The Cambodia’s Ministry of Education has initiated an Education Strategic Plan 2004-2008 to set out a phased and rolling program of priority education policy and strategy reform for the next five years. In this phase of the reform process, the Ministry intends to continue to give highest priority to equitable access to high quality basic education services guided by the national strategies and targets, according to the strategy of the government. The ESP 2004-08 is also aimed to give greater emphasis to the expansion of non-formal education skills training for young people, expanding upper secondary and post-secondary education opportunities through a well-regulated partnership between the government, parents, communities and the private sector. The next phase of the education reforms will extend and deepen current pro-poor education strategies to further reduce barriers to education opportunities for Cambodia"s poorest families.
柬埔寨教育部发起了一项2004到2008年教育计划( Education Strategic Plan)，在今后五年里与以往不同的教育优先政策与策略改革。在这一改革的过程中，教育部根据政府的策略，按照国家策略和目标给予高质量的基本教育以最大的优先权。2004-08 ESP也是旨在强调给年轻人提供非正规的技术培训教育，通过在政府、父母、社会团体和私人机构间建立井然有序的关系，扩展高级中等教育和后中等教育的机会。教育改革的下一个阶段将会扩展和深化穷人教育策略，减少柬埔寨穷人家庭的入学难度。
The country has an estimated population of 13 million. Cambodia is ethnically homogeneous, as more than 90% of its population is of Khmer origin.
The country’s official language is the Khmer language. The Khmer language is a member of the Mon-Khmer sub-family of the Austroasiatic language group. French is spoken by many Cambodians as a second-language and is often the language of instruction in various schools and universities. Cambodian French is a dialect found in Cambodia. It is also frequently used in government. In recent decades, many younger Cambodians, as well as members of the business-classes, have favored learning English and it is gradually becoming the more widely-known. The other languages include Chinese, Vietnamese, Cham and Khmer Loeu.
Theravada Buddhism, suppressed by Khmer Rouge but now revived, is the main religion, but Christianity is spreading in the country.
Currency C Riel
Riel (currency code KHR) is the national currency of Cambodia. It is used mainly for buying local produce and other merchandise. The USD, particularly single dollar banknotes, is widely used throughout Cambodia for virtually all purposes and is often preferred to the riel, earning it a reputation as the country"s "unofficial second currency." The current exchange rate between the USD and the Cambodian riel was rounded off at around 4,000 riels per USD (as of June 2005).