College English Model Test One
-College English Model Test One
Part I Listening Comprehension(20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example: You will hear:
You will read:
A) 2 hours. B) 3 hours.
C) 4 hours. D) 5 hours.
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o?clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose［D］ on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
1. A) Husband and wife. B) Doctor and nurse.
C) Sales clerk and customer. D) Airline agent and customer.
2. A) He is a secretary. B) He’s a novelist.
C) He’s a newspaper man. D) He’s a worker.
3. A) On a mountain path. B) In a supermarket.
C) On a road. D) In a railway station.
4. A) Someone fixed it. B) Louis sold it.
C) Louis repaired it. D) It’s been thrown out.
5. A) Monday morning. B) Monday afternoon.
C) Wednesday morning. D) Friday afternoon.
6. A) Customer and clerk. B) Professor and student.
C) Boss and employee. D) Lawyer and client.
7. A) Reduce the volume of her TV. B) Make the TV louder.
C) Send her to hospital. D) Pay no attention.
8. A) She has bad study habits. B) She sleeps too much.
C) She wakes up late. D) She’s an excellent student.
9. A) 4 hours. B) 6 hours. C) 12 hours. D) 18 hours.
10. A) How primitive people used flags.
B) What the ancient means of communication was.
C) Why the torch towers were built.
D) How the Great Wall came into being.
Section B Spot Dictation
注意：听力理解的B节(Section B)为听写填空(Spot Dictation)，题目在试卷二上，现在请取出试卷二。
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 11 to 15 based on the following passage.
Many private institutions of higher education around the country are in danger. Not all will be saved, and perhaps not all deserved to be saved. There are low-quality schools just as there are low-quality business. We have no obligation to save them simply because they exist.
But many thriving institutions that deserve to continue are threatened. They are doing a fine job educationally, but they are caught in a financially squeeze, with no way to reduce rising costs or increasing revenues significantly. Raising tuition doesn’t bring in more revenues, for each time tuition goes up, the enrollment goes down, or the amount that must be given away in student aid goes up. Schools are businesses, whether public or private, not usually because of mismanagement but because of the nature of the enterprise. They lose money on every customer, and they can go bankrupt either from too few students or too many students. Even a very good college is a very bad business.
It is such colleges, thriving but threatened, I worry about. Low enrollment is not their chief problem. Even with full enrollment, they may go under. Efforts to save them, and preferably to keep them private, are a national necessity. There is no basis for arguing that private schools are inherently better than public schools. Examples to the contrary abound. Anyone can name state universities and colleges that rank as the finest in the nation and the world. It is now inevitable that public institutions will be dominant, and therefore diversity is a national necessity. Diversity in the way we support schools tends to give us a healthy diversity in the forms of education. In an imperfect society such as ours, uniformity of education throughout the nation could be dangerous. In an imperfect society diversity is a positive good. Ardent supporters of public higher education know the importance of sustaining private higher education.
11. The author thinks that schools are bad business because of .
A) improper management B) the low quality
C) the unstable number of students D) their inherent nature
12. The phrase “go under” in the third paragraph most probably means .
A) enrollments decline B) get into difficulties
C) have lower revenues D) survive
13. We may safely conclude that the author made an appeal to the public in order to support .
A) uniformity of education B) private schools
C) diversity of education D) public institutions
14. All of the following are not mentioned in the passage EXCEPT .
A) all private schools deserved to be saved
B) some private schools should be turned into public ones for existence
C) there are some cases to show that public schools are better than private schools
D) private schools should be dominant.
15. Which of the following ways could possibly save private schools?
A) Government offers financial support. B) Full enrollment.
C) National awareness and support. D) Merging with public schools.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
A close analogy to a study design is the rough sketch made by an artist before he commits his vision to canvas(画布). The broad outlines are drawn, the proper perspective achieved, and the total impact of the picture-to-be can be partially appreciated in advance. So it is with the design of research: it specifies in advance the kinds of statements that can be made on the basis of its findings and fixes the perspectives against which these findings are to be evaluated.
One major purpose of this study was to demonstrate whether or not the newer social research techniques could help in broadening and deepening knowledge concerning juvenile delinquency. Construction of the design was guided by this goal of exploring new methods in the analysis of juvenile delinquency. However, research technique developed in one content area can not be mechanically transferred to another. A new application of them requires substantial changes and it is these innovative modifications which this study offers as its contribution.
Juvenile delinquency has been the subject of many previous studies using a variety of research techniques. This study makes an additional contribution by using a design specially planned to permit a comparison of several approaches.
The drawing up of the study design profited greatly from an extensive survey of previous researches on crime, undertaken during the earliest stage of the project. It was found that most studies could be classified as belonging to one or more of three broadly conceived types: social background study, family background study and personal motivation study.
Each type has its characteristic design and mode of interpretation and each has produced information of considerable importance. Yet not attempt was made in any of the studies to integrate one or more of these three design types. It became apparent that one of the major contributions a pilot study could make to both method and substantive findings would be to bring all three study types together in one design for the purpose of correlating their findings and evaluating their relative importance in producing data of use to the practitioner.
16. In the first paragraph, the author draws an analogy between .
A) doing research and drawing a picture
B) research finding and picture’s perspective
C) designing a research and making a quick drawing
D) a researcher and a painter
17. The passage is mainly concerned with .
A) application of analogy in studying juvenile delinquency
B) a research design concerning juvenile delinquency
C) significance of juvenile delinquency
D) an extensive survey of researches in juvenile delinquency
18. The word “project ”(Line 2, Para. 4) refers to .
A) a comprehensive study of juvenile delinquency
B) a full exploration of research designs
C) an extensive research on crime
D) a further investigation into new research techniques
19. The major contribution of this study is to .
A) develop a new research technique easily transferred from one area to another
B) make a comprehensive analysis of juvenile delinquency
C) demonstrate the successful application of new research techniques in a new area
D) modify creatively the previous research finding of juvenile delinquency
20. According to the author, three design types of previous researches are .
A) interrelated to one another B) supplementary to one another
C) to be modified considerably D) to be integrated into one design
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
When we worry about who might be spying on our private lives, we usually think about the Federal agents. But the private sector outdoes the government every time. It’s Linda Tripp, not the FBI, who is facing charges under Maryland’s laws against secret telephone taping. It’s our banks not the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), that pass our private financial data to telemarketing firms.
Consumer activists are pressing Congress for better privacy laws without much result so far. The legislators lean toward letting business people track our financial habits virtually at will.
As an example of what’s going on, consider U.S. Bancorp, which was recently sued for deceptive practices by the state of Minnesota. According to the lawsuit, the bank supplied a telemarketer called Member Works with sensitive customer data such as names, phone numbers, bank-account and credit’card numbers, Social Security numbers, account balances and credit limits.
With these customer lists in hand, Member Works started dialing for dollars-selling dental plans, videogames, computer software and other products and services. Customers who accepted a “free trial offer” had 30 days to cancel. If the deadline passed, they were charged automatically through their bank or credit-card accounts. U.S. Bancorp collected a share of the revenues.
Customers were doubly deceived, the lawsuit claims. They didn’t know that the bank was giving account numbers to Member Works. And if customers asked, they were led to think the answer was no.
The state sued Member Works separately for deceptive selling. The company denies that it did anything wrong. For its part, U.S. Bancorp settled without admitting any mistakes. But it agreed to stop exposing its customers to nonfinancial products sold by outside firms. A few top banks decided to do the same. Many other banks will still do business with Member Works and similar firms.
And banks will still be mining data from your account in order to sell you financial products, including things of little value, such as credit insurance and credit-card protection plans.
You have almost no protection from businesses that use your personal accounts for profit. For example, no federal law shields “transaction and experience” information—mainly the details of your bank and credit-card accounts. Social Security numbers are for sale by private firms. They’ve generally agreed not to sell to the public. But to businesses, the numbers are an open book. Self-regulation doesn’t work. A firm might publish a privacy-protection policy, but who enforces it?
Take U.S. Bancorp again. Customers were told, in writing, that “all personal information you supply to us will be considered confidential.” Then it sold your data to Member Works. The bank even claims that it doesn’t “sell” your data at all. It merely “shares” it and reaps a profit. Now you know.
21. Contrary to popular belief, the author finds that spying on people’s privacy .
A) is mainly carried out by means of secret taping
B) has been intensified with the help of the IRS
C) is practiced exclusively by the FBI
D) is more prevalent in business circles
22. We know from the passage that .
A) legislators are acting to pass a law to provide better privacy protection
B) most states are turning a blind eye to the deceptive practices of private businesses
C) the state of Minnesota is considering drawing up laws to protect private information
D) law makers are inclined to give a free hand to businesses to inquire into customers’ buying habits
23. When the “free trial” deadline is over, you’ll be charged without notice for a product or service if .
A) you fail to cancel it within the specified period
B) you happen to reveal your credit card number
C) you find the product or service unsatisfactory
D) you fail to apply for extension of the deadline
24. Businesses do not regard information concerning personal bank accounts as private because .
A) its revelation will do no harm to consumers under the current protection policy
B) it is considered “transaction and experience” information unprotected by law
C) it has always been considered an open secret by the general public
D) its sale can be brought under control through self-regulation
25. We can infer from the passage that .
A) banks will have to change their ways of doing business
B) privacy protection laws soon be enforced
C) consumers’ privacy will continue to be invaded
D) “free trial” practice will eventually be banned
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
Opinion polls (民意测验) are now beginning to show an unwilling general agreement that, whoever is to blame and whatever happens from now on, high unemployment is probably here to stay. This means we shall have to find ways of sharing the available employment more widely.
But we need to go further. We must ask some fundamental questions about the future of work. Should we continue to treat employment as the norm（标准，准则）? Should we not rather encourage many other ways for self-respecting people to work? Should we not create conditions in which many of us can work for ourselves, rather than for an employer? Should we not aim to revive the household and the neighborhood, as well as the factory and the office, as centers of production and work?
The industrial age has been the only period of human history in which most people’s work has taken the form of jobs. The industrial age may now be coming to an end, and some of the changes in work patterns which it brought may have to be reversed. This seems a discouraging thought. But, in fact, it could offer the prospect of a better future for work. Universal employment, as its history shows, has not meant economic freedom.
Employment became widespread when the enclosures of the 17th and 18th centuries made many people dependent on paid work by depriving them of the use of the land, and thus of the means to provide a living for themselves. Then the factory system destroyed the cottage industries and removed work from people’s homes. Later, as transport improved, first by rail and then by road, people traveled longer distances to their places of employment until, eventually, many people’s work lost all connection with their home lives and the places in which they lived.
Meanwhile, employment put women at a disadvantage. It became customary for the husband to go out to paid employment, leaving the unpaid work of the home and family to his wife.
All this may now have to change. The time has certainly come to switch some effort and resources away from the impractical goal of creating jobs for all, to the urgent practical task of helping many people to manage without full-time jobs.
26. What idea did the author derive from the recent opinion polls?
A) Available employment should be restricted to a small percentage of the pollution.
B) New jobs must be created in order to rectify high unemployment figures.
C) Jobs available must be distributed among more people.
D) The present high unemployment figures are a fact of life.
27. The passage suggests that we should now re-examine our thinking about work and .
A) be prepared to admit that being employed is not the only kind of work
B) create more factories in order to increase our productivity
C) set up smaller private enterprises so that we in turn can employ others
D) be prepared to fill in time by taking up housework
28. The passage tells us that the arrival of the industrial age means that .
A) universal employment guaranteed prosperity
B) economic freedom came within everyone’s reach
C) patterns of work were fundamentally changed
D) to survive, everyone had to find a job
29. As a result of the enclosures of the 17th and 18th centuries .
A) people were no longer legally entitled to own land
B) people were forced to look elsewhere for means of supporting themselves
C) people were not adequately compensated for the loss of their land
D) people were badly paid for the work they managed to find
30. It can be inferred from the passage that .
A) the creation of jobs for all is an impossibility
B) we must make every effort to solve the problem of unemployment
C) people should start to support themselves by learning a practical skill
D) we should help people to get full-time jobs
Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
31. Some countries impose heavy on those who avoid taxes.
A) options B) duties C) obligations D) penalties
32. To be a champion, skill and a good health are not enough—you have to have the right .
A) integrity B) compactness C) robustness D) temperament
33. The police couldn’t control the demonstrations, so troops hurried to give them a hand.
A) vicious B) impatient C) equivalent D) turbulent
34. The light is too dim（昏暗）for me to her.
A) identify B) notify C) convey D) guarantee
35. Creative observation of our surroundings in us a sense of the wonder in life.
A) revives B) recovers C) resides D) reminds
36. Our bonus payments for improved productivity provide an to work harder.
A) imagination B) intuition C) incentive D) indication
37. He has given an into British literature.
A) insight B) revelation C) presentation D) specification
38. Only native?born citizens are for the U.S. Presidency.
A) negligible B) eligible C) delegated D) quantitative
39. Many teenagers are surprisingly about current politics.
A) naïve B) illiterate C) ignorant D) unaware
40. The Graduate Student Association is governed by an committee that include officers and representatives from each graduate programmed.
A) execute B) executive C) editorial D) exempt
41. The recession reduced the government’s tax greatly.
A) privilege B) validity C) revenues D) efficiency
42. The professor had to explain the profound theory in a language because of the audience's poor knowledge in this field.
A) patriotic B) luminous C) tentative D) reciprocal
43. We don't care whose nephew he is; hiring decision must be based on merit, not .
A) inspiration B) sentiment C) hypothesis D) sympathy
44. A child is not a computer; a third-grader's abilities are highly dependent on his or her upbringing and happiness.
A) cognitive B) imperative C) indicative D) prospective
45. An error in a financial record can be by replacing an incorrect number with a correct one.
A) testified B) verified C) certified D) rectified
46. His father is a famous designer and he will help you a lot with the decoration of your new house.
A)interior B) external C) internal D) exterior
47. Placing high in imported goods is a frequently employed method of protecting domestic industries.
A) tariffs B) expenses C) expenditure D) interests
48. Generally speaking, small children are more than adults.
A) imaginary B) imaginative C) imaginable D) imagining
49. For a long time in the past, this animal was believed to on birds and mice.
A) catch B) capture C) prey D) pray
50. All students in this university are requested to with the regulation.
A) submit B) consent C) yield D) comply
51. People in the United States in the nineteenth century were by the prospect that unprecedented change in the nation’s economy would bring social chaos.
A) hunted B) haunted C) tracked D) notified
52. He is highly excited, therefore heart attacks.
A) subject to B) similar to C) contrary to D) adjacent to
53. As the chart shows that excessive of sugar can contribute to blood sugar imbalances, tooth decay and weight gain.
A) diet B) application C) consumption D) flavor
54. Scientists are trying to develop computers that will the human thought process.
A) simulate B) substitute C) project D) review
55. It is a a(n) that the French eat so much rich food and yet have a relatively low rate of heart disease.
A) analogy B) paradox C) correlation D) illusion
56. He has his manners and tastes and made himself a real gentleman.
A) renewed B) reinforced C) relieved D) refined
57. The officer inspected our passports and travel papers and us because our vacation certificates were missing.
A) detained B) retained C) refrained D) contained
58. The medicine cured the woman of her cough which she had suffered 20 years.
A) temporary B) permanent C) chronic D) acute
59. Last summer my parents and I to Qingdao on vacation.
A) cruised B) piloted C) patrolled D) glided
60. The National Academic Committee was in conferring her an honorable degree.
A) united B) unanimous C) universal D) ultimate
Section B Spot Dictation (15 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for the general idea. Then listen to the passage again. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S10 with the exact words or sentences you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
To be successful in a job S1, you should S2 certain personal and professional qualities. You need to create a good image in the limited time S3, usually from30 to 45 minutes. You must make S4 which the interviewer will remember while he interviews other S5 . The following are some qualities you should especially pay attention to during an interview. First of all, you should take care to appear to be properly dressed. The right clothes worn at the right time can S6 and his S7 in your judgement. It may not be true that clothes make a man. But the first and often last impression of you is determined by the clothes you wear. Secondly, S8 . You should reflect confidence by speaking in a clear voice, loud enough to be heard, without being S9 or overpowering. You should be prepared to talk knowledgeably about the requirements of the position you are applying for. Finally, to be really impressive S10 . If you display these characteristics, with just a little luck, you’ll certainly succeed in the typical personal interview.
Part IV Error Correction (15 minutes)
Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to change a word, add a word or delete a word. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the correct place and write the missing word in the blank. If you delete a word, cross it out and be sure to put a slash (/) in the blank.
When we consider the comfortable circumstances of a working
family today, the life of the working man in 1882 seems miserable
indeed: But earlier it had been even hard. At the beginning of the 61.
nineteenth century working hours were from sunrise to sunset,
pay was awful, and working conditions being poor and dangerous. 62.
The workingman had little schooling beyond his craft,
and there was little hope that their children would have 63.
nothing better. There were no public schools, and besides, the few 64.
pennies which the children could earn needed to help support the 65.
family. If he was present because of sickness, there was often no 66.
job from him when he returned. Since there were always plenty of 67.
other workers to take his job, he was likely to be hired if he asked 68.
for more pay.
Viewed against today’s standards, the attitude of nineteenth-
century factory owners seems incredible. They believed
that was good business to hire men, women and children as cheaply 69.
as possible, make them work as hard as they could and, when
they became inefficient, worn away, or unable to work for any reason, 70.
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Positive and Negative Effects of Internet. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outlines (given in Chinese) below:
试卷一答案Keys & Notes to Model Test One
Part I Listening Comprehension
1. D 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. B 6. B 7. A 8. A 9. B 10.B
Part II Reading Comprehension
11.D 12.B 13.C 14.C 15.C 16.C 17.B 18.A 19.C 20.D
21.D 22.D 23.A 24.B 25.C 26.C 27.A 28.C 29.B 30.A
Part III Vocabulary
31.D 32.A 33.D 34.A 35.A 36.C 37.A 38.B 39.C 40.B
41.C 42.B 43.B 44.A 45.D 46.A 47.A 48.B 49.C 50.D
51.B 52.A 53.C 54.A 55.B 56.D 57.A 58.C 59.A 60.B
Part IV Error Correction
61. hard→harder 62. being→were 63. their→his
64. nothing→anything 65.earn与needed 之间加were 66.present→absent
67. from→for 68. hired→fired 69. that与 was 之间加it
Part I Tapescript of Listening Comprehension
1. W: There is a direct flight at 10 o’clock or a flight at 2 this afternoon that stops over in San Francisco.
W: I think I’d rather have the earlier one so I can go to work tomorrow.
Q: What relationship do these people have?
2. W: Robert worked as a secretary for three years. Then he became a newspaperman. After that he started writing novels.
M: I know. And he has been doing nothing else ever since.
Q: What is the man’s occupation now?
3. M: What a lot of traffic! We shouldn’t have driven down the main street, not when it’s so crowded.
W: Well, I told you, dear, didn’t I? I said the roads would be very busy, especially on Saturday.
Q: Where did the conversation take place?
4. M: Louis, do you want me to try to fix that broken camera of yours?
W: Thanks, but I already had it taken care of.
Q: What happened to the camera?
5. M: When can I make the earliest appointment with Dr. Johnson?
W: Dr. Johnson has appointments on Monday and Tuesday mornings, Thursday and Friday afternoons, and he has a conference the whole day Wednesday.
Q: When can the man meet Dr. Johnson the earliest?
6. M: Have you made up your mind?
W: Yes, I’ll give up biology and switch to archeology, where my interest lies.
Q: What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers?
7. M: I’ve just recovered from a severe stroke. Would you kindly turn your TV down a bit ?
W: Sorry. I didn’t know that.
Q: What will the woman do?
8. W: I’m exhausted. I stayed up the whole night studying for my history midterm exam.
M: Why do you always wait till the last minute?
Q: What can be inferred about the woman?
9. W: Why do we have to finish this proposal tonight? It’s already six p.m. Can’t we complete it tomorrow?
M: It has to go to the post office before twelve tonight. We must make sure that all the figures are correct.
Q: How many hours at most do they have to finish the proposal?
10.M: People first sent signals by flags, some archaeologists observed.
W: No. I think they exchanged news by smoke, hence the torch towers on the Great Wall.
Q: What are they discussing?
Section B Spot Dictation
To be successful in a job interview, you should demonstrate certain personal and professional qualities. You need to create a good image in the limited time available, usually from 30 to 45 minutes. You must make a positive impression which the interviewer will remember while he interviews other candidates. The following are some qualities you should especially pay attention to during an interview. First of all, you should take care to appear to be properly dressed. The right clothes worn at the right time can win respect of the interviewer and his confidence in your judgement. It may not be true that clothes make a man. But the first and often last impression of you is determined by the clothes you wear. Secondly, you should pay close attention to your manner of speaking, since speech is a reflection of personality. You should reflect confidence by speaking in a clear voice, loud enough to be heard, without being aggressive or overpowering. You should be prepared to talk knowledgeably about the requirements of the position you are applying for. Finally, to be really impressive you must convey a sense of self?confidence and enthusiasm for work. If you display these characteristics, with just a little luck, you’ll certainly succe`ed in the typical personal interview.
Part II Reading Comprehension
11. 细节题。文章第二段的倒数第二句话提到“Schools are businesses, whether public or private, not usually because of mismanagement but because of the nature of the enterprise.” 可知不是因为管理不善，而是因为性质决定。
12. 语义题。本文第一段和第二段谈到了学校的财政困难的问题以及探讨了其产生的原因。作者在第二段中否认低入学率是造成财政困难的原因，指出即便学校满注册，仍会面临财政困难。不难推断，这里的go under, 指的是陷入困境。
14. 是非题。选项A、B、D均与文章的事实矛盾。选项C可根据文章第三段第四句话和第五句话“There is no basis for arguing that private schools are inherently better than public schools. Examples to the contrary abound.” (并没有根据说私立学校比公立学校好，实际上大量相反的例子存在。)推出。
15. 推断题。本题仍与作者写此篇文章的意图有关。文章第三段的第三句话指出挽救陷于财政困境的学校的办法是保持学校的私立性，而这种努力是一种“national necessity”，可推知，作者希望唤起人们的觉悟和支持，意识到这种做法的必要性。
16. 根据文章第一段的首句“A close analogy to a study design is the rough sketch made by an artist before he commits his vision to canvas.” (一项研究的设计就好比画家将头脑中的意想付诸画布之前所画的草图一样)，便可得出答案。
18. 语义题。第四段第二行中“undertaken during the earliest stage of the project”是“an extensive survey of previous researches on crime”的定语，而其中的crime 具体指的就是青少年犯罪。
19. 单句理解题。根据文章第三段的最后一句话“This study makes an additional contribution by using a design specially planned to permit a comparison of several approaches.” 可得出答案。
21. 细节题。文章第一段第一句讲述了人们总担心联邦特工窥探我们的私生活，而文章第一段第二句But the private Sector outdoes the government every time 清楚说明私营企业尤其后面谈及的商业领域泄漏私密远超过政府部门，所以D正确。
22. 细节题。第二段的第二句话The legislators lean toward letting business people track our financial habits virtually at will 是D选项等值叙述，legislators 就是立法者，virtually at will 也即give a free hand,意为“任意地”，所以D正确。
24. 细节题。文章倒数第二段第一句话You have almost no protection from businesses that use your personal accounts for profit 告诉我们企业利用你的个人账户赚取利润，而受不到任何法律保护，紧接着的举例也充分说明B正确。
27. 细节理解题。文章第二段用一系列的“should we not...”和“should we”给出了作者的建议和看法，他认为不能把就业当作惟一的标准，应当鼓励那些自重的人们以其他的方式参与工作。
30. 推断题。根据文章的末段第二句话“The time has certainly come to switch some effort and resources away from the impractical goal of creating jobs for all...” 中的“impractical”这个词可推出答案。
Part III Vocabulary
Positive and Negative Effects of the Internet
The Internet is a miracle in human society for it introduces new concepts and living styles into our life. The imagined world created by the Internet offers us a window to exchange ideas, explore information and entertain ourselves at our own pace. Our traditional way of communication is undergoing a revolutionary change with new forms of communication like BBS, e-mails and online chatting becoming prevailing. And information is at our finger’s tips the instant we are online, which facilitates the sharing and utilizing of information to the greatest extent. The coming E-commerce boom will turn e-life into a reality. The Internet, though invisible and intangible, has become an indispensable part of our life.
Meanwhile, negative effects of the Internet have posed a big problem to us. The Internet can be addictive as alcohol and threaten people’s psychological well-being. Like a kaleidoscope, the Internet presents a world of fantasies. If people live in fantasies for too long, they may become anti-social and alienated from the real world. And the Internet can be a breeding ground of crimes. Hackers aim at attacking and paralyzing sites. Vulgar rubbish and erotic sites may corrupt kids- mind.
In my opinion, the invention of the Internet is a technological breakthrough which has brought incomparable conveniences and changes to human beings. Though inevitably the Internet has given rise to new social problems, it should not be the target of criticism because it is not the fault of the Net but the fault of those who abuse it.
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