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credence/['kri:dəns]/ n. 信任, 祭器台, 供桌, 凭证 ...

A private conversation-分析

本文属阅读资料
【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★private   adj.私人的
如果妈妈想看你的信, 你可以说 : It's my private letter.
如果陌生人想进你的房子, 你可以说 : It's my private house.
private life 私生活
由此引申出privacy n.隐私 : private life 私生活
It’s privacy.这是我的隐私!(不愿让别人知道的)
新东方是private school(私立学校), 与此相反, 公立学校是public school.所以, private的反义词是public.
eg.public 公众; public letter 公开信; public place 公共场所
private还有一个值得注意的意思 : 普通的.
如 : private citizen 普通公民:I’m a private citizen.
private soldier 大兵;
我们熟悉的《拯救大兵瑞恩》就是《Private Ryan》
★conversation  n.谈话
subject of conversation : 话题(天气是英国人最喜爱的话题)
几种谈话 :
1、talk 内容可正式可不正式, 也可以私人 : Let’s have a talk.
2、conversation 一般用于正式文体中, 内容上往往不正式: They are having a conversation.
3、dialogue 对话, 可以指正式国家与国家会谈 : China and Korea are having a dialogue.
4、chat 闲聊, 就是北京人说的 “侃” , 说的是无关紧要的事.
5、gossip 嚼舌头, 说长道短
have a + talk/chat/dialogue/conversation/gossip 名词变动词
★theatre n.剧场, 戏剧
cinema: 电影院
★seat    n.座位
这个词很重要, 考试常考.
have a good seat,这里的seat指place(指地点不错), 而不是chair.
take a seat/take your seat 坐下来, 就坐
下面这个句子在口语、电影里很常见 : Is the seat taken?(这个位置有人吗?)
考点 : 作为动词的seat与sit的区别
sit--vi; seatvt
eg: He is sitting there.他住在那儿.
You seat him.你给他找个位置.
seat sb 让某人就坐,后面会加人
eg: seat yourselft.
Seat him.
请坐的3种说法 :
Sit down,please.(命令性)
take your seat,please.
Be seated,please.(更礼貌)

★play   n.戏
★loudly adv. 大声的
★angry  adj. 生气的
cross=angry ;   I was angry.He was cross.
annoyed: 恼火的;
程 I was annoyed.
度 I was angry/cross.
加 I was very angry.
深 be blue in the face : I am blue in the face.(脸色都青了, 相当生气了)
★attention n. 注意
Attention ,please. 请注意(口语)
pay attention :注意
pay attention to : 对什么注意
You must pay attention to that gril.
pay a little attention :稍加注意
pay much attention :多加注意
pay more attention :更多注意
pay no attention :不用注意

★bear(bore,borne)  v. 容忍
bear,stand
I can't bear/stand you
endure[in5djuE] :忍受,容忍
put up with :忍受
I got divorced(离婚).I could not put up with him
bear/stand/endure
忍受的极限在加大
put up with=bear=stand
bear n.熊  white bear
bear hug :热情(热烈)的拥抱
give sb a bear hug
★business  n. 事, 生意
business man :生意人
do business: 做生意
go to some place on business:因公出差
I went to Tianjin on business.
thing  可以指事情,也可以指东西
business:某人自己的私人的事情
It's my business (指私人的事, 自己处理的事)
it's none of your business
★rudely adv. 无礼地, 粗鲁地
rude adj.
【Text】
Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. “I can’t hear a word!“ I said angrily.
“It’s none of your business,“ the young man said rudely. “This is a private conversation!“

参考译文:
   上星期我去看戏. 我的座位很好, 戏很有意思, 但我却无法欣赏. 一青年男子与一青年女子坐在我的身后, 大声地说着话. 我非常生气, 因为我听不见演员在说什么. 我回过头去怒视着那一男一女, 他们却毫不理会. 最后, 我忍不住了, 又一次回过头去, 生气地说 : “我一个字也听不见了!“
   “不关你的事, “那男的毫不客气地说, “这是私人间的谈话!“
【课文讲解】
go to the theatre
see a film=go to the cinema
go to the +地点  表示去某地干嘛
go to the doctor's 去看病
go to the dairy  去牛奶店
go to the + 人 + 's 表示去这个人开的店
go to the butcher's 买肉
go to school: 去上学
go to church: 去做礼拜
go to hospital(医院):去看病
go to the Great Wall
go home; 跟home相连一定表示没有事情可做,回家休息
I am at home 在家休息
enjoy, enjoy oneself:玩的开心
enjoy+sth :喜欢,从当中得到一种享受
I like something very much./I love something.
I enjoy the class.
I enjoy the music.
I enjoy the book.
enjoy the dinner/film/progeam/game
were sitting :当时正座在
过去进行时态 :过去的某个时间正在发生的动作
一个故事的背景往往用进行时态描述
I+be+v(ing)
The girl was reading a book in the garden.A boy came to her.
got :变得,表示一种变化,got angry
I am/was angry 是一个事实
I got angry:强调变化过程
It is hot.
It got hot.
got取代be动词,got是一个半联系动词,可以直接加形容词
turn round:转头
not pay any attention = pay no attention
表示注意,pay attention; 对什么加以注意,pay attention to sth
not any=no
I could not bear it./you./the noise.
I can't hear a word.
美音:肯定I can  否定,I can't,它的/t/是吞进去的, 在读音上很难区别, 只能根据上下文来定
hear a word : a word 等于一句话
He didn’t say a word.
May I speak to Jim?/May I have a word with Jim?
It’s none of your business./None of your business/It’s my business.
I couldn’t bear you.
This is private conversation!
private :私人的,不想与别人共享
I can’t hear a word.
hear a word of sb (actors)
Key stuctures : 关键句型
Summary writing : 摘要写作
answer this questions in not more than 55 words.
写作当中的第一步从完整句子开始写起
【Key structures】 关键句型
Word order in simple statements: 简单陈述句的语序
陈述句一定是有主语,有动词,有宾语,有句号
看教材第2页
6 1 2 3 4 5 6
when? Who? Action Who? How? Where? When?
Which? Which?
What? What?  
Last week
1 ---主语一般有名词或代词构成
2 ---谓语由动词充当
3 ---宾语
4 ---副词或介词短语,对方式或状态提问,往往做状语 I like her very much
5 ---地点状语
6 ---时间状语可以放在句首或句末 I like the girl very much in Beijing last year.
简单陈述句一定不能少的是主语, 谓语.  
6. Immediately left he.
He left immediately.
13. The little boy; an apple; this morning; ate greedily; in the Kitchen.
The little boy ate an apple greedily in the Kitchen this morning.
4 Game; played; yesterday; in their room; the children; quietly
The children played games quietly in their room yesterday.  
主语>动词>宾语>状语
状语: 放在最前面是副词,方式状语,表示状态/程度的状语,下面是地点,然后是时间
1.主语和动词不能少
2.如果时间和地点连在一起,先放地点,再放时间
如果问何时何地,是一个固定搭配  when and where
【Multiple choice questions】多项选择题
1 The writer turned round. He looked at the man and the woman angrily ______ .
a.and they stopped talking
b.but they didn’t stop talking
c.but they didn’t notice him
d.but they looked at him rudely
(1)...b...
“They did not pay any attention“
pay attention: 注意(在思想上), 如交通安全应注意.
notice: 注意(=see 眼睛看)
  
4 The young man and young woman were sitting behind him. He was sitting ______ them.
a.before b.above c.ahead of d.in front of
(4)...
sitting behind
behind: 在...后面
in front of :在...前面 (相对静止的概念)
before : 在...前面 (+词、句子、一般和时间相连)
above : 在...上面
ahead of : 在...前面 (+时间、位置)(动态的行为)
ahead of time
He goes ahead of me.
5 ______ did the writer feel? Angry.
a.Where b.Why c.How d.When
(5) ...c...
how 对一个方式、状态提问
特殊疑问词对后面的答案提问
angry(adj)
how(adv.)对形容词、副词、介词短语提问
where 用介词,地点
when 用介词,时间
why 用because回答  
7 The young man and the young woman paid ______ attention to the writer.
a.none b.any c.not any d.no
(7) ...d...
any用在否定句和疑问句中
some用在肯定句中
none没有任何东西、没有任何人 None knows./None of us knows.
not否定词,要放在非实义动词后面
He didn’t pay attention
no形容词、修饰名词
I don’t have any friends./I have no friends.
I have no time./I don’t have any time.  11 The writer could not bear it. He could not ______ it.
a.carry b.suffer c.stand d.lift
(11)...
suffer:遭受,忍受 (精神或肉体上)+痛苦
bear: 忍受=stand
I suffer the headache.
He often suffers defeat.

 
多项选择参考答案:
1.(b) 2.(c) 3.(b) 4.(d) 5.(c) 6.(a) 7.(d) 8.(b) 9..a) 10.(c) 11.(c) 12.(c)
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