【大耳朵最游记】博闻天下☆柬埔寨(二)
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2011-01-14 16:59:15  【打印


Education System
  The Cambodia’s Ministry of Education has initiated an Education Strategic Plan 2004-2008 to set out a phased and rolling program of priority education policy and strategy reform for the next five years. In this phase of the reform process, the Ministry intends to continue to give highest priority to equitable access to high quality basic education services guided by the national strategies and targets, according to the strategy of the government. The ESP 2004-08 is also aimed to give greater emphasis to the expansion of non-formal education skills training for young people, expanding upper secondary and post-secondary education opportunities through a well-regulated partnership between the government, parents, communities and the private sector. The next phase of the education reforms will extend and deepen current pro-poor education strategies to further reduce barriers to education opportunities for Cambodia"s poorest families.
教育体系
  柬埔寨教育部发起了一项2004到2008年教育计划( Education Strategic Plan),在今后五年里与以往不同的教育优先政策与策略改革。在这一改革的过程中,教育部根据政府的策略,按照国家策略和目标给予高质量的基本教育以最大的优先权。2004-08 ESP也是旨在强调给年轻人提供非正规的技术培训教育,通过在政府、父母、社会团体和私人机构间建立井然有序的关系,扩展高级中等教育和后中等教育的机会。教育改革的下一个阶段将会扩展和深化穷人教育策略,减少柬埔寨穷人家庭的入学难度。
Population
  The country has an estimated population of 13 million. Cambodia is ethnically homogeneous, as more than 90% of its population is of Khmer origin.
人口  
估计这个国家人口有1300万,柬埔寨的种族单一,超过90%人口是高棉血统。
Capital   
Phnom Penh
首都  
金边

 

Languages
  The country’s official language is the Khmer language. The Khmer language is a member of the Mon-Khmer sub-family of the Austroasiatic language group. French is spoken by many Cambodians as a second-language and is often the language of instruction in various schools and universities. Cambodian French is a dialect found in Cambodia. It is also frequently used in government. In recent decades, many younger Cambodians, as well as members of the business-classes, have favored learning English and it is gradually becoming the more widely-known. The other languages include Chinese, Vietnamese, Cham and Khmer Loeu.
语言  
  官方语言是高棉话,这是南亚语系中Mon-Khmer里的一种。法语是许多柬埔寨人的第二语言,通常在各种学校和大学都设有法语教育。柬埔寨法语可以在柬埔寨方言中找到,政府部门也会使用法语。最近十几年来,一些年轻人及商界成员更倾向于使用英语,英语也逐渐被广泛熟知。另外使用的语言还有中文、越南语、Cham与和Khmer Loeu。
Religions  
Theravada Buddhism, suppressed by Khmer Rouge but now revived, is the main religion, but Christianity is spreading in the country.
宗教信仰   
  被高棉Rouge镇压的小乘佛教(Theravada Buddhism)最近逐渐恢复成为主要的宗教,但是基督教也遍及全国。
Currency C Riel
  Riel (currency code KHR) is the national currency of Cambodia. It is used mainly for buying local produce and other merchandise. The USD, particularly single dollar banknotes, is widely used throughout Cambodia for virtually all purposes and is often preferred to the riel, earning it a reputation as the country"s "unofficial second currency." The current exchange rate between the USD and the Cambodian riel was rounded off at around 4,000 riels per USD (as of June 2005).
货币―瑞尔  
  瑞尔(货币代码KHR)是柬埔寨国家通用的货币,主要用于购买地方性产品及其他商品。美元,特别是单张的美元钞票在柬埔寨的很多地方都可以使用,通常比瑞尔更容易成为人们的首选而获得良好口碑,成为国家的非官方的第二货币。美元和柬埔寨瑞尔的交换率在每美元4000瑞尔上下(据2005年6月)。

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