查理·卓别林-Charlie Chaplin II
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2005-12-25 01:47:01  【打印

  Lack of education had not held Charlie back... And he knew he must move on. It was a risk, but one that had to be taken. After some disappointments and anxieties, he eventually signed with the Essanay Film Manufacturing Company of Chicago. In December 1914, Charlie left for Chicago, his apprentice days in film behind him.


  The Tramp was a big step forward. In it, the Little Tramp, whom most people remember when they think of Charlie Chaplin, put in his first proper appearance. He chose a bowler hat, slightly too small for him, a tight jacket, outsize pants, enormous boots and a jaunty little swagger cane-- the Little Tramp. And he had picked up the toes-out shuffle watching an old drunk when he was a child. The whole world was to take the character to its heart-- small and shabby, a strange mixture of child and man, gentle, wiseful, mischievous, brave, and always a survivor.


  Charlie Chaplin was now famous-- only 26, he was a star, known throughout the world, probably the first person ever to receive the kind of mass adulation now common with rock stars."


  Charlie Chaplin is a person in pursuit of perfection. He have to produce great quantities of work, and then cut it to shape. The film "the immigrant" released in June 1917, entailed forty thousand feet of film being shot. It took Charlie four days and four nights to cut it to the required eighteen hundred feet. He viewed each scene perhaps fifty times before he decided exactly where to cut.


  In 1914, World War I had broken out. Chaplin contributed to the war in the best way he knew how-- he made a film "Shoulder Arms". He made a comedy set in the trenches. The returning troops enjoyed it. Being able to laugh at the insanity of war had been their only real defence. Two days after its release, Charlie married Mildred Harris, pretty in the same way as his first love Hetty Kelly. It was hopeless even from the very start. He had only one way to face such sorrow. He threw himself into work on a new feature-- length film called The Kid. The kid tackled another social concern that deeply upset Charlie Chaplin-- the treatment of abandoned children. The Kid was a success. But Charlie’s private world continued to fall apart. In November, 1920, they were officially divorced.


  Then once again, he chose the most unlikely of subjects for his inspection, and once again he dedicated his comic genius to tackling a great social injustice. He had been reading about the sufferings of the gold prospectors in the Klondike. He decided to make Gold Rush, which was to be one of his most famous films.


  缺乏良好的教育的背景并未能阻止查理迈向成功……他明白自己必须继续前进。继续前进会有风险,但那是值得冒的风险。在一度的失望和担扰之后,他终于与加哥的埃塞尼电影制片公司签订了工作合同。1914年月12月查理前往芝加哥,这意味着他在电影业上见习生涯的结束。


  影片《流浪汉》是一个巨大的进步。片中的小流浪汉是他首次成功的银幕形象,多数人想到查理·卓别林就自然联想到这位小流浪汉。他头戴圆顶紧小的高礼帽,身穿紧绷绷的上衣和肥大而又鼓囊囊的裤子,足配一双特大号靴子,手持有绅士气派的轻便手杖,他那脚板朝外蹒跚行走的方法,产生于小时候所见的一位醉汉的形象。这个角色在全世界人民心目中树立起的形象,个子矮小、衣衫褴褛、既象儿童、亦似成人、性格温和、愁眉苦脸、顽皮淘气而又勇敢大胆,而且最后关头总能绝处逢生。


  此时的卓别林已是声名显赫,26岁时已世界闻名,大众犹如崇拜当今摇滚乐明星似地仰慕他,也许他是第一位受到如此这般崇拜的人。


  查理·卓别林是个追求完美的人。他一般是大量产出,然后删减成型,1917年6月完成的影片《移民》,起先拍掉了4万英尺胶片,而后查理花了四天夜的删减至所需要的1800英尺。作出取舍决定之前,每个镜头他都看过50遍。


  1914年,第一次世界大战爆发。卓别林以自己认为最好的方式:即拍电影为战争效劳。1918年5月投入了《从军记》的拍摄。以战壕为背景,拍了一部喜剧。从前线撤回的军人喜欢看这部影片,毕竟讥讽嘲笑战争的荒诞是他们一直采用的现实可行的自我保护法。 《从军记》发行两天后查理与米尔德里德·哈利斯结婚。哈利斯小姐童真般的娇美艳丽和他初恋的情人海蒂如出一辙。但这桩婚姻打一开始就显得黯淡无望。对查理而言,他唯有一种面对悲哀和忧伤的方法,那便是全身心投入拍摄一部新的长片《寻子遇仙记》,影片揭示了令查理·卓别林甚感不快的又一社会问题即社会对弃儿的冷酷无情。《寻子遇仙记》获得了极大的成功,但查理自己的家庭继续趋向破裂。1920年11月他与哈利斯正式离婚。


  接着他再次从最不起眼的题目找到了灵感,并再度倾注其喜剧上的禀赋,鞭挞了巨大的社会不公。当他读到克朗代达河金矿勘探者的悲惨遭遇时,决定拍摄《淘金记》,该片后来成为他最知名的作品之一。
  




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