单词与词组 Words and phrases
①optimist n. 乐观主义者
②tend v. 趋向
③pessimist n. 悲观主义者
④preference n. 偏爱
⑤mood n. 情绪
⑥depressing a. 沮丧的
⑦suicide n. 自杀
⑧sharply adv. 急剧地
⑨established a. 确定的
全文细细赏 Text reading
What is your favorite color? Do you like yellow, orange, red? If you do, you must be an optimist①, a leader. Do you prefer grays and blues? Then you are probably quiet, shy, and you would rather follow than lead. You tend② to be a pessimist③.
At least, this is what psychologists tell us, and they should know, because they have been seriously studying the meaning of color preference④, as well as the effect that colors have on human beings. They tell us, among other facts, that we do not choose our favorite color as we grow up-we are born with our preference.
If you happen to love brown, you did so, as soon as you opened your eyes, or at least as soon as you could see clearly.
Colors do influence our moods⑤-there is no doubt about it. A yellow room makes most people feel more cheerful and more relaxed than a dark green one; and a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day. On the other hand, black is depressing⑥.
A black bridge over the Thames River, near London, used to be the scene of more suicides⑦ than any other bridge in the area-until it was repainted green. The number of suicide attempts immediately fell sharply⑧; perhaps it would have fallen even more if the bridge had been done in pink or baby blue.
Light and bright colors make people not only happier but more active. It is an established⑨ fact that factory workers work better, harder, and have fewer accidents when their machines are painted orange rather than black or gray.
背诵小贴士 Recitation tips
1. Color preferences suggest our personalities: red-gray.
2. We do not choose our favorite color as we grow up-we are born with our preference.
3. Colors do influence our moods: red dress-winter day; black bridge over the Thames river; light and bright colors-factory workers.