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高考英语阅读理解训练附答案(57)

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Anyone who is afraid of failure and afraid to face challenges will never taste success, so said our professor in marketing. I laughed it off at that time, but got frightened when it actually happened in my life.

I landed in a small city in the Middle East to set up a firm, a world-class car rental firm. Having decided on the project, I earnestly settled in preparation. With a positive mind, I told myself nothing should stop me now, and was more than keen to make it a success.

However, the least expected thing happened. Iraq invaded Kuwait. Tension ran high in the region. Eventually the war broke out, and many people fled the country, leaving my firm in deep trouble.

As usual, "things become difficult, and every effort seems to bring disappointment, it can be tempting to lower your expectations or even water down your goals and ambitions." I was no exception. I thought of running away. I remembered the words of Thomas Edison, "Many of life's failures are people who did not realize how close they were to succeed when they gave up."

I decided to hang on, telling myself, "I am not afraid of challenges and obstacles." I stayed on through months of uncertainty and insecurity. Finances ran low, and banks could not wait to get their dues. To add to all this, the banks even threatened to take all my vehicles. I felt I made a wrong decision to move there. I was now ready to face failure.

I was living against all hopes, believing that something good would happen. After 2 months the war ended. My persistence paid off: people started flooding back and the car bookings picked up, five times over.

Success comes to the one who dares, even after failure, to think positively and look forward confidently. After all, it is only the experience that makes a man tough. Failure does not mean you will never make it. It means that it will take a little longer. It provides us with a learning experience.

1. The main method the author uses to support his understanding of his professor's viewpoint is _______.

A. offering analyses B. providing explanations  

C. making comparisons D. giving examples

2. How did the author feel when the war between Iraq and Kuwait broke out?

A. Unconfident B. Indifferent C. Nervous D. Calm

3. What does the underlined phrase "water down" in the 4th paragraph probably mean?

A. get rid of B. smooth away C. make less forceful D. improve on

4. The author's purpose of writing the passage is most likely to ________.

A. inform B. persuade C. describe D. entertain

参考答案:

1. D. 推理判断题。本文一开始介绍了作者的教授提出的一个观点,但是当时作者不以为然,但是在今后自己的实际上生活中真正遇到了失败或挑战时,自己才认识到了教授的观点。下文主要通过自己的亲身经历阐述了自己的观点,即通过举例来说明。故正确答案为D想。

2. A. 推理判断题。根据第四段中提到的“I was no exception. I thought of running away.”以及第五段中提到的“I felt I made a wrong decision to move there.”可知,在伊拉克和科威特发生战争期间,因为作者的生意遭到重创,所以他曾一度很是没有了自信。所以该题答案应为A项。

3. C. 词义猜测题。该下划线短语所在的句子含义是:当事情变得困难,所付出的努力带来的是失望时,那么降低自己的期望值或者削弱自己当初的目标或抱负变成诱人的做法。所以,该下划线短语的意思是“削弱", 与C项含义接近。

4. B. 主旨大意题。根据全文内容,尤其是文章最后一段可知,作者写这篇文章的意图是在劝说人们面对挑战或失败时要大胆去应对,要有积极的心态。所以答案应为B项。

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