【大耳朵双语最游记】乌兹别克斯坦(三)
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2011-04-20 18:45:13  【打印
Currency -   Som   
       The currency of Uzbekistan is the Uzbekistani Som (currency code UZS). The word "Som" (sometimes transliterated "Sum" or "Soum") means pure in Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uyghur, Uzbek as well as many other Turkic languages. The word implies pure gold. The Soviet ruble was called "Som" in Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Uzbek which are written on the back of the notes. 1 UZS is equal to 0.0007 Euro.

Main Sporting Events and Achievement in Olympics  
       The traditional national sport is Kurash, and the popular sports in the country include soccer, wrestling and the orthodox horseback games which are played on special occasions. Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Uzbekistan. There are 231 stadiums, 5,231 football fields, and a number of fields and halls for mini-football, serving a total of 36 football teams in Uzbekistan. The Football Championship and Uzbekistan Cup are held regularly in the country. Tennis is enjoyed almost as much as football. Tennis ranks second after football as the most popular spectator and participation sport. The Tashkent Open Women"s Cup, which attracts professional players, is becoming increasingly popular. Uzbekistan often hosts prestigious contests like the Asian Boxing Championship, the Asia and Oceania Taekwondo Championship, "A"-grade international freestyle wrestling tournaments.
       The 1996 Summer Olympics was the nation’s first participation of the Olympic games independently, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. In the 2000 Sydney Olympics, Mukhamadkodir Abdullayev won the gold medal in boxing against 312 contestants, Arthur Taimazov won a silver medal in free-style wrestling and Sergei Mikhailov and Rustam Saidov won bronze medals in boxing. Uzbekistan won two gold, one silver and two bronze medals in the 2004 Athens Olympics. The golds came from the wrestling event, one from Arur Taymazo in the men’s freestyle wrestling (120 kg cat) and the other from Alexandr Dokturishivili in the men’s Greco-Roman wrestling (74 kg cat). The Uzbeks have won a total of three gold, three silver and five bronze medals from three Summer Olympics in which it had competed.

Culture   
       Uzbeks are among the most orthodox of the Central Asian peoples. Orthodox clothing is often worn on a daily basis, although Western-style clothing is also worn in the cities. Orthodox men’s wear includes brightly colored striped robes, black boots, and embroidered skullcaps or turbans. Women wear colorful silk, cotton, or velvet dresses and head scarves. The Uzbek cuisine is typical, yet some Uzbek dishes, such as palov, are eaten throughout Central Asia. (Palov is a pilaf of rice, meat, vegetables, and sometimes dried fruit.). Other staples of the Uzbek diet include kabob ,laghmon (long, thick noodles often used in soups), and many varieties of bread, called non. Green tea is a common beverage.
       Uzbek classical music is called shashmaqam which is closely related to Azeri mugam and Uighur muqam. The name, which translates as six maqams refers to the structure of the music, which contains six sections in diverrent musical modes, similar to classical Persian music. Interludes of spoken Sufi poetry interrupt the music, typically beginning at a low register and gradually ascending to a climax before calming back down to the beginning tone. Kurash is the native ancient type of upright jacket wrestling practiced in Uzbekistan. "Kurash" is one of the oldest martial arts and is believed to be the ancestor of judo. Kurash is a member of Turkish wrestling arts.

货币-索玛
       乌兹别克斯坦的货币是乌兹别克斯坦索玛(货币符号 UZS)。“Som”这个单词在哈萨克、吉尔吉斯坦、维吾尔, 乌兹别克,与其它塔吉克语均指“纯的”,还可指纯金。哈萨克、吉尔吉斯坦和维吾尔便条的背面把苏联卢比称为“索玛”。1索玛等于0.0007欧元。

主要的运动项目和奥运上取得的成就
       传统的国家体育项目是摔跤运动,受欢迎的体育项目包括英式足球、摔跤、在特殊场合举行的传统的马背上的比赛。 在乌兹别克斯坦,足球(英式足球)是最受欢迎的体育项目。有231个露天体育场,5,231个足球场地,以及许多足球场、迷你足球馆为36支球队服务。 国家时常举行足球锦标赛和乌兹别克斯坦杯。 网球和足球一样受欢迎。 网球仅次于足球是排行第二最受观众欢迎和参与的体育项目。“塔什干女子公开赛” 吸引了专业选手,也开始逐渐流行。 乌兹别克斯坦经常举办些有威望的比赛,如亚洲拳击锦标赛,亚欧跆拳道锦标赛,国际A级自由式摔跤联赛。
       1996年夏季奥运会,是国家自苏联解体后第一次独立参加的奥运会。在2000年的悉尼奥运会上穆克汉姆科得・阿布杜拉耶夫打败了321个对手赢得了拳击金牌,阿・泰马佐夫在自由式摔跤中获银牌,谢尔盖・米哈依洛夫和卢斯塔姆・萨伊多夫在拳击比赛中获铜牌。 乌兹别克斯坦在2004年奥运会上获得两金一银二铜。金牌来自摔跤比赛,一个是男子自由式摔跤120kg级的阿沃・塔玛兹,另一个是男子罗马式摔跤74kg级的亚历山大・多克图里什维利。 在它所参与的三次夏季奥林匹克运动会上,乌兹别克斯坦总共得三枚金牌,三枚银牌和五枚铜牌。

文化
       乌兹别克人是中亚最传统的民族。 虽然西式服装在国内也穿,但日常生活中还是常穿传统服装。传统男人穿亮彩条纹的袍子,黑靴,刺绣的无檐便帽或包头。女人穿彩色丝绸、棉花或绒的衣服和头巾。乌兹别克烹饪很特别,一些乌兹别克菜,如palov,在整个中亚很流行(Palov是由米饭、肉、蔬菜、干果组成的肉饭)。其余乌兹别克食谱有烤腌肉(kabob),laghmon(汤里常有的又长又厚的面条)、各种各样的面包、绿茶也成为普遍的饮料。
乌兹别克的古典音乐是shashmaqam,同Azeri mugam 和 Uighur muqam有紧密联系。它的名字翻译为六maqams,是指音乐结构,包括六个不同的音乐模式,类似古典的波斯音乐。包括苏菲(Sufi)诗中的音乐间隔,从低音域开始逐步攀升至高音,然后降到初始调。库来西(Kurash)是最老的武术之一,被认为是柔道的祖先。库来西是土耳其摔跤艺术的一个组成部分。

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