【大耳朵双语最游记】摩纳哥(三)
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2011-07-21 16:27:18  【打印
Religions    
   Roman Catholicism is the official religion, with freedom of other religions guaranteed by the constitution.
Economy   
   Monaco is a popular resort attracting tourists to its casino and pleasant climate. The principality has successfully sought to diversify into services and small, high-value-added, nonpolluting industries. The state has no income tax and low business taxes and thrives as a tax haven both for individuals who have established residence and for foreign companies that have set up businesses and offices. The state retains monopolies in a number of sectors, including tobacco, the telephone network, and the postal service. Living standards are high, roughly comparable to those in prosperous French metropolitan areas. Monaco does not publish national income figures.
Currency C euro    
   Monaco uses euro. The euro (€; currency code EUR) is the currency of twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain, collectively known as the Eurozone. Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican City, which formerly used the French franc or the Italian lira as their currency now use the euro as their currency and are licensed to mint their own euro coins in small amounts even though they are not EU states.
Main Sporting Events and Achievement in Olympics   
   Soccer (football) is one of the popular sports in Monaco. The Monaco Soccer team (AS Monaco) has a history of successful activity ever since its foundation in 1924. Monaco was the shock finalists in the UEFA Champions League in 2004, impressively beating the likes of Real Madrid and Chelsea along the way to the final. Competing under the French football league, Monaco has won the French league titles for seventh times.
   The Monaco Grand Prix started in 1929, under the auspice of the late Prince Louis II, is an event recognized internationally. Monaco has the honour of hosting such an internationally renowned event despite being the smallest European state. Today the circuit of the Monaco Grand Prix measures 3,367 km. Contestants are required to complete 78 laps which undoubtedly one of the toughest circuits in the Formula 1 racing.
   The Louis II Stadium, inaugurated in 1985, hosts international football games and is home to the Monaco Football Team. The Stadium is equipped for a wide range of sporting disciplines, including table tennis, boxing, squash, martial arts, weight-lifting, basketball, volleyball and swimming, and also hosts international athletics competitions. The Rainier III Nautical Stadium is a recreational Olympic-sized swimming pool with a high diving board. The other sport facility which is well recognized internally is The Monte-Carlo Country Club has 40 tennis courts and is the venue for one of the most important tournaments on the professional tennis circuit.
   The 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens is Monaco’s seventeenth participation at the Summer Olympics. Monaco has yet to win an Olympics medal.
Culture  
   Monaco hosted a vast number of cultural events each year encourages the appreciation of artistic disciplines. Reputable establishments such as the Rainier III Academy of Music, the Academy of Classical Dance and the Princess Grace Municipal Plastic Art School have educated international artists. Prince Rainier III introduced the Prince Rainier III Prize for Musical Composition to reward Monegasque musicians.
   The Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra was founded in 1863 and gained a permanent home at Garnier Palace in 1879. The Orchestra is quite prominent in the classical world, and has been conducted by Igor Markevitch, Lovro von Matacic, Paul Paray, Lawrence Foster, Gianluigi Gelmetti and Louis Fremaux.
   The Little Singers of Monaco are a children"s choir founded in 1973, when the Palatine Chapel"s Chapel Master, Philippe Debat, was ordered by the government to send a choir of only children around the world. This practice carries on a tradition from the reign of Prince Antoine I, during whose rule a choir of children sang the liturgies in the Palatine Chapel.



宗教信仰
   罗马天主教是官方宗教,有信仰其他宗教的自由。
经济  
   摩纳哥是著名旅游胜地,娱乐场所和宜人的气候都吸引大批旅游者前去。该国成功地探索了一条多样化的工业之路:服务性的、投资小的、高附加值的、无污染的工业。这个国家不征收所得税,营业税也很低,它的税收收入主要是来自定居的个人和在此设立商行和办事处的国外企业。该国还保留了一部分国家垄断行业,包括烟草业、电信业、邮电业。同那些生活在法国的繁荣大都市的人比较,这里的生活水平很高。摩纳哥不对外公布国家收入指数。
货币-欧元  
   摩纳哥使用欧元。欧元(货币符号€, 货币代码EUR)是12个欧盟成员国的货币:包括奥地利、比利时、芬兰、法国、德国、希腊、爱尔兰、意大利、卢森堡、荷兰、葡萄牙和西班牙,都被称为欧元区。摩纳哥、圣马力诺、梵蒂冈过去使用法郎和意大利里拉作为他们的货币,现在使用欧元,即使他们不是欧盟成员国,也被授权少量铸造他们自己的欧元硬币。
主要的运动项目和奥运上取得的成就  
   足球是摩纳哥最受欢迎的体育运动之一。从1924年成立至今,摩纳哥足球队(AS 摩纳哥)保持着辉煌的战绩。摩纳哥在2004年欧洲冠军杯中作为一匹黑马,出人意料的战胜了皇家马德里和切尔西队直接进入决赛。在法国足球甲级联赛中,摩纳哥七次获得冠军。
   F1摩纳哥站开始于1929年,是由路易斯二世亲王资助的,此站赛事得到了国际认可。摩纳哥尽管是一个欧洲小国,但它也因为这个国际性赛事受到瞩目。今天摩纳哥站总长3.367公里。车手们必须完全78圈,这毫无疑问是F1赛事最艰苦的比赛之一。
   路易斯二世亲王体育场,于1985年建成,负责主办国际足球赛事,也是摩纳哥足球队的主场地。体育场配备了各种体育训练设施,有乒乓球、拳击、壁球、武术、举重、篮球、排球和游泳,也能够举办国际运动会。雷尼尔三世游泳馆拥有奥运会规模的游泳池,有一个高跳台。其他在国内受到认可的体育场所,有蒙特卡洛―卡洛国家俱乐部,它有40个网球场,也是专业网球巡回赛重要赛事的比赛场所之一。
   2004年雅典夏季奥运会是摩纳哥第17次参加奥运会。摩纳哥至今还没有获得过奥运奖牌。
文化    
   摩纳哥每年主办大量的文化活动,以促进民众的艺术鉴赏水平。著名的机构如雷尼尔三世音乐研究院,古典舞蹈研究院和市立格雷斯王妃雕塑艺术学校都培养了许多国际性的艺术家。雷尼尔三世亲王设立了雷尼尔三世亲王音乐作曲奖来奖励摩纳哥的音乐家。
   蒙特卡洛管弦交响乐团成立于1863年,在1879年获得了加尼叶宫殿的永久居住权。这个乐队在古典音乐方面有很高的造诣,曾经由Igor Markevitch、Lovro von Matacic、保罗・派瑞(Paul Paray)、劳伦斯・福斯特(Lawrence Foster)、Gianluigi Gelmetti和刘易斯・弗雷默斯(Louis Fremaux)指挥。
   摩纳哥小歌手儿童唱诗歌班于1973年成立,政府要求巴拉丁伯爵礼拜堂的主人Philippe Debat把唱诗班的儿童送到世界各地,。这一实践把 安东尼一世亲王辖区的传统音乐带了回来,在他统治时期唱诗班的儿童在巴拉丁伯爵礼拜堂歌唱礼拜歌曲。


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