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病态心理是最大社会安全隐患

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作者:中国青年报 汪强

译者:深圳大学 赖小琪

3月23日上午,福建省南平市实验小学门口发生一起特大凶杀事件。一名当过外科医生的中年未婚男子在55秒内,持刀连续朝正在等待学校开门的13名小学生捅去,造成8死5伤。新华社记者涂洪长评述说:“学校及周边治安综合治理工作,是重大的民生工程。校园本应该是清静之地、安全之地,最不应该发生流血死人事故。但这两起惨剧却偏偏发生在校园内外!这提醒我们,在校园特别是中小学内,未成年人比较集中,相对缺乏应对突发安全事故的意识和经验,这样的场所更应当安全警钟长鸣,安全保卫工作更要细之又细。”

In the morning of March 23rd, a serious murdering event took place in front of the gate of Experimental Primary School in Nanping City, Fujian Province. A mid-aged single man, who had ever been a surgeon, smashed to 13 students with a sword, killing 8 students and hurting 5. Tu Hongchang, a journalist from Xinhua News Agency remarked, “It is a signifcant livelihood project to secure the safety of school and its surroundings. Campus should be peaceful and safe and free from the least bloody accidents. But these two tragies happened right in and out of campus, which alerts us that on campus, especially those of primary and middle schools, there are many juveniles assembling who lack the consciousness and experience of countering emergencies. Therefore, we should attach more importance to there places and do every security job in detail.”

涂记者的话当然有道理,学校确实有不可推卸的管理责任。假如在学生进出校的高峰期,学校有更严密的防范措施,或许惨剧就不会在校门口发生,即使发生,也不至于有如此严重的后果。但即使该校的安全措施做得很细,也可能还是难以避免学生惨遭横祸。从报道可以看出,凶手郑民生当天出来,就是要行凶杀人且不针对特定对象。假如学校在校门口的防范工作十分严密,不给他留下下手的机会,那他也可能在离校门口远一点或更远一点的地方下手。

Mr Tu’s statements are of course reasonable, and schools do have the responsibility of guaranteeing security. For instance, if the school officials have had a comprehensive protection system during the peak of students’going in and out of school, maybe the tragedy could have been avoided. Even though it happened, it would not have produced such a srious consequence. But no matter how much security measures will be taken, it is impossible to eliminate the possibility of accidents for students totally. According to the report, the murderer Zheng Mingsheng went out right from home to kill any student he saw without a specific target. If the school have had taken all measures to prevent him from killing at the gate of the campus, he would have conducted the kill in a farther place.

官方材料说,郑作案的原因有二:一是与原单位领导王某有矛盾,辞职后谋求新职不成;二是恋爱多次失败,尤其是与当前所谈女友进展不顺,心态扭曲,故意杀人。郑所在社区的居民也说,郑这样40多岁的男人,事业、婚姻都无成,房子也没有,又没有人给他温暖,他几乎就是一个被社会边缘化的“失败者”。这种人一旦感到绝望,就很容易走极端。这些邻居呼吁社会应多关注这种潜伏着的“病人”,避免他们走上绝路,给社会带来危害。’

According to the official report, there are two main reasons for Zheng to kill. First of all, after having some friction with leaders in the original workplace, he resigned and failed to find another job. Secondly, he had failed many times in his love. Especially he did not get on well with his present girlfriend and his mind became abnormal, then he killed others purposely. Zheng’s neighborhood in his community said that such a person like Zheng who did not have career, marriage, house and the warmth from others was literally a loser on the brim of our society. This kind of people, once they feel despaired, they tend to go to extreme easily. Zheng’s neighbors called on the public to pay more attention to these “patients” in case that they will feel totally desperate and do harm to the society.

可见,此案的发生固然与学校安全工作不到位有关,但更重要的原因是郑民生的病态心理。这种病态心理注定了不在这一地点杀人,就在那个地点杀人;不在这一时刻杀人,就在那一时刻杀人。简单的防范措施(如在学生进校高峰期增加值班人员)是不顶多少用的,最彻底的办法应该是对像郑民生这样的“病人”进行有效防治。治,是指政府与社会都要关心像郑民生这种被社会边缘化的“失败者”,让他们的心理健康起来,阳光起来。

Therefore, it is evident that though the accident has something to do with the poor security measures of the school, it has more to do with Zheng’s abnormal psyche ,which determines that if he had not killed someone here, he would have killed another elsewhere and that if he had not killed someone this moment, he would have killed another in another time. It is close to useless to take simple measures, like arranging more on-duty gaurds in the peak of students. The fundamental way is to prevent and give apt treatment to patients like Zheng. Here, giving apt treatment means the government and society should go hand in hand to care about those “losers”on the brim of our society like Zheng, making them mentally healthier and sunnier.

防,是指建设和谐社会,让更多人都感到温暖,尽量不让人被社会边缘化。当然了,这是一个复杂的系统工程。比如,郑民生产生病态心理的一个重要因素是恋爱失败。如今我国的性别比偏离正常值越来越远,将来找不到对象的人也就越来越多(其中又涉及当事人个人性格等原因,不全是社会原因),那是不是意味着将来由此引发的犯罪也可能会越来越多?可真要解决出生性别比的问题,并不那么简单。

Preventing means in the course of building a harmonious society, we should let more people feel the warmth from others and prevent them from being pushed to the brim of our society. It is definitely a complicated task. For example, a key reason for Zheng’s abnormal psyche is love failure. Now with the unproportionate number of males and females worsening, more and more people cannot find a lover( it also involves personal factors like personality). So does it mean that there will be more and more relevant crimes caused by this phenomenon? But it is by no means easy to balance the number of males and females.

此案确实给我们敲响了警钟,但不应就事论事,而应看到案件背后的深层次因素

This case does strike our alarming bell, but we should not merely focus on the event itself and its superficial reason. Instead, we should focus on the fundamental reason in a deeper sense.
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