Internet 互联网
大耳朵英语  http://www.bigear.cn  2006-01-03 17:01:58  【打印








The Internet is a giant network of computers located all over the world that communicate with each other.


The Internet is an international collection of computer networks` that all understand a standard system of addresses and commands, connected together through backbone systems. It was started in 1969, when the U.S. Department of Defence established a nationwide network to connect a handful of universities and contractors. The original idea was to increase computing capacity that could be shared by users in many locations and to find out what it would take for computer networks to survive a nuclear war or other disaster by providing multiple path between users. People on the ARPNET (as this nationwide network was originally called) quickly discovered that they could exchange messages and conduct electronic "conferences" with distant colleagues for purposes that had nothing to do with the military industrial complex. If somebody else had something interesting stored on their computer, it was a simple matter to obtain a copy (assuming the owner did not protect it).


Over the years, additional networks joined which added access to more and more computers. The first international connections, to Norway and England, were added in 1973. Today thousands of networks and millions of computers are connected to the Internet. It is growing so quickly that nobody can say exactly how many users "On the Net".


The Internet is the largest repository of information which can provide very very large network


[参考译文]


   Internet是由位于世界各地相互通信的计算机连接而成的巨大的计算机网络。


   Internet是计算机网络的国际性的集合,这些网络都符合具有地址和命令的标准体系,并经骨干网连在一起。Internet始建于1969年,当时美国国防部为连接少数几所大学和协议企业而建立了一个全国性网络。最初的想法是要增加计算机能力并可由许多地点的用户共享,并且通过提供用户间多条路径来找到哪一种计算机网络能够在核战或其他灾难中幸存。ARPNET(这种全国网络最初的名称)上的用户很快就发现他们可以与远距离的同事交换消息,并且进行某种目的的电子“会议”,而这些目的与军事工业企业没有任何关系。如果另外一些人在其计算机中存有有趣的东西,得到其拷贝是很容易的事(假定拥有者没有进行保护)。


   几年间,新的网络接入使越来越多的计算机加入进来。在1973年进行了第一次与挪威和英国的国际连接。今天,有成千上万的计算机网络和数百万台计算机与Internet相连。Internet发展如此之快以至于没有人能准确地说出网上有多少用户。


   Internet是最大的信息宝库,它可以提供非常巨大的网络资源。这种网络资源可分为网络设备资源和网络信息资源。网络设备资源使我们能够进行远程计算和通信。网络信息资源向我们提供各种各样的信息服务,如科学、教育、商务、历史、法律、艺术和娱乐等等。



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