Use the verb+ noun or adj. + noun collocation.
扮演角色 to play a role积累经验 to accumulate experiences熨烫衣物 to iron clothes身负重担 to bear a heavy burden卸下重担 to unload a heavy burden作出牺牲 to make sacrifices缝补衣物 to mend clothes物归原主 to return the property to its rightful owner承担任务 to undertake a task 坚强的意志 strong will不屈的意志 indomitable will粗糙的手指 rough fingers深陷的双眼 sunken eyes寒冷的冬天 severe winter
use the “useful expressions”.
The rare kindness and generosity with which my grandmother have been blessed make her respected by those who know her.
During the summer counterattack that lasted for one week, the soldiers had used up all the ammunition.
I’m afraid your request is beyond the limits of his power.
The ship rocked violently from side to side, causing many passengers to feel seasickness.
The old man has been living in the jungle for many years, having little contact with the outside world.
She had cancer when she was young, but recovered later and lived to be an advanced age.
The statue standing in the center of the square speaks of the respect and pride people feel for the general.
After I told Mary the news, she looked as if she was about to faint.
She decided to go to the evening school regardless of her parents’ strong objection.
To help Alice prepare for the tennis match, her mother sent for the best local coach.
Use cover, fall and pass.
I fell off the ladder and hurt my left arm.
At university we need at least 300 yuan to cover the board expenses.
Twenty years has passed since Tangshan was hit by earthquake.
This course covers every aspect of American history since World War Ⅱ.
The snow kept falling steadily.
The book is rather difficult, and I covered only ten pages in one hour.
He passed his house without entering three times during that period.
He has failed to pass this year’s college Entrance Examination and he’s determined to have another try next year.
That little boy asked his parents why the leaves fall from the trees in autumn.
After reading the newspaper, pass it to Class Three.
Translate the following sentences into English, using attributive clauses.
A new teacher will come tomorrow, who will replace Mr. Smith to teach us English.
He drew me a map of this city, which gave me a general idea of the size of the city.
I’m sure the day will come when you will regret having turned down his requests.
Have you read the sign on the wall which says “No Smoking”?
I say a boy who was sitting in a wheelchair in the hall reading a magazine.
The money which was left in the bank is enough to send his three sons to university.
This is the book published in 1880s, which greatly influenced people’s view about the world.
He is the only person I know who can solve these maths problems in such a short time.
Translate the following sentences using appositive clauses.
China expressed the hope that the talks about unclear weapons control should be held recently.
The view is not correct that those who work their brains rule and those who work with their brawn are ruled.
There comes the news that everything is false.
There is no denying the fact that he is guilty of murder.
He had an illusion when he entered the hotel that the gatekeeper was a detective.
The company commander has received order from the General Staff that his company would move to the front.
Use the verb+ noun or adj. + noun collocation
养家糊口 to be a breadwinner吸取教训 to draw a lesson赡养家庭 to support the family提供材料 to supply the material驱动机器 to drive the machinery缓解痛苦 to relieve somebody of pain记录帐目 to keep accounts消除贫穷 to abolish poverty教训某人 to teach somebody a lesson家庭会议 family council职业女性 professional woman珍贵财富 precious fortune
use the “useful expressions”.
Seeing the enemy’s missiles blowing the village to pieces, all the villagers were burning with anger.
He noticed that the middle-aged man made out a 150-pound check for a television company.
He has leant from his life time experience that friendship and love count for much more than money.
Last summer, he had been living in a countryside cottage for one month, free from the noise and excitement in the city.
In the common interest of protecting the nature, a lot of governments have been united to abolish the poisonous pollution caused by chemical industry.
The committee has resolved that the next year’s conference be held in Xi’an.
At dawn, he found himself lying at the bottom of a valley.
Many people make donation for the Project Hope, because they deeply sympathize with the children in the rural areas who can’t afford to go to school.
With the coming of College Entrance Examination, the parents of the examinees are trying their best to relieve their children of the mental burden.
Use serve, bear and work.
He has served this advertising company for six years.
The lift is not working at the moment, and he has to climb up to the 11th floor.
It seems that his flattery won’t work this time.
My 80-year-old grandfather can not bear the severe winter in the North.
His father served as Chinese ambassador to Britain ten years ago.
There is a low table in the corner of the room which can serve for a TV rack.
The celebrity-packed restaurant serves mediocre food.
The mobile phone doesn’t look fashionable, but it serves me very well.
If there is anything wrong, you have to bear the responsibility.
I can’t bear to see old people being maltreated by their own children.
Our years of effort has finally borne fruit now.
If this kind of medicine doesn’t work, you will have to have an peration.
Translate the following sentences into English, using adjectives or adjective phrases.
Have you ever seen a supermarket more crowded than this one?
I think you’d better talk about this matter to the person concerned.
Those injured in the accident have already been sent to the hospital.
I’ve never met such an unreasonable person as you.
Everyone present regards it as a good proposition.
Translate the following sentences into English, using each, every, many, much, some, and any.
Every student who wants to get a certificate must pass the exam.
You spend too much time watching TV and too little time doing exercises.
I agree with much of what he said, but not all.
There are three economy rooms in the hotel, each having its own toilet.
In England, the changeable weather is a topic which is much talked about.
How can we sit here doing nothing while our brothers and sisters are suffering so much?
As long as you finish this work before 5 o’clock, you many do it any way you like.
In our town, the tomatoes grown out of his garden are sweeter than those from any other garden.
Use the verb+ noun or adj. +noun collocation
砍伐森林 to cut down the forests筑坝拦河 to dam the streams发出警告 to sound a warning受到表扬 to receive praise激起热情 to fire one’s imagination激发想象 to finish college大学毕业 to finish college政府干预 government intervention人造卫星 man-made satellite学术报告 academic reports 强烈反对 fierce opposition热心读者 avid reader严酷事实 farsh facts上……课 to take a course in…连续10天ten consecutive days新华社 Xinhua News Agency畅销书 best-seller环保 environmental protection
use the “useful expression”.
Though young and lacking in experience, the young actor is at ease with the film stars with whom he is working.
Not long after, Mr. Budd found out that his customer was the man on the police’s wanted list.
Fully aware of his serious illness, Jim made many courageous choices in the last few months in his life.
The flood in China in 1998 sounded a serious warning to people all over the country.
How to bring up the only child properly has stired up much controversy in China.
James got acquainted with Shakespeare’s works when he was at Oxford.
I was very surprised to find that the famous painter was connected to our family.
Muscle protein will break down more quickly when one is doing strenuous exercises.
That young boy remained Mrs Jones of her bitter experiences in the difficult days in the past.
This village must have been hit by hurricane, for we saw the ruined houses and the fallen trees all over the places.
In spite of the risks, they persisted in finishing the experiment.
I know of such an artist, but I’ve never met him.
Use break, reach and start.
I don’t know whether our invitation card has already reached him.
Any driver who breaks the traffic rules will be fined.
We were about to start when he arrived.
She put the medicine on the top shelf beyond the reach of her son.
During their quarrel, she threw a mirror on the ground and broke it into pieces.
Hardly had the football match gone into climax when it started to rain.
None of us dares to break the bad news to him.
Go to check what time the celebration starts.
Weather report says today’s highest temperature is expected to reach 38℃.
Unable to start the lawn mower, he rushes toward his father for help.
Translate the following sentences into English, using both, either or neither.
Can you tell me which book I should read? I think you should read both.
Neither of my two best friends has come to attend my wedding.
What would you like to drink? Either tea or coffee.
Neither of the two countries supports this practice.
Of course I wish both of you well.
Neither of them knows the secret.
You either call him or write him.
I neither know him or want to know him.
Use the verb + noun or adj. + noun collocation
准备晚餐 to prepare dinner切断电源 to cut off the power切断供水 to cut off the water supply发射导弹 to launch missiles发动进攻 to launch an attack交换意见 to exchange opinion交流经验 to exchange experience面如死灰 ashen face首要问题 primary problem核武器 nuclear weapons核电站 nuclear power station核能 unclear energy闩门 to latch the door.
use the “useful expressions”.
Please keep your radios tuned for important news tonight.
When Mrs. Jones caught that boy, he didn’t dare to look her in the eye.
It is typical of professor Kirpu to teach very fast.
You can’t call yourself a good accountant if you can’t keep account according to the auditors’ instructions.
In remote areas, a great number of school-age children are not squared away for school.
The policeman made it plain to the driver that he must give an exact account of the process of the accident.
Local peasants have been warned of the possible fold this year.
Seeing no need for summoning more witnesses for interrogation, the court intends to close the case soon.
She has made patient and firm effort to break down the wall between her son and other children.
The Wrights worry that if they don’t pay the rent, the landlord will turn them out.
Use leave, send and turn.
He had left the office when I phoned him.
Air-raid alarm sent people dashing toward their home.
In order to help his parents support the family, he left school when he was fifteen.
Nowadays many people no longer send Christmas card. Instead, they express their greetings to their friends by email.
I can’t find the key in my bag. I must have left it in my office.
She turn around and found her son’s eyes full of tears.
What do you intend to send your pen-friends this Spring Festival?
You’d better leave the windows open for a while to let the fresh air in.
They decided to turn their shelter into a storeroom.
Othello’s hair turned white overnight.
Use affirmative form to translate the following sentences.
He is the last person I want to see.
That place is too hot for me to go to.
The last thing I want to do is to make you unhappy.
Catch me inviting these people to my home again!
Translate the following sentences , using negative structures or negative words.
There isn’t anyone who doesn’t known he is a famous writer.
He can’t be more kindhearted.
You can’t be too careful in exams.
It’s hardly believable that he can learn how to drive in such a short time.
To him, there’s nothing better than a cigar after dinner.
Use the verb + noun/ adj. Or adj. + noun collocation
改变主意 to change one’s mind参加葬礼 to attend the funeral喃喃自语 to mutter to oneself自言自语 to talk to oneself认养孩子 to adopt a child发起进攻 to launch an attack刺骨寒风 biting wind倒毙在地 to drop dead砰然关门 to crash the door shut 干瘦的身躯 skinny body褪色牛仔裤 faded jeans智商与情商 I.Q. and E.Q.
use the “ useful expressions”.
The music stopped short, and the announcer almost shouted: “Alert! Take cover !”
The train come to a sudden stop, and all glasses and plates dropped to the floor.
As a chief, his task is to organize the work in the lab. He seldom does experiment in person.
Many years later, he could still see the terrible scene of the air crash in his mind’s eye.
When I was a young apprentice, I worked very hard and under great strain, but I said nothing about it to my parents.
The day when we moved in the new office building we had a celebration.
After supper, Cliff spread out his books before him to start reviewing his lessons.
As far as I know, Peter’s father left Peter at least 250,000 in his will.
Bob found several advertisements very strange and went about investigating in the newspaper files.
Doctors point out that medicine of this type is harmful to babies.
Use drive, forget and drop.
I forgot to bring my dictionary. May I use yours?
The telephone suddenly rang. He was frightened and dropped the book on the floor.
Forget that you are different in complexion from the other students in your class. Just remember you are as clever as them.
The lust for money and power drives quite a number of people to commit crimes.
Repeated failures have driven him out of his mind.
I will never forget those happy days we spent together at college.
the birthrate in this country has dropped to 0.3 percent.
If he didn’t drive me the station, I would not have been able to catch the train last night.
I’m sorry I forgot these students are Muslims.
When they heard someone approaching, they dropped their voice.
Translate the following sentences into English using words in brackets.
You are like what I imagined.
All buildings in this region are alike without any distinguishing features.
I had a hell of a time yesterday, making everything into a mess.
This piece of meat has been kept for a long time, as if it has gone bad.
What’s wrong? Your attitude to the project today are not at all the same as yesterday.
Don’t carry too many things with you when you go traveling. Just take such things as you need.
Such people as him are dangerous.
Talking to him is like player the lute to a cow.
Use the verb + noun or adj. + noun collocation.
交通原则 to make adaptation to principles批准项目 to approve of a project贿赂某人 to bribe somebody颠覆政府 to overthrow the government开发潜能 to develop one’s potential抵制诱惑 to resist temptation施加压力 to put pressure on行为检点 strict conduct索要贿赂 to seek bribes军火交易 arms deal实施法律 to impose law制定法律 to make law海外市场 overseas market行为准则 code of conduct职业道德 professional ethics进口许可证 import licence撤军 to withdraw the troops撤诉 to withdraw allegation受贿 to take bribes
use the “useful expressions.”
She attempted to have another helping, although knowing it would do her no good.
Private schools are no the increase in big cities in China.
The police has caught the young man who had illegally broken into the military web of the government.
We should stand by our promises under any circumstances.
In a court case, several government officials were accused of embezzlement and taking bribes.
Negotiation between the two parties has been going on in private in the past few years.
The committee consists of senior professors and remarkable scientists.
The government is speeding up the reform in state-owned enterprises.
They hit upon a solution after trying several methods.
Use pay, offer and favor.
Parents can not favor any of their children too much.
Beijing TV station has begin to offer selectively some foreign programs.
Will you do me a favor and tell me how the Internet works?
The sales manager didn’t tell anybody how much he had paid to clear cargoes at the customs.
They are willing to offer him an annual salary of ￥50,000 to do the job.
Does this hotel offer free breakfast?
University offers young people many opportunities to broaden their mind.
The new tax law seems to favor low-income families.
In order to secure an important contract, that company offers to finance the minister’s son to study abroad.
It pays to invest in children’s education.
Translate the following sentences into English using more and most.
He can not be more than fifty.
In that area, women’s dowry is more than a symbol of wealth, it is also a symbol of power.
Come to me whenever you need help. I’ll be more than pleased to help you.
A whale is no more a fish than a horse.
He is more miserly than economical.
It’s most kind of you to come to the airport in person to see me off.
It’s most likely that we can’t have such opportunities as this, so you must make the most of it.
He got that job more by skill than by chance. LESSON 16
Use the verb +noun or adj.+ noun collocation.
面对事实 to face the face收到请柬 to get an invitation接受邀请 to accept an invitation举办聚会 to give a party找出办法 to find a way食物中毒 food poisoning穿上衣服 to get into a dress抚养孩子 to raise a child发酸的牛奶 变rotten milk质的鸡蛋 rotten eggs名人 famous person腐肉 rotten meat
use the “useful expression”.
Since computers came on the scene, the world has changed greatly.
She is willing to do anything in the interests of the children in her country.
my career means much to me.
Mary started out as a nurse when she was sixteen
The cleaner tries to get on well with the people living in his working area.
A young girl looks her best when she doesn’t make up.
This TV program has a lively style and appeals to young people.
The troops jumped into action as soon as they got the order.
Mr. Budd has found a way for the police to recognize the wanted criminal easily-to dye his hair green.
It’s be good if I can get out of that boring evening banquet.
Use face, call and lie.
The school is facing a beautiful garden.
We found him dozing in a chair, with a book lying open on his laps.
The government of that country is now faced with a high unemployment rate.
When I was reading a letter from home, suddenly I heard someone calling me from outside.
We’ll never call that a heroic deed.
Our national football team has to face the fact that they have been pushed out the Olympic Games again.
Wherever he is, he will can his parents at least once a week.
I don’t think it proper to call a respectable professor “Old Kobul”.
The crucial reason of their unfortunate marriage lies in the lack of mutual trust between them.
Their arms factory lies in range of high mountains.
Translate the following sentences into English.
Wasting time is as good as wasting life.
To protect the other creatures living on the earth like us is , in a way, to keep the balance of nature.
All parents hope that their children can become contributing members to the society.
All he did in those years was to find a way to cure that strange disease.
Have your bad tooth pulled out as soon as possible; the sooner, the better it will do to your health.
He felt something falling on his head, and then he knew nothing about what happened later.
As long as you are there, please inform us of what is happening in that country at all times.
How can you expect a six-year-old child to sit by the computer studying the whole morning without a break?
I have warned you not to get involved in such matters, haven’t I?
My dream is to visit Tibet someday.
Translate the following sentences into English using more or most.
Don’t mind what he said; it’s no more than a joke.
The principal’s trip to Europe this time involves more than sightseeing.
He is no more a banker than a businessman; he is an economist.
Shanghai has changed completely in recent years. The city leaves me a most good impression.
Seeing what he is like now, I am more angry than sad.
It is most happy to see one’s own country becoming stronger.