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“原因”的世界

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中英文作者:深圳大学 赖小琪

昨晚英语角一直弄到差不多十点。英语角结束后外教Rick来找我聊天,聊到很晚我才回到宿舍。当时拿出手机一看,才发现在老家博中读高三的表妹给我电话了。她很少给我电话的,所以我当时想肯定是发生了什么事了。后来细想一下昨天是3月21日,前天应该是广州一模的考试时间,难不成模拟考试考差了?当时太晚了她应该休息了,所以我也没敢打回去。今天打过去,才发现原来我想的都是真的,表妹考差了。

The English corner did not come to an end until about ten o’clock last night. After that, my foreign teacher, Rick came to chat with me, so I came back to my dorm very late. Not until then did I realize my cousin, who studied in Buoluo Middle School in my hometown had called me. She seldom gave a call to me, so I thought there must be something wrong. After second thought, I remembered the day before yesterday is the time when Guangzhou Model Test 1 was held. I guessed she must have performed badly in the test. As it was late at that time, I did not call her back. Today I gave her a call, only to confirm what I had thought. She indeed performed badly in the test.

我想,表妹在高中三年以来考试考差的次数应该不少,可是为什么只有一次打电话和我诉苦呢?凡是在广东省参加高考的人都知道,广州一模是广东省最具权威性和预测性的的考试,参考价值很大。我记得高三时老师就和我说,高考的分数一般会在广州一模成绩的上下波动30分。而我们那时采用的是900分标准分制,现在却用的是原始分,那么那时的30分,在今天顶多算10分了。按照这样的推算,如果你考了500分,那么你高考的成绩就会在490分到510分之间。然而广州一模的预测能力真的这么强吗?据我的观察,不见得如此。我以前也在博中读书,我们最后的结果是:广州一模考得好的,最后基本都考得不如意,而广州一模考差的,最后的结果反而让人惊喜。

I think it is not the first time for my cousin to fail in the exam. But why did she call me to pour out her pain this time? It is well known to all the people who have evern taken the college entrance examination in Guangdong Province that Guangzhou Model Test 1 is of greatest authority and prediction. I remember when I was in my third year of senior middle school, my teacher told me that a student’s final performance would flunctuate within the band of 30 scores up or down the score you got in the model test. At that time our full mark is 900, but now the full mark is based on the original score, the total of which is 750. therefore, 30 scores in the past means only 10 now. according to this speculation, if you get 500 in the model test, your final performance will range between 490 and 510. But is the model test that predictive? According to my observation, I do keep skeptical of it. I also studied in Buoluo Middle School before. Our final result is that those who performed so so or even badly in the model test got a surprisingly high score in the final, while those who performed exceptionally in the model test got a low score.

一听到这里,很多人肯定会说,考得好的考生,由于别人对他们的期望高,他们的心理压力大,所以不能正常发挥;而考得差的考生,由于习惯了接受挫折,到考试时反倒宽心,这样反而有利于他的发挥。然而真的是这样吗?按我说,考得差的学生更感到压力大,因为考得好的考生是担心选不到“好”学校,而考得差的考生却是担心“没学校选”。现在很多人无论发生什么事,总爱从心理因素方面来分析。人家成功了,就说人家心理素质好,发挥稳定;人家失败了,就说人家心理素质不过关,发挥不好。记得看报纸,有一年湖南省文科状元因其高考出色的表现,被各大报纸纷纷报导。各大报纸除了花费大量笔墨在描述其如何“头悬梁,锥刺股”外,当然不忘描述其“优秀的心理素质”,称其大考小考均临危不乱,高考心态更是淡定,所以最后发挥出好成绩。每一篇文章最后均不忘了加上一句“由此可见,心理素质在高考中是非常关键的”。然而无独有偶,凤凰卫视在采访这名考生时,考生的回答让观众们大跌眼镜。这名考生说,他平时模拟考都紧张得要命,好几次都发挥不理想,弄得各位老师和家长纷纷来安慰他;还有几周就要高考时,他因为焦虑过度而病倒了,在家卧床休息了一个星期后才继续学习的。直到高考的那一天,他的心依然七上八下,生怕考不好。然而到了考场,觉得题目也不是非常难,但也没有想过考状元,想不到居然喜从天降考了个状元。节目播出以后,一时间,啼笑声遍地开花。大家都笑了:原来状元的心理素质也不见得多好!

Hearing this, many people may say that those who performed well in the model test bore too much pressure out of others’ high expectation, so they could not bring out their best performance in the final. While those who performed badly have got used to failure and could confront the final bravely and calmly, so they could perform better. Is it really true? To my mind, those who performed badly in the model test received more pressure than those excellent students. Good students are concerneb about which good university to choose, while not-so-good students are concerned about whether they can go to college. Nowadays many people are inclined to involve psychological factors into various matters. When someone succeeds, they will praise his good psychology; when someone fails, they also attribute the failure to bad psychology. I remember a student in Huan Province was reported by various newspaper due to his excellent performance in the college entrance exams. All the newspaper, apart from describing his hard work in daily life, focused on depicting his strong psychological condition, claiming that he had maintained great composure throughout all the tests until the last wonderful performance. However, while interviewed by a TV Channel, what the student said had stunned all the audience. He said that he felt extremely nervous when taking model exams and failed several times, making his teachers and parents panic to comfort him. Several weeks before the final, he fell sick and lay in bed for a week because of over-anxiety. On the days of college entrance exams, he still felt nervous at heart, worrying that he could not do well. But when he began doing the paper, he felt it was not difficult. But nor did he think of being No.1, which should become true later stunningly. After the TV program, ironic laughters spread everywhere. All the people were laughing that even the No.1 student could have a bad psychology.

我举这个例子并不是说心理素质不重要。相反,心理素质的确非常重要,我们也应该倡导大家在平时的生活,学习和工作中不断地锻炼自己沉稳,不焦不躁的心理素质,唯有这样才可以历炼艰难困苦而不倒,实现自己的人生价值。然而现实生活中,当别人取得成就时,我们就说他心理素质过关所以才能取得成功;而别人失败时,特别是一些平时表现非常不错,最后却以失败收场时,我们就会说这是因为他的心理素质不过关,所以最后发挥不好。这有必要吗?我不否认成功人士心理素质一般都比较好,然而失败者,心理素质不见得差。我们也知道,失败的因素可能是多层次性的,有时根本和心理素质无关。再以高考为例,你平时模考考得好,可能是因为那些都是旧题了,或者说模考出题的老师并不专业,出的都是你经常见过的题,或者是大同小异的题,所以你做起来得心应手,考好也不为过了。然而到了高考,可能题目和平时做的不同,而且你的基础也不够扎实,这时你考差了,也自然是情理之中,这和你的心理素质没有关系。你还是和以前一样地考试,你的心态并没有大起大落,但是最后你就是考差了,于是大家都在想你的心态是不是不够沉稳。而在你高考前,为何没有人观察到你的心态有问题,而高考后却都来质疑你的心态呢?

I raised this instance not to play down the importance of psychology. Conversely, psychological condition is really critical and we should try our best to cultivate a strong will with great composure in our life, study and work. Only by doing this can we go through all the setbacks and reach our goal eventually. Nevertheless, in our real lives, we always attribute people’s success to his strong psychological condition and attribute their failure to weak psychological condition. Is it true all the time? I do not deny that successful people have a better psychology, but some people who fail in their career do not necessarily have a weak psychology. We all know that the reasons for failure are multiple-layered and sometimes have nothing to do with psychology. Take the college entrance examination for instance again. When you do well in the model test, it may be because the exercise is old and repeated or smilar to the exercise you have done. Therefore, it is piece of cake for you to do it and get a high score. But when it comes to the college entrance exams, you may do different exercise from that you did before. Worse still, if your foundation is not solid, it is very normal for you to do badly. It has nothing to do with your psychological condition at that moment. You still take the exam as you used to and your mood does not change at all, but you do not perform well. Then everyone is pondering whether your psychology is not stable enough. But before the exam, no one cast doubt to this. After the exam, every one does.

现实生活中,放马后炮的人实在太多。事情没有发生前,大家都觉得一切是正常进行的,没有任何人提出疑问。若是有人提出质疑,反而被大家群起而攻之;等事情发生以后,大家就开始拼命找原因,而且开始相互推卸责任。要是找到真正的原因也罢,而问题是很多人就爱钻牛角尖,找的原因是八竿子打不着边的。其实,生活中失败是很正常的事情,而原因也非常简单,很简单的四个字:技不如人。这四个字听起来刺耳,然而我们必须要学会接受。你的“技”再好,也有不如人的时候。你永远不可能是第一名,只要你记住这一点,那么面对所有的打击和失败,你就会坦然接受。好比你去面试一个有上万人竞争的岗位,而这个岗位只招一个人,那么说句不好听的话,你是去当绿叶的,你是去衬最后一朵红花的。

In our real lives, there are too many people fond of seeking the reason after an incident occurs. Before the incident, everyone is regarding everything as on the right track. No one has doubt about it. If someone doubts about it, he will be attacked by all others. When something wrong takes place, everyone is busy finding reasons and begins to push the buck to each other. If they can really find out the essential reasons, then it is quite good. But the point is that many people tend to be too sensative and the reasons they find are totally irrelevant to the incident. In fact, failure is a common phenomenon in our lives and sometimes the reason is very simple. It can be summarized as four words: Less Capable than Others. It sounds unpleasant, but we must learn to accept it. No matter how capable you are , you are still inferior to someone else. You can’t never be the best. Only by keeping it in mind can you feel calm to face all the strikes and setbacks. For example, if you go to an interview for a position for which thousands of people are competing with you, you are actually a leaf that matches the final flower-the final winner.

我很感激我的母亲。她从小就教导我,我应该要自强不息,不断奋斗,然而她也要我记住,我永远不是第一的,也不可能是第一,所以我要学会接受别人比我强,要学会接受失败,要学会扮演第二,第三,甚至第N的角色。学会欣赏别人的闪光点,见贤思齐,是一门很高深的学问。你想要什么,就得通过自身的努力去争取,不是光靠眼红别人,老想着争第一就可以实现的。然而现实生活中,嫉妒别人的人多,欣赏别人的人少,虚心向别人学习的更少。明知己之不足不改,最后只能在蹉跎岁月中渐渐消逝,不留痕迹。

I feel deeply grateful to my dear mother. She taught me since I was a child that I should be strong-willed and independent and striving nonstop. But she also reminds me that I will never be the No.1, so I need to learn to accept the fact that there is someone better than me. I need to learn to accept failure and play the role of second, third, even a thousandth place in the competition. It is a profound skill to learn to appreciate others’ sparkling point and learn from them. You can pursue what you want through your unyielding efforts. Envying and dreaming cannot help you. But it is a great pity that in our lives there are more people envying others while few appreciate. There are even fewer people who know to learn from others modestly. If you know your shortcomings and feel reluctant to change, then you will only vanish with time without any trace to be left behind.

在电话中,我和表妹说了一句话:把平常的练习当高考,把高考当练习。

On the phone, I said one sentence to my cousin: Treat daily practice as the college entrance exam while treat the college entrance exam as daily practice.
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