MBA2000英语复习笔记—商务词汇(一)
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2007-05-31 08:58:04  【打印
MBA2000英语复习笔记—商务词汇(一)



A



abatement

n. 减(免)税,打折扣,冲销



absorb

vt. 吸收;吸引…的注意;吞并;兼并;承受;承担

We will not absorb these charges.

我们不能承担这些费用。

吸取(知识);占有

This job absorbs all of my time.

这件工作占有了我的全部时间。

To follow and absorb a newspaper article is a little bit hard as it requires a high level of mental involvement. 读懂一篇文章比较吃力,因为需要高度的脑力活动。

吸引;使专心;使全神贯注

to absorb in study 专心研读

The writer was absorbed in his writing that he forgot to flick the ashes from his cigar.作家全神贯注地进行写作,忘了弹去雪茄烟的烟灰。

并吞;兼并

to absorb the small states 兼并小国

支付;负担

The company will absorb all the costs.

公司将负担一切费用。

理解

to absorb the full meaning of a remark

理解一句话的全部意义



accept

vt.接受;承认;认可;承兑(票据等)



acceptance

n.接受,接纳;承认;(票据等的)承兑

接受

She won acceptance by the King family only through extraordinary diligence.

她由于超人的勤奋才得到王室家族的喜爱。

He taught with great acceptance for 40 years.

他从教40年一直很受欢迎



accommodation

n.住宿,膳宿;通融;贷款



account

n.叙述,说明;帐目,帐户

vi.说明,解释(原因等)

The accounts show we have spent more than we received. 账目表明我们支出多于收入。

All the accounts of the firm were certified as correct. 公司所有帐目被证明为正确无误。

When the inspection group declared that the accounts checked, the staff all cheered. 当检查组宣布帐目核对无误时,职工们都欢呼了起来。

account for解释;说明:

She could not account for her mistake.

她无法解释其错误。

I can't account for Peter's un-happiness.

我说不出彼得不高兴的原因。

How do you account for all the accidents in series? 你怎么解释这接二连三地发生的事故呢?

I want you to account for each sum of the money you spent.

我要你说明你所花掉的每一笔钱的用途。

Can you account for the serial failures in our experiment?

你能解释我们实验屡屡失败的原因吗?



accounting

n.会计学;借贷对照表



actuals

n.现货



administration

n.管理,经营;行政机关;政府



adulteration

n. 掺杂, 掺假货,伪造,劣等货,冒牌货



advance

vi.前进,推进,取得进展

n.前进,进展;预付款

预支;预付款

advance rental payment 租金预付款



advertise

v.为…做广告



advocate

vt 拥护;提倡;主张

He advocates building more schools.

他主张多建几所学校。

注意:+动名词



affiliate

n.附属公司;联营公司

v 加入;联合

Our club is affiliated to a national organization of similar clubs.

我们的俱乐部加入了同类俱乐部的全国组织。



affix

n附件,附录

vt附贴,盖(章),签署



agency

n.代理(办)处,机构



agent

n.代理人,代理商



aggregate

a.总的,累积的~GNP国民生产总值

What were your aggregate wages last year?

去年你的工资一共是多少?



agreement

n.一致,同意;协议,合同

They have made an agreement about the plan. 他们在这个计划上意见一致了。

His opinion is in agreement with mine.

他的意见和我的一致。



alienation

n. 让与,产权让渡,转让



alienator

n. 转让人,让渡人(权利或财产)



alienee

n. 受让人



allocation

n.拨款(权);分配

分配;配给

allocation of resource 资源分配

allocation of risk 风险分担

allocation of special drawing right

特别提款权的分配

拨款;拨款量

We've spent our entire allocation for the year.

我们把全年的经费都花完了。



alms

n. 救济金



amendment

n改正,修改

The plan was passed without amendments

这个计划未经修改就通过了。

The discussion on the amendment of the tax law passed off without a hitch.

有关修改税法的讨论顺利地结束了。



amortization

n摊销; 摊还;分期偿付



amount

n.数量,数额,总数

v.共计,等于



annuity

n -ties 年金;养老金 养老金保险



anticipate

vt预期;期待

We anticipate great pleasure from our visit to London. 我们期待伦敦之行过得非常愉快。

We anticipate hearing from you again.

我们期待再接到你们的来信。

预支;提前使用

anticipate one's income 预支收入

MBA2000英语复习笔记—商务词汇(二)







application

n.请求,申请;应用



apply

vt.请求,申请;应用;适用



appraisal

n.评价;估价,鉴定



appreciate

v.欣赏;领会;评价;感激;增值

This land has appreciated in value.

这块土地增值了。

Houses in this area have all appreciated in value since the new highway was built.

由于修建了新公路,这一地区的房屋都涨价了。



appreciation

n.鉴赏;升值,增值

评定;评价;鉴赏

Appreciation of works of art is bound to be dominated by a particular kind of interest.

对于艺术作品的欣赏必然受到一种特殊的兴趣爱好的支配。

鉴定书;评价报告

感激;感谢

She showed an appreciation of my help.

她感谢我的帮助。

(财产等)增值

appreciation of a currency 货币升值



appropriate

adj. 正确的;适当的

an appropriate example 适当的例子

A dirty face is not appropriate for the school photograph. 脸脏了不适合照学生像。

His casual clothes were not appropriate for such a formal occasion.

他的便服,不适宜在这样正式的场合穿。

vt 拨给,拨出

The government appropriated a large sum of money for building schools.

政府拨出一大笔钱修建学校。

挪用;盗用

to appropriate public funds 挪用公款

The minister was found to have appropriated government money.

部长被发现曾盗用公款。



arbitrage

n套汇;套利; 仲裁;公断

arbitrage of exchange 多角套汇



arrears

n. 到期未付款, 欠帐 in arrears欠债;拖欠的



article

n.文章;条款;物件,商品;冠词



assessment

n.评估;确定金额



assessor

n 估价人;估税人



asset

n.(单项)财产;(pl.)资产

~ account 资产帐户

~s income 资产收益

~s settlement 资产决算



assign

v.指派,指定;分配,过户;转让

(与to连用)分配

The monitor was assigned to take notes for the meeting. 班长被分派作会议记录。

指定(把时间、地点等)

The two governments assigned a day for the next negotiation.

两国政府确定了下一轮谈判的日期。

(与to连用)(把财产、权利等)让与



assignment

n.分配,指派;(分配的)任务;(布置的)作业;转让

What are today's assignment?

今天的作业是什么?



attorney

n. <美>律师, (业务或法律事务上的)代理人



auction

n/v 拍卖 auction price 拍卖价格



auditing

v. 审核; n. 审计学



avail

n 效用;用途; 营业收入,营业收益,可用金额

of no avail 无用

of little avail 有点儿用

without avail 无效



average

n.平均,平均数,一般水平;平均水平

The average of 4, 8, and 60 is 24.

4、8和60的平均数是24。

What is the average rainfall for August in your country?

你们国家八月份的平均降雨量是多少?

His results is the average.

他的成绩平平。

a.平均的,中等的,平常的

v.平均为

Months of high and low sales average out over the year. 销售额高低不同的月份按全年统算达到一般水平。



B



bail

n. 保释, 保释金, 保证人



balance

vt.使平衡,使收支平衡

n.天平;平衡;结存,差额

收支差额;余额

a bank balance 银行余额

The balance of the wages was devoted to new books on flower culture.

剩下来的工资全用来购买花卉栽培的新书上了。

May I take the balance of my holidays next month? 我能否在下个月使用还没休完的假期?

You may keep the balance. 找头你留着吧。



ballooning

n.股票上涨,非法操纵价格,飞涨

ban

vt(法律上)禁止

Smoking is banned in school.

在学校禁止吸烟。

n 禁止

There is a ban on smoking. 有一个禁烟令。



bank

n.银行;岸,堤



banker

n.银行家



banking

n.银行业;银行学



bankrupt

n.破产者

The bankrupt and the men to whom he owed money arranged an accommodation.

破产者和他的债权人协议调解。

vt.使破产

a.破产的

The company went bankrupt because of its poor management.

那家公司管理经营不善而破产。



bankruptcy

n.破产



bargain

n.交易;便宜货;协议

A bargain's a bargain.

达成的协议决不可撕毁。

He made a bargain with his wife 'You take care of the children and I'll cook.'

他跟妻子讲条件'你看好孩子,我做饭。'

廉价买到的东西

This jacket is a real bargain at such a low price. 这件夹克衫这么便宜,真划得来。

It's a real bargain.(非正式) 真便宜。

vt.讨价还价

(常与with, for连用)讲价;谈条件

If you bargain with them they might reduce the price. 你讲讲价,他们可能会把价钱降低。

She bargained with the trader till he sold her the fruit cheaply. 她和卖水果的人讨价还价,直到他把水果便宜地卖给了她。

MBA2000英语复习笔记—商务词汇(三)







barter

vt 易货,易货贸易;作物物交换

Farmers bartered rice for machinery.

农民们用大米换机器。

We will never barter away principles.

我们决不拿原则做交易。

n 易货,易货贸易barter trade



bear

v.忍受;承担;生育;结(果实)



bear

n.熊;空头



bearish

a.(行情)看跌的,卖空的



beneficiary

n.受益人



bid

v.投标;出价,报价

He bid $5 for an old book.

他为一本旧书出价5美元



bill

n.帐单,清单;钞票;票据

The bill this week is too big for the Blacks to pay. 布莱克一家本周的帐单数目太大付不起了。

bill in three parts 三联单

How much was the bill for the electricity?

电费是多少



binder

n. 装订工, [法律]临时契约



blanknote

n. 空白本票



board

n.木板;伙食;董事会

board and lodging 膳宿费

Each student has to pay $100 a month for board and lodging.

每个学生每月需付一百美元的膳宿费。

委员会;理事会;董事会

Our company has 3 women on its board of directors. 我们公司董事会里有三位女性。

His uncle is now on the Board.

他叔叔现在是董事。

vt.上飞机(或船、车)



bond

n.契约;债券;联结;监禁

债券;公债;证券

4.5% National Savings bonds

年利四分五厘的国家储蓄券

契约;合同;票据

enter into a bond 订契约



bonded

a. 抵押的,以债券作保证的

a bonded debt 债券债务



bonus

n.额外津贴;奖金;红利

The workers got a Christmas bonus.

工人得到圣诞节奖金。

意外收获

The win on the pools was a real bonus.

赌博赢钱真是意外收获。

We like our new house and it's a real bonus that there is a swimming pool nearby.

我们很喜欢自己的新房子,加上附近有座游泳池,真是好上加好。



boom

v.高涨;繁荣,兴旺

迅速增长;趋于繁荣;景气

Business is booming. 生意日趋繁荣。

In a city with booming industry, land is precious and cannot be extravagantly used for traffic. 在一个工业飞速发展的城市里,土地资源非常宝贵,不能任意地用于交通。



borrow

v.借,借入



borrowing

n.借款,贷款



bottleneck

n.瓶颈;防碍生产的卡脖子环节



brand

n.商标,牌子

vt.打烙印于…

These cattle have my brand on them.

这些牛身上都有我打的烙印。



break

v.打破;损坏;破坏;中断;(物价等)暴跌;倒闭

n.(课间或工间)休息时间;破产;倒闭



break-even

adj. 收支平衡的



broke

a.破产的



broker

n.经纪人



brokerage

n. 经纪人之业务,回扣



bubble

n.轻率企业,高风险投资



budget

n.预算



bulk-cheap

n.薄利多销



bull

n.公牛;粗壮的人;买空



bull-bear

n.多头空头



bullish

adj. 似公牛的, 看涨的, 上扬的



by-business

n.兼职,副业



bylaw

n. 公司章程;次要法规,(社,团制定的)规章制度



business

n.商业,生意;事务



C



call

v.称为;叫喊;打电话

n.喊叫;访问;(一次)通话;付款要求(通知书)

call, visit , see 这三个词都有拜访的意思。

call所表示的拜访通常不是朋友之间的访问,而是出于公务上或别的什么事情的需要而作的暂短访问,而且完成了任务或达到了目的之后便离去;call at 的宾语通常为house, office等之类的名词,或不用at,不跟宾语. call on 的宾语通常为表示人的名词或代词。call in 表示顺路到某处或某家.

He called at every house in the street once a month…

这条街的每一户人家他每月都要访问一次……。

And now, madam, enough of my tragic personal history! You have called on business. What can I do for you?(-Bernard Shaw) 好了,小姐,关于我的灾难性的个人历史就别再说啦!你是有事来访的。你有什么事呀?——肖伯纳。

I called on him yesterday, but he could not help us.

我昨天去拜访他了,但他帮不了我们的忙.

After crossing the equator, the captain called in at a port to have a new rudder fitted,…

过了赤道之后,船长顺路停靠了一个港口,以便装上一个新舵…。

visit 可以表示正式的访问,也可用于朋友间的亲切的拜访,甚至是旅游家的参观,而访问时的逗留可长可短.

Yesterday I paid him a visit.

昨天我拜访了他。

At present, they are visiting all parts of the country. 现在他正在全国各地访问。

see 作为访问总用于非正式的而且是熟人之间的拜访.

‘I've just arrived by train,’she said.‘I'm coming to see you.’“

我刚刚乘火车到达这里,”她说道。“我来看你。”

I'll come and see you later.

我以后再来看你。

MBA2000英语复习笔记—商务词汇(四)







canvasser

n. 游说者, 劝诱人, 兜揽生意的人



capacity

n.容量;能力;生产量

That bowl has a capacity of two pints.

那只碗的容量有两品脱。

能力;接受力

a mind of great capacity 理解力极强的头脑



capital

n.首都;资本;大写字母

a.主要的,基本的;资本的



capitation

n. 人头税, 按人收费



cargo

n.货物,船货



carriage

n.马车;(铁路)客车车厢;运输,运费

carriage free 运费免收

carriage paid 运费已付



cash

n.现金,现款

v.兑现,付现

to cash a cheque 兑付支票

cash in 靠…赢利;赚钱;利用

Can you cash this postal order for me now?

你现在能帮我兑现这张邮政汇票吗?



cashier

n.出纳员



ceiling

n.天花板;(规定价格、工资等的)最高限额(价)



certificate

n.证(明)书;单据



change

v.改变;兑换;更换

Where can I change my English money for dollars? 我在哪儿可以把英镑兑换成美钞?

Can you give me change for a $10 note?

你能替我把十美元钞票换成辅币吗?

He changed his European dollars for the / an equivalent amount American dollars.

他把欧元换成等值的美元。

n.改变;零钱



charge

v.控告;索价;充电

要价;索价;要人支付;收费

The fruit seller charged me too much money.

这个水果商要了我很多的钱。

How much did he charge you for repairing the bicycle? 他修理自行车收了你多少钱?

How much do you charge for your mushrooms? 你的蘑菇要什么价钱?

Do you charge for the use of the office telephone at off-duty time?

下班时间打办公电话你们收不收费?

That seaside hotel charges exorbitant prices during the summer holidays.

那家海滨旅馆在夏天休假期间漫天要价。

n.收费;费用;指控;充电

a charge for the use of the telephone

使用电话的费用

The charge for a front-row seat is $3.

前排座位票价每张三美元。

a charge of stealing 偷窃罪的指控

The charge carries a possible sentence of three years. 这项控告可能要判三年徒刑。

charge, accuse这两个动词都有“指控”,“控告”的意思。

charge 在表示“指控”时,仍然包含着这个动词的基本含义—“使承担责任或任务”,同时强调被指控者的过错相当严重,而且,要将这种过错郑重宣布。

I won't charge you this time. But you'd not do it again! 这一次我就不告发你了,不过你最好别再这么干了!

The police charged the driver with careless driving. 警察指控那个司机开车粗心。

注:charge 可用于对罪行很重的人指控,也可用于对于一般过错的人的指控。

accuse 通常表示直接而严厉地指出某人的过错。这两个词的常用搭配是

to accuse somebody of doing something, 和 to charge … with …

Dimitri apologized to Aleko for having accused him.

迪米特利指责了阿列科,因此他向阿列科道了歉。

His neighbour accused him of playing the musical instrument too loudly.

他的邻居指责他的乐器弹奏得太响了。



check

vt.检查,核对;制止

n.检查,核对;支票



cheque(美:check)

n.支票



chore

n 家庭杂务;零星工作; 困难的(不合意的)工作

It's such a chore to do the shopping every day! 每天上街买东西真烦人!



circulate

v.循环;流通;流传



circulation

n.循环;流传;流通;报刊等的发行(量)



claim

vt.声称;要求;索赔

(根据权利)要求,认领,索赔

Did you claim on the insurance after your car accident?

你的车子出事之后,要求领保险金了吗?

I claimed the coat that the teacher found.

我认领了老师找到的外套。

Did you claim on the insurance after your house fire?你家失火后你要求保险公司赔偿了吗?

声言;自称;主张

He claimed that he hadn't done it, but I didn't believe him.

他声称没有做这件事,可是我不相信他。

Fishermen and sailors sometimes claim to have seen monsters in the sea.

渔夫和水手有时声称看到过海里的妖怪。

His claim about the number of people killed in the spring forest fire was evidently overstated. 他所说的春天森林大火中的死亡人数显然是夸张了的。

He claims that he has got one of the two earliest British stamps but nobody believes him. "他自称得到了英国两张最早的邮票中的其中一张,但是无人相信。"

n.要求;主张,断言

(依据权利的)要求

They made a claim for higher pay.

他提出更高报酬的要求。

The government's claim that war was necessary was clearly mistaken.

政府声称战争是必然的,这说法显然是错误的。



clause

n.(合同)务款

The clause in the contract is insusceptible of another interpretation.

合同中的这条规定是不能有其他解释的



clearance

n.清理,清算,票据交换,



client

n.当事人;顾客



closed

a.关闭的;停止营业的



closedown

n.停业;倒闭



C.O.D.(=cash on delivery)

n.货到付款



collapse

v./n.倒坍;崩溃(价格)暴跌;倒闭,破产



collect

v.收集;领取;收税,收帐

collect money 收钱

The electrician will come round to collect the electricity fee for the month one of these days. 日内电工将来收取这个月的电费。



collection

n.收集;募捐;收藏品;收款,收帐

a large collection of stamps 大量的邮票收藏

Can you tell me for what the church will use the money it gets from collections?

你能告诉我教会拿募捐得来的钱干什么用吗?



commerce

n.商业;贸易



commercial

a.商业的,商务性的

n.商业广告

The aim of the repetitions of the same commercial on television is nothing but to brainwash consumers into compulsive consumption. 电视上反复地播放同一个广告的目的无非是想宣传得使消费者非用不可。



commission

n.委员会;佣金;手续费;授权;代办;委托

She gets 10% commission on his sales.

她卖出东西可得10%的佣金。

v. 委任;任命;授权;命令

I have commissioned the bank to pay my taxes. 我授权银行代我缴税。



The king commissioned a new piece of music.

国王下令谱一首新曲。



commodity

n.商品;日用品



compensate

v.(损坏)赔偿,补偿

to compensate sb. for 为…向某人赔偿

Nothing can compensate the young mother for the loss of her favorite daughter.

年轻的妈妈丧失了自己心爱的女儿是任何东西也弥补不了的。



compensation

n.补偿,补偿费,补偿交易,报酬,抚恤费,赔偿,赔款



compete

vi.竞争,比赛



competition

n.竞争,比赛



competitor

n.竞争者



complain

vi.抱怨;申诉

They complained about the food.

他们抱怨这糟糕的食物。

Almost immediately he began to complain about the weather.

他几乎马上就开始抱怨起天气来了。

Jean is always complaining about something.

琼总是满腹牢骚。



complaint

n.抱怨,诉苦;申诉

If your neighbors are too noisy then you have cause for complaint.

"如果你的邻居太喧哗,你就有理由投诉。"



complex

a.复杂的,综合的

n.综合企业,综合体



concern

vt.涉及;关心,挂念;康采恩(垄断组织)

n.关系;关心,担忧;公司,商号;企业

Our concern only makes shoes for children.

本公司专做童鞋。



conglomerate

n.综合性大企业, 跨行业公司,跨业经营



conservative

adj 保守的,守旧的

The researchers made a conservative guess at the population of Tokyo.

研究人员对东京的人口作了一项保守的估计。

MBA2000英语复习笔记—商务词汇(五)







consideration

n.考虑;体贴;审议;报酬

Please give the problem your careful consideration. 请你仔细考虑这个问题。

理由;考虑的事物;因素

The most important consideration in this case is time. 在这件事中,最重要的因素是时间。

"The cost of consumption articles is the first consideration, as far as most ordinary people are concerned." "就多数普通百姓而言,首先要考虑的是消费品的价格。"



consignment

n 寄售;托付; 托卖的货物;交托的物品

Their consignment of bananas was / were bad. 他们托运的一批香蕉质量不好。



consolidation

n. 巩固, 合并



consume

vt.消耗,消费



consumer

n.消费者,用户



consumerism

n.保护消费者利益主义, 商品的消费和销售性服务



consumption

n.消耗,消费(量)



container

n.容器;集装箱



contract

n.合同,契约;承包

v.订合同;收缩

~ for(of) purchase n.购货合同

~ for(of) service n.劳务合同

~ interest n.放定利息

~ life n.合同有效期限

Their firm have contracted to build a double-purpose bridge across the river.

他们公司已签约承建一座横跨大江的两用大桥。



contributor

n 捐助者;投稿人;纳税人



controller

n.主计员;总会计师



convention

n 条约;协议;契约

conclude a military convention 缔结军事协定

习俗;习惯

Convention now allows women to smoke in public. 现在习俗允许妇女在公共场所吸烟。

It is the convention for men to wear suits on formal occasions.

男子在正式场合穿套装是一种社会习俗。

会议;集会;代表会议

a teachers' convention 教师代表会议



conventional

adj 因袭的;传统的,习惯的

conventional accounting

传统会计(不使用计算机,依靠人工记帐的会计)

常规的;普通平凡的

conventional weapon 常规武器



convert

vt.使转变,使转化;兑换(货币)

I want to convert some Hong Kong dollars into American dollars.

我想把一些港元换成美元。



convertible

a.可兑换的,可兑现的

convertible bond 可兑换的债券

The dollar is convertible. 美元可以自由兑换。



conveyance

n.产权转让证书,转让,转让证书(不动产)



corporation

n.(股份有限)公司;法人



cost

n.成本,费用;代价

v.值(多少钱);花费



costing

n.成本会计,成本核算



counseling

n. (对个人,社会以及心理等问题的)咨询服务



counterfeit

adj伪造的;假冒的;模仿的

a counterfeit coin 假硬币

n/v 伪造;假冒



counterfoil

n. 支票存根, 票根, 存根



cover

vt.盖,覆盖;包括,论及;负担支付,弥补(损失),补空,冲销

The review covered everything we learned last term.这次复习包括上学期我们所学的全部课程。

n.盖子;(书的)封面



credit

n.信贷;信誉;学分

vt.信任;计入贷方



curb

vt 抑制;控制

n. 场外交易,场外市场,场外证券市场



crisis

n.危机;紧急关头



currency

n.货币



custom

n.习惯;(pl.)海关,关税



cutback

n. 削减生产,削减人员



cycle

n.周期;循环;自行(摩托)车

vi.骑自行(摩托)车;循环



D



damage

vt./n.毁坏,损害

n.(pl.)损害赔偿费

to claim damages 索赔

The court awarded £500 in damages to the injured. 法庭判给受伤者500英镑的赔偿费。



dead

a.死的,无生命的;无感觉的;不景气的,呆滞的;停顿的



deal

v.处理,按排;给予

n.交易,买卖



dealer

n.经销商,证券商



debenture

n.信用债券,债券,海关退税凭单



debit

n.借方,记入借方的款项



debt

n.债务,欠债



debtee

n.债权人



debtor

n.债务人;借方



debt-redden

n.负债累累



deduct

v.扣除;减去



deed

n.行为;功绩;契约;证件



default

n./v.拖欠,违约



defects

n. 不合格品



deficit

n.亏损;赤字,逆差

a deficit of rain 缺雨



delivery

n.投递,送交;交付;交货

There is no delivery of letters on Sundays.

星期日不送信。



demand

vt/n.要求;需要;需求



departure

n.离开;出发;新业务



deposit

vt.存放;储蓄;使沉积

n.存款;押金;沉淀物

current deposit 活期存款

He put a deposit on a house.

他给一所房子付了押金



depreciation

n.折旧;价值下降

depreciation of fixed asset 固定资产折旧



depression

n.萧条,不景气



description

n.描述,形容;种类

That is a description of you. 那是对你的描述。



devalue

n.贬值



difference

n.差别,差异;差额

I can't see much difference in them.

我看不出他们有什么大的差别。

The difference between 8 and 2 is 6.

八和二差是六。

MBA2000英语复习笔记—商务词汇(六)







direction

n.方向;指令;(pl.)用法说明

Full directions inside. 内附详细说明书。



director

n.主管,主任;董事;导演



discount

n.(卖方给买方的)折扣,折价;贴现



dishonour

vt.拒付(汇票、票据)



disinflation

n反通货膨胀



dissolution

n. 解除(契约),解散



display

vt./n.展览,陈列;展销;显示



distrain

vi(常与upon连用)扣押,扣押财物

to distrain upon sb. 扣押某人的财物

to distrain goods for an amercement

扣押货物作为罚款



distribute

vt.分发,分配;分布



distribution

n.分发,分配;分布



dividend

n 股份红利;股息



docking

n. 扣工资



dole

n.失业救济



downpayment

n. 预付定金



draft

n.草稿,草图;汇票

vt.起草



drawback

n. 退税(进口货再出口时海关退回税款)



drawing

n. 图画;素描;画像; 开发票,提款



due

a. 预定的;应付的;到期的;应有的

(常与to连用)欠的;应给的

Our thanks are due to him. 我们要感谢他。

(常与for连用)适当的;合适的

due reward 应得的报酬

I am due for a rise in pay. 我应该提工资了。

应付的;到期的

应到的;预期的

When is the steamer due? 这船预定何时到?



dump

vt.倾倒;倾销



duty

n.职责;义务;税

estate duty 遗产税



E



earnings

n.(常pl.)收入,收益;利润

He has spent all his earnings.

他把所赚的钱都花光了。



economics

n.经济学



economy

n.经济;节约

economy of scale 规模经济



embezzle

vt 盗用;挪用

The head of the branch bank embezzled ten thousand dollars from the bank where he worked. 银行分行行长在他工作的银行里贪污了一万美元。



employ

vt.雇用;使用



employer

n.雇员



employment

n.雇用;职业;使用



enclosure

n.附件,信中附件



endorse

vt 在(支票)背面签字,背书

赞同;认可

endorse one's opinions 同意某人的意见

The application was endorsed by the governors' board. 申请书已由董事会批准。



endorsee

n. 承受背书票据者, 被背书人



endorser

n. 背书人, 转让人



endorsement

n.票据、单证上的背书,背书,保险批单



enter

v.进入;加入;登记,报名;过帐;报关



enterprise

n.事业心;企业(单位)



entry

n.报关手续;报关单;入帐



evaluate

vt.评价,估价

"The research project has only been under way for three months, so it's too early to evaluate its success." "这个研究项目进行了不过三个月,所以要对它的成绩作出评价为时尚早。"



evasion

n. 逃避,偷漏税



evolution

n 进化;演化; 发展

the evolution of the modern car

近代汽车的发展



exchange

n.交换;交流;兑换

n.交换;交流;兑换;交易所



excise

n.国内消费税,国产税



ex-dividend

n. 无股息,无股利



executor

n.遗嘱执行人



exemption

n. 豁免,免税



expediter

n. 稽查员



expenditure

n.支出,开支



expense

n.花费,经费;(pl.)费用



expire

v.期满,终止



export

vt.出口,输出

n.出口;出口商品



external

n.(常pl.)额外的项目,费用等



F



facility

n 灵巧,熟练

He has great facility in learning languages.

他有学语言的天赋。

Her facility with / in languages is surprising.

她在语言方面的才能令人吃惊。

He showed great facility in performing task.

他工作很熟练。

(pl.) 设施,设备

There are facilities for cooking in the kitchen.

厨房里有烹饪设备。

Are there washing facilities in the school?

学校里有洗涤设备吗?



failure

n.失败,不及格;失败者,失败的事;失灵,故障;破产,无支付能力



fair

a.公平的,相当的,浅色的

n.定期集市;博览会;交易会



fake

n.伪造品

The painting looked old but was a recent fake. 这幅画看上去年代久远,实际是最近的一幅赝品。



fax

n.传真



feature

n特征,特色; 容貌,相貌

Her eyes were her best feature.

她的眼睛是她的容貌最漂亮的部分。



finance

n.财政(学),金融;(pl.)财源,资产

People who work in banks know about finance. 在银行工作的人懂金融。

"Unless we get more finance, we'll have to close the branch offices."

"如果得不到更多的资金,我们就不得不关闭所有的分支办事处。"

v.资助,筹措资金;理财

The government will finance the building of the new roads with the taxes it collects.

政府将用它所征得的税收为修建这条新公路提供资金。

MBA2000英语复习笔记—商务词汇(七)







financial

a. 财政的,金融的



financier

n 财政家;金融家



financing

n.筹资,资金供应



fiscal

adj. 财政的, 国库的, 会计的, 国库岁入的



float

vi.漂浮;浮动



floorwalker

n. <美>(百货商店)巡视员, 招待员



flourish

v.繁荣;兴旺

The company has really flourished since the chief engineer joined us. "自从主任工程师到我们公司来了以后,公司真正地兴旺起来了。"



fluctuation

n.波动,(价格)涨落



forfeit

n. 罚金,没收物



foundation

n.建立;基础;基金会

The Gulbenkian Foundation gives money to help artists. 古尔班基基金会给艺术家以资助。

基础;根据

Slavery provided the foundation for many ancient types of society.

奴隶制为古代社会提供了基础。

He laid the foundations of his success by study and hard work.

他以读书和勤劳奠定了成功的基础。

The foundation on which many industries were built was the use of the rich raw materials in the local place. 许多工厂都是建立在使用当地丰富的原材料的基础上的。



franchise

n 专卖权,特许,特许权,经销权

v 给…特许权



franchisee

n特许被授予人,特许证持有人,大公司的联营店



franchiser

n. 给予特许者,经销权所有人



freight

n.货运;(货运的)货物;运费



frugal

adj节俭的;俭朴的

a frugal housekeeper 节俭的管家



fund

n.基金;(pl.)资金



futures

n. 期货交易,远期交易



G



gain

v.获得;获益;增加;(钟、表)走快

n.获利,盈余;增加,(价格、价值、利润等)收涨



glut

n 供应过剩;充斥

a glut of cotton goods 棉织品供应过剩



goods

n.货物,商品;财产



goodwill

n.信誉,商誉



grace

n.优美,优雅;宽限



graft

n. 贪污,受贿,不义之财



grant

vt.同意,准许;授予

to grant sb. permission to do sth.

准许某人做某事

n.(政府)拨款

The government gave us a grant to build another classroom.

政府给了我们一笔补助,用来盖另外一间教室。



gravy

n. 利润,容易赚的钱



gross

a. 总的;毛重的

gross domestic product (GDP) 国内生产总值

n.总额



group

n.群,小组;团体;集团(公司)

v.分组;聚集



guarantee

n.保证;保证书;担保

The new television had a guarantee with it.

这台新电视机有保修单。

vt.担保,保证



H



haggle

vi(常与about, over连用)讨价还价;争论不休

We are not used to haggling over price.

我们一向不讨价还价。

We never haggle about principle.

我们决不拿原则作交易。

The farmer haggled over the price of the cattle. 农民为那头牛的价格争执不已。



hire

vt.租用;雇用



historic

adj 有历史意义的;历史上著名的

a historic meeting between the two leaders

两位领导人的具有历史意义的会见



historical

历史的,有关历史的;历史题材的

a historical play 历史剧

Mr. Thompson gave all the historical papers of his grandfather to the public library according to his grandfather's will.

汤普森先生按照他祖父的遗瞩将他祖父所有关于历史学的论文都赠送给了公共图书馆。



honor

n.光荣,荣誉

vt.给予荣誉;尊敬;承兑(承认并如期付款)

The bank will not always honor your debts.

银行不会总是给你承兑债务。



house

n.房子,住宅;议院;所,商行

vt.给… 房子住



hover

n. 价格盘旋



huckster

n 沿街叫卖的小贩,流动商贩

vt, vi 讨价还价; 叫卖,零售



hyperinflation

n 恶性通货膨胀



hypothecation

n 抵押;财产抵押



I



illicit

a.非法的,禁止的

the illicit sale of opium 私卖鸦片



immunity

n免疫,免疫力;(常与from连用)免除,豁免权



import

vt.输入,进口

n.输入,进口;(pl.)进口商品

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