with or shares in the work同伴;同事

company n. being together with others 陪伴;

number of persons united for business公司

compare v. judge to what extent persons things are similar or not similar比较

compare with bear comparison 把…和…进行比较

compared…to 与…相比;把…比作…

compete v. take part in比赛;竞赛

competition n. activity in which persons compete比赛;竞赛

competitor n. person who competes比赛者

complete adj. having all its parts完全的;in every way彻底的; finished 完结的;

v. finish; bring to an end; make perfect完成;结束

composition n. act or art of composing 作文;作曲

compressed adj. sth got into a smaller space 压缩的

computer n. calculating machine 计算机

conceited adj. full of conceit 骄傲自满的

concert n. musical entertainment given in a public hall by singers or players 音乐会;演奏会

condition n. sth. needed before sth. else is possible; sth. on which another thing depends条件; the present state of thing 状况;

pl. circumstances 环境、情形

conductor n. person who collects fares on a bus or train售票员、列车员; person who conducts a group of singers, a band, an orchestra 指挥;substance that conducts heat or electric current导体

conference n. meeting for discussion; exchange of views会议讨论

congratulate v. tell (sb) that one is pleased about sth. happy or fortunate that has come to (him) 祝贺

congratulation n. (often pl) words of congratulation贺词

conjecture n. guessing 推测

connect v. join; be joined 连接;把…联系起来

continent n. one of the main land masses 洲;大陆

continue v. go on doing继续;连续

contribution n. act of contributing贡献

control v. have control of控制;支配;

n. power or authority to direct, order, or restrain控制;支配

convenient adj. handy; easy to get to or at 便利的;方便的

conversation n. talking 谈话;交谈

cook v. prepare food by heating, boiling, baking, roasting, frying烹调

n. person who cooks food 厨师、炊事员

cool adj. between warm and cold 凉的、凉快的

copy n. one example of a book, newspaper(书报等)一本、一份

v. make a copy of 抄写

coral n. hard, red, pink, or white substance built on the sea bed by small creatures珊瑚;sea organism that makes this substance珊瑚虫

corner n. place where two lines, sides, edges, or surfaces meet; angle enclosed by two walls, sides etc, that meet 角、角落、街道拐角

correctadj. true, right 正确的;对的;

v. make right; take out mistakes from改正、修正、纠正

cost (cost, cost) v. be obtainable at the price of; require the payment of 值(多少钱);花费

cottage n. small house in the country村舍、小屋

cotton n. soft, white fibrous substance round the seeds of the cotton plant 棉花;thread spun from cotton yarn 棉线;棉布

cough n. act or sound of coughing; 咳嗽;咳嗽

count v. say or name in order 按顺序数; find the total of 计数

counter n. long table on which goods are shown, customers served, in a shop or bank柜台

country n. land occupied by a nation国家;land used for farming; land consisting of open spaces农村、乡野

countryside n. country 农村、乡野

couple n. two persons or things: 一双;一对man and his wife : 夫妇

courage n. bravery; quality that enables a person to control fear in the face of danger, pain, misfortune, etc 勇气;胆略

course n. line along which sth moves 经过;过程;道路;课程

of course , naturally; certainly 自然;当然

court n. place where law-cases are heard 法庭;法院

cousin n. child of one’s uncle or aunt 堂(表)兄弟;堂(表)姐妹

cover v. occupy the surface of 覆盖;遮盖;掩盖

n. thing that covers罩;盖子

crazy adj wily excited 风狂的

cream n. fatty or oily part of milk 乳脂;乳油;substance like cream膏状物

create v. cause sth to exist; give rise to; produce 创造;造成;制造

crew n. all the persons working a ship or aircraft 全体船员;机组人员

crisp adj. hard, dry and easy broken 脆的;松脆的

n. thin slices potholes, fried and dried 油炸土豆

crop n. plants in the fields; produce of the plants in the fields 庄稼;收成

cross v. go across; pass from one side to the other side of穿过;越过;渡过

n. mark made by drawing one line across another 十字形;交叉

adj. bad-tempered; easily showing anger: 脾气不好的;易怒的

crowd n. large number of people together; 人群;群集;拥挤;挤满

cruel adj. causing pain or suffering; showing indifference to the sufferings of others残酷的;残忍的;无情的

cry v. make sounds that express feelings喊叫;哭n. loud, excited utterance of words; loud sound of fear, pain, grief叫喊;哭声

cubicadj. have the shape of cube立方形的;立方体的

cupboard set of shelves with door, used for dishes, clothes碗柜、衣柜

cure v. provide and use successfully a remedy for ( a disease, ill health, suffering) 治疗;

n. curing or being cured治愈;全愈

curious adj. (in a good sense) eager ( to learn, know) 奇妙的;稀奇的

curtain n. piece of cloth or lace hung up at a window or door(门、窗)帘;幕

cushion n. small bag filled with soft material, to make a seat more comfortable, or to kneel on 垫子

custom n. usual and generally accepted behaviour among members of a social group风俗;习俗; particular way of behaving习惯

customer n. person who buy s thing顾客;顾主

dad n. child's word for “father” (口语)爸爸;爹爹

daily adj. & adv. 日常的; 日常地

n. newspaper published every day 日报

syn. everyday

dam n. wall or bank built to keep back water and raise its level水坝;水闸

damage n. harm or injury that causes loss of value 损害;损坏

v. Cause damage 损坏

dance v. move along in rhythmical steps 跳舞

n. movements steps in time with music 舞蹈;舞步

danger n. change or suffering, liability to suffer, injury or loss of life 危险

in danger 处在危险状态

syn. risk

ant. safety, security

dangerous adj. likely to cause danger or be danger: 危险的

damp n. state of being damp: adj. 潮湿;

not thoroughly dry; having some moisture cinor on: 潮湿的

dare v. & aux. Be brave enough to: 敢;敢于

dark adj. with no or very little light; not reflecting much light; (of the skin ) not fair: 黑暗的;深色的;棕色的

syn. dim, black

ant. light, bright

darkness n. state of being dark: 黑暗

dawn n. first light of day; daybreak 黎明;破晓

date n. statement of the time 日期

date from: have existed since 始于

syn. day

daughter n. one's female child 女儿

day n. time between sunrise and sunset 白天 period of twenty-four hour: 一天

by day : during day time: 日间;白天里

day after day : for many days together: 日复一日

day and night :all day and all night: 日日夜夜

one day : on a day (pass or future ): (过去或将来)某一天

the day after tomorrow : 后天

the day before yesterday : 前天

the other day : a few days ago: 前几天

day by day : one day to another: 一天天的。

daylight n. light of day; dawn: 白昼 黎明

deaf adj. unable to hear at all: 聋的

deal v. (dealt [ delt ], dealt ) give out to a number of persons: 分配 do business: 经营

deal with : behave towards: attend to: 对付;应付;be about: 涉及

a good (great )deal of: quite a lot of: 大量;相当多

dear adj. loved, lovable: 亲爱的;可爱的;high in price: 昂贵的;高价的

syn. expensive

ant. cheap inexpensive

death n. dying; ending of life: 死

debt n. payment which must be, but has not been, paid to sb.:债务;欠款

in debt : owing money: 欠债

December n. twelfth month of the year: 十二月

decide v. Make up one’s mind: 决定;下决心

syn. determine, make up one's mind

decision n. the quality of being decided: 决定;决心

declare v. say in order to show that one has no doubt or hesitation声明;断言

syn. announce

deed n. sth. done;

syn.act: 行为;事迹

ant. reaction, word

do a good deed: 做一见好事

deep adj. going a long way down from the top: 深的;

adv. far down or in: 深深地

ant. shallow

deer n. graceful, quick-running animal, the male has horns: 鹿

defeat n. defeating or being defeated: 击败;失败

v. overcome; cause to fail: 击败;使挫败

syn. beat, overcome

defence /degense n. defending from attack: 防御;防备

defend v. Protect; make safe: 防卫;保卫

syn. protect, safeguard

ant. attack

definite adj. clear; not doubtful or uncertain: 明确的;肯定的;无疑的

degree n. unit of measurement for angles or temperature: 角或温度的单位:度rank or grade given by a university to one who has passed an examination:学位

delay v. Put off until later: 推迟,耽搁

syn. postpone, put off

ant. hurry

delicious adj. giving delight: 美味的;妙的

delight n. great pleasure: 高兴;快乐

syn. pleasure

v. happy; pleased: 使高兴;使快乐

deliver v. take sth. to houses to the persons to whom they are addressed, to the buyers: 传递;交付 give forth in words 发言:

demand v. ask for sth. as if ordering, or as if one has a right to: 要求;需求

syn. ask

ant. answer; reply

department n. one of several divisions of a government or factory: 部门;车间

syn. store; shop

department store : one where many kinds of goods are sold in different : departments:百货公司

depend v. (with on or upon ) rely on: in order to exist or to be true or succeed依赖;依靠

syn. trust; be certain about: 信赖;相信

ant. mistrust, doubt

depth n. being deep; distance from the top to down; from the front to the back; from the surface to the inwards: 深;深度

describe n. say what is like; give a picture of in words: 描写;描述

decription n. picture in words: 描写;描述

desert n. large area of waste land: 沙漠;荒漠

desert v. go away from: 抛弃; leave without help or support, in a wrong or cruel way: 遗弃

design v. make designs:设计;绘制

n. drawing from which sth. may be made: 设计

designer n. person who designs: 设计人;制图员

desire n. request; wish: 要求;期望

syn. wish, want, hope expect

desk n. piece of furniture with a flat at which to read, write: 书桌;写字台

syn. table

destroy v. break to pieces; make useless: 破坏;毁坏

syn. break

ant. construct; establish

detective n. person whose business it is to detect criminals: 侦探

determine v. be fact that decides; make up one’s mind: 决定;下决心

syn. decide

determination n. deciding: 决定

determined adj. 坚决的

develop v. cause to grow or evolve 开发,发展treat with chemical so that the pictures can be seen: 冲洗

development n. developing or being developed: 开发,发展

devote v. give up ( oneself, one’s time, energy to sth.or sb. ):专心,献身

devote to: 献身于,致力于,专心

dial v. call by means of a telephone: 拔(电话号码)

diamond n. brilliant precious stone of pure carbon in crystallized form, the hardest substance known: 钻石,金刚石

diary n. daily record of events, thought: 日记

dictation n. dictating: 听写

dictionary n. book dealing with the words of a language, or with words or of a special subject: 词典,字典

die v. Come to the end of life; cease to live: become faint to week 死,枯萎

die of: 死于(表示由于内部原因,疾病,情感,饥寒等而死)

die from 死于(表示由于外部原因,偶然性死亡)

die out: come to a complete end: 消失,灭亡

difference n. the state of being unlike: 不同

different adj. not the same: 不同的,差异的

syn. various

ant. same

differently adv. 不同地

difficult adj. not easy: 难的,困难的

syn.hard

ant. easy

difficulty n. the state or quality of being difficult: 困难,难事

dig v. ( dug, dug ) use a tool to break up and move earth; 挖, 掘

syn. pick

digest v. change, be changed, in the stomach and bowels, so that it can be used in the body: take into the mind; 消化,领会

*dingo n. a kind of dogs in Australia: 澳洲的一种野狗

dinner n. main meal of the day: 正餐

syn. meal

dining room: a room for meals: 餐厅

dip v. put, lower sth. into a liquid: put and take sb. into and out sth.: 浸,蘸;把…放入又放出

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