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planish/[ˋplænɪʃ]/ vt. 平整, 精轧(金属等)...

of stuy---youth

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Of study

Study serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse; and for ability, is in the judgment, and disposition of business. For expert men can exe-cute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best, from those that are learned. To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humor of a scholar. They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need proyning, by study; and studies themselves, do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience. Crafty men contemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation. Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them bothers; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books, else distilled books are like common distilled waters, flashy things.

读书足以怡情,足以博彩,足以长才。其怡情也,最见于独处幽居之时;其傅彩也,最见于高谈阔论之中;其长才也,最见于处世判事之际。练达之士虽能分别处理细事或一一判别枝节,然纵观统筹、全局策划,则舍好学深思者莫属。读书费时过多易惰,文采藻饰太盛则矫,全凭条文断事乃学究故态。读书补天然之不足,经验又补读书之不足,盖天生才干犹如自然花草,读书然后知如何修剪移接;而书中所示,如不以经验范之,则又大而无当。有一技之长者鄙读书,无知者羡读书,唯明智之士用读书,然书并不以用处告人,用书之智不在书中,而在书外,全凭观察得之。读书时不可存心诘难作者,不可尽信书上所言,亦不可只为寻章摘句,而应推敲细思。书有可浅尝者,有可吞食者,少数则须咀嚼消化。换言之,有只须读其部分者,有只须大体涉猎者,少数则须全读,读时须全神贯注,孜孜不倦。书亦可请人代读,取其所作摘要,但只限题材较次或价值不高者,否则书经提炼犹如水经蒸馏、淡而无味矣。

  Reading make a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man. And therefore, if a man write little, he had need have a great memory; if he confer little, he had need have a present wit: and if he read little, he had need have much cunning, to seem to know, that he doth not. Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtitle; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; logic and rhetoric able to contend. Abeunt studia in mores. Nay, there is no stand or impediment in the wit, but may be wrought out by fit studies; like as diseases of the body, may have appropriate exercises. Bowling is good for the stone and reins; shooting for the lungs and breast; gentle walking for the stomach; riding for the head; and the like. So if a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics; for in demonstrations, if his wit be called away never so little, he must begin again. If his wit be not apt to distinguish or find differences, let him study the Schoolmen; for they are cymini sectors. If he be not apt to beat over matters, and to call up one thing to prove and illustrate another, let him study the lawyers' cases. So every defect of the mind, may have a special receipt

Youth is not a time of life; it is a state of mind.

青春不是年华,而是心境;

It is not a matter of rosy cheeks, red lips and supple knees.

青春不是桃面、丹唇、柔膝,

It is a matter of the will, a quality of the imagination, vigor of the emotions;

而是深沉的意志、宏伟的想象、炽热的感情;

It is the freshness of the deep spring of life.

青春是生命的深泉在涌流。

Youth means a temperamental predominance of courage over timidity,

青春气贯长虹,勇锐盖过怯弱,

of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.

进去压倒苟安,如此锐气,

This often exits in a man of 60, more than a boy of 20.

二十后生有之,六旬男子则更多见。

nobody grows merely by the number of years;we grow old by deserting our ideas.

年年有加,并非垂老;理想丢弃,方堕暮年。

Years may wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul.

岁月悠悠,衰微只及肌肤;热忱抛却,颓唐必至灵魂。

Worry, fear, self-distrust1 bows the heart and turns the spirit back to dust.

烦忧、惶恐、丧失自信,定使心灵扭曲,意气如灰。

Whether 60 or 16, there is in every human being's heart the lure of wonders,

无论年届花甲,抑或二八芳龄,心中皆有生命之欢乐,奇迹之诱惑,

the unfailing childlike appetite of what's next and the joy of the game of living.

孩童般天真久盛不衰。

In the center of your heart and my heart there is a wireless station;

人人心中皆有一台天线,

so long as it receives messages of beauty, hope, cheer, courage and power from men and from infinite,

只要你从天上人间接受美好、希望、欢乐、勇气和力量的信号,

so long as you are young.

你就青春永驻,风华常存。

When the aerials are down, and your spirit is covered with the snows of cynicism and the ice of pessimism,

一旦天线倒塌,锐气被冰雪覆盖,玩世不恭、自暴自弃油然而生,

then you've grown old, even at 20, but as long as your aerials are up,

几十年方二十,实已垂老矣;

to catch waves of optimism, there's hope you may die young at 80.

然则只要竖起天线,捕捉乐观的信号,你就有望在八十高龄告别尘寰时仍觉得年轻。

以上为直译版,下面为意译版:

  青春不是年华,而是心境;青春不是桃面,丹唇,柔膝,而是深沉的意志,恢宏的想象,炽热的感情;青春是生命的源泉在不息的涌流。

  青春气贯长虹,勇锐盖过怯懦,进取压倒苟安。如此锐气,弱冠后生有之,耳顺之年,则亦多见,年岁有加,并非垂老;理想丢弃,方堕暮年。

  岁月悠悠,衰微只及肌肤,热忱抛却,颓唐必至灵魂。忧烦,惶恐,丧失自信,定使心灵扭曲,意气如灰。

  无论年届古稀,抑或二八芳龄,心中皆有生命之欢乐,奇迹之诱惑,孩童般天真久盛不衰。人人心中皆深植一片追求,只要你从天上,人间追求美好,希望,欢乐,勇气和力量,你就青春永驻,风华长存。

  一旦追求消失,锐气如同冰雪覆盖,玩世不恭,自暴自弃油然而生,即使年方二十,实已老矣。然坚持追求,你就有望在百岁高龄告别尘寰时仍觉年青。
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