Going to is not a tense. It is a special expression to talk about the future.
The structure is:
subject + be + going + infinitive
The verb be is conjugated (past, present or future).
Use of Going to
We use going to when we have the intention to do something before we speak. We have already made a decision before speaking. Look at these examples:
1. Jo has won the lottery. He says he's going to buy a Porsche.
2. We're not going to paint our bedroom tomorrow.
3. When are you going to go on holiday?
In these examples, we had an intention or plan before speaking. The decision was made before speaking.
We often use going to to make a prediction about the future. Our prediction is based on present evidence. We are saying what we think will happen. Here are some examples:
1. The sky is very black. It's going to snow.
2. It's 8.30! You're going to miss the train!
3. I crashed the company car. My boss isn't going to be very happy!
In these examples, the present situation (black sky, the time, damaged car) gives us a good idea of what is going to happen.
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