密码:
注册找密码我的浏览
设首页加收藏加书签 ______

首页每天学英语背单词语法词汇口语阅读写作翻译寓言四级六级名著绕口令笑话外语动态诗歌散文雅思商务

您所在的位置: 大耳朵首页 > 文章资料 > 英语新闻 > 经济新闻 > 正文

站内搜索:

小提示:学单词背单词请到大耳朵免费在线背单词系统
greed/[ɡri:d]/ n. 贪欲, 贪婪...

商家关注全球性消费族群

本文属阅读资料
Marketers Focus More On Global `Tribes'

Valentin Chapero, chief executive of Swiss-based Phonak Group, knows that baby boomers around the world dread the thought of needing his company's hearing devices. Whether they live in London, Los Angeles or Lima, Peru, they tend to resist buying a product associated with aging.

Yet tens of millions of people over the age of 50 already have some hearing loss. To woo them, Mr. Chapero and his managers are addressing their common qualms. Phonak's new Audeo device comes in 15 fashionable colors, looks more like a sleek ear phone than an old-fashioned hearing aid and is being marketed as a 'personal communication assistant.' Advertisements in a dozen languages feature youthful-looking customers who lead interesting lives, such as a hedge-fund manager who is also an amateur boxer.

'We'll only get close to baby boomers -- who, whether they're Europeans or Americans all have a similar psychology -- if we take away the stigma and show them a product that is high-tech and hip and easily improves the quality of their lives,' says Mr. Chapero.

Executives seeking to expand their companies' global reach long have focused on tailoring products to fit the local tastes of consumers in different countries. Increasingly, however, they also have a strong sense of the commonality of their global consumers. As the world shrinks, especially for young, Internet-savvy consumers, they must now also cater to particular subcultures of customers who share very similar outlooks, styles and aspirations despite their different nationalities and languages.

'We're seeing global tribes forming around the world that are more and more interconnected through technology,' says Melanie Healey, president, Global Health and Feminine Care at Procter & Gamble, Cincinnati.

Among these tribes: teenagers from every continent who socialize on the Internet and like the same music and fashions, working women trying to juggle careers and families, and baby boomers. 'If you focus on the similarities instead of the differences [in these tribes], key business opportunities emerge,' says Ms. Healey.

Managers in P&G's feminine-care products division, for example, are using this approach to efficiently reach more global customers. After conducting extensive market research, they concluded that teenage girls on every continent have the same concerns and questions about puberty. That means 'we can write all the answers at once for the Web site -- which is available in 40 countries -- and then translate these into many languages,' says Bob Arnold, Global FemCare interactive manager and head of P&G's beinggirl.com Web site. 'It's more efficient -- and we don't need offices all over the world to do this.'

'Historically we used to be focused on discovering the common hopes and dreams within a country, but now we're seeing that the real commonalities are in generations across geographical borders,' adds James Haskett, brand franchise leader of P&G's Global Always/Whisper brands.

This doesn't mean that P&G sells identical products everywhere, however. The company's Always Fresh brand has a light fragrance in the U.S. and Latin America, for instance, but is unscented in other parts of the world.

Sujay Wason, associate marketing director for feminine care, believes in blending the two marketing strategies. 'You've got to be both local and global and understand what will work in several places, and what won't' by spending lots of time with customers. Last week, he and colleagues visited customer homes in Dallas, after working in Brazil and Mexico in prior weeks.

Clinique, a unit of Estee Lauder, sells skin-care products and makeup in 130 countries, but markets products that sell to particular skin types and skin tones regardless of the consumers' nationalities. Because women all around the world buy about the same fashions and cosmetics on the Internet, beauty regimens, in general, are becoming more universal, says CEO Lynne Greene.

So are household-cleaning and food-cooking practices. Alfa, the Mexican conglomerate, is finding in its market research that Mexican women increasingly want foods that are easier to prepare. 'They don't want entirely premade the way many Americans do because they still want to get credit for doing the cooking, but they want shortcuts,' says Tom Kuczmarski, president of Kuczmarski & Associates, a Chicago marketing consultant.

Of course, selling food is different from selling washing machines. 'There may be more consistencies when selling nondurable consumer products globally than cars or other heavier equipment,' says Marti Barletta, who runs the TrendSight Group in Winnetka, Ill.

Even so, she says, female consumers can cut across lines. Women everywhere, she says, 'respond to marketing that emphasizes people.'

'Going global isn't a big mystery,' adds P&G's Ms. Healey. 'There is so much common ground, so much universality among people.'

生产助听设备的瑞士Phonak Group首席执行长瓦伦丁•夏普罗(Valentin Chapero)知道,全世界的婴儿潮一代提到助听设备就会感到不安。不论是伦敦人、洛杉矶人还是利马人,只要是上了年纪的人对与“变老”有关的产品大多都很抵触。

但数千万50岁以上的人已经丧失了部分听力。为了吸引这部分人,夏普罗和他手下的经理全力应对他们通常的疑虑。Phonak新的Audeo助听器有15种颜色,看上去更像是时尚的耳机而非老式的助听器,它的市场定位是“个人交流助手”。该公司以多种语言制作的广告展现了外表年轻、生活有趣的顾客,比如一位业余喜欢练拳击的对冲基金经理。

夏普罗说:“不管这些人是欧洲人还是美国人,他们都有相似的心理──我们只有回避掉让人不快的叫法,向他们展示一个可以轻松提高他们生活品质的高科技时尚产品,他们才会接受。”

想要扩张全球市场的公司管理人员长久以来一直注重根据不同国家的客户口味量身打造适合他们的产品。不过,他们也越来越强烈地感觉到全球客户的共性。随着世界变得越来越小,尤其是面对精通互联网的年轻顾客,这些公司现在还得迎合特定顾客的消费亚文化,这些人虽然种族不同、语言各异,但却有着非常相近的外表、风格和愿望。

宝洁公司(Procter & Gamble Co.)全球卫生与女性护理部门总裁梅莱妮•海丽(Melanie Healey)说:我们发现,由于科技的推广应用,世界范围内的相互联系日渐紧密,进而形成了许多全球性的消费亚文化“族群”。

比如:来自世界各地、在互联网上交友、喜欢同类音乐和时尚的青少年;试图平衡事业和家庭的职业女性;还有婴儿潮一代。海丽说:“如果你更关注这些部落成员的相似之处,就会发现重大的商机。”

例如宝洁女性护理部(Global FemCare)的经理们就运用这一方法在全球有效争取更多的客户。经过广泛的调查他们发现,全球各地的未成年少女有着相同的青春期烦恼和问题。该部门分管互动事务的经理、负责管理宝洁网站beinggirl.com的鲍勃•阿诺德(Bob Arnold)表示,公司的网站可以在40多个国家看到,我们可以对所有这些问题一一作出解答并放在网页上,然后翻译成多种语言。这样的办法更有效率,无需全球各地的办事部门分别来做。

宝洁护舒宝(Global Always/Whisper)品牌业务负责人詹姆斯•哈斯科特(James Haskett)称,过去公司将精力放在探索某一个国家消费者的消费诉求。现在,公司关注的是全世界各年龄段人士的共同消费偏好。

然而,这并不意味着宝洁公司在全球各地都销售同样的产品。例如该公司Always Fresh品牌的产品在美国和拉美市场会带有淡淡的香气,而在其他市场销售的该品牌产品是无味的。

宝洁女性护理部联席营销总监苏杰•沃森(Sujay Wason)推崇的是将本土和国际战略结合起来。沃森表示,为商者要在本土化和国际化两方面齐头并进,要在与客户进行长期接触后了解哪些产品适合哪些地域。上周沃森与同事登门拜访了达拉斯的客户,而此之前几周他曾穿梭于巴西和墨西哥。

雅诗兰黛(Estee Lauder)子公司倩碧(Clinique)的护肤品和化妆品销往全球130个国家,但产品只根据肤质和肤色划分,而不是国家。该公司首席执行长琳恩•格琳(Lynne Greene)表示,全世界的女性都在网上购买相同的时装和化妆品,总体而言,各国公众的审美观正越来越趋同化。

在保洁和烹饪方面也是如此。墨西哥公司Alfa在市场调研中发现,本国妇女希望烹饪简单化的愿望越来越强。芝加哥咨询机构Kuczmarski & Associates总裁汤姆•库兹马斯基(Tom Kuczmarski)说,虽然墨西哥妇女仍希望靠自己的厨艺来博得好名声,因此不会像美国女性那样采用完全加工好的食品,但她们希望能有更简便的办法。

当然,销售食品与销售洗衣机完全是两码事。经营伊利诺伊州TrendSight Group玛蒂•巴列塔(Marti Barletta)称,在世界不同地区销售非耐用消费品所具有的一致性相比销售汽车等重型设备的一致性可能要大些。

然而他表示,争取女性消费者是有捷径可走的。全世界的女性都容易对更强调人的感受的营销策略产生共鸣。

希利表示,产品的全球销售并没有多少神秘的地方,毕竟世界各地的人都有许许多多的共同之处。
您是否对这篇资料想说点什么?欢迎评论或者纠错,或者提交填空题答案! 您也可以立即
经济新闻
高瞻远瞩
放眼全球
推荐资源
最新社区精华帖子更多>>
  • 走遍美国教学版
    走遍美国教学版
  • 哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
    哈利学前班[英语儿歌]
  • 海绵宝宝 英文版
    海绵宝宝 英文版
  • 风中的女王第1季
    风中的女王第1季
经典学习方法更多>>

听力排行

试题

视听

歌曲

电影

初中中考模拟训练一16-17
初中英语情景反应
初中英语情景反应
初中中考模拟训练五28
2008年贵州省贵阳市中考英语听力真题MP3和试题答案——大耳朵英语免费下载.
1997年6月六级听力08
08年6月四级听力11-14
2008年12月四级听力第26-29题
03 A Popular Pastime of the English People
高考听力模拟4018-20
白领口语应急80主题 职场交往46 谈论工作
新目标英语九年级上Unit09
365天英语口语大全 日常口语篇 71.生日
听力每日练习listen001
CRI 美国人为什么要住在中国 2017.04.27
BBC News新闻 20111004
225.Scene 17.Topic 1美食街 Gourmet Food
365天英语口语大全 日常口语篇 01.起床
Zechariah 撒迦利亚书10
4+1语音语调FLASH教育在线课程讲解:1开课前言语音语调
Adele - Rolling In The Deep
星村麻衣 - regret
Stevie Hoang -- Show You Off
Rihanna - Nobody's Business (feat. Chris Brown)
《Chinese》Lily Allen
《柠檬树》英文版lemon tree
04 When There Was Me and You [Live]
《你怎么舍得我难过》英文版
威力无限【炮弹专家】
Hit by a feeling
小熊维尼与跳跳虎英文版 第一季 第1集
巴布工程师英文版 第1集 小猫阿皮不见了
小伙伴英语儿歌 第1集 小星星
酷艾英语系列之光棍节
看电影学英语系列之冒牌家庭
海绵宝宝全集 第1集
小马宝莉 第1集
幼儿双语儿歌系列之ABC字母歌
Bingo教你说美语之如何用英语叙旧
Hello Teddy洪恩幼儿英语1
文章资料目录导航
经典名著 四六级考试 IELTS雅思 听说读写能力 在线语法词典 行业英语一 行业英语二 生活英语 轻松英语 专题英语
双城记 宝岛
战争与和平
悲惨的世界
傲慢与偏见
读圣经学英语
八十天环游地球
考试动态
学习资料
历年真题
模拟试题
心得技巧
学习方法经验
考试动态
考试介绍
考试辅导
历年真题
模拟试题
心得技巧
英语听力
英语口语
英语阅读
英语写作
英语翻译
英语词汇
名词 冠词数词
动词 动名词
代词 形容词
情态 独立主格
倒装 主谓一致
连词 虚拟语气
职场英语
外贸英语
商务英语
银行英语
文化英语
体育英语
房地产英语
会计英语
金融证券
医疗英语
计算机英语
公务员英语
实用英语
电话英语
旅游英语
购物英语
市民英语
宾馆英语
好文共赏
英语文库
名人演说
小说寓言
谚语名言绕口令
笑话幽默 诗歌
笨霖笔记
CNN英语魏
实用九句
双语阅读
发音讲解
分类词汇

免责声明:本站只提供资源播放平台,如果站内部分资源侵犯您的权益,请您告知,我们会立即处理。
Copyright © 2010-2017 大耳朵英语  京ICP备10010568号 | 京公网安备 11010802020324号

微信扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
微博扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
QQ扫一扫手机学英语 关闭
0.231645s