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2015高考英语(阅读理解)专题复习题(1)

本文属阅读资料

1、(2014届湖南湘中名校高三第一次大联考)
Most people say “yes” much more readily than “no”.
A friend is moving house this weekend and would like some help, and you agree. But, what you really wanted was a couple of quiet days relaxing at home. Or a roommate spends the entire weekends playing video games and wants to borrow your homework for “reference”. But, you’ve just finished it after taking a whole day to work hard.
Many people say “yes” to these kinds of requests. They tend not to consider their own interests and feelings, and are often angry with themselves afterwards.
Saying “no” requires courage and considerable practice, in fact, according to psychologists.
“Everyone wants to be liked,” says Gabriele Steinki, a German psychologist. “Saying ‘no’ risks losing the affection of the person asking the favor or even a job.”
The result is that many people say “yes” just for keeping the peace. But experts say this is regrettable. Anyone should have the right to say “no”.
In fact, rejecting a request can even help to strengthen a relationship because it expresses a true feeling.
But, for people used to agreeing to every request, changing can be a long and uncomfortable learning process.
Most people believe that “If I say ‘no’, I’ll lose the affection of the person. But the affection is important to me.” This way of thinking can be replaced by this: “If he only likes me because I always do what suits him , then the price of his affection is too high in the long term.”
Steinki says the key is talking to the other person to find a mutual (相互的) solution. “One needs to present the situation from one’s own point of view, and to suggest how the situation can be dealt with to the advantage of both parties. The other person must have the feeling that his interests are being considered.”
When the refusal is not accepted, Steinki advises giving the reasons calmly again until the person gets the message.

1.Most people say “yes” much more readily than “no” because ________.
A. they don’t care about their own interests and feelings
B. they don’t know they will regret afterwards
C. they have already been used to saying “yes”
D. they care more about others’ affection

2.I n the opinion of experts, _________ .
A. people need a lot of practice to say “no”
B. p eople should say “yes” to keep the peace
C. saying “no” means losing a job
D. people have the right to be liked

3.According to the writer, what should you do if you want to refuse the other person’s request?
A. Just say you can’t  help him.
B. Say sorry to him.
C. Refuse him clearly.
D. Talk to the other person to find a mutual way.

4.According to the writer, what should you do if your refusal is not accepted?
A. Say yes to him.
B. Repeat your reason for his acceptance
C. Just go away
D. Say no to him

5.What is the best title of the passage?
A. You Need Courage To Say “No”
B. “Yes” More Than “No”
C. Nobody Has the Right To Say “No”
D. It’s Easy To Say “Yes”

【文章大意】本文叙述了一般情况下,其他的人向你寻求帮助时,你如果感觉这样做不对,也不符合自己的想法,但是还是说了可以,心理专家提醒要有勇气说出自己的想法,敢于说不,当别人不能接受你的拒绝时,要说一些对方能够接受你的理由。
1.D细节理解题。根据第五段“Everyone wants to be liked,” says Gabriele Steinki, a German psychologist. “Saying ‘no’ risks losing the affection of the person asking the favor or even a job.”及Most people believe that “If I say ‘no’, I’ll lose the affection of the person.人们说“yes”是怕影响之间的感情,不敢表达出真实的想法,故选D。
2.A细节理解题。根据Saying “no” requires courage and considerable practice, in fact, according to psychologists.说不需要勇气,故选A。
3.D细节理解题。根据倒数第二段Steinki says the key is talking to the other person to find a mutual (相互的) solution.可知需要找到一个解决的方法,故选D。
4.B细节理解题。根据最后一段When the refusal is not accepted, Steinki advises giving the reasons calmly again until the person gets the message.要陈述他能接受的理由,故选B。
5.A标题归纳题。根据全文的内容可知我们要有勇气给别人说不,故选A。


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