【最游记】与自然亲密接触☆挪威(三)
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2010-12-01 19:13:33  【打印


Currency - Krone  
     Norwegian Krone(currency code NOK) is the name of the currency used in Norway. The common abbreviation is "kr". On 23 July2005, the exchange rates was 1 USD = 6.5900 NOK, or 1 NOK = 0.15175 USD.

Main Sporting Events and Achievement in Olympics
     In Norway, the most popular sports are football and golf, even though the national sport isSkiing, both Nordic and Alpine. Almost every boy plays football, there are also many girls playing it as well. The women football team is the 2000 Olympic champions and the champions for FIFA’s World Cup in 1995.
     The Norwegian has done well in water sports, like sailing and canoeing/Kayak in Olympics. In the 2004 Athens Olympics, it won five gold and one bronze medals. Of the five gold medals, one was from Men’s Javelin and the remaining four were from water sports. Two of the four gold medals in which it won in the 2000 Sydney Olympics were from water sports.

Culture
     Many Norwegians wear bunad (traditional costumes) and most participate in or watch the 17 May national day parade through the towns. Henrik Wergeland was the founder of the 17 May parade. These parades differ markedly from those of many other countries in that, rather than the military parades of, for example, France, they consist of children.
     Traditional Norwegian songs (kvad), ballads and short, often improvised songs (stev) are three of the biggest types of folk music. Work songs, hymns, tralling vocals and old printed ballad stories, skillingsviser, have also been popular. Norway shares the Nordic dance music tradition with its neighbouring countries, where the Hardanger fiddle (hardingfele), the most distinctive instrument in Norwegian folk music, is used along with other fiddles like the standard violin and Setesdals-fele. The hardingfele was part of kappleik musical contests from the late 19th century. The most popular and controversial of modern hardingfele artists is Annbjørg Lien, who released her first album, Annbjørg in 1989. The album featured Helge Førde and Frode Fjellheim and was both praised for its innovative fusion work and expressive style, and criticized for its watering-down of traditional sounds and a lack of regional tradition.
     Norse mythology was a collection of beliefs and stories shared by Northern Germanic tribes. The mythology was orally transmitted in the form of long, regular poetry. It is mainly based on the Eddas and other medieval texts written down after Christianisation. In Scandinavian folklore, these beliefs held on the longest, and in rural areas some traditions have been maintained until today, recently being revived or reinvented as Germanic Neopaganism. The mythology also remains as an inspiration in literature as well as on stage productions and movies.
     Famous Norwegians include the playwrights/novelists Baron Ludvig Holberg and Henrik Ibsen, explorers Roald Amundsen, Fridtjof Nansen, and Thor Heyerdahl, expressionist painter Edvard Munch and the romanticist composer Edvard Grieg. The playwright/novelists Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Knut Hamsun and Sigrid Undset have all won the Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1903, 1920 and 1928 respectively.

    
货币- 克朗  
   挪威克朗(货币代码NOK)是现在挪威的流通货币。一般缩写为“kr”。在2005年7月23日,汇率是1美元等于6.5900挪威克朗或1挪威克朗等于0.15175美元。

主要的运动项目和奥运上取得的成就

   虽然挪威的国家运动是滑雪,其最受欢迎的体育运动是足球和高尔夫球。几乎所有的男孩都喜欢踢足球,很多女孩也很喜欢。其女子足球队获得了2000年奥运会冠军,和1995年国际足联世界杯冠军。
   挪威人同样擅长水上体育,比如奥运会中的航海、皮划艇。在2004年雅典奥运会上挪威获得了五枚金牌和一枚铜牌。五枚金牌中一枚是男子标枪,其他四枚都是水上项目。在2000年悉尼奥运会获得的四枚金牌中的两枚是水上项目。

文化
 
   许多挪威人穿bunad(传统服饰),大多数人都会参加并观看在城镇举行的5月17日的国庆游行。亨瑞克・韦格朗是5月17日游行的奠基人。这些游行与其他国家,如法国的类似阅兵的游行完全不同,他们是由孩子组成的。
   传统的挪威歌曲(kvad)、民歌和短曲、即兴歌曲(stev)是三类最大的民族音乐。劳动歌曲、圣歌和其他老版本的情歌故事,如skillingsviser也受到欢迎。挪威与它的邻国分享着北欧舞蹈音乐传统,这里最有特色的北欧民族音乐乐器Hardanger 提琴 (hardingfele),是与小提琴和Setesdals-fele等其他乐器一起使用。 最受欢迎的但有争议的现代hardingfele艺术家是Annbjørg Lien,她在1989年发布了第一张专辑Annbjorg。这张专辑以Helge Førde 和Frode Fjellheim 为特点,它同时受到了创新和富有表现力风格的赞赏,以及流水般的传统音色和地区特色不足的批评。
   挪威童话是北部日耳曼部落流传的故事汇总。童话是通过长篇诗句口述的。它主要来源是古冰岛散文集和其他公元后中世纪的文字资料。在斯堪的纳维亚人的民间传说中,寓言长久流传,在乡村地区至今保留着一些传统寓言,近年来作为Germanic Neopaganism正在逐渐兴盛起来。童话依然是文学作品、舞台作品和电影作品的灵感来源。
   著名的挪威剧作家、小说家有路维・霍尔堡男爵和亨瑞克・易卜生,探险家罗尔德・阿蒙森,弗里德持乔夫・南森和图尔・海耶达尔,写实派画家爱德华・蒙克和浪漫主义作家 爱德华・格里格。剧作家、小说家Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson,克努特・汉姆生和西格丽德・温塞特分别在1903,1920和1928年获得诺贝尔文学奖。

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