Origin of Mother's Day
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2011-05-18 13:30:28  【打印

       Origin of Mother's Day goes back to the era of ancient Greek and Romans. But the roots of Mother's Day history can also be traced in UK where a Mothering Sunday was celebrated much before the festival saw the light of the day in US. However, the celebration of the festival as it is seen today is a recent phenomenon and not even a hundred years old. Thanks to the hard work of the pioneering women of their times, Julia Ward Howe and Anna Jarvis that the day came into existence. Today the festival of Mothers day is celebrated across 46 countries (though on different dates) and is a hugely popular affair. Millions of people across the globe take the day as an opportunity to honor their mothers, thank them for their efforts in giving them life, raising them and being their constant support and well wisher.

Earliest History of Mothers Day
      The earliest history of Mothers Day dates back to the ancient annual spring festival the Greeks dedicated to maternal goddesses. The Greeks used the occasion to honor Rhea, wife of Cronus and the mother of many deities of Greek mythology.

      Ancient Romans, too, celebrated a spring festival, called Hilaria dedicated to Cybele, a mother goddess. It may be noted that ceremonies in honour of Cybele began some 250 years before Christ was born. The celebration made on the Ides of March by making offerings in the temple of Cybele lasted for three days and included parades, games and masquerades. The celebrations were notorious enough that followers of Cybele were banished from Rome.

      Early Christians celebrated a Mother's Day of sorts during the festival on the fourth Sunday of Lent in honor of the Virgin Mary, the Mother of Christ. In England the holiday was expanded to include all mothers. It was then called Mothering Sunday.
History of Mother's Day: Mothering Sunday

      The more recent history of Mothers Day dates back to 1600s in England. Here a Mothering Sunday was celebrated annually on the fourth Sunday of Lent (the 40 day period leading up to Easter) to honor mothers. After a prayer service in church to honor Virgin Mary, children brought gifts and flowers to pay tribute to their own mothers.

      On the occasion, servants, apprentices and other employees staying away from their homes were encouraged by their employers to visit their mothers and honor them. Traditionally children brought with them gifts and a special fruit cake or fruit-filled pastry called a simnel. Yugoslavs and people in other nations have observed similar days.

      Custom of celebrating Mothering Sunday died out almost completely by the 19th century. However, the day came to be celebrated again after World War II, when American servicemen brought the custom and commercial enterprises used it as an occasion for sales.

History of Mother's Day: Julia Ward Howe
      The idea of official celebration of Mothers day in US was first suggested by Julia Ward Howe in 1872. An activist, writer and poet Julia shot to fame with her famous Civil War song, "Battle Hymn of the Republic". Julia Ward Howe suggested that June 2 be annually celebrated as Mothers Day and should be dedicated to peace. She wrote a passionate appeal to women and urged them to rise against war in her famous Mothers Day Proclamation, written in Boston in 1870. She also initiated a Mothers' Peace Day observance on the second Sunday in June in Boston and held the meeting for a number of years. Julia tirelessly championed the cause of official celebration of Mothers Day and declaration of official holiday on the day. Her idea spread but was later replaced by the Mothers' Day holiday now celebrated in May.

History of Mother's Day: Anna Jarvis
      Anna Jarvis is recognised as the Founder of Mothers Day in US. Though Anna Jarvis never married and never had kids, she is also known as the Mother of Mothers Day, an apt title for the lady who worked hard to bestow honor on all mothers.
Anna Jarvis got the inspiration of celebrating Mothers Day from her own mother Mrs Anna Marie Reeves Jarvis in her childhood.        An activist and social worker, Mrs Jarvis used to express her desire that someday someone must honor all mothers, living and dead, and pay tribute to the contributions made by them.

      A loving daughter, Anna never forgot her mothers word and when her mother died in 1905, she resolved to fulfill her mothers desire of having a mothers day. Growing negligent attitude of adult Americans towards their mothers and a desire to honor her mothers soared her ambitions.

      To begin with Anna, send Carnations in the church service in Grafton, West Virginia to honor her mother. Carnations were her mothers favorite flower and Anna felt that they symbolised a mothers pure love. Later Anna along with her supporters wrote letters to people in positions of power lobbying for the official declaration of Mothers Day holiday. The hard work paid off. By 1911, Mother's Day was celebrated in almost every state in the Union and on May 8, 1914 President Woodrow Wilson signed a Joint Resolution designating the second Sunday in May as Mother's Day.

History of Mother's Day: Present Day Celebrations
      Today Mothers Day is celebrated in several countries including US, UK, India, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Turkey, Australia, Mexico, Canada, China, Japan and Belgium. People take the day as an opportunity to pay tribute to their mothers and thank them for all their love and support. The day has become hugely popular and in several countries phone lines witness maximum traffic. There is also a tradition of gifting flowers, cards and others gift to mothers on the Mothers Day. The festival has become commercialised to a great extent. Florists, card manufacturers and gift sellers see huge business potential in the day and make good money through a rigorous advertising campaign.

      It is unfortunate to note that Ms Anna Jarvis, who devoted her life for the declaration of Mothers Day holiday was deeply hurt to note the huge commercialisation of the day.



参考译文:
      母亲节的起源可以追溯到古希腊和罗马时代。但是,母亲节的历史根源可追溯到英国也如母亲节的庆祝活动多在节日前看到了美国光天化日之下。然而,作为它被认为是今天的节日庆祝活动是一个新现象,甚至没有一百年的历史。到了这时代的创业妇女辛勤工作表示感谢,朱丽娅伍德霍夫和安娜贾维斯这一天诞生。今天是母亲节当天在46个国家庆祝(尽管在不同的日期),是一个非常受欢迎的事情。全球各地的千百万人请一天为契机,他们的母亲团聚,感谢给予他们的生活,提高他们,是他们的一贯支持和祝福者以及他们的努力。
历史上最早的母亲节
      对母亲节的历史最早可以追溯到古代的一年一度的春节献给母亲女神希腊人。希腊人利用这个机会履行瑞亚,妻子克洛诺斯和希腊神话中的许多神的母亲。
      古代罗马人,也庆祝春节,叫希拉里亚专用之母的母亲女神。可以指出,在荣誉之母的仪式开始于公元前250年出生。由祭祀于三月IDES的庙之母,在庆祝活动持续了三天,包括游行,游戏和伪装。臭名昭著的庆祝活动,以至于信徒之母的是从罗马放逐。
      早期的基督徒庆祝期间就封斋期的第四个星期日在圣母玛利亚,基督的母亲节荣誉母亲的各种各样的节。在英格兰的节日是扩大到包括所有的母亲。它当时被称为妈妈的星期天。
历史的母亲节:母亲节
      对母亲节更近的历史可以追溯到17世纪的英格兰。这里是一个母亲节庆祝封斋期的第四个星期日(40日复活节期间领导到),每年兑现的母亲。教堂祈祷后,在履行服务圣母玛利亚,孩子们带来礼物和鲜花,悼念自己的母亲。
      值此,仆人,学徒工和其他员工从家里住了被他们的雇主鼓励看望他们的母亲和孝敬他们。与他们的礼物和特别的水果蛋糕,水果,糕点带来了充满传统的儿童称为simnel。南斯拉夫人和其他国家的人都观察到类似的日子。
      庆祝母亲节的习俗几乎完全消失了19世纪。然而,这一天前来庆贺二战结束后,当美国军人带来的习惯和商业企业作为一个销售机会一次。
历史的母亲节:朱丽娅伍德霍夫
      在美国的母亲在天的正式庆祝活动的想法是首先提出了在1872年朱丽娅伍德霍夫。活动家,作家和诗人朱莉娅和她的成名作内战著名歌曲“共和国战歌”。朱丽娅伍德霍夫建议,将每年6月2日为庆祝母亲节,并应致力于和平。她写了一妇女热情呼吁,促请他们起来反对在她著名的母亲节宣言写于1870年在波士顿,战争。她还提出在六月母亲和平的第二个星期天日纪念活动在波士顿举行了数年的会议。朱莉娅孜孜不倦地倡导的官方庆祝活动上的母亲节,假日的天的正式声明的原因。她的想法展开,但后来被母亲节假期取代现在庆祝五月。
历史的母亲节:安娜贾维斯
      安娜贾维斯是公认的美国母亲节的创始人。虽然安娜贾维斯从未结婚,从未发生过,她也是作为母亲节母亲,一个恰当的标题为夫人谁努力在所有已知的母亲赐予荣誉的孩子。
      安娜贾维斯得到了她自己的母亲庆祝夫人安娜玛丽里夫斯贾维斯在她童年的母亲节的灵感。一位活动家和社会工作者,贾维斯夫人用来表达她的愿望有一天一个人必须履行所有的母亲,生活和死亡,并赞扬他们作出的贡献。
      一个可爱的女儿,她的母亲安娜从来没有忘记的话,当她的母亲在1905年去世后,她决心完成她的母亲有一个母亲节的愿望。越来越多的美国成年人对他们的母亲和一个母亲的愿望,尊重她的疏忽态度飙升她的野心。
      首先安娜派在格拉夫顿,西弗吉尼亚州的教会服务的康乃馨,纪念她的母亲。康乃馨是她的母亲最喜欢的花和安娜认为,他们象征着纯洁的爱母亲。后来,安娜和她的支持者说在权力对母亲节假期正式宣告游说职位的人的信。艰苦的工作得到了回报。到1911年,母亲节是在几乎所有的联盟和国家庆祝5月8日,美国总统伍德罗威尔逊1914年签署了一项联合决议,指定五月的母亲节的第二个星期日。
历史的母亲节:现在日庆祝活动
      今天庆祝母亲节是在包括美国,英国,印度,丹麦,芬兰,意大利,土耳其,澳大利亚,墨西哥,加拿大,中国,日本和比利时的几个国家。人们会为契机,赞扬他们的母亲和所有的爱和支持感谢他们的一天。这一天已成为广受欢迎,在一些国家的电话线路证人最大流量。还有一个赠送鲜花,贺卡和其他礼物母亲的母亲节的传统。电影节已成为一个伟大的商业化程度。花店,礼品卡制造商和销售商看到了巨大的商业潜力一天,并透过严格的广告不少钱。
      很不幸地注意到,贾维斯小姐,谁专门用于母亲节假期的声明深深伤害了她的生活是需要注意的一天巨大的商业化。




更多文章进入大耳朵论坛:http://bbs.ebigear.com/forum-167-1.html

                                               大耳朵编辑:appleyang


文章来源:大耳朵英语--免费实用 http://www.bigear.cn