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【最游记】十大怀古圣地§西安

本文属阅读资料

中国西安:一支2000多年前秦帝国的雄兵团和一个由7000多件兵马俑组成的气势磅礴的地下军阵,令这座古朴而沉静的城市举世闻名。



   Xian, the eternal city, records the great changes of the Chinese nation just like a living history book. Called Chang'an in ancient times, Xian is one of the
birthplaces of the ancient civilization in the Yellow River Basin area of the country. So far, Xian enjoys equal fame with Athens, Cairo, and Rome as one of the four major ancient civilization capitals.Xian is the capital of Shaanxi province, located in the southern part of the Guanzhong Plain. With the Qinling Mountains to the south and the Weihe River to the north, it is in a favorable geographical location surrounded by water and hills. It has a semi-moist monsoon climate and there is a clear distinction between the four seasons. Except the colder winter, any season is relatively suitable for traveling.

   西安,这座永恒之城就像一本历史书记录着中华民族的生活的巨大变化。西安古称长安,是黄河流域的国家地区的古文明的发祥地之一。到目前为止,西安与雅典,开罗和罗马为一
体的四种主要的古老文明的首都。西安是陕西省的首府,位于关中平原南部位置。位于秦岭山脉南部和渭河以北,它处在一个有利的地理和小山被水包围的位置。西安是半湿润季风气候,有一间四季分明。除寒冷的冬天,任何季节是比较适合旅游。

   The cultural and historical significance of Xian, as well as the abundant relics and sites, help Shaanxi enjoy the laudatory title of 'Natural History
Museum'. The Museum of Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses is praised as 'the eighth major miracle of the world', Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang is listed on the World Heritage List, and the City Wall of the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) is the largest and most intact Ming Dynasty castle in the world. Around Xian, the Famen Temple enjoys the reputation of being the 'forefather of pagodas and temples in Central Shaanxi,'because it holds the finger bones of Sakyamuni--the founder of Buddhism. The natural landscape around Xian is also marvelous Mt.Huashan one of the five best-known mountains in China, is famous for its breath-taking cliffs and its unique characteristics.

   西安的文化和历史意义,以及丰富的文物和遗址,都使得陕西享有自然史博物馆的美称。兵马俑和兵马俑博物馆,被誉为“世界第八大奇迹”,秦始皇陵也被列为世界文化遗产,
明代城墙(1368 - 1644)是世界上规模最大,最完整的明代城堡。围绕西安,陕西中部的法门寺是享有声誉的佛塔和寺庙的祖先,是因为它拥有佛教的创始人释迦牟尼佛的手指骨。西安周围的自然景观,华山是中国五个最知名的山区之一,以其令人叹为观止的峭壁和其独特性而闻名。

   Traditional downtown Xian refers to the area encircled by the city wall, this has now been expanded to encompass the area within the second ring road (Er'
huan Lu). The Bell Tower is the geographical center of Xian and the four main streets are respectively Dong Dajie, Xi Dajie, Nan Dajie and Bei Dajie which are also the main commercial streets. Xiao Zhai, the busiest commercial area is in the southern part of the city and is popular with both youths and students since many universities are located here. Shuyuan Men and the still under construction Luoma Shi are must-visit pedestrian streets in the city. Xian is also famous for its quantity of colleges throughout China. The old campuses of many colleges and universities are massed in the southern suburb of Xian, but most have established new campuses in far southern suburb - Chang'an District due to the lack of space within the city.

   传统的市中心区是指被西安的城墙包围的地区,现在已经被扩大到包括在二环路的区域。钟楼是西安的地理中心,四个主要街道分别为东大街,西大街,南大街和北大街,这些也
是主要的商业街道。最繁忙的商业面积在城市的南部,深受青年和学生的欢迎,因为许多大学都坐落于此。仍在建设骆马湖施是必到的城市步行街。西安也拥有很多中国著名高校。许多高校的老校区集结在西安南郊,但大部分都建立在远南郊新校区,这主要是因为长安区全市范围内的空间不足。

   As tourist development grows in Xian, the hotel industry flourishes more and more. It is very easy to find a hotel in Xian, ranging from 5 star hotels to
youth hostels. Of course, it will be any traveler's first choice to stay in the city center due to the superior geographical location and the convenient transportation.Praised as 'the capital of table delicacies', Xian has been rich in the delicious Shaanxi snack, delicate Guangdong Cuisine, various kinds of fashionable foreign delicacies, and popular Sichuan Cuisine such as the hot pot. Among all the delicacies, the most famous and popular one is the Muslim Snack Street.

   西安作为旅游发展的增长,酒店业也越来越兴旺。这里很容易找到在西安的酒店,从五星级酒店到青年旅馆。当然,由于地理位置优越,交通便利留在城市中心将是任何旅客的第
一选择。西安一直被誉为“首都的美食”,这里有丰富的美味点心、精致陕西粤菜、各种时尚的外国的美味佳肴、流行川菜等,在所有的美食中最著名和最受欢迎的是穆斯林的小吃街。

   Xian is the most important city in northwest China, and so there are a lot of shopping outlets for locals and tourists alike. There are many big shopping
centers, department stores and supermarkets in and around Xian city - the biggest and most comprehensive being Kai Yuan Shopping Mall and Century Ginwa Shopping Mall.The night life in Xian has a unique glamour. Traditional ways include enjoying the night scenery around the Bell Tower, taking part in a Tang Dynasty Dinner Show, strolling on the ancient Big Wild Goose Pagoda Square and watching the music fountain performance. More modern and fashionable ways include singing in the KTV, hanging out in a bar, or dancing in a Disco. All in all, any experience in this ancient city will bring you fun and possibly a little surprise!

   西安是中国西北地区最重要的城市,所以有许多购物商店供当地人和游客消费。有许多大型商场,百货公司及超级市场在西安市周围。最大,最全面的是开元商城,世纪金花购物
中心。西安的夜生活具有独特的魅力。传统的方法包括享受夜晚的风景钟楼、参加了唐代晚餐表演、漫步于古老的大大雁塔以及看音乐喷泉广场演出。更多的现代和时尚的形式有:在KTV唱,去酒吧,或跳舞跳迪斯科。总之,在这座城市的经验可能会给你带来乐趣和不断的惊喜!

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