8 Tips to Improve Your Public Speech Imm
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2008-12-09 17:37:10  【打印
8 Tips to Improve Your Public Speech Immediately

Giving speeches and presentations

is an inevitable part of life. Whether it be at school or at a conference , speeches and orals dominate most fields of study. What is worse is that over three quarters of the population fear presentations in front of people even though, eight times out of ten there is nothing to fear or be anxious about.

For the remaining 20 percent, the following tips will help you better prepare for a public speech and to better deliver, starting today.

1. Be prepared and practice.

Part of being nervous during an oral or presentation is due to the fact that you feel like you will forget critical pieces of information or that you will get up front of everyone and forget everything. Practice, over and over, until you are able to do your presentation with the minimal amount of cue cards. Practice in different settings, in front of different people.

2. Pick a topic that interests you.

It is hard to speak passionately and with conviction when you are talking about something that you couldn’t care about to save your life. Pick a topic that you know about so that you will be able to inject a little charisma into your speech. When questions come around at the end, you will be more equipped to answer them if you love what you talked about.

Also, picking a topic that interests you, but that you don’t necessarily know a lot about, makes information found regarding that topic easier to encode into long term memory and then to retrieve it! Easier to remember makes for an easier performance.

3. Don’t leave the audience out.

When the audience is pulled into your speech, or is forced to interact with you while you are giving your speech, their curiosity and attention will be on you. When you do not interact with the audience, you are giving them a huge opportunity to daydream, doze off and not listen. Why spend all that time on a speech to have your audience fall asleep?

4. Know your audience.

Know who you will be speaking to and tailor your speech accordingly. If you are talking to medical students you can use medical terms more liberally than if you were talking to sociology majors.

5. Make it simple to understand.

Not everyone will understand what you are saying and not everyone is interested in what you are saying. Especially when the topic is difficult to start with. Even when you define difficult terms they may not keep up. No one cares about how smart you sound. Losing your audience is not ideal either, which is inevitable if they don’t understand. If you have to use complicated terms, complement them with an easy to understand example of what you mean.

6. Complement your speech with visual aids.

Use power point slides or projectors. Illustrate your examples and put definitions of difficult concepts on simple slides. Some people learn better visually.

7. Dress properly.

Do not dress like you are staying in for the day, i.e. sweat pants?Dress like you mean it and are interested in what you are doing. Dress like you are taking this seriously. What you wear says something about you and people take those who dress seriously, more seriously and think they are more competent.

8. Keep your audience hanging and thinking.

Close your speech by leaving your audience thinking. This will perpetuate your speech and cultivate curiosity in others. It will also leave you and your speech more memorable.

Everything from dressing to the way you deliver your speech is important. It is through practice that you will be able to relieve a bit of the anxiety and fear that accompanies public speaking. Speaking slow and with conviction will captivate the audience and leave them wanting more. Remember, anxiety is normal, but if you work through it you will find that it is not as bad as you make it out to be.

8招立即提高公众演讲能力

演讲和报告是生活中不可或缺的一部分。无论是在学校还是在会议上,演讲和口试都是学习的主要部分。很糟的是,超过四分之三的人害怕在公众面前演讲,但其实,十次中有八次是大可不必害怕或担心的。

余下的20%,接下来的提示会对你更好地准备一次公众演讲和更顺畅地表达有所帮助,就从今天开始吧!



1.做好准备并多加习

口试或演讲中紧张的部分原因就在于这个事实——你感觉你会忘记演说内容的决定性片段,或者站在人前你觉得要有勇气,可你却忘记了所有的东西。练习吧,反复操练,直到你只借助最小数量的提示卡就能做好汇报。在不同的场合、不同的人群面前多多练习。



2.挑一个你感兴趣的话题

做到激昂地演说很难,要有确信,当你在谈论某些你不关心的话题时不要浪费口舌。挑选一个你了熟悉的话题,这样你的演讲就有了稍稍的吸引力。当演讲结束大家来问你问题时,你也会准备得更好来回答你乐意讨论的话题。

还有,挑一个你感兴趣的话题,不过你不必了解得太多,关于那个话题的信息你发现它越容易,就越能保持长时间的记忆,然后就越会去反复记忆!越容易记住就越容易讲述。



3.别让观众走神

当你正在演说,听众被你所吸引或不得不与你互动时,他们的好奇心和注意力都在你身上。而当你没能与听众达到互为影响时,他们就有了一个大大的机会去做白日梦、打瞌睡、不听你的演讲。为何要花费那么多的时间在一场让你的听众昏昏欲睡的演讲上呢?



4.了解你的听众

了解清楚你演讲给谁听,并作相应调整。如果你是对医学学生演讲而不是对社会学系学生演讲,你便可以大方地使用医学术语了。



5.易于理解

不是每个人都能理解你所说的话,也不是每个人对你所说的东西都感兴趣。尤其是一个话题难以展开的时候。甚至是当你详细说明他们无法理解的艰涩难懂的名词的时候。没人会在意你听起来有多聪明。如果他们不理解,失去听众无可避免,那不是理想的结果。如果你不得不用到复杂难懂的术语,那就用一种你认为便于理解的实例来补充说明它吧。



6.运用视听辅助教具完善你的演讲

你可以用上幻灯片或投影仪。对你所举的范例做个图解,用简短的片子来阐释难懂概念的定义。通过可视化,一些人学得更好了。



7. 正确着装

不要穿得好像你还呆在白天一样,穿着小运动裤?要穿成你心目中的样子,对你要做的事充满兴趣,要穿戴得郑重其事。你的穿着反映着你某种特质,人们乐意接受对着装仔细又仔细的人,甚至认为他们更有能力。



8.让听众回味并思考

结束演讲要留有听众思考的余地。这会令你的演讲永不磨灭,激起他人的好奇。它也会使你和你的演讲更加难以忘记。



你演讲着装方式的每个细节都很重要。通过练习你能解除伴随公开演讲而来的那一点点焦虑和害怕。语速放慢、真实可信能引起听众的注意,并让他们更想听下去。切记,担心是正常的,但如果你克服了它你就会发现,它并非象你想象的那么可怕。

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