【大耳朵双语最游记】摩纳哥(二)
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2011-07-20 17:22:57  【打印
Political System
Monaco has been governed as a constitutional monarchy since 1911, with the Prince as head of state. The executive branch consists of a Minister of State (the head of government), who presides over a four-member Council of Government (the cabinet). The Minister of State is a French citizen appointed by the Prince from among candidates proposed by the French Government. Under the 1962 constitution, the Prince shares his power with the unicameral National Council (parliament). The 24 members of this legislative body are elected from lists by universal suffrage for 5-year terms. The principality"s local affairs are directed by the Communal Council, which consists of 15 elected members and is presided over by the Mayor.
Education System    
The duration for compulsory education is between the ages of 6 to 16. Residents in Monaco, representing different nationalities, can enlist their children in a variety of schools which are either a part of or affiliated with the Ministry of Education. The educational program and diplomas obtained are recognised as in France. Monaco introduces English in Elementary school, and so is the traditional language "le Monegù" and the history of Monaco. Monegasque students have a 90% passing rate the French National Baccalaureate.
Population  
Monaco has an estimated population of 32,400. Monaco"s population is unusual in that the native Monegasques are a minority in their own country. The largest proportion of residents are French (47%), while Monegasque and Italian nationals represent 16% each, and the remaining 21% belong to one of the other 125 nationalities that make up Monaco"s international population. Monaco has the distinction of being the most densely-populated country in the world.
Capital      Monaco
Languages   
French is the only official language, but English, Italian, and the local Monegasque language (a descendant of Genoese) are also spoken.



政治体系  
1911年开始摩纳哥成为君主立宪国家,亲王作为国家元首。行政系统由国务部长(政府首脑)组成,他掌管四个政府议会(内阁)。国务部长是由亲王从法国政府提名的候选人中委任的法国公民。根据1962年的宪法,亲王可以和国民议会(议会)共同行驶权力。24名具有立法资格的议员是通过五年一次全民选举产生。地方事务由公共议会处理,它由15名选举产生的议员组成,由市长领导。
教育体系  
强制性教育从6岁到16岁。摩纳哥的居民具有不同的民族特性,他们可以把自己的孩子送去不同的学校,可以是教育部的学校,也可以是附属于教育部的学校。教育体制和获得的毕业证书在法国也被承认。摩纳哥的小学教英语、传统摩纳哥语("le Monegù")和摩纳哥历史。 90%的摩纳哥学生获得法国学士学位。
人口  
摩纳哥人口32,400,其组成比较特殊,当地的摩纳哥人在该国占少数。 居民中所占比例最大的是法国人(47%),摩纳哥人和意大利人各占16%, 剩下的21%是其他125个民族的人,由此组成了摩纳哥国际性的人口。摩纳哥是世界上人口密度最高的国家。
首都   摩纳哥
语言  
法语是唯一的官方语言,但是也有人说英语、意大利语和摩纳哥当地语言(Genoese语的延续)。


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