【双语最游记】库克岛(三)
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2011-10-09 19:35:38  【打印

Capital
Avarua in Rarotonga.


Languages
English is the official language. The main Cook Islands language is Rarotongan Maori. There are some variations in dialect in the "outer" islands. English is also frequently used, especially in secondary schools, businesses, and government administration.


Religions
Christian (majority of populace are members of the Cook Islands Christian Church)


Economy
    Tourism drives the economy as the country"s number one industry, far ahead of offshore banking, pearls, marine and fruit exports. Like many other South Pacific island nations, the Cook Islands" economic development is hindered by the isolation of the country from foreign markets, lack of natural resources, periodic devastation from natural disasters, and inadequate infrastructure. Agriculture provides the economic base with major exports made up of copra and citrus fruit. Manufacturing activities are limited to fruit-processing, clothing, and handicrafts. Trade deficits are made up for by remittances from emigrants and by foreign aid, overwhelmingly from New Zealand. Efforts to exploit tourism potential, encourage offshore banking, and expand the mining and fishing industries have been partially successful in stimulating investment and growth. The emigration of skilled workers to New Zealand and government deficits are continuing problems.


Currency C New Zealand Dollar
   The New Zealand dollar (currency code NZD, sometimes NZ$ and often informally known as the Kiwi dollar) is the official currency of New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau, and the Pitcairn Islands.


Main Sporting Events and Achievement in Olympics
The popular sports are rugby league and football. The Cook Islands national rugby league team has been participating in international competition since 1988.


The 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens was the fifth time the Cook Islands had competed since its first participation in the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul. It has yet to win an Olympic medal.


Culture
All the islands employed a chiefly system based on traditional legends of migration and settlement. These stories enshrined the power of the chiefs as inheritors of what might be termed an "heroic" culture. Allegiance to chiefs was a fundamental of Polynesian culture. The chiefs" titles and other authoritative positions were passed down primarily through the senior male line. However, land rights were inherited via the mother"s line. Chiefs were responsible for war leadership, carrying out important discussions with other groups or clans, land allocation, disputes settlement and intercession with the gods. One of the most significant functions of a chief was to organise and pay for feasts. A chief, or indeed, any man, was judged by his ability and willingness to bestow gifts and to throw big parties.


The Cook Islands community is intricately woven often with large extended families living in a single house, or collection of houses. Both the elderly and children are respected being the knowledge and future of life. The term "cousin" is loosely used to describe someone with whom your family roots can be traced. This can go back many generations. Tattooing of the body was traditionally used to symbolise ones family lineage and today this art form is again becoming popular. Most islanders bury their relatives in elaborate graves within the family garden.


Cook Islanders are devout Christians and Sunday is a day of rest and churchgoing. Singing in church is an evocative icon of the Cook Islands and a Sunday church service is well worth a visit.


A popular art form on the islands is tivaivai, often likened to quilting. This is, in essence, the art of making handmade patchwork quilts. Introduced by the wives of missionaries in the 19th century, the craft grew into a communal activity and is probably one of the main reasons for its popularity. The Fibre Arts Studio on Atiu has tivaivai for sale as does the Arasena Gallery next to the Blue Note Café on Rarotonga.


首都


  阿瓦鲁阿


语言


官方语言是英语。通用库克群岛毛利语。在外岛有许多不同的方言。英语使用很频繁,特别是在中级学校,商业和政府管理中。


宗教信仰


基督教(库克岛大部分人信基督教)


经济


   在境外银行业务,珍珠,海运业和水果出口之前,该国的主要经济来源是旅游业。和很多其它的南太平洋岛国一样,由于天然资源的短缺、自然灾害的毁坏和基础设施不充足,库克岛的经济发展和其它国外市场分离。农业以提供干椰子肉和柑橘类的出口为经济基础。制造业受到水果加工,包装和手工艺品的限制。多数来自新西兰的贸易逆差由移民汇款和国外援助进行弥补。开发旅游资源的潜能,刺激境外银行业务,拓宽采矿与渔业的工业则是刺激经济增长的成功因素。技术工人移民到新西兰和政府财政赤字都是持续中的问题。


货币- 新西兰元


   新西兰元 (货币代码NZD,符号NZ$, 经常被非正式的称为Kiwi)是新西兰、 库克岛(Cook Islands), Niue, Tokelau,和 皮特科恩岛(Pitcairn Islands)的官方货币。


主要的运动项目和奥运上取得的成就


受欢迎的体育运动主要是橄榄球和足球。库克岛自1988年已开始参加国际性比赛。


1988年的汉城夏季奥运是库克岛第一次参加奥运。 2004年雅典夏季奥运会是库克岛第五次参加的奥运会。库克岛还未赢得奥运奖牌。


文化


所有岛国均使用传统移民和殖民带来传统神话故事为其主要系统。这些故事主要是让后人铭记英雄式文化的历史。效忠首领是波利尼西亚人最基本的文化。首领和其它有权威的位置则是通过年长的男人来沿袭,但土地权利则是通过母亲沿袭。首领担任战争的领导任务,同其他族群或氏族商讨制定重要的土地分配计划、解决纠纷和祈求神明的保护。首领的一个重要的职责之一就是为宴席付款。一个首领,或者任何一个男人,都会通过对其能力和意愿的评估来决定发放礼物和举行聚会的程度。


库克岛社区交织分布着很多居住在一所大房子的大家庭。成人的和孩子被视为知识和未来的象征。“Cousin”用来宽泛地形容与家族渊源有关的亲戚。这可以追溯到很多代以前。纹身被用来表明家庭世系,如今又重新风行起来。很多岛民会把他们的亲戚埋葬在庭院里。库克岛人是虔诚的基督教徒,星期天则是人们休息和上教堂的日子。在教堂里唱歌是库克岛的标志,周日,教堂会提供良好的服务,值得一游。


岛内很著名的艺术是tivaivai,经常与缝被子相比。本质上,是手工缝制棉被。19世纪由传教士的妻子引进,这个手工艺已经变得非常大众化,这也是它普遍受欢迎的原因之一。Atiu 的Fibre Arts Studio在_|加岛的Blue Note Café附近的Arasena Gallery销售tivaivai。

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