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usury/['ju:ʒuri]/ n. 高利贷 ...

高考英语二轮语法It 句型归纳辨析及试题集

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高考英语二轮语法It 句型归纳辨析及试题集

1.It is +adj.(+for sb./sth.) + to do sth.

用于此句型的形容词有:easy,hard,difficult,possible,important,impossible, necessary,good,bad,exciting, interesting,surprising等。如:

It is necessary to change your job.

It was very hard for them to walk such a long way in the snow.

2.It is +n.(+for sb./sth.) + to do sth.

用于此句型的名词有: pity, shame, pleasure, one's duty, one's job, fun, joy, good manners, bad manners等。如:

It is a pity for you to have missed such a wonderful play.

It is bad manners for the young to take up the seats for the old.

3.It is +adj.+of sb.+to do sth.

此句型中的形容词主要描述某人的品德、特征。能用于该句型的形容词有:

kind, nice, wise, silly, polite, impolite, friendly, foolish, clever等。如:

How silly it was of you to give up such a good chance!

It is friendly of the family to try to make me feel at home in their house.

4. It is +adj.(+n.)+doing sth.

此句型中的形容词和名词常见的有:no/little use, no/much good, useless等。如:

It's no use crying over spilt milk.

5.It takes sb.+一段时间+to do sth. 表示"做某事花费某人多长时间"。如:

It took us half an hour to ride to the town by the sea.

6.It is +及物动词的过去分词+that从句

此句型中常见的及物动词的过去分词有:said, told, known, reported, recorded, thought, believed, considered等。如:

It is reported that the Russian President will visit China next week.

7.It +不及物动词+that从句

此句型中不及物动词常见的有:seem, happen, appear, matter等。如:

It seems that there will be a heavy snow tomorrow.

It happened that I met my good friends in the museum yesterday.

8.强调句型:It is+被强调部分+that/who从句

在使用强调句型时要注意,指人时可以用who或that,其它情况一律用that。如:

It was under the bed that my brother hid the ball this morning.

It is Mr Bell who/that often comes and looks after the old man.

9.It is/has been+一段时间+since从句。如:

It is /has been three years since we saw each other last.

10.It is (high) time that sb. did sth.

该句型表示"某人现在该做某事了",从句常用过去时(虚拟语气)说明现在应该做的事情。如:

It's six o'clock.It is high time that we went home now.

练习 It的用法

1. My bike is missing. I can't find ____ anywhere.

A. one B. ones C. it D. that

2. ---- Who's that? ---- ____ Professor Li.

A. That's B. It's C. He's D. This's

3. ____ was Jane that I saw in the library this morning.

A. It B. He C. She D. That

4. ---- Have you ever seen a whale alive?

---- Yes, I've seen ____.

A. that B. it C. such D. one

5. The color of my coat is different from ____ of yours.

A. this B. that C. it D. one

6. ____ will do you good to do some exercise every morning.

A. It B. There C. Those D. You

7. We think ____ our duty to pay taxes to our government.

A. that B. this C. its D. it

8. The climate of Shanghai is better than ____ of Nanjing.

A. that B. it C. which D. what

9. ____ four years since I joined the Army.

A. There was B. There is C. It was D. It is

10. How long ____ to finish the work?

A. you'll take B. you'll take it C. will it take you D. will take you

11. It was through Xiao Li ____ I got to know Xiao Wang.

A. who B. whom C. how D. that

12. It was in the rice fields ____ we had our league meeting.

A. where B. that C. in which D. on which

13. It was on October 1st ____ new China was founded.

A. which B. when C. as D. that

14. Was it because he was ill ____ he asked for leave?

A. and B. that C. that's D. so

15. Mary speaks in a low voice; ____ is difficult to know what she is saying.

A. it B. that C. so D. she

16. It was ____ I met Mr Green in Shanghai.

A. many years that

B. many years before

C. many years ago that

D. many years when

17. ____ is not everybody ____ can draw so well.

A. It, all B. It, that

C. There, who D. There, that

18. So ____ that no fish can live in it.

A. shallow is the lake B. the lake is shallow

C. shallow the lake is D. is the lake shallow

Keys:

1~5 CBADB 6~10 ADADC 11~15 DBDBA 16~18 CBA
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