Primary and secondary education (9 years) is free and mandatory. Even though different bilingual education programs have existed since the 1960s for the indigenous communities, after a constitution reform in the late 1990s, these programs have had a new thrust, and free text books are produced in more than a dozen indigenous languages. In the 1970"s, Mexico became the first country to establish a system of "distance-learning" satellite secondary education, aimed for the little towns and rural communities. In 2005 this system included 30,000 connected schools, 3 million students and 300,000 teachers, who use televised lectures and education science programs, pre-recorded and transmited through "EduSat", via satellite.
Mexico has an estimated population of about 106.5 million, Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. Mexico is ethnically and culturally diverse. About 60% of the population is mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white), another 30% is Amerindian and 9% is white (or of European descent). The remaining 1% includes Afro-Mexicans and others. Mexico is also home for many other Latin American groups: mostly Argentines, but also Brazilians, Nicaraguans, Cubans, and Colombians.
Spanish is the official language of Mexico and is spoken by the majority of the population. About 7% of the population speak an Amerindian language. The government officially recognizes 62 Amerindian languages. Of these Nahuatl and Maya are each spoken by 1.5 million, while others, such as Lacandon, is spoken by less than 100. The Mexican government has promoted and established bilingual education programs in indigenous rural communities.
Mexico is predominantly Roman Catholic (about 89% of the population), with 6% adhering to various Protestant faiths (mostly Pentecostal), and the remaining 5% of the population adhering to other religions or professing no religion.
Mexico has a free market economy that recently entered the trillion dollar class. It contains a mixture of modern and outmoded industry and agriculture, increasingly dominated by the private sector. Recent administrations have expanded competition in seaports, railroads, telecommunications, electricity generation, natural gas distribution, and airports. Per capita income is one-fourth that of the US; income distribution remains highly unequal. Trade with the US and Canada has tripled since the implementation of NAFTA in 1994. Mexico has 12 free trade agreements with over 40 countries including, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, the European Free Trade Area, and Japan, putting more than 90% of trade under free trade agreements. The government is cognizant of the need to upgrade infrastructure, modernize the tax system and labor laws, and provide incentives to invest in the energy sector, but progress is slow.
Currency C peso
The Mexican peso (currency code MXN) is the currency of Mexico. The symbol used for the peso is "$". Prior to the 1993 revaluation, the currency code "MXP" was used. The exchange rate is around 1 USD for 10.679 MXN.
Main Sporting Events and Achievement in Olympics
Charrería is traditional, but football is most popular today, with baseball also widely played and followed. Charrería is the Mexican style of traditional Spanish horsemanship that developed in central and northern Mexico under the hacienda system. Other sports that enjoy great popularity are Bull fighting, Boxing and Professional wrestling.
The sports in which the Mexican"s have gained enormous international success are Soccer and Boxing. Both are favourites among the peoples in the country, with every towns and barrios (districts) have at least 1 soccer field and a boxing ring. The men national football team have qualified for FIFA World Cup twelve times as well as qualified for the 2006 World Cup in the Germany. It had also won the CONCACAF Gold Cup on four occasions.
In boxing, the country is known for its strong competitive boxing. The country in recent years, have produced many fine champions, such as Oscar de la Hoya, Marco Antonio Barrera, Erik Morales, Julio César Chávez, Genaro Hernandez, Fernando Vargas, Rafael Marquez and Juan Manuel Marquez.
The 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece, was Mexico’s nineteenth participation of the Summer Olympics. It won three silver and one bronze medals at the 2004 games. The last gold Olympic gold for Mexico was won four years earlier at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, from its women weightlifter, Soraya Mendivil in weightlifting (lightweight classification).
Mexico City hosted the 1968 Summer Olympics.
In Mexico, it has become almost a matter of national pride to maintain the otherwise archaic x spelling in the name of the country. It is regarded as more authentic and less jarring to the reader"s eye. Mexicans have tended to demand that other Spanish-speakers use this spelling, rather than following the general rule, and the demand has largely been respected.
Indigenous civilizations are known to have credited many inventions, such as pyramid-temples, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, writing, highly-accurate calendars, fine arts, intensive agriculture, engineering, an abacus, a complex theology, and the wheel.
The best-known Mexican genre by far is ranchera, interpreted by a band called mariachi. This style of traditional Mexican son which is considered old-fashioned but respected traditional music and is usually listened to as much as modern music. Mexican ranchera (country music) styles, including norteño and banda, are not only popular within Mexico itself, but they are also frequently enjoyed by Mexican immigrants in both rural and urban American communities
墨西哥预计人口数是一亿零六百五十万。墨西哥是世界上讲西班牙语人数最多的国家。 多元化的民族及文化。 人口约60%是混血儿（美印第安与白种人混血），另有30%是印第安人，9%是白种人（或有欧洲血统）。 其余1% 包括非裔墨西哥人及其他。 墨西哥也是许多拉丁美洲人：大部分阿根廷人、也有巴西人、尼加拉瓜人、古巴人及哥伦比亚人。
西班牙语是墨西哥的官方语言，绝大多数人使用它。 7%的人讲印第安语。官方承认62种印第安语，其中各有一百五千万人讲那瓦特语（Nahuatl）和玛雅语（Maya），不足100人讲拉坎冬语（Lacandon）。 墨西哥政府已经在原著的乡村地区推动建立了双语教育计划。
墨西哥在足球、拳击项目上已经获得了国际比赛的重大成就。 二者都是本国人最喜爱的运动，每个镇和区有至少一个足球场和拳击场。 国家男子足球队已经12次取得FIFA世界杯决赛资格，并且取得2006德国世界杯资格。它也四次下赢得了CONCACAF金杯。
在拳击方面，该国家因拳击实力强而闻名。在最近几年产生了许多优秀的冠军，如Oscar de la Hoya, Marco Antonio Barrera, Erik Morales, Julio César Chávez, Genaro Hernandez, Fernando Vargas, Rafael Marquez and Juan Manuel Marquez。
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